Scripts 2013

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    Russia ponders food supplement marketing restrictions
     
    A bill introduced into the Russian State Duma seeks to prevent food supplements and over-the-counter (OTC) products making medicinal claims from being advertised in pharmaceutical and medical publications. If the bill is adopted such marketing would also be prohibited at medical trade shows and conferences.“In the rationale it was suggested that the legislation should encourage people to take only medicines prescribed by doctors, as opposed to self-medicating after being influenced by drug advertisements,” said PMR senior pharmaceutical market analyst Agnieszka Skonieczna.“According to some experts, Russians are inclined to buy products which are advertised, without heeding the side effects.”The Ukraine government is considering similar actions and has already approved a list of several hundred non-prescription drugs which cannot be advertised. Strong growth According to PMR, the OTC-supplements market in Russia, the Ukraine and Kazakhstan was worth €7.4bn in 2011 and is expected to hit €10bn in 2014 –a 10%+ annual average growth rate across the three countries. Russia accounts for 85% of those sales but is growing the most slowly at 9.5% between 2012 and 2014.The Ukraine, on the other hand, is expected to grow at 17.5% year-on-year between 2012 and 2014; Kazakhstan 14.2%.But the PMR forecasts do not factor in any marketing bans that may occur. Probiotics One sector that may be affected by a marketing ban in Russia is probiotics. Russia’s probiotic market that has shown annual growth rates of around 50% in recent years. Last year, Russian State Medical University’s It was stated that probiotics were heavily researched and supported for varying conditions in Russia and other former Soviet-controlled states like the Ukraine and Hungary.“Probiotics have for a long time been respected by the medical profession in areas like immunity and children’s infections and considered normal treatment for different diseases,” said Dr Namazova-Baranova, a member of the International Pediatrics Association, and the Union of Pediatricians of Russia. “The trend has grown in the past ten years. Probiotics are now widely used in different fields of medicine: As rehabilitation after antibiotic intake, immuno-modulation, restoration of digestion and nutrient absorption. We also know about such effects as atherosclerosis’ prevention, metabolic optimisation, anti-allergy.”Dr Namazova-Baranova spoke directly of the marketing issue when she observed: “Brand awareness very much depends on advertising pressure. Medical doctors pay attention to product effectiveness and safety, quality of clinical studies and their own experience. That is why ‘popular OTC brand’ sometimes are not equal to the brand, which is mostly recommended by Doctors.” Euromonitor figures put the Russian market at €340m in 2011, with about €140m of that in probiotic food-pharma supplements, and €200 in probiotic yoghurts
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    Early Predictor for Glaucoma Identified
    Jan. 2, 2013 — A new study finds that certain changes in blood vessels in the eye’s retina can be an early warning that a person is at increased risk for glaucoma, an eye disease that slowly robs people of their peripheral vision. Using diagnostic photos and other data from the Australian Blue Mountains Eye Study, the researchers showed that patients who had abnormally narrow retinal arteries when the study began were also those who were most likely to have glaucoma at its 10-year end point. If confirmed by future research, this finding could give ophthalmologists a new way to identify and treat those who are most vulnerable to vision loss from glaucoma. —The study was recently published online by Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.—Open-angle glaucoma (OAG), the most common form of the disease, affects nearly three million people in the U.S and 60 million worldwide. Vision loss occurs when glaucoma damages the optic nerve, the part of the eye that transmits images from the retina to the brain. Unfortunately, because glaucoma does not have symptoms, many people don’t know they have the disease until a good portion of their sight has been lost. Early detection is critical to treating glaucoma in time to preserve vision.—The findings of the new study, led by Paul Mitchell, M.D., PhD, of the Centre for Vision Research, University of Sydney, supports the concept that abnormal narrowing of retinal blood vessels is an important factor in the earliest stages of OAG. Tracking nearly 2,500 participants, the study found that the OAG risk at the 10-year mark was about four times higher in patients whose retinal arteries had been narrowest when the study began, compared with those who had had the widest arteries.—None of the participants had a diagnosis of OAG at the study’s outset. Compared with the study group as a whole, the patients who were diagnosed with OAG by the 10-year mark were older, had had higher blood pressure or higher intraocular pressure at the study’s baseline, and were more likely to be female. Elevated intraocular pressure, or pressure within the eye, is often found in patients with OAG. Study results were adjusted for age, family history of glaucoma, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and other relevant factors.—“Our results suggest that a computer-based imaging tool designed to detect narrowing of the retinal artery caliber, or diameter, could effectively identify those who are most at risk for open-angle glaucoma,” said Dr. Mitchell. “Such a tool would also need to account for blood pressure and other factors that can contribute to blood vessel changes. Early detection would allow ophthalmologists to treat patients before optic nerve damage occurs and would give us the best chance of protecting their vision.”–A symptomless eye disease like glaucoma highlights the importance of regular eye exams. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that everyone have a complete eye exam by an ophthalmologist at age 40 and stick to the follow-up exam schedule advised by their doctor.—This January during Glaucoma Awareness Month, the Academy encourages people to learn more about the disease known as “the sneak thief of sight.” People who have a family history of glaucoma, or who are African-American or Hispanic, may be at higher risk. —Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Academy of Ophthalmology, via Newswise.
    Remedy for Prevention and Maintaining Occular Integrity——daily use of rosemary teas mixed with green tea is one way to offset this condition from occurring—by utilizing 1 tsp of rosemary ( dry) and 1 ½ tsp of green tea—bring to a boil and simmer and utilizing this tea will assist in sustaining the blood vessels from accumulating any fatty deposit or metals that could get caught up in the eyes vessels
    Making a combination of Blue or Black Berries ( 1 cup) and add 1 cup of red wine—and a sprig ( again 1 tsp of rosemary ) bring to a boil and allow to cook for 1o minutes will allow the berries herb and wine to fuse making a extremely potent antioxidant with nitric oxide properties as well as blood vessel permeability —the antioxidant profiles of the berries wine and rosemary will strengthen the eyes—and allow for better blood flow—and oxygen uptake
    You can as well make teas from nettle-marigold- and goji berry in combo or separate—and you can fuse these in wine as well
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    New Evidence That Green Tea May Help Fight Glaucoma and Other Eye Diseases
     
    Scientists have confirmed that the healthful substances found in green tea — renowned for their powerful antioxidant and disease-fighting properties — do penetrate into tissues of the eye. —-Feb. 20, 2010 — Scientists have confirmed that the healthful substances found in green tea — renowned for their powerful antioxidant and disease-fighting properties — do penetrate into tissues of the eye. Their new report, the first documenting how the lens, retina, and other eye tissues absorb these substances, raises the possibility that green tea may protect against glaucoma and other common eye diseases.
    It appears in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.—Chi Pui Pang and colleagues point out that so-called green tea “catechins” have been among a number of antioxidants thought capable of protecting the eye. Those include vitamin C, vitamin E, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Until now, however, nobody knew if the catechins in green tea actually passed from the stomach and gastrointestinal tract into the tissues of the eye.—Pang and his colleagues resolved that uncertainty in experiments with laboratory rats that drank green tea. Analysis of eye tissues showed beyond a doubt that eye structures absorbed significant amounts of individual catechins. The retina, for example, absorbed the highest levels of gallocatechin, while the aqueous humor tended to absorb epigallocatechin. The effects of green tea catechins in reducing harmful oxidative stress in the eye lasted for up to 20 hours. “Our results indicate that green tea consumption could benefit the eye against oxidative stress,” the report concludes.—Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Chemical Society. –Journal Reference-Chu et al. Green Tea Catechins and Their Oxidative Protection in the Rat Eye. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2010; 58 (3): 1523 DOI: 10.1021/jf9032602
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    Green Tea Helps Beat Superbugs
    Apr. 1, 2008 — Green tea can help beat superbugs according to Egyptian scientists speaking March, 31, 2008 at the Society for General Microbiology’s 162nd meeting.–The pharmacy researchers have shown that drinking green tea helps the action of important antibiotics in their fight against resistant superbugs, making them up to three times more effective.—Green tea is a very common beverage in Egypt, and it is quite likely that patients will drink green tea while taking antibiotics. The medical researchers wanted to find out if green tea would interfere with the action of the antibiotics, have no effect, or increase the medicines’ effects.—“We tested green tea in combination with antibiotics against 28 disease causing micro-organisms belonging to two different classes,” says Dr Mervat Kassem from the Faculty of Pharmacy at Alexandria University in Egypt. “In every single case green tea enhanced the bacteria-killing activity of the antibiotics. For example the killing effect of chloramphenicol was 99.99% better when taken with green tea than when taken on its own in some circumstances.”—Green tea also made 20% of drug-resistant bacteria susceptible to one of the cephalosporin antibiotics. These are important antibiotics that new drug resistant strains of bacteria have evolved to resist.—-The results surprised the researchers, showing that in almost every case and for all types of antibiotics tested, drinking green tea at the same time as taking the medicines seemed to reduce the bacteria’s drug resistance, even in superbug strains, and increase the action of the antibiotics. In some cases, even a low concentration of green tea was effective.—“Our results show that we should consider more seriously the natural products we consume in our everyday life,” says Dr Kassem. “In the future, we will be looking at other natural herb products such as marjoram and thyme to see whether they also contain active compounds which can help in the battle against drug resistant bacteria”.—-Story SourceThe above story is reprinted from materials provided by Society for General Microbiology, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
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    Extraction Process
     
    A process for producing tea catechins selected from the group consisting of (-) epicatechin, (-) epigallocatechin, (-) epicatechin gallate, and (-) epigallocatechin gallate, which comprises the steps of extracting tea leaves selected from the group consisting of unfermented tea and half-fermented tea with hot water or a solvent selected from a group consisting of a 40-75% aqueous solution of methanol, a 40-75% aqueous solution of ethanol and a 30-80% aqueous solution of acetone to obtain an extract-containing solution; distilling away the organic solvent to yield a concentrated solution containing the extract
    So you can use a straight water—water and alcohol—or even vinegar and water this will pull out the properties of the green tea
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    Show Of the Month January 12 2013
     
    Words Of Confidence and Assurance
     
    Origin expects to grow China’s first GMO corn in 2013
    The Empathetic Heart Can Heal
    Irish Court Rules Against Mothers Right To Refuse Vaccination
    Antioxidant-2
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    Words Of Confidence and Assurance
     
    2 When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.-4 Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life.
    9 Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, It is truth.
     
    “This is what the LORD says— he who made a way through the sea, a path through the mighty waters, “Forget the former things; do not dwell on the past. See, I am doing a new thing! Now it springs up; do you not perceive it? I am making a way in the wilderness and streams in the wasteland.” -Isaiah 43:16, 18-19
     
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    Origin expects to grow China’s first GMO corn in 2013
    BEIJING (Reuters) – Origin Agritech Ltd said it expects the Chinese government to approve its genetically modified organism (GMO) corn for production in 2013, China’s first GMO strain in commercial production, its chairman Han Gengchen said on Friday.–China gave the phytase corn biosafety approval in November 2009 and at the time scientists had expected large-scale production could happen as early as 2012, but a complicated approval process for use as seed has delayed the expectation.—“We have bred the gene on local hybrid seeds which are popularly used and generate high yields. The safety approval process (for seed use) would be faster and likely be this year and we will start production next year,” Han told Reuters.–Once approved, the U.S-listed firm expects the acreage for its phytase corn to account for 10 percent of the country’s total corn acreage within 10 years, said Han.—The Beijing-based company is working on the biosafety approval for the other two strains of GMO corn, the glyphosate tolerance and insect-resistant, and did not give any schedule as when these two can be approved by the government.—-Phytase corn can help pigs digest more phosphorous, enhancing growth and reducing pollution from animal waste. China is the world’s largest pig breeder and also the top consumer of pork[U1] .
    GMO CORN FIRST—-China, the world’s second-largest corn consumer, planted about 33 million hectares of corn last year, but rising consumption from animal feed production in response to more meat demand as well as industrial use has exceeded the growth of its production.—China’s rising needs could lead Beijing to give priority to corn for commercial production first before Bt rice, which Beijing also offered biosafety approval for in 2009, said Clive James, founder and chair of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA).—“What I hear is that they (the government) gives priority to corn… The government is very cognizant to the fact that corn imports increase yearly…if you want to antidote that, it must be commercialization,” he told Reuters[U2] .—China has turned into a net corn importer since 2010. The rise of imports of genetically-modified corn last year, all from the United States[U3] , for state reserves has sparked concerns that the country’s imports could surge in future as it did for soybeans.—The expected commercial approval of biotech Golden Rice in the Philippines in 2013/14 will be of significance to China in commercial production of its own GMO rice, he said.—“China’s agriculture trade deficit increased by 41 percent (last year)… which shows the need is increasing very fast, the speed of action in making decisions is crucial,” said James.—China ranks 6th worldwide in the area of biotech crops in 2011, with a record 3.9 million hectares of Bt cotton during the year at the highest adoption rate of 71.5 percent, according to ISAAA.—China is the world’s largest importer of GMO soybean, with annual imports accounting for about 60 percent of global traded soybean.
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    The Empathetic Heart Can Heal
     
    There is a movement in America called “26 Acts of Kindness’, it’s a champaign by ordinary people to counter the acts of violence in America, and I imagine it is also a part of a counter move against the fear Obama’s hatred for America and the violence his Police State creates.
    The movement has gone viral in the Internet, there are millions of hits to the web pages about it. In my books I talk of softness and the three special graces, which I list as tenderness, generosity and respect. If you embrace those, your karma will change gradually and your life will heal quite quickly. Stuart Wilde.
     
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    Irish Court Rules Against Mothers Right To Refuse Vaccination
    A young mother, Clare O Sullivan from Waterford, Eire, who has refused consent for her young five year old son to be vaccinated was before the high court on the 18th of June 2012 in Dublin.
    Article | June 27, 2012 – 10:51am
    She was there to seek an injunction on an order from her local district court taken by the father of her child.—Ms O Sullivan, who was main organiser of the Awaken Ireland event in Waterford earlier this month, travelled in the early hours of the morning to Dublin from Waterford in an effort to seek an injunction on the order made by the district court. By the afternoon, in a private sitting, Clare invoked Article 41.1.1 of the Irish Constitution in the original direct literal translation:—The State acknowledges that the family is the basic primary group-unit of/for society according to nature, and that it is a moral institution which has inalienable invincible rights which are more ancient and higher than any human statute.—-However, the judge refused to accept the invocation of the article 41.1.1 of constitution and refused an injunction on the previous order.—This is clearly not only a violation of Ms O’Sullivan rights as a mother, but also a violation of the Irish Constitution itself.
    Ms O Sullivan stated-these vaccinations are NOT mandatory in the Republic of Ireland. All parents are given a consent form to sign in a consent or ‘I do not consent section’. I chose not to consent, I feel that I am acting in the best interests of my child and my decision is to protect him. I have every right to make this decision as the primary carer, natural mother, sole custodian and legal guardian of my son.—Alarmingly this is the second time in a week that the members of the BAR (British Accredited Registry) have refused to recognise the Constitution of Ireland. Last Friday Ben Gilroy invoked Article 40 Habeas Corpus in the High Courts in Dublin, which was passed between seven high court judges and completely ignored
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    Antioxidant 2-
    Ascorbic acid
    AA has 4 −OH groups that can donate hydrogen to an oxidizing system (Figure 6). Because the −OH groups (2 pairs of 2) are on adjacent carbon atoms, AA is able to chelate metal ions (Fe++). It also scavenges free radicals, quenches •O2−, and acts as a reducing agent. At high levels (>1000 mg/kg), AA shifts the balance between ferrous (Fe2+) and ferric iron (Fe3+), acts as an oxygen scavenger, and inhibits oxidation. However, at low levels (<100 mg/kg), it can catalyze oxidation (in muscle tissue; Ahn and others 2007; Yetella and Min 2008).—Environmental conditions and the presence of other compounds in the system can alter the antioxidative capacity of AA. Allam and Mohamed (2002) reported that, using the induction period for the oxidation of sunflower oil as a measure of antioxidant activity after heating (180 °C), ascorbyl palmitate was less thermally stable than mixed tocopherols, propyl gallate, BHT, or BHA. This may be a function of the water solubility of AA.
    Herbs
    A number of spices and herbs contain compounds that can be removed and added to food systems to prevent oxidation (Lee and Shibamoto 2002; Ahn and others 2007; Rojas and Brewer 2007, 2008a; Sasse and others 2009). Antioxidant (and flavor) components of herbs and spices may be removed/concentrated as extracts, essential oils, or resins. Extracts are soluble fractions that can be removed from plant materials by solubilizing the component(s) of interest in an aqueous, lipid, alcohol, solvent, or supercritical CO2 phase then removing it. Essential oils are the volatile oils and often contain isoprenoid compounds. Chemically, essential oils are extremely complex mixtures containing compounds of every major functional group class. Essential oils are isolated by steam distillation, extraction (solvent or CO2), or mechanical expression from the plant material. Plants also contain resins that are nonvolatile, high molecular weight, amorphous solids, or semisolids that flow when subjected to heat or stress. They are typically light yellow to dark brown in color, tasteless, odorless or faintly aromatic, and translucent or transparent. Most resins are bicyclic terpenes (alpha- and beta-pinene, delta-3 carene, and sabinene), monocyclic terpenes (limonene and terpinolene), and tricyclic sesquiterpenes (longifolene, caryophyllene, and delta-cadinene). They are soluble in most organic solvents but not in water. Resins may contain small amounts of volatile phenolic compounds.—-=Extracts of many members of the Labiatae (Lamiaceae) family (oregano, marjoram, savory, sage, rosemary, thyme, and basil), which are antioxidative, have a high total phenol content (Chen and others 2007). They do not necessarily have a high free radical-scavenging ability but appear to contain components that function by at least 2 different antioxidative mechanisms (Madsen and others 1996). Dorman and others (2003) observed that, while these antioxidant characteristics are not entirely related to the total phenolic contents, they do appear to be strongly dependent on rosmarinic acid, the major phenolic component present. Rosmarinic acid has vicinal −OH groups on each of 2 aromatic rings, while carnosic acid, carnosol, and rosmanol each have vicinal −OH groups on only 1 aromatic ring (Figure 3). A number of herbs (chamomile, rosehip, hawthorn, and lemon verbena) can enhance the activity of antioxidative enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and catalase in a dose-dependent manner and have been shown to enhance cell viability and provide protective effects against oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide (in lung fibroblasts; Yoo and others 2008).
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    Rosemary
    Chen and others (2007) reported that, of several herbs (Psidium guajava L., Camellia sinensis[Gamma Amino Butyric Acid tea], T. sinensis Roem., and Rosemarinus officinalis L.), the aqueous extract of rosemary contained the highest concentration of phenolic substances (185 mg/g; Folin–Ciocalteau) and total flavonoids (141 mg/g). This aqueous extract inhibited UVB-induced (100 to 400 nm) oxidation of an erythrocyte ghost system (in vivo model system) at a relatively low concentration (100 μg/mL; Chen and others 2007). At 100 mcg/mL, rosemary extract was able to scavenge 39% of the DPPH radicals (0.2 μm); at 500 mcg/mL, it scavenged 55%. Rosemary extract (100 mcg/mL) inhibited liposome (egg lecithin with Fe3+/AA/H2O2) oxidation by 98%.
    The most active antioxidative constituents of rosemary (R. officinalis) are phenolic diterpenes (carnosic, carnosol, rosmanol, rosmadial, 12-methoxycarnosic acid, epi-, and iso-rosmanol) and phenolic acids (rosmarinic and caffeic) (Table 4; Figure 1 and 2; Frankel 1991; Frankel and others 1996; Richheimer and others 1996; Nakatani 2003; Thorsen and Hildebrandt 2003; Carvalho and others 2005). Carnosic acid has several times the antioxidative activity as BHT and BHA (Richheimer and others 1996). The synthetic phenolic antioxidants, BHA and BHT, each have a single aromatic ring with 1 −OH group capable of donating H•. While carnosic acid also has a single aromatic ring, it has 2 −OH groups that can serve as H• donors. In addition, vicinal −OH groups can chelate prooxidative metals thereby preventing oxidation via 2 mechanisms. Hra and others (2000) reported that, in sunflower oil, rosemary extract exhibited antioxidant activity superior to α-tocopherol. The polyphenol, rosmarinic acid has 2 aromatic rings, each with 2 −OH groups that are capable of donating H• and chelating metals. Adding α-tocopherol to rosemary can have either an antagonistic effect (Hra and others 2000) or a synergistic effect (Aoki and Wada 2003). This may indicate that there are components in rosemary, other than rosmarinic acid, which make substantial contributions to the antioxidative capacity of the extract. It may also be a function of the solubility of the rosemary fractions used compared to that of α-tocopherol with respect to the food system to which it being added.
    Table 4–. Selected antioxidant compounds identified in selected herbs.
    Phenolic diterpenes
    Phenolic acids
    Volatiles
    Phenylpropanoids
    Flavonoids*
     
    Rosmanol
    Epi-, isoros manol
    Rosmadial
    Rosmaridiphenol
    Carnosic acid
    Carnosol
    Rosmarinic acid
    Simple phenolic acids
    Caffeic acids
    1,8-Cineole
    α-Thujene
    α, β pinene
    Thymol
    Eugenol
    Carvacrol
    p-Cymene
     
    1. *Lamiaceae family.
    2. Nakatani and Inatani (1981), Arouma and others (1992), Cuvelier and others (1994), Dorman and others (2000, 2003), Ahn and others (2002, 2007), Aoki and Wada (2003), Dorman and others (2003), Thorsen and Hildebrandt (2003), Lee and others (2005), Bozin and others (2006), Carrillo and Tena (2006), Yanishieva and others (2006), Hatzidimitrioua and others (2007), Bitar and others (2008), and Hernandez-Hernandez and others (2009).
     
    Rosemary*
    X
    X
     
    X
    X
    X
    X
    X
    X
    X
     
    X
    X
     
     
    X
     
     
    Oregano*
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
     
     
    X
    X
    X
     
    X
    X
    X
     
    Sage*
    X
    X
    X
     
    X
    X
    X
    X
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
     
    Thyme*
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
     
     
    X
    X
    X
    X
     
    X
    X
    X
     
    Marjoram*
     
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
    X
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
     
    Summer savory*
    X
     
     
     
     
    X
    X
     
     
     
     
     
    X
     
    X
    X
    X
     
    Bay Leaf
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    X
     
    X
     
    X
     
    X
     
     
    X
     
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    [U1]Genociding the population of china—and when this occurs china will be the largest exporter of corn meaning it will be conducting a form of biowarfare against anyone who will buy this corn—the phytates will literally strip the minerals right out of the animals or people beieg fed this and the glyophosphates will reduce any plants nutritional level down to nil
    [U2]Again China has been compromised and is on the same path the USA and Canada are in diseases of untold order are going to occur causing genetic or diseases of genetics as well as CTDS —and with the incorporation of thes phosphates this will break down the people as they are being broken here-they to will have out breaks of cancers and morgellons and other destructive disorder as a result of GMD-genetically modified diseases
    [U3]Biowarfare–
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    Show Of the Month January 12A 2013
    Red Wine Could Mask Testosterone Levels –Testosterone Sustainer
    Tea Could Aid Olympic Cheating-Testosterone Sustainer
    Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor Enhances Hospital Disinfection of Superbugs
    Two in three shoppers demand GM product labels in embarrassing consumer backlash for government against ‘Frankenstein foods’
    Link Between Pesticides And Parkinson’s Strengthened With Family Study
    Pesticides and Parkinson’s: Further Proof of a Link Uncovered
    MSG and Pituitary Tumors
    Beta-Amyloid peptides destabilize calcium homeostasis and render human cortical neurons vulnerable to excitotoxicity
    MSG and Atrial Fibrillation
    MSG and Depression
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    Red Wine Could Mask Testosterone Levels –Testosterone Sustainer
    Jan. 7, 2013 — Red wine could give athletes and players a boost in the sports arena by increasing the amount of performance-enhancing hormone testosterone in their bodies, according to researchers from London’s Kingston University.-However not only could the beverage help them to trophy success, it could also allow them to beat anti-doping tests. A team led by Professor Declan Naughton, from the University’s School of Life Sciences, found that red wine might reduce the amount of testosterone excreted by the body, which could distort the findings of drug tests taken from urine samples.-Testosterone is a naturally-occurring steroid hormone present in both men and women. It can increase muscle mass, boost stamina and speed up recovery. Sportspeople, however, are prohibited from taking it, or a synthetic version of it, to try to gain a competitive edge. Although red wine is not a banned substance away from the sports field, Professor Naughton’s team has referred its findings to the World Anti-Doping Agency because of the newly-discovered side effect of potential change to the amount of testosterone in the body.–“Previous research has shown the effect over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs can have on enzymes,” Professor Naughton explained. “Since many of these drugs are derived from plants, we decided to look at the effect particular foods and beverages can have on enzymes involved in testosterone excretion. We chose green tea and then red wine because both have a huge variety of natural molecules and we wanted to see if they affected the amount of testosterone excreted in urine.”—The team found that a compound in red wine, known as quercetin, partially blocked the action of an enzyme called UGT2B17, which looks for testosterone and then sends a message to the kidneys to excrete it. Professor Naughton stressed that the research had so far been conducted in test tube experiments and had yet to be trialed on humans. “A full clinical study would be needed to determine the effects on people but, if the same results were found, it would confirm that compounds in red wine can reduce the amount of testosterone in urine and give a boost to testosterone levels,” he explained.-The effect of red wine on an individual would vary because of factors such as weight, fitness, health and diet, making it hard to estimate how much was needed to improve performance, Professor Naughton said.-Teetotallers are not exempt from the effects. In fact, the alcohol content of red wine has very little impact because non-alcoholic molecules are responsible for inhibiting testosterone excretion.–The team also found the results were the same for red wine extract in supplement form. The active compounds such as quercetin are found in many foodstuffs as well as supplements.–The findings have been published in leading international journal Nutrition. The research follows an earlier study from Professor Naughton’s team which showed that green and white tea could also inhibit testosterone excretion.–Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Kingston University. -Journal Reference-Carl Jenkinson, Andrea Petroczi, Declan P Naughton. Red wine and component flavonoids inhibit UGT2B17 in vitro. Nutrition Journal, 2012; 11 (1): 67 DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-11-67
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    Tea Could Aid Olympic Cheating-Testosterone Sustainer
    Researchers from Kingston University in London have found that green and white teas could hide abnormal levels of testosterone in athletes.
    May 21, 2012 — Researchers from Kingston University in London have found that green and white teas could hide abnormal levels of testosterone in athletes. Research carried out at London’s Kingston University has revealed that athletes could mask illegal doping with testosterone by drinking green and white tea. A team headed by Professor Declan Naughton, from the University’s School of Life Sciences, found drinking the beverages had the potential to reduce the amount of the performance-enhancing hormone present in urine testing. Professor Naughton said the findings could have significant implications for major sporting events such as the 2012 Olympics. “We’ve spent the past four years researching this and, as far as we’re aware, it’s the first study that has found food and diet can alter the metabolism of testosterone,” Professor Naughton said. “We looked at how a particular enzyme reacts to various foodstuffs to see if it affects the amount of time certain substances such as cancer drugs stay in the body.” The enzyme in question excretes testosterone through urine and the potential to mask doping occurs when compounds called catechins – present in green and white tea but not in black – inhibit this. This means athletes attempting to enhance their performance illegally with testosterone could potentially mask a boost in the hormone by drinking a certain amount of the tea.-“The catechins stop enzymes tagging molecules for excretion so the kidneys don’t recognise them as needing to be removed and leave them circulating in the body,” Professor Naughton explained. “We found that green and white tea could inhibit the enzyme by about 30 per cent. The levels of catechins in a strong cup of green tea matched those we used in our experiments.”—While the team’s findings were lab-based, if the same effect occurs in human bodies the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) may rethink its approach to drug testing. “WADA is aiming to add regular checks of blood steroids to its biological passports which monitor athletes for suspicious changes in their physiology,” Olivier Rabin, WADA’s science director, said. “That should foil any attempt to fool the urine test.”–However Professor Naughton feels blood testing is probably not enough. “Our Kingston University research shows testing hair is a key way to pinpoint doping. Substances stay in the hair for longer and, more importantly, are not dependant on the enzyme affected by the teas,” he said.–For athletes who don’t resort to doping, the increased levels of testosterone from drinking green and white teas may provide a legal boost. “It’s like having extra testosterone without actually taking any,” Professor Naughton said. “By not excreting it from the body, athletes could potentially increase their testosterone levels for improved performance. Unless, of course, the body compensates for this and finds other ways of removing it, but we won’t find out about that until the tests go to human studies. This research is just one part of the story.” -Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Kingston University. –Journal Reference-Carl Jenkinson, Andrea Petroczi, James Barker, Declan P. Naughton. Dietary green and white teas suppress UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT2B17 mediated testosterone glucuronidation. Steroids, 2012; 77 (6): 691 DOI: 10.1016/j.steroids.2012.02.023
    Recipe for Testosterone Maintenance- take 1 cup of red wine and ¼ cup of green tea and simmer this for 10 minutes in a pot
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    Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor Enhances Hospital Disinfection of Superbugs
    Dec. 31, 2012 — Infection control experts at The Johns Hopkins Hospital have found that a combination of robot-like devices that disperse a bleaching agent into the air and then detoxify the disinfecting chemical are highly effective at killing and preventing the spread of multiple-drug-resistant bacteria, or so-called hospital superbugs.–A study report on the use of hydrogen peroxide vaporizers — first deployed in several Singapore hospitals during the 2002 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, and later stocked by several U.S. government agencies in case of an anthrax attack — is to be published Jan. 1 in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.–In the study, the Johns Hopkins team placed the devices in single hospital rooms after routine cleaning to disperse a thin film of the bleaching hydrogen peroxide across all exposed hospital equipment surfaces, as well as on room floors and walls. Results showed that the enhanced cleaning reduced by 64 percent the number of patients who later became contaminated with any of the most common drug-resistant organisms. Moreover, researchers found that protection from infection was conferred on patients regardless of whether the previous room occupant was infected with drug-resistant bacteria or not.-“Hydrogen peroxide vapor, as spread around patients’ rooms by these devices, represents a major technological advance in preventing the spread of dangerous bacteria inside hospitals and, especially, from one patient occupant to the next, even though sick patients were never in the same room at the same time,” says infectious disease specialist and study senior investigator Trish Perl, M.D., M.Sc.–Of special note, researchers say, was that enhanced cleaning with the vapor reduced by 80 percent a patient’s chances of becoming colonized by a particularly aggressive and hard-to-treat bacterium, vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE).-In what is believed to be the first head-to-head comparison between traditional hand-cleaning and mopping with bleaching agents and robotic vaporizers, researchers routinely tested patients and their surroundings not only for VRE, but also for the more common methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, and lesser-known bacteria, including Clostridium difficile and Acinetobacter baumannii.–Some 6,350 patient admissions to JHH were closely tracked as part of the two-and-a-half-year analysis, as patients moved into and out of 180 private hospital rooms. Almost half the rooms received enhanced cleaning with hydrogen peroxide vapor in between patients, while the rest did not. Overall, multiple-drug-resistant organisms were found on room surfaces in 21 percent of rooms tested, but mostly in rooms that did not undergo enhanced cleaning.–Perl says that patients bringing in or picking up drug-resistant organisms while undergoing treatment in hospitals is a persistent and growing problem, and previous research has shown that patients who stay in a hospital room previously occupied by an infected patient are at greater risk of becoming infected.–“Our study results are evidence that technological solutions, when combined with standard cleaning, can effectively and systematically decontaminate patients’ rooms and augment other behavioral practices, such as strict hospital staff compliance with hand-washing and bathing patients in disinfecting chlorhexidine when they are first admitted to the hospital,” says Perl, senior hospital epidemiologist for the Johns Hopkins Health System and a professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.–“Our goal is to improve all hospital infection control practices, including cleaning and disinfection, as well as behavioral and environmental practices, to the point where preventing the spread of these multiple-drug-resistant organisms also minimizes the chances of patients becoming infected and improves their chances of recovery,” says Perl.–The paired robot-like devices, each about the size of a washing machine and weighing nearly 60 pounds, as well as supplies used in the study, were provided by their manufacturer, Bioquell Inc. of Horsham, Pa.–After the room has been cleaned, the vents are covered and the two devices are placed inside. The sliding door is closed, and the room is sealed. Then, the larger of the two devices disperses hydrogen peroxide into the room, leaving a very tiny, almost invisible layer (only 2 microns to 6 microns in thickness) on all exposed surfaces, including keyboards and monitors, as well as tables and chairs.–Because hydrogen peroxide can be toxic to humans if ingested or corrosive if left on the skin for too long, the second, smaller device is activated to break down the bleach into its component water and oxygen parts. The combined operation takes the devices about an hour and a half to complete.–“What is so exciting about this new method of infection control is that the devices are easy to use and hospital staff embrace it very quickly,” says surgeon and study co-investigator Pamela Lipsett, M.D., M.H.P.E. Lipsett, a professor and director of surgical and critical care fellowship training at Johns Hopkins, says that during the study and before room cleanings, staff were “wheeling in” other pieces of equipment so these, too, could be decontaminated by the hydrogen peroxide vapor.–As a result of the study and the researchers’ recommendation, JHH has purchased two of the Bioquell decontaminating units, which cost more than $40,000 per pair. The devices, already in use at some 20 other hospitals across the country, will be used at Johns Hopkins to decontaminate rooms typically housing high-risk patients under strict isolation precautions because of severe infection with a multiple-drug-resistant organism.–Researchers say they next plan to study the devices’ effectiveness at decontaminating the outside packaging of unused but potentially exposed hospital supplies, which are typically discarded even though their seals remain intact. The research team also wants to coordinate study testing among other hospitals to validate their Johns Hopkins findings. Larger and longer studies may also be planned, to precisely measure and determine how well the devices work against the spread of each hospital superbug. The current study had only sufficient numbers to statistically validate the paired unit’s effectiveness against VRE.—In addition to Perl and Lipsett, other Johns Hopkins University investigators involved in this study were study lead investigator Catherine Passaretti, M.D.; Nicholas Reich, Ph.D.; Jessica Meyers, M.P.H.; John Shepard, M.B.A.; and Karen Carroll, M.D. Additional study assistance was provided by Jonathan Otter, at Bioquell Inc., and Tracy Ross, at the University of Massachusetts, in Amherst.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Johns Hopkins Medicine, via Newswise. –Journal Reference-C. L. Passaretti, J. A. Otter, N. G. Reich, J. Myers, J. Shepard, T. Ross, K. C. Carroll, P. Lipsett, T. M. Perl. An Evaluation of Environmental Decontamination With Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor for Reducing the Risk of Patient Acquisition of Multidrug-Resistant Organisms. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2012; 56 (1): 27 DOI: 10.1093/cid/cis839
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    Two in three shoppers demand GM product labels in embarrassing consumer backlash for government against ‘Frankenstein foods’
    By Sean Poulter
    Environment Secretary Owen Paterson claimed the benefits of GM crops went beyond the food chain Two in three shoppers are demanding that meat, milk and eggs from farm animals fed a GM diet should be labelled, according to an official study.-The results make clear that families feel that clear labelling is the only way they can choose whether they want to support controversial ‘Frankenstein Food’ farming or not.-The research findings, published by the Food Standards Agency (FSA), are a major embarrassment for the government.-The new food and farming secretary, Owen Paterson, is in the middle of a major public relations exercise designed to convince families to support GM farming and food.-He recently dismissed consumer concerns as ‘humbug’ and ‘complete nonsense’ while boasting that much of the nation’s meat comes from animals fed on genetically modified grain imported from overseas[U1] . The minister suggested the public were perfectly happy to accept this and that the UK should now open the door to a wider take up of GM farming and food.[U2] –However, the new official research carried out by the Government’s own agency makes clear that most consumers had no idea that British farm animals are being reared on a GM diet.–After they were told, the vast majority – 67per cent – said packs of meat, milk and eggs should be labelled to spell this out on the label. The result puts pressure on Mr Paterson to either accept or reject the view of the vast majority of consumers. The Government has been the chief cheerleader in Europe for the adoption of GM farming and food. Ministers have recently agreed new cash support for GM research alongside Mr Paterson’s PR initiative to win over sceptical shoppers. Separately, Mr Paterson’s department is pressing the European Commission to slim down its GM regulatory regime to make it easier and quicker for biotech companies to get permission to begin commercial growing[U3] .—Just too perfect? Two GM corncobs (right) are compared to non-GM corn (left) grown in Germany GM advocates insist that opponents are in some way anti-science and ignorant. It is argued that if they are educated about GM techniques that any objections will fall away. In fact, past studies funded by the Government have revealed that the more consumers learn about the technology the more skeptical they become. At the same time, large farm scale trials conducted in the UK demonstrated that the industrial farming techniques associated with GM production were harmful in terms of wild plants, insects and farmland birds. The latest FSA research project looked specifically at attitudes to labelling and found putting GM information on pack is seen as important ‘in order to give consumers the right to choose’. The research team found that most people had absolutely no idea that pigs, young beef cattle and chickens on British farms are given a GM diet.—Official research says most consumers had no idea that British farm animals are being reared on a GM diet (file picture) They concluded: ‘Once made aware of its use in UK food products, participants typically considered that foods containing animal products derived from GM feed should be labelled.’
    They added: ‘Two-thirds of respondents considered it very or quite important that it is written on a label if the food itself or ingredients in the food are from a genetically modified plant or the food product is from animals that have been fed genetically modified plants.’ Currently, the only major national food chain to keep GM out of the diet of the animals on its farms is Marks & Spencer. They are also banned by organic farmers. The Soil Association has long campaigned for food products derived from animals given a GM diet to carry labels to provide better information to consumers. Some stores in Europe label food from animals that are not raised on a GM diet.–Families want clear labelling to choose whether to support ‘Frankenstein Food’ farming or not (file pic) Its policy director, Peter Melchett, said: ‘These research findings are a major blow to Owen Paterson’s GM policy. The FSA figures show a large majority of consumers believe GM food labelling is important.’ The FSA indicated that it would not support the public’s call for more comprehensive GM labelling, arguing it was unnecessary and would be too difficult. ‘This was simply a fact finding exercise for us to feed into the discussion,’ said a spokesman. ‘There is no discernible difference between food produced from animals fed GM feed and those fed non-GM feed.’ Defra runs national GM policy, however it said it had no responsibility for GM labelling and would not comment on the issue. It said: ‘The world’s population is growing which means people will need more food and there will be a greater demand for water, energy and land. ‘GM is one of the tools in the box that could help us tackle these challenges. ‘But our top priority is safeguarding human health and the environment so any decisions on GM would have to be based on rigorous scientific evidence[U4] .’ The FSA indicated that it would not support the public’s call for more comprehensive GM labelling, arguing it was unnecessary and would be too difficult. ‘This was simply a fact finding exercise for us to feed into the discussion,’ said a spokesman. ‘There is no discernible difference between food produced from animals fed GM feed and those fed non-GM feed.’ Defra runs national GM policy, however it said it had no responsibility for GM labelling and would not comment on the issue. It said: ‘The[U5] world’s population is growing which means people will need more food and there will be a greater demand for water, energy and land. ‘GM is one of the tools in the box that could help us tackle these challenges. But our top priority is safeguarding human health and the environment so any decisions on GM would have to be based on rigorous scientific evidence.’ [email protected]
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    Link Between Pesticides And Parkinson’s Strengthened With Family Study
    Mar. 29, 2008 — For the first time, the association between Parkinson’s disease and exposure to pesticides has been shown in patients with the neurological disorder compared with their unaffected relatives, according to a new study. Parkinson’s disease is a common neurological disorder affecting about 1 million people in the USA. The disorder typically develops in later life resulting in symptoms such as tremors and muscle rigidity.–Although variations in several genes have been identified that contribute to the disease, these rare genetic defects account for a small proportion of the overall prevalence of the disorder.–The majority of Parkinson’s disease cases are thought to be due to an interaction between genetic and environmental factors.—“Previous studies have shown that individuals with Parkinson’s disease are over twice as likely to report being exposed to pesticides as unaffected individuals” says the study’s lead author, Dana Hancock, “but few studies have looked at this association in people from the same family or have assessed associations between specific classes of pesticides and Parkinson’s disease.”—The study of related individuals who share environmental and genetic backgrounds that might contribute to Parkinson’s disease enables researchers to identify specific differences in exposures between individuals with and without the disease. The research team from Duke University Medical Center (Durham, NC) and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Morris K. Udall Parkinson Disease Research Center of Excellence (Miami, FL, USA) recruited 319 patients and over 200 relatives. They used telephone interviews to obtain histories of pesticide exposure, living or working on a farm, and well-water drinking.–The authors detected an association between pesticide use and Parkinson’s disease. Among these, the strongest were between the disorder and use of herbicides and insecticides, such as organochlorides and organophosphates. No association was found between Parkinson’s disease and well-water drinking or living or working on a farm, which are two commonly used proxies for pesticide exposures.–Many studies have supported pesticides as a risk factor for PD, but “biological evidence is presently insufficient to conclude that pesticide exposure causes PD”, says Hancock. “Further investigation of these specific pesticides and others may lead to identification of pertinent biological pathways influencing PD development.” In addition future genetic studies of Parkinson’s disease should consider the influence of pesticides, since exposure to pesticides may provide a trigger for the disease in genetically predisposed individuals.-Journal reference: Dana B Hancock, Eden R Martin, Gregory M Mayhew, Jeffrey M Stajich, Rita Jewett, Mark A Stacy, Burton L Scott, Jeffery M Vance and William K Scott. Pesticide exposure and risk of Parkinson’s disease: a family-based case-control study. BMC Neurology (in press)–Story Source:The above story is reprinted from materials provided by BioMed Central/BMC Neurology, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
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    Pesticides and Parkinson’s: Further Proof of a Link Uncovered
    Jan. 3, 2013 — For several years, neurologists at UCLA have been building a case that a link exists between pesticides and Parkinson’s disease. To date, paraquat, maneb and ziram — common chemicals sprayed in California’s Central Valley and elsewhere — have been tied to increases in the disease, not only among farmworkers but in individuals who simply lived or worked near fields and likely inhaled drifting particles.—Now, UCLA researchers have discovered a link between Parkinson’s and another pesticide, benomyl, whose toxicological effects still linger some 10 years after the chemical was banned by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.—Even more significantly, the research suggests that the damaging series of events set in motion by benomyl may also occur in people with Parkinson’s disease who were never exposed to the pesticide, according to Jeff Bronstein, senior author of the study and a professor of neurology at UCLA, and his colleagues.—Benomyl exposure, they say, starts a cascade of cellular events that may lead to Parkinson’s. The pesticide prevents an enzyme called ALDH (aldehyde dehydrogenase) from keeping a lid on DOPAL, a toxin that naturally occurs in the brain. When left unchecked by ALDH, DOPAL accumulates, damages neurons and increases an individual’s risk of developing Parkinson’s.—The investigators believe their findings concerning benomyl may be generalized to all Parkinson’s patients. Developing new drugs to protect ALDH activity, they say, may eventually help slow the progression of the disease, whether or not an individual has been exposed to pesticides.–The research is published in the current online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.—–Parkinson’s disease is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder that affects millions worldwide. Its symptoms — including tremor, rigidity, and slowed movements and speech — increase with the progressive degeneration of neurons, primarily in a part of the mid-brain called the substantia nigra. This area normally produces dopamine, a neurotransmitter that allows cells to communicate, and damage to the mid-brain has been linked to the disease. Usually, by the time Parkinson’s symptoms manifest themselves, more than half of these neurons, known as dopaminergic neurons, have already been lost.—-While researchers have identified certain genetic variations that cause an inherited form of Parkinson’s, only a small fraction of the disease can be blamed on genes, said the study’s first author, Arthur G. Fitzmaurice, a postdoctoral scholar in Bronstein’s laboratory.—“As a result, environmental factors almost certainly play an important role in this disorder,” Fitzmaurice said. “Understanding the relevant mechanisms — particularly what causes the selective loss of dopaminergic neurons — may provide important clues to explain how the disease develops.”–Benomyl was widely used in the U.S. for three decades until toxicological evidence revealed it could potentially lead to liver tumors, brain malformations, reproductive effects and carcinogenesis. It was banned in 2001.—The researchers wanted to explore whether there was a relationship between benomyl and Parkinson’s, which would demonstrate the possibility of long-lasting toxicological effects from pesticide use, even a decade after chronic exposure. But because a direct causal relationship between the pesticide and Parkinson’s can’t be established by testing humans, the investigators sought to determine if exposure in experimental models could duplicate some of the pathologic features of the disease.
    They first tested the effects of benomyl in cell cultures and confirmed that the pesticide damaged or destroyed dopaminergic neurons.—Next, they tested the pesticide in a zebrafish model of the disease. This freshwater fish is commonly used in research because it is easy to manipulate genetically, it develops rapidly and it is transparent, making the observation and measurement of biological processes much easier. By using a fluorescent dye and counting the neurons, the researchers discovered there was significant neuron loss in the fish — but only to the dopaminergic neurons. The other neurons were left unaffected.—-Until now, evidence had pointed to one particular culprit — a protein called α-synuclein — in the development of Parkinson’s. This protein, common to all Parkinson’s patients, is thought to create a pathway to the disease when it binds together in “clumps” and becomes toxic, killing the brain’s neurons.—The identification of ALDH activity now gives researchers another target to focus on in trying to stop this disease.—“We’ve known that in animal models and cell cultures, agricultural pesticides trigger a neurodegenerative process that leads to Parkinson’s,” said Bronstein, who directs the UCLA Movement Disorders Program. “And epidemiologic studies have consistently shown the disease occurs at high rates among farmers and in rural populations. Our work reinforces the hypothesis that pesticides may be partially responsible, and the discovery of this new pathway may be a new avenue for developing therapeutic drugs.”–Other authors of the study included Lisa Barnhill, Hoa A. Lam, Aaron Lulla, Nigel T. Maidment, Niall P. Murphy, Kelley C. O’Donnell, Shannon L. Rhodes, Beate Ritz, Alvaro Sagastig and Mark C. Stahl, all of UCLA; John E. Casida of UC Berkeley; and Myles Cockburn of the University of Southern California. The authors declare no conflict of interest.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of California – Los Angeles.
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    MSG and Pituitary Tumors
    MSG has been shown to overstimulate and damage neurons (nerve cells) in the hypothalamus region of the brain. This part of the brain directs the action of the pituitary gland, which is called the “master” gland because it in turn directs the action of the other glands in the body – controlling metabolism, sexual development, and many other life processes. 25% of adults will develop a pituitary adenoma in their lifetime. It is not officially known [U6] what causes them. It does not appear to be genetically linked at this time.
    Prolactin—Almost half of all pituitary adenomas are prolactin secreting. These prolactinomas can get so large that they affect vision by crowding the optic nerve. In women, they are detected early because they interfere with menses. Prolactin is the hormone associated with lactation in women who are nursing. It stops ovulation. Women with these tumors often cannot become pregnant because the body already thinks it is. In persons with a prolactin secereting tumor, lactation can take place even if:
    1 The victim was never pregnant
    2. The victim is MALE.
    Men who develop these tumors can develop breasts which secrete milk. For men this disease is often devastating and can become life threatening, since in men, there is often no warning until the tumor has become large enough to possibly affect vision, cause excruciating headaches, and threaten other vital functions of the pituitary.–Pituitary tumors are often “benign” – not cancerous. Because of this, they are not tracked in registries that keep track of tumors. The government is only concerned if a tumor is cancerous. Aspartame, which was found to produce pituitary tumors in laboratory animals was approved for use. There[U7] is no one actually tracking pituitary tumors in individuals who heavily use aspartame or MSG.—The cost of treating this illness is staggering. The medication of choice – there are only two – is cabergoline which is a dopamine agonist sold under the name Dostinex. It costs $30 per TABLET. Even if patients undergo surgery, they usually must be on this medication for life. This medication is the exact same one approved for use in Parkinson’s patients who have decreased levels of dopamine in the brain.
    Consider:
    MSG has been shown to increase prolactin secretion.
    MSG had been shown to decrease dopamine levels in the brain.
    MSG has also been proven to cause sterility in females.
    Aspartame has been proven to cause pituitary tumors
    Aspartate can be converted to glutamate in the body.
    Glutamate acts on the same receptors in the brain as aspartate.
    One of the scientists contributing to this website who worked heavily with aspartame and ingested MSG in test products at the same time is currently taking Dostinex to treat a prolactin secreting pituiary adenoma.
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    Beta-Amyloid peptides destabilize calcium homeostasis and render human cortical neurons vulnerable to excitotoxicity
    MP Mattson, B Cheng, D Davis, K Bryant, I Lieberburg, and RE Rydel
    + Author Affiliations
    1. Sanders-Brown Research Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40536–0230.
    Abstract
    In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), abnormal accumulations of beta-amyloid are present in the brain and degenerating neurons exhibit cytoskeletal aberrations (neurofibrillary tangles). Roles for beta-amyloid in the neuronal degeneration of AD have been suggested based on recent data obtained in rodent studies demonstrating neurotoxic actions of beta- amyloid. However, the cellular mechanism of action of beta-amyloid is unknown, and there is no direct information concerning the biological activity of beta-amyloid in human neurons. We now report on experiments in human cerebral cortical cell cultures that tested the hypothesis that beta-amyloid can destabilize neuronal calcium regulation and render neurons more vulnerable to environmental stimuli that elevate intracellular calcium levels. Synthetic beta-amyloid peptides (beta APs) corresponding to amino acids 1–38 or 25–35 of the beta-amyloid protein enhanced glutamate neurotoxicity in cortical cultures, while a peptide with a scrambled sequence was without effect. beta APs alone had no effect on neuronal survival during a 4 d exposure period. beta APs enhanced both kainate and NMDA neurotoxicity, indicating that the effect was not specific for a particular subtype of glutamate receptor. The effects of beta APs on excitatory amino acid (EAA)-induced neuronal degeneration were concentration dependent and required prolonged (days) exposures. The beta APs also rendered neurons more vulnerable to calcium ionophore neurotoxicity, indicating that beta APs compromised the ability of the neurons to reduce intracellular calcium levels to normal limits. Direct measurements of intracellular calcium levels demonstrated that beta APs elevated rest levels of calcium and enhanced calcium responses to EAAs and calcium ionophore. The neurotoxicity caused by EAAs and potentiated by beta APs was dependent upon calcium influx since it did not occur in calcium-deficient culture medium. Finally, the beta APs made neurons more vulnerable to neurofibrillary tangle-like antigenic changes induced by EAAs or calcium ionophore (i.e., increased staining with tau and ubiquitin antibodies). Taken together, these data suggest that beta-amyloid destabilizes neuronal calcium homeostasis and thereby renders neurons more vulnerable to environmental insults.
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    MSG and Atrial Fibrillation
    Taurine is the body’s heartbeat regulator. Deficiency states can be induced by MSG because glutamate competes in the body with another sulfur-containing amino acid – cysteine. The body uses cysteine to make taurine – another sulfur-containing amino acid used as a neurotransmitter. A major complaint of MSG symptom complex sufferers is irregular, fast heartbeats, – atrial fibrillation. The same symptom also occurs from taurine deficiency.
    See the following link for an excellent summary of data about the amino acid taurine:
    http://www.serve.com/BatonRouge/taurine_chmr.htm
    It is also interesting to note that MSG is a well known to induce epileptic seizures, and taurine is found to be low in individuals with seizures. See our page on MSG and epilepsy.—Due to the genetic cause of autism being linked to glutamate receptor and transport genes, it now makes sense why some autistic children have atrial fib episodes as well as epilepsy. In some autistic children, there is an inborn error of metabolism when dealing with sulphur-containing compounds. Taurine is one of the sulphur-containing amino acids used as a neurotransmitter. –It is possible that a child who has a defiency of taurine from this common inborn error of metabolism, would be at risk of both an epileptic seizure, and atrial fibrillation as well as digestive problems due to problems forming bile. It would be interesting to find out if children with both autism and A-fib (Timothy Syndrome) also suffer epileptic episodes and digestive distress due to taurine deficiency from this same error of metabolism.—It would be interesting to find out if these autistic children or adults with A-Fib but not autism, would be helped by simple supplementation with taurine since the body may have trouble making it.

    #2654
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    MSG and Depression
    Glutamate Blockers–Currently the drugs on the market to treat long term depression (LTD) are glutamate blockers as well:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11769825&dopt=Abstract
    Some pharmaceutical companies are now pinning their hopes on glutamate antagonists to treat many NMDA related diseases including depression and schizophrenia because NMDA receptors are triggered by glutamate and the aspartic acid found in aspartame.-As of this writing (August 7, 2006), a study of 18 patients with depression was conducted using ketamine – a glutamate blocker that targets the NMDA receptors. This treatment helped over 70% of those patients within one day of treatment – giving hope to many patients and physicians that depression sufferers need no longer wait several weeks for conventional anti-depressants that work on dopamine and seratonin.
    http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/63/8/856
    This conclusion gives credence to the idea that MSG, by increasing blood levels of free glutamic acid, which lowers dopamine levels, and increases prolactin, affects depression on several levels. It also begs the question, do people who steal ketamine (Special K) – an anesthesia drug used on humans and animals, do so to self-medicate for pain and mental illness?
    MSG, the U.S. Military, and Depression—Unfortunately a major unintended study of the effects of MSG and depression was carried out by the U.S. military. MSG, until recently, MSG was actually required in the rations of U.S. troops. These individuals were being fed MSG in every meal. They are suffering right now from a high rate of suicide that is alarming those in charge. Recent news articles are addressing this rise in depression and suicide among U.S. troops and what the military is doing to prevent further tragedy. Perhaps the military brass should look no further than the M.R.E s that they were feeding the troops.
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    Association between monosodium glutamate intake and sleep-disordered breathing among Chinese adults with normal body weight.
    Shi Z, Wittert GA, Yuan B, Dai Y, Gill TK, Hu G, Adams R, Zuo H, Taylor AW.
    Source
    Department of Nutrition and Foodborne Disease Prevention, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China; Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: [email protected]
    OBJECTIVE–To assess whether monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB).
    METHODS–Data from 1227 Chinese subjects who participated in the Jiangsu Nutrition Study were analyzed. All the participants were examined at two time points (baseline in 2002 and follow-up in 2007). The MSG intake was assessed quantitatively in 2002 and a sleep questionnaire was used to assess snoring and to construct an SDB probability score in 2007. Those within the fifth quintile of the score (highest) were defined as having a high probability of SDB.
    RESULTS:
    The MSG intake was positively associated with snoring and a high probability of SDB in participants who had a normal body weight but in those who were overweight. A comparison of the extreme quartiles of MSG intake in subjects with a body mass index lower than 23 kg/m(2) showed an odds ratio of 2.02 (95% confidence interval 1.02-4.00) for snoring and an odds ratio of 3.11 (95% confidence interval 1.10-8.84) for a high probability of SDB. There was a joint effect between MSG and overweight in relation to SDB.
    CONCLUSION: The intake of MSG may increase the risk of SDB in Chinese adults with a normal body weight.
    TOP B
    [U1]UMMM Where over seas??? Coming from Canada and the usa the animals are fed GMO’s –without a question—china is feeding there animals GMO CORN and SOY—so I wonder where over seas are they getting this grass fed non gmo food from??
    [U2]Somebody tell me where the substance to this is—-most of the planet as far as I can tell just from my window of observation seem to not only not want it but want the lables so they can make a decisive choice whether to reject this genetic food or not
    [U3]Europe is being sold out—right from under the noses —the people they have lost there access to herbals and botanicals and are restricted now the globalist feel that since euopeans are not fighting there losses they are going to introduce another bill further taking there rights away on choice—soon all we will have is option
    [U4]There is already proof that non gmo farming is more then sustainable to feed the ever growing populace on the planet —what this is saying is in reality is that utilizing the GMO technology will in fact increase usage off resources not less
    [U5]Distracting from the issue and presenting a scenario that may or may not happen
    [U6]Another way for well hidden—these things happen for a reason and in the is case is due to damage by a glutamate—MSG which is derived from SOY
     
    [U7]AS you can see it was approved for use against the pituitary hypothalamus activity
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    Free men do not ask permission to bear arms.- –An armed man is a citizen. An unarmed man is a subject.
    Show Of the Month January 19 2013
    Longer Life For Milk Drinkers
    Nations That Consume a Lot of Milk Also Win a Lot of Nobel Prizes
    Toxic Effects of Excessive Consumption of MSG
    Eating Eggs When Pregnant Affects Breast Cancer In Offspring
    Choline Supplementation During Pregnancy Presents a New Approach to Schizophrenia Prevention
    Secret Human Testing Revealed in Declassified U.S. Army Documents; Lawsuit Follows
    Can Thrive in Your Gums
    Quick Detection of Periodontitis Pathogens
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    Improving Cognitive Function With Ginseng-Fortified Milk?
    July 23, 2012 — American ginseng is reported to have neurocognitive effects, and research has shown benefits in aging, central nervous system disorders, and neurodegenerative diseases. The challenges of incorporating ginseng into food are twofold: it has a bitter taste, and food processing can eliminate its healthful benefits. Reporting in the August issue of the Journal of Dairy Science®, a group of scientists has formulated low-lactose functional milk that maintained beneficial levels of American ginseng after processing. An exploratory study found the product was readily accepted by a niche group of consumers.–“Our goal was to develop low-lactose milk that could be consumed by the elderly to improve cognitive function,” reports lead investigator S. Fiszman, PhD, of the Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos (IATA), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Patema (Valencia), Spain. “Consumers who were interested in the health benefits of ginseng rated our product quite highly.”—Because older people frequently have trouble digesting milk products, the researchers developed a low-lactose formula. American ginseng was added, and then the milk was sterilized by ultra-high temperature processing (UHT), which prolongs shelf life. Analysis found that sufficient levels of ginseng remained in the milk after treatment to improve cognitive function as reported in the literature.—To reduce the bitter taste of American ginseng, the investigators developed samples with vanilla extract and sucralose, a zero-calorie artificial sweetener. In a preliminary study, 10 tasters with a good ability to discriminate between flavors compared low lactose UHT milk without any additives (the control) to low lactose milk with ginseng extract, vanilla aroma, and sucralose added before UHT treatment[U1] . They developed a list of 10 attributes that described the sample: color, sweet odor, milk flavor, vanilla flavor, metallic/root flavor, sweetness, bitterness, aftertaste, astringency, and viscosity. They then rated the intensity of each attribute for five samples; the control; the control with ginseng extract, vanilla aroma, and sucralose added; the control with ginseng extract added; the control with vanilla and ginseng extract; and the low lactose milk with ginseng extract; vanilla aroma; and sucralose added before UHT treatment.———-In a second study, 100 participants were asked, on a scale of one to five, how willing they would be to consume a “highly digestible semi-skimmed milk,” and a “highly digestible semi-skimmed milk enriched with ginseng extract that would improve cognitive function.” Then, they tasted and rated, on a scale of one to nine, the overall acceptability of the control milk and the low lactose milk with ginseng extract, vanilla aroma, and sucralose added before UHT treatment.—Both the presence of ginseng and the thermal treatment affected some sensory properties of the milk. The addition of ginseng significantly increased the perceived light brown color in the flavored and unflavored samples, and was highest in the reduced-lactose milk with ingredients added before the UHT treatment. The sweet odor was more intense in flavored samples, but decreased slightly in the samples of milk with ingredients added before UHT treatment. Bitterness was clearly perceived in the samples containing ginseng additives, but was lower in flavored samples, indicating that the vanilla aroma and sucralose masked, to some extent, the bitter taste caused by ginseng extract.—Consumer responses varied greatly, depending on interest in the product. 78% indicated that they would be likely to consume the highly digestible milk, and after tasting the product, 87% of them indicated they would buy the sample. 47% indicated they were not interested in milk enriched with ginseng, and after tasting, they gave it a low acceptability rating. However, for the 32% of consumers who did express an interest in the product, 75% declared they would buy it[U2] .—“Drinking 150 to 300 mL of this ginseng-enriched milk would provide the amount indicated to be effective for improving cognitive functions. Combined with the low levels of lactose, this makes the drink an appropriate functional beverage for the elderly,” says Dr. Fiszman. “Among consumers more likely to consume ginseng products, the newly developed milk was well accepted. The addition of more congruent flavors such as chocolate, citrus, or coffee, could be more effective in masking non-milk-related sensory attributes, Other alternatives could be investigated.”—Commenting on the studies, Susan Duncan, PhD, professor, Department of Food Science & Technology, Virginia Tech, noted, “With the combination of intrinsic health benefits in milk and these additional ingredients, milk becomes an easy way to deliver valuable functional ingredients and the functional benefits of milk components. Diversifying the product line for milk and dairy products has a number of benefits, including market and consumer visibility and perception.”Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Elsevier. —Journal Reference—A. Tárrega, A. Salvador, M. Meyer, N. Feuillère, A. Ibarra, M. Roller, D. Terroba, C. Madera, J.R. Iglesias, J. Echevarría, S. Fiszman. Active compounds and distinctive sensory features provided by American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) extract in a new functional milk beverage. Journal of Dairy Science, 2012; 95 (8): 4246 DOI: 10.3168/jds.2012-5341
    Recipe for Ginseng and Dairy—let’s do it right—-take plain yogurt—add a liquid ginseng to it and allow it to sit on the counter 1 or 2 days allowing it to ferment into the yogurt—then add either a tsp of maple syrup—honey—or even xylitol—or fruit extract—mix well and then consume
    This will allow a better up take of the 2 and would more then likely see an improvement ove all not just in brain but in ody as well
     
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    Longer Life For Milk Drinkers
     
    drinking milk can lessen the chances of dying from illnesses such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke by up to 15-20%, according to a new study. —-July 24, 2009 — Research undertaken by the Universities of Reading, Cardiff and Bristol has found that drinking milk can lessen the chances of dying from illnesses such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke by up to 15-20[U3] %.—In recent times milk has often been portrayed by the media as an unhealthy food. The study, led by Professor Peter Elwood (Cardiff University) together with Professor Ian Givens from the University of Reading’s Food Chain and Health Research Theme, aimed to establish whether the health benefits of drinking milk outweigh any dangers that lie in its consumption.–Importantly, this is the first time that disease risk associated with drinking milk has been looked at in relation to the number of deaths which the diseases are responsible for.–The review brought together published evidence from 324 studies of milk consumption as predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and, diabetes. Data on milk consumption and cancer were based on the recent World Cancer Research Fund report. The outcomes were then compared with current death rates from these diseases.–Professor Givens explained: “While growth and bone health are of great importance to health and function, it is the effects of milk and dairy consumption on chronic disease that are of the greatest relevance to reduced morbidity and survival. Our review made it possible to assess overall whether increased milk consumption provides a survival advantage or not. We believe it does.-“Our findings clearly show that when the numbers of deaths from CHD, stroke and colo-rectal cancer were taken into account, there is strong evidence of an overall reduction in the risk of dying from these chronic diseases due to milk consumption. We certainly found no evidence that drinking milk might increase the risk of developing any condition, with the exception of prostate cancer. Put together, there is convincing overall evidence that milk consumption is associated with an increase in survival in Western communities.”–The reviewers also believe that increased milk consumption is likely to reduce health care costs substantially due to reduced chronic disease and associated morbidity.—“There is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms involved and for focused studies to confirm the epidemiological evidence since this topic has major implications for the agri-food industry,” added Professor Givens.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Reading.
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    Nations That Consume a Lot of Milk Also Win a Lot of Nobel Prizes
    Jan. 14, 2013 — Nations that consume a lot of milk and milk products also tend to have a lot of Nobel laureates among their populations, suggest the authors of a letter, published in Practical Neurology.—Research published last year in the New England Journal of Medicine reported a strong association between a nation’s chocolate consumption and Nobel laureate prowess, speculating that the flavonoid content of chocolate was behind the boost in brain power. This got the letter authors thinking. As chocolate is often combined with milk, could it be the amount of milk/milk products consumed per head that fuels Nobel Prize success? They looked at the 2007 data from the Food and Agriculture Organization on per capita milk consumption in 22 countries as well as the information provided by the author of the chocolate theory, and found a significant association.—Sweden has the most Nobel laureates per 10 million of its population (33). Although, it hosts the Nobel committee, which some might argue could introduce an element of bias; it also consumes the most milk per head of the population, getting through 340kg every year.–And Switzerland, which knocks back 300kg of the white stuff every year, has a Nobel haul of similar proportions (32).–At the other end of the scale, China has the lowest number of Nobel laureates in its population. But it also has the lowest milk consumption of the countries studied — at around 25kg a year. –There does seem to be a ceiling effect, however, note the authors, with no discernible impact beyond an annual per capita consumption of 350kg, as Finland’s Nobel haul seems to attest.–Is milk consumption therefore simply a reflection of a strong educational system, or do Nobel Prize winners celebrate by drinking it, query the authors?–But there is a plausible biological explanation for the link: milk is rich in vitamin D, and this may boost brain power, the evidence suggests.-“So to improve your chances of winning Nobel prizes you should not only eat more chocolate but perhaps drink milk too: or strive for synergy with hot chocolate,” conclude the authors, who highlight their conflicts of interest, which include a tendency to take milk with cereal and coffee, and to eat chocolate whenever the opportunity arises.-Story SourceThe above story is reprinted from materials provided by BMJ-British Medical Journal, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. -Journal Reference-S. Linthwaite, G. N. Fuller. Milk, chocolate and Nobel prizes. Practical Neurology, 2013; 13 (1): 63 DOI: 10.1136/practneurol-2012-000471
    Special Note- this would apply to Unpasteurized Milk and grass fed since that would be what would have the highest form of Vitamin D but as well if the dairy is grass fed and unpasteurized You will get a Higher Level of Omega 3-CLA-Vitamin D and Vitamin E that would be lost in Pasteurization and homogenization where one cooks the milk and the other strips the fat which would be required to acces the D and E and Omega 3’s would be all gone—CLA may increase due to the heat
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    Toxic Effects of Excessive Consumption of MSG
    The toxic effects that occur as a result of excessive consumption of MSG are known as Chinese Restaurant Syndrome.
    MSG is known to be more toxic than Glutamic Acid – this is due to MSG being more readily absorbed by the body compared to Glutamic Acid. The increased toxicity of MSG is also believed to occur from the presence of the D-Glutamic Acid form of Glutamic Acid (as opposed to L-Glutamic Acid).
    Digestive System—Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Intestinal Cramps (abdominal Pain). Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Vomiting. references
    Eyes/Vision–Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Blurred Vision.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may damage the Retina (which could lead to Blindness)
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Sight impairment.
    Metabolism—Excessive consumption of MSG may cause atrophy of the Thyroid.
    Musculoskeletal System-Excessive consumption of MSG may contribute to the symptoms of Fibromyalgia and some Fibromyalgia patients may experience symptom relief after discontinuing MSG use.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Muscle Tension.
    Nervous System–Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Convulsions
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Headaches.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may damage the Hypothalamus.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause impairment of Long-Term Memory.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may trigger Migraines.
    Many of the toxic effects of excessive consumption of MSG are due to MSG causing excessive stimulation of the N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) Receptors in the Brain.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Nausea.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause atrophy of the Pituitary Gland.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Vertigo (dizziness).
    Respiratory System-Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Asthma.
    Sexual System: Female Excessive consumption of MSG may cause Female Infertility. Excessive consumption of MSG may cause cause Male Infertility.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause atrophy of the Ovaries.
    Excessive consumption of MSG may cause atrophy of the Testes.
    MSG may Interfere with these Substances
    Amino Acids–Excessive consumption of MSG may interfere with Taurine.
    Enzymes—MSG may lower Catalase levels.
    MSG may lower Glutathione Peroxidase levels.
    MSG may lower Glutathione Reductase levels.
    MSG may lower Superoxide Dismutase levels.
    MSG may Enhance the Function of these Substances
    Amino Acids–MSG can be converted within the body to form Glutamic Acid.
    MSG can be converted within the body to form Glutamine.
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    Eating Eggs When Pregnant Affects Breast Cancer In Offspring
    Dec. 2, 2008 — A stunning discovery based on epigenetics (the inheritance of propensities acquired in the womb) reveals that consuming choline—a nutrient found in eggs and other foods—during pregnancy may significantly affect breast cancer outcomes for a mother’s offspring.–This finding by a team of biologists at Boston University is the first to link choline consumption during pregnancy to breast cancer. It also is the first to identify possible choline-related genetic changes that affect breast cancer survival rates.—“We’ve known for a long time that some agents taken by pregnant women, such as diethylstibesterol, have adverse consequences for their daughters,” said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal. “But there’s an upside. The emerging science of epigenetics has yielded a breakthrough. For the first time, we’ve learned that we might be able to prevent breast cancer as early as a mother’s pregnancy.”—The researchers made the discovery in rats by studying females whose mothers were fed varying amounts of choline during pregnancy. Different groups of pregnant rats received diets containing standard amounts of choline, no choline at all, or extra choline. Then the researchers treated the female offspring with a chemical that causes cancer of the mammary gland (breast cancer). Although animals in all groups developed mammary cancer, the daughters of mothers that had received extra choline during pregnancy had slow growing tumors while daughters of mothers that had no choline during pregnancy had fast growing tumors.–“Our study provides additional support for the notion that choline is an important nutrient that has to be considered when dietary guidelines are developed,” said Krzysztof Blusztajn, Ph.D., Professor of Pathology at Boston University and the study’s senior researcher. “We hope it will be possible to develop nutritional guidelines for pregnant women that ensure the good health of their offspring well into old age.”–The researchers also found multiple genetic and molecular changes in the rats’ tumors that correlated with survival outcomes. For example, the slow growing tumors in rats had a genetic pattern similar to those seen in breast cancers of women who are considered to have a good prognosis. The fast growing tumors in mice had a pattern of genetic changes similar to those seen in women with a more aggressive disease. The researchers also found evidence that these genetic changes may result from the way that choline affects modifications of the DNA within the mammary gland of fetuses as they develop in the womb.–The National Cancer Institute estimates that there will be more than 184,000 new cases of breast cancer in 2008 and more than 40,000 deaths. Treatments for women suffering from breat cancer range from hormone therapy to surgery.Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, via EurekAlert!, a service o
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    Choline Supplementation During Pregnancy Presents a New Approach to Schizophrenia Prevention
    Jan. 15, 2013 — Choline, an essential nutrient similar to the B vitamin and found in foods such as liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts and eggs, when given as a dietary supplement in the last two trimesters of pregnancy and in early infancy, is showing a lower rate of physiological schizophrenic risk factors in infants 33 days old. The study breaks new ground both in its potentially therapeutic findings and in its strategy to target markers of schizophrenia long before the illness itself actually appears. Choline is also being studied for potential benefits in liver disease, including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, depression, memory loss, Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, and certain types of seizures.–Robert Freedman, MD, professor and chairman of the Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine and one of the study’s authors and Editor of The American Journal of Psychiatry, points out, “Genes associated with schizophrenia are common, so prevention has to be applied to the entire population, and it has to be safe. Basic research indicates that choline supplementation during pregnancy facilitates cognitive functioning in offspring. Our finding that it ameliorates some of the pathophysiology associated with risk for schizophrenia now requires longer-term follow-up to assess whether it decreases risk for the later development of illness as well.”–Normally, the brain responds fully to an initial clicking sound but inhibits its response to a second click that follows immediately. In schizophrenia patients, deficient inhibition is common and is related to poor sensory filtering and familial transmission of schizophrenia risk. Since schizophrenia does not usually appear until adolescence, this trait — measurable in infancy — was chosen to represent the illness.—Half the healthy pregnant women in this study took 3,600 milligrams of phosphatidylcholine each morning and 2,700 milligrams each evening; the other half took placebo. After delivery, their infants received 100 milligrams of phosphatidylcholine per day or placebo. Eighty-six percent of infants exposed to pre- and postnatal choline supplementation, compared to 43% of unexposed infants, inhibited the response to repeated sounds, as measured with EEG sensors placed on the baby’s head during sleep.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Colorado Denver, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. –Journal Reference–Ayman H. Fanous et al. Genome-Wide Association Study of Clinical Dimensions of Schizophrenia: Polygenic Effect on Disorganized Symptoms. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2012; 169 (12): 1309 DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.12020218
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    Secret Human Testing Revealed in Declassified U.S. Army Documents; Lawsuit Follows
    It is always a challenge attempting to describe how sick and power mad are some of the elite who have taken up positions within the military-industrial-scientific complex. However, it is becoming easier, as more of their past demented actions are coming to light with such a preponderance of evidence that even the most naive must take notice. These actions only hint at what is likely going on all around us today, as well as the future plans of those who see the planet Earth as nothing more than a giant Petri dish.— Dr. Lisa Martino-Taylor’s horrific findings after she submitted hundreds of Freedom of Information Act requests seeking the truth about government experiments on human populations. Martino-Taylor uncovered a mountain of evidence proving that an aerosol spraying campaign was in fact conducted by the U.S. Army during the 1950s and ’60s. She has revealed documents clearly showing that sprayers were set up in multiple cities on buildings, deployed from station wagons, and attached to planes.—Despite statements at the time which downplayed the spraying as non-toxic, the evidence shows that the Army knew that what was sprayed consisted of radioactive compounds breathed in by hundreds of thousands of U.S. citizens. Furthermore, they went to great lengths to cover up the information.—Martino-Taylor says she’s obtained documents from multiple federal agencies showing the government concocted an elaborate story to keep the testing secret.–Martino-Taylor says some of the key players in the cover-up were also members of the Manhattan Atomic Bomb Project and involved in other radiological testing across the United States at the time. ‘This was against all military guidelines of the day, against all ethical guidelines, against all international codes such as the Nuremberg Code.’ (Source)
    Aerosoling in the USA in the “50”’s–Martino-Taylor is pressing for an investigation into whether or not the spraying could have led to illnesses, including cancer.
    The abstract of her dissertation reads as follows:–This piece analyzes a covert Manhattan Project spin-off organization referred to here as the Manhattan-Rochester Coalition, and an obscure aerosol study in St. Louis, Missouri, conducted under contract by the U.S. military from 1953–1954, and 1963–1965. The military-sponsored studies targeted a segregated, high-density urban area, where low-income persons of color predominantly resided. Examination of the Manhattan-Rochester Coalition and the St. Louis aerosol studies, reveal their connections to each other, and to a much larger military project that secretly tested humans, both alive and deceased, in an effort to understand the effects of weaponized radiation. Through this case study, the author explores how a large number of participants inside an organization will willingly participate in organizational acts that are harmful to others, and how large numbers of outsiders, who may or may not be victims of organizational activities, are unable to determine illegal or harmful activity by an organization. The author explains how ethical and observational lapses are engineered by the organization through several specific mechanisms, in an effort to disable critical analysis, and prevent both internal and external dissent of harmful organizational actions. Through studying the process of complex organizational deviance, we can develop public policies that protect the public’s right to know, and construct checks and methods to minimize the chance of covert projects that are contrary to societal norms.
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    Can Thrive in Your Gums
    Jan. 3, 2013 — A new research report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology shows how the bacteria known for causing gum disease–Porphyromonas gingivalis–manipulates the body’s immune system to disable normal processes that would otherwise destroy it. Specifically, the report shows that this pathogen prompts the production of the anti-inflammatory molecule Interleukin-10 (IL-10). This, in turn, inhibits the function of T-cells, which would otherwise help to protect the host from this particular microbial infection.–“Since greater than 50 percent of the U.S. population over 50 years-of-age develop adult periodontal disease, we hope that the results of our study will ultimately help in the development of novel treatments that could prevent or ameliorate the chronic infection caused by the pathogen P. gingivalis,'” said Jannet Katz, D.D.S., Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at the University of Alabama in Birmingham.–To make this discovery, scientists used cells from mice that were exposed to P. gingivalis. One portion of the cells was treated with an inhibiting antibody against IL-10 and the other portion of cells was not treated. All of the cells were then tested for interferon gamma production. An increase of interferon gamma production was seen in the treated cells, but no increase was found in the untreated cells. These findings suggest that the damage done by P. gingivalis happens when the immune cells of the host are first exposed to this pathogen, and further implies that for treatment to be successful, it must be started as early as possible. This study highlights the mechanism by which P. gingivalis can establish a chronic infection in the form of periodontal disease and provides insight into how the disease develops. Results also demonstrate the importance of very early intervention either by eradication of the bacterium with specifically designed therapeutics or by prevention via the development of an effective vaccine.–“Gum diseases and the infections that cause them can be incredibly stubborn and difficult to treat,” said John Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology. “What isn’t as well known is why these infections are so difficult to eradicate. These new studies now demonstrate that these bacteria go beyond merely evading our body’s defenses and actually manipulate our immune systems for their own survival.”–Story Source:The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
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    Quick Detection of Periodontitis Pathogens
     
    Dentists use sterile paper points to remove bacteria from the tooth. –Jan. 3, 2013 — Twelve million Germans suffer from periodontitis, an inflammation that can lead to the loss of teeth if left untreated. A new diagnostic platform enables the pathogens to be detected quickly, enabling dentists to act swiftly to initiate the right treatment.
    Bleeding gums during tooth brushing or when biting into an apple could be an indication of periodontitis, an inflammatory disease of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. Bacterial plaque attacks the bone, meaning teeth can loosen over time and in the worst case even fall out, as they are left without a solid foundation to hold them in place. Furthermore, periodontitis also acts as a focal point from which disease can spread throughout the entire body: If the bacteria, which can be very aggressive, enter the bloodstream, they can cause further damage elsewhere. Physicians suspect there is a connection between periodontitis pathogens and the sort of cardiovascular damage that can cause heart attacks or strokes. In order to stop the source of inflammation, dentists remove dental calculus and deposits from the surface of teeth, but this is often not enough; particularly aggressive bacteria can only be eliminated with antibiotics.—Of the estimated 700 species of bacteria found in the mouth cavity, there are only eleven that are known to cause periodontal disease in particular; of these, some are deemed to be severely pathogenic. If these biomarkers are present in the gingival sulcus — the small gap around the base of the tooth — then the patient is at high risk of a severe form of periodontitis. But the only way to find out is by conducting a bacteria test. The problem is that current methods for identifying pathogens are time-consuming and must be carried out in an external contract laboratory. Conventional bacterial analysis using microbial culture carries the risk of bacteria being killed as soon as they come into contact with oxygen.
    Bacterial analysis in less than 30 minutes—A new mobile diagnostic platform is designed to speed up identification of the eleven most relevant periodontitis pathogens considerably. Scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology IZI in Leipzig have collaborated with two companies, BECIT GmbH and ERT-Optik, to develop a lab-on-a-chip module called ParoChip. In future this will allow dentists and medical labs to prepare samples quickly and then analyze the bacteria. All the steps in the process — the duplication of DNA sequences and their detection — take place directly on the platform, which consists of a disk-shaped microfluidic card that is around six centimeters in diameter. “Until now, analysis took around four to six hours. With ParoChip it takes less than 30 minutes. This means it’s possible to analyze a large number of samples in a short amount of time,” says Dr. Dirk Kuhlmeier, a scientist at the IZI.–The analysis is conducted in a contactless and fully automated manner. Samples are taken using sterile, toothpick-shaped paper points, after which the bacteria are removed from the point and their isolated DNA injected into reaction chambers containing dried reagents. There are eleven such chambers on each card, each featuring the reagent for one of the eleven periodontal pathogens. The total number of bacteria is determined in an additional chamber, via polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This method allows millions of copies of even tiny numbers of pathogen DNA sequences to be made. In order to generate the extremely quick changes in temperature that are required for PCR, the disk-shaped plastic chip is attached to a metal heating block with three temperature zones and mechanically turned so it passes over these zones. This causes a fluorescent signal to be generated that is measured by a connected optical measuring device featuring a fluorescence probe, a photo detector and a laser diode. The key benefit is that the signal makes it possible not only to quantify each type of bacterium and thus determine the severity of the inflammation, but also to establish the total number of all the bacteria combined. This enables doctors to fine-tune an antibiotic treatment accordingly.–“As the connected optical measuring system allows us to quantify bacteria, ParoChip is also suited to the identification of other bacterial causes of infection, such as food-borne pathogens or those that lead to sepsis ,” says Kuhlmeier, who goes on to emphasize further advantages of the compact diagnostic platform: “Using ParoChip does away with many of the manual steps that are a necessary part of current bacteria tests. The synthetic disks can be produced cheaply and disposed of after use in the same way as disposable gloves.” Already available as a prototype, ParoChip is initially intended for use in clinical laboratories; however it could also be used by dentists to carry out inhouse analysis of patient samples in their own practice.—Story SourceThe above story is reprinted from materials provided by Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.
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    [U1]Sucrolose is an unsafe sweetner and should not be used —-there are better options this was a cheap one obviously—they could have went with xylitol as much—or could have fermented the ginseng into a yogurt ad then added vanilla
    [U2]What a hoot this is telling you that very few people would buy it at all 75% of 32% –that amounts to 11% of the people so if you took 100 people=100% and 32% of the people would be interested and 75% of those people would actually buy it then your talking 11 people out of 100 –11% this is a numbers switchero to make you think this product was popular when it wasn’t
    [U3]This would be unpasteurized or fermented—if pasteurized or homogenized then what you have is not milk but sugar glycated proteins that are indigestible and intolerant to people with colon issues
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    Show Of the Month January 26 2013
    Which Nutritional Factors Help Preserve Muscle Mass, Strength and Performance in Seniors?
    Good Bacteria in the Intestine Prevent Diabetes, Study Suggests
    ‘Friendly’ Bacteria Protect Against Type 1 Diabetes, Researchers Find
    Intestinal Infection Caused by Antibiotics
    Intestinal Bacterial Infection
    Intestinal Yeast Infection Symptoms
    How to Treat Bacterial Infection
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    Which Nutritional Factors Help Preserve Muscle Mass, Strength and Performance in Seniors?
    Jan. 18, 2013 — New review by International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Nutrition Working Group examines role of nutrition in sarcopenia, with focus on protein, vitamins D and B, and acid-based diet.–Sarcopenia, or the gradual loss of muscle mass, is a common consequence of aging, and poses a significant risk factor for disability in older adults. As muscle strength plays an important role in the tendency to fall, sarcopenia leads to an increased risk of fractures and other injuries. —The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Nutrition Working Group has published a new review which identifies nutritional factors that contribute to loss of muscle mass, or conversely, are beneficial to the maintenance of muscle mass. The Group reviewed evidence from worldwide studies on the role of nutrition in sarcopenia, specifically looking at protein, acid-base balance, vitamin D/calcium, and other minor nutrients like B vitamins.—“The most obvious intervention against sarcopenia is exercise in the form of resistance training,” said Professor Jean-Philippe Bonjour, co-author and Professor of Medicine at the Service of Bone Diseases, University of Geneva. “However, adequate nutritional intake and an optimal dietary acid-base balance are also very important elements of any strategy to preserve muscle mass and strength during aging.”
    The review discusses and identifies the following important nutritional factors that have been shown to be beneficial to the maintenance of muscle mass and the treatment and prevention of sarcopenia:
    Protein: Protein intake plays an integral part in muscle health. The authors propose an intake of 1.0-1.2 g/kg of body weight per day as optimal for skeletal muscle and bone health in elderly people without severely impaired renal function.
    Vitamin D: As many studies indicate a role for vitamin D in the development and preservation of muscle mass and function, adequate vitamin D should be ensured through exposure to sunlight and/or supplementation if required. Vitamin D supplementation in seniors, and especially in institutionalized elderly, is recommended for optimal musculoskeletal health.
    Avoiding dietary acid loads: Excess intake of acid-producing nutrients (meat and cereal grains) in combination with low intake of alkalizing fruits and vegetables may have negative effects on musculoskeletal health. Modifying the diet to include more fruits and vegetables is likely to benefit both bones and muscles.
    Emerging evidence also suggests that vitamin B12 and/or folic acid play a role in improving muscle function and strength.—As well, the Review discusses non-nutritional interventions such as hormones, and calls for more studies to identify the potential of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds in the prevention of sarcopenia.
    Dr. Ambrish Mithal, co-author and Chair and Head of Endocrinology and Diabetes division at Medanta, New Delhi underlined the need for further research in the field. “Strategies to reduce the numbers of falls and fractures within our aging populations must include measures to prevent sarcopenia. At present, the available evidence suggests that combining resistance training with optimal nutritional status has a synergistic affect in preventing and treating sarcopenia, ” said Mithal.–“We hope that further studies will shed light on other effective ways of preventing and treating this condition.”—Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by International Osteoporosis Foundation. –Journal Reference–A. Mithal, J.-P. Bonjour, S. Boonen, P. Burckhardt, H. Degens, G. Hajj Fuleihan, R. Josse, P. Lips, J. Morales Torres, R. Rizzoli, N. Yoshimura, D. A. Wahl, C. Cooper, B. Dawson-Hughes. Impact of nutrition on muscle mass, strength, and performance in older adults. Osteoporosis International, 2012; DOI:
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    Good Bacteria in the Intestine Prevent Diabetes, Study Suggests
    Jan. 18, 2013 — All humans have enormous numbers of bacteria and other micro-organisms in the lower intestine. In fact our bodies contain about ten times more bacteria than the number of our own cells and these tiny passengers are extremely important for our health. They help us digest our food and provide us with energy and vitamins. These ‘friendly’ commensal bacteria in the intestine help to stop the ‘bad guys’ such as Salmonella that cause infections, taking hold. Even the biochemical reactions that build up and maintain our bodies come from our intestinal bacteria as well as our own cells. -Pretty important that we get along with these little bacterial friends… definitely. But as in all beautiful relationships, things can sometimes turn sour. If the bacteria in the intestine become unbalanced, inflammation and damage can occur at many different locations in the body. The best known of these is the intestine itself: the wrong intestinal bacteria can trigger Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The[U1] liver also becomes damaged when intestinal bacteria are unbalanced.—Research groups led by Professor Jayne Danska at the Sick Children’s Hospital of the University of Toronto and Professor Andrew Macpherson in the Clinic for Visceral Surgery and Medicine at the Inselspital and the University of Bern have now shown that the influence of the intestinal bacteria extends even deeper inside the body to influence the likelihood of getting diabetes. In children and young people, diabetes is caused by the immune cells of the body damaging the special cells in the pancreas that produce the hormone insulin. By[U2] chance, 30 years ago, before the development of genetic engineering techniques, Japanese investigators noticed that a strain of NOD laboratory mice tended to get diabetes. These mice (also by chance) have many of the same genes that make some humans susceptible to the disease. With the help of the special facilities of the University of Bern and in Canada, these teams have been able to show that the intestinal bacteria, especially in male mice, can produce biochemicals and hormones that stop diabetes developing.—Diabetes in young people is becoming more and more frequent, and doctors even talk about a diabetes epidemic. This increase in diabetic disease has happened over the last 40 years as our homes and environment have become cleaner and more hygienic. At the moment, once a child has diabetes, he or she requires life-long treatment.[U3] –“We hope that our new understanding of how intestinal bacteria may protect susceptible children from developing diabetes, will allow us to start to develop new treatments to stop children getting the disease,” says Andrew Macpherson of the University Bern.—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Bern. —Journal Reference-J. G. M. Markle, D. N. Frank, S. Mortin-Toth, C. E. Robertson, L. M. Feazel, U. Rolle-Kampczyk, M. von Bergen, K. D. McCoy, A. J. Macpherson, J. S. Danska. Sex Differences in the Gut Microbiome Drive Hormone-Dependent Regulation of Autoimmunity. Science, 2013; DOI: 10.1126/science.1233521
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    ‘Friendly’ Bacteria Protect Against Type 1 Diabetes, Researchers Find
     
    Researchers have found that non-obese diabetic mice deficient in innate immunity were protected from diabetes in normal conditions. However, if they were raised in a germ-free environment, lacking “friendly” gut bacteria, the mice developed severe diabetes. —Sep. 22, 2008 — In a dramatic illustration of the potential for microbes to prevent disease, researchers at Yale University and the University of Chicago showed that mice exposed to common stomach bacteria were protected against the development of Type I diabetes.—The findings, reported in the journal Nature, support the so-called “hygiene hypothesis” – the theory that a lack of exposure to parasites, bacteria and viruses in the developed world may lead to increased risk of diseases like allergies, asthma, and other disorders of the immune system.—-The results also suggest that exposure to some forms of bacteria might actually help prevent onset of Type I diabetes, an autoimmune disease in which the patient’s immune system launches an attack on cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.—The root causes of autoimmune disease have been the subject of intensive investigation by scientists around the world.—In the past decade, it has become evident that the environment plays a role in the development of some overly robust immune system responses. For instance, people in less-developed parts of the world have a low rate of allergy, but when they move to developed countries the rate increases dramatically. Scientists have also noted the same phenomenon in their labs.—Non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice develop the disease at different rates after natural breeding, depending upon the environment where they are kept. Previous research has shown that NOD mice exposed to killed (i.e., non-active) strains of tuberculosis or other disease-causing bacteria are protected against the development of Type I diabetes. This suggests that the rapid “innate” immune response that normally protects us from infections can influence the onset of Type 1 diabetes.—In the Nature paper, teams led by Li Wen at Yale and Alexander V. Chervonsky at the University of Chicago showed that NOD mice deficient in innate immunity were protected from diabetes in normal conditions. However, if they were raised in a germ-free environment, lacking “friendly” gut bacteria, the mice developed severe diabetes. NOD mice exposed to harmless bacteria normally found in the human intestine were significantly less likely to develop diabetes, they reported.—“Understanding how gut bacteria work on the immune system to influence whether diabetes and other autoimmune diseases occurs is very important,” Li said. “This understanding may allow us to design ways to target the immune system through altering the balance of friendly gut bacteria and protect against diabetes.”-Changyun Hu from Yale also contributed to their research. Other institutions involved in the study were Washington University; The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Me.; Bristol University, United Kingdom; and the University of California-San Francisco.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Yale University.
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    Intestinal Infection Caused by Antibiotics
    Antibiotics are prescribed to treat intestinal infection, but what about an intestinal infection caused by antibiotics? This article provides information on how antibiotics can cause gastrointestinal disorders. Read on, to know why you should use antibiotics sparingly and how the disorders caused by antibiotics are cured….
    Bacteria, viruses, yeasts, fungi, molds and certain other parasites can affect the function of the intestine significantly. Poor personal hygiene and bad eating habits can result in intestinal infection. Intestines and the urinary tract are the most favorite sites of pathogens (harmful bacteria). Infection caused by these pathogens can be life-threatening in some cases. The severity of the infection may vary according to the type of the bacteria. Intestinal yeast infection is not detected until the yeast gets converted into fungi. If a person with poor dietary habits consumes a lot of antibiotics, a conducive and favorable environment for yeast to convert into fungi is created in his intestines. Thus, an overdose or wrong dose of antibiotics can eventually result in an intestinal disorder.
    Can Antibiotics Cause Intestinal Infection—-Pathogens or harmful bacteria are the microscopic organisms that attack and affect the function of the gastrointestinal tract in the body. Usually, they are the cause of various diseases and stomach and/or intestinal infections. Your immune system is naturally strong enough to fight pathogens, but antibiotics prescribed for dozens of common ailments act as powerful immunosuppressants.—There exist helpful and harmful types of bacteria. Helpful or friendly bacteria ensure that all your body systems function well. These bacteria are not intestinal parasites as they do not damage the digestive tract. They actually enhance your digestive health. Antibiotics are prescribed to kill harmful bacteria. While killing the harmful bacteria, they also kill the friendly Lactobacillus from your intestines. Destruction of friendly bacteria severely impairs digestion and assimilation of nutrients, at a time, when your body needs them most.Bacteria like Clostridium difficile can cause diarrhea, pain and other diseases when the friendly bacteria in the intestine have been destroyed by antibiotics. Deficiency of good bacteria leads to poor absorption of nutrients which eventually results in a weakened immune system. And, the environment becomes suitable for fast growth of harmful bacteria. Thus, overuse of antibiotics results in intestinal infection.
    Symptoms
    Diarrhea leading to dehydration (excessive thirst, lightheadedness, dizziness)
    Constipation
    Sinusitis
    Bad breath
    Nausea
    Vomiting
    Bloating, intestinal gases, dyspepsia
    Loss of appetite
    Abdominal pain, cramps
    Bloody stools
    A distinctive foul stool odor
    Fever, flu-like symptoms
    Malnutrition or vitamin deficiency
    Skin rashes
    Sleep disorder
    Impaired immune system
    Prolonged infection can lead to anemia
    Treatment
    If the balance of the bowel ecology is disrupted by antibiotics, serious health problems may develop on a long term basis. The intestinal flora plays an important role in maintaining your body’s chemical and hormonal balance. The friendly bacteria killed by antibiotics need to be replenished as soon as possible, in order to maintain good health. Levels of friendly bacteria can be raised by incorporating appropriate supplements and foods in regular diet. Negligence might create good breeding ground for future illnesses. Many important vitamins in the digestive tract are synthesized by the friendly bacteria. Dietary[U4] supplements may help replenish these vitamins.—-Only Lactobacillus can keep candidiasis and other harmful yeast infections under control. [U5] Friendly bacteria help maintain the pH balance in the body. A healthy diet helps restore the pH balance of your body. Friendly bacteria flourish in a balanced pH environment. Thus, a diet that includes lots of fruits, vegetables products that are rich in vitamins and minerals is essential to fight intestinal infection caused by antibiotics. As well as fermented foods such as yogurt-Kefir-fermented veges and fruits[U6] — A low sugar, low calorie, high fiber diet can improve the digestive health significantly.—[U7] A low-carb diet is useful in controlling the production of harmful bacteria in the gut. Certain[U8] herbal oils like peppermint oil can help eradicate harmful bacteria in the small intestine. Intake of additional digestive enzymes and probiotics can also curb the growth of destructive bacteria. Unsweetened yogurt which is packed with beneficial bacteria can effectively control the overgrowth of harmful bacteria. One capsule of peppermint oil after meals promotes fast recovery from intestinal infection. However, excessive use of peppermint oil can result in certain side-effects, such as, heartburn, burning of rectum, and minty belching. Adding garlic to the diet can improve digestion. Other herbal remedies like the extract of grapefruit seeds, oregano oil, olive leaf extract and turmeric root extract can help improve the digestive health of the person. Thus, intestinal infection caused by bacteria can be effectively treated with the help of certain herbal remedies. But the person should limit the intake of sugary food, high fat food and starchy substances. Then only, he/she will be able to get rid of the symptoms of intestinal infection[U9] .—–The intestinal flora helps absorb nutrients from the food. It plays an important role in maintaining high energy levels. It enhances the immune function and helps destroy cancer causing compounds in the colon. It, thus, determines your physical and mental health and well-being. It influences your metabolism, and indirectly determines your life span. Antibiotics can, in some cases, spare life but they should be used sparingly, and strictly under the guidance of your physician. If you stop taking them before getting rid of the infection (after noticing some improvement in the condition), it can lead to formation of a new strain of bacteria that would be resistant to the prescribed antibiotics. Then, you may have to take more and stronger antibiotics to fight the new strain of bacteria. To break this vicious cycle, you should follow the instructions of your physician regarding the dosage and the duration for which you are expected to take the antibiotics.
    Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/intestinal-infection-caused-by-antibiotics.html
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    Intestinal Yeast Infection Symptoms
    An overgrowth of yeast in the intestine can produce several painful symptoms. To know more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of this condition, read this article.
    Leukemia (CLL) Research If you’re diagnosed with CLL, you may qualify for this research study http://www.findcancerstudies.com—Intestinal yeast infection is caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans, a type of yeast. Yeast is a type of fungus that can be found in the gastrointestinal tract. Under normal situation, Candida albicans do not cause any health problem. This is because, their population is kept under control by the beneficial bacteria of the intestine and a healthy immune system. But factors that can weaken the immune system or destroy the beneficial bacteria in the intestine can contribute towards the rapid proliferation of yeast or Candida albicans.
    Causes of Intestinal Yeast Infection—As has been mentioned already, yeast infection or candidiasis is caused by the overgrowth of Candida albicans, which in turn can be caused by the reduction in the number of friendly bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. This can be caused by the prolonged use of medications like antibiotics. A weakened immune system due to the use of certain medications or a disorder is another important cause of yeast infection. Conditions like Viruses can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of its development. Apart from these, cancer treatment like chemotherapy, use of steroids, a poor diet, and illnesses like diabetes can also put an individual at an increased risk for getting this infection.
    Intestinal Yeast Infection Signs —An over growth of yeast in the intestine can eventually affect several parts of the body. As a result, there can be a large number of symptoms of this condition, out of which some of the most common symptoms are:
    Indigestion
    Gas and bloating
    Constipation and flatulence
    Diarrhea
    Heartburn
    Stomach or intestinal cramps
    Food sensitivity
    Chronic fatigue
    Depression
    Allergies
    Lethargy
    Recurrent vaginal infections
    Frequent urinary infections
    Muscle and joint pain
    Athlete’s foot and jock itch
    Rectal itching
    Mood swings
    Problems in concentration and poor memory
    Frequent acne breakouts
    Severe premenstrual syndrome
    Oral thrush
    Prostate problems
    It should be kept in mind that many of the above mentioned symptoms can also be produced by conditions other than yeast infection.—
     
    Treatment for Intestinal Yeast Infection—It can be treated with the help of medications and dietary changes. Dietary modification is basically about following a yeast infection diet that excludes the foods on which yeast thrives. Some common examples of foods that can aggravate the symptoms are, sweets, sugar, fruit and fruit juices, bread, baked goods (like cakes, pastries and cookies), processed foods, refined carbohydrates, sauces and condiments, mushrooms, alcohol, vinegars, pickles, smoked and dried meat, processed cheese, tea, coffee, malt and food containing malt, peanuts and peanut products, honey, maple syrup, and simple carbohydrates, such as corn syrup, white flour, and white rice.—-On the other hand, a diet for this condition should include fresh vegetables (raw or steamed), complex carbohydrates,fermented veges and fruits as well – fresh proteins in the form of fresh chicken, beef, pork, eggs and fish, unprocessed nuts, unrefined olive, sesame and almond and mct oil and lemon juice. Plain unsweetened yogurt & Kefir is another food(s) that can be included in the diet. In fact, it is considered as an effective home remedy. Certain other home remedies are raw garlic, onion, and colloidal silver.—Even dietary supplements like probiotics and digestive enzymes can help to alleviate the painful symptoms. But, if all these measures fail to relieve the symptoms, then it is better to get the condition properly evaluated with the help of your physician. For severe infection of the intestine, medications can be prescribed by your physician along with supplements and dietary changes. Usually, antifungal medications are used for treating candidiasis.
     
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    Intestinal Bacterial Infection
    The article presents details on various conditions associated with intestinal bacterial infection. The symptoms and treatment measures for these infections given below should provide in-depth information of these infections.–The intestinal infection of bacteria is responsible for the development of a medical condition called gastroenteritis. The different bacteria that are known to cause gastroenteritis include Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Shigella, Clostridium, Campylobacter jejuni, Yersinia, Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae. Infection of bacteria most likely takes place through consumption of dairy products, seafood, meat and bakery products[U10] . Pseudomembranous colitis is the causal organism of diarrhea. The main causes of intestinal bacterial infection are poor sanitation, usage of human waste for fertilizers and contaminated drinking water; swimming in contaminated water is also one of the modes of getting infected; the infection resulting from food poisoning is common in USA. These infections could also originate in animals and insects and then affect human beings. The bacteria tend to release harmful toxins in the food which in turn cause food poisoning.—The common symptoms of intestinal infections resulting from bacteria are abdominal pain, loss of appetite, cramps, loose motions, weight loss, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, flatulence, etc. Some of the other symptoms of infection of this kind are dry skin, reduction in urine output, muscle cramps, fever, rise in thirst, etc. One of the major symptoms of bacterial infections is dehydration. This condition is reached in extreme cases when the patient suffers from severe diarrhea. The problem of vomiting can make the condition worse and calls for immediate treatment with fluids and antibiotics. The other symptoms associated with dehydration in extreme cases include fever that is higher than 101 °F, hallucinations, delusions, delirium, etc.
    Forms of Intestinal Bacterial Infection—The different types of infections caused by bacteria, their symptoms and ways to deal with them are presented through following paragraphs. Gastroenteritis is one of the important medical conditions caused by the bacteria which affects the health of intestines. Let us find more on these problems.
    Bacterial Enterocolitis: Inflammation of colon and small intestine is the primary symptom of bacterial enterocolitis. Other signs observed in this medical condition are pus/blood in stool and fever. Infection of the bacteria viz., Shigella and Campylobacter jejuni is acquired through contaminated water and food. Dairy products, poultry and vegetables are the foods which bring with them the infectious bacteria. The bacterial infection of Clostridium difficile is nosocomial in nature, which means it is acquired in the hospital. The hemorrhagic enterocolitis caused by Escherichia coli is a medical condition of enterocolitis associated with the symptom of bleeding.—Traveler’s diarrhea: An enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli bacteria is responsible for causing ‘Traveler’s diarrhea’. This bacterial strain produces toxins that induce diarrhea. A sudden onset of symptoms like abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, etc. is observed in those who get infected. Symptoms of diarrhea are generally exhibited in a week’s time; however, it may also take longer. This condition develops in approximately 10 million people (travelers) every year.
    How to Treat Bacterial Infection
    The remedies given below are effective in dealing with the problem of bacterial infection. Pharmacological therapy for gastroenteritis is generally not needed.
    The antibiotics that are generally used in the treatment this infection include Ciprofloxacin, Ceftriaxone and Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Intake of antibiotic medications coupled with sufficient rest allows fast recovery from these infections.
    It is necessary to avoid the intake of solid diets, at least in first few days of treatment. Thus, diet for patients of gastroenteritis should mostly include liquids.
    To compensate the body fluids lost due to bacterial infection (diarrhea), one should increase the intake of liquids. It is however, necessary to avoid consuming the caffeinated beverages and milk.
    One should make use of only those medications prescribed by the doctor.
    Electrolyte drinks should be given to children to make up for the loss of fluids. Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is used for children to recover from dehydration.
    The use of rice or wheat-based Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) are found to be far more effective than other sugar-based liquids.
    If the level of consciousness of patients decreases, the need to give them intravenous fluids may arise.
    It is necessary to avoid the intake of foods that contain a high amount of sugar. Such foods are responsible for increasing the osmotic load. If the osmotic load increases, diarrhea becomes aggravated.
    The intestinal bacterial infection can be effectively dealt with by making appropriate dietary changes. Medications should be used only under the guidance of an expert. If proper care is not taken, the infection complicates into problems like postinfectious arthritis in which the patient suffers from joint pain. Further spreading of infection is another danger that one needs to be aware of. Taking the necessary precautions like maintaining proper hygiene, using pure water for drinking, etc. should prevent the occurrence of intestinal infection in future.
     
     
    TOP D
    [U1]WRONG BACTERIA !!!!
    [U2]So the logical approach is to repair the pancreas ad not give insulin as is done
    [U3]Look at this concept here Long life treatment?? Should it not say cure and not treating—depending on a medical field —no response in reparing the pancreas whatso ever
    [U4]Your Vitamin B’s and Minerals are some of the managing properties the healthy bacteria do and based on your diet you develop more bacterial toward the way you eat and the foods as well
    [U5]Unless the bacterial culture has been overloaded or the candida has been mutated to withstand the intestinal bacteria
    [U6]In today s times due to the estrogenic effect and the mycotoxins grains should be avoided at al cost due to the damage they cause from the genetic manipulation
    [U7]High fibre from fruits and veges
    [U8]A low carb diet keeps the controls the harmful growth of bacteria
    [U9]A change and elimination will restore a healthy colon but may in fact assist in the reduction of body mass
    [U10]Bakery products today are GE or GMO and will not be designed for digesting but rather altering the intestinal bacteria that maintains the health of the colon

    #2655
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    Alcohol in Moderation Can Reduce Asthma Risk, Study Suggests
    Sep. 29, 2011 — Drinking alcohol in moderate quantities can reduce the risk of asthma, according to Danish researchers. The study, presented at the European Respiratory Society’s Annual Congress in Amsterdam, found that drinking 1-6 units of alcohol a week could reduce the risk of developing the condition. The research examined 19,349 twins between the ages of 12 and 41 yrs of age. All participants completed a questionnaire at the start and end of the study to compare alcohol intake with the risk of developing asthma over 8 yrs. The results showed that the lowest risk of asthma was seen in the group which had a moderate intake of alcohol, as less than 4% of those who drank 1-6 units per week developed asthma. The highest risk of asthma was observed in people who drunk rarely or never, as they were 1.4-times more likely to develop the condition. Heavy drinkers also had an increased risk of asthma development and were 1.2-times more likely to develop asthma. The results also suggested that a preference for beer drinking was associated with an increased risk of asthma when compared with no preference. Previous studies have found a link between excessive intake of alcohol and asthma attacks; however, this is the first study of its kind to show a link between alcohol intake and the onset of asthma for adults over a long period of time.—- Sofie Lieberoth, from the Bispebjerg Hospital in Denmark, said: “Whilst excessive alcohol intake can cause health problems, the findings of our study suggest that a moderate intake of 1-6 units can reduce the risk of developing asthma. By examining all the factors linked with the development of asthma, we can understand more about what causes the condition and how to prevent it.”—Story Source—The above story is reprinted from materials provided by European Lung Foundation, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
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    Cleaning Jobs Linked to Asthma Risk
    Jan. 21, 2013 — A new study has found strong evidence for a link between cleaning jobs and risk of developing asthma. -Researchers at Imperial College London tracked the occurrence of asthma in a group of 9,488 people born in Britain in 1958. Not including those who had asthma as children, nine per cent developed asthma by age 42. Risks in the workplace were responsible for one in six cases of adult onset asthma – even more than the one in nine cases attributed to smoking, according to the analysis.—=There are many occupations that are thought to cause asthma. In this study, 18 occupations were clearly linked with asthma risk, four of which were cleaning jobs and a further three of which were likely to involve exposure to cleaning products.–Farmers, hairdressers, and printing workers were also found to have increased risk, as previous studies have reported. Farmers were approximately four times more likely to develop asthma as an adult than office workers.—=Besides cleaning products, flour, enzymes, metals, and textiles were among materials in the workplace identified in the study as being linked to asthma risk.—The study’s lead author, Dr Rebecca Ghosh of the MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health at Imperial College London, said: “This study identified 18 occupations that are clearly linked with asthma risk, but there are others that did not show up in our analysis, mainly because they are relatively uncommon. Occupational asthma is widely under-recognised by employers, employees and healthcare professionals. Raising awareness that this is an almost entirely preventable disease would be a major step in reducing its incidence.”—
    The study, published in the journal Thorax, was funded by Asthma UK and the Colt Foundation.—Malayka Rahman, Research Analysis and Communications Officer at Asthma UK, said: “This research has highlighted a new group of people, specifically those working in occupations related to cleaning, such as cleaners or home-based personal care workers, who may have developed adult onset asthma due to exposure to chemicals they work with on a daily basis. We advise anyone who works in the industries highlighted in this study and who have experienced breathing problems to discuss this with their GP, and we urge healthcare professionals to make sure they consider possible occupational causes in adult onset asthma and tailor their advice to people with asthma accordingly.”—-Around 5.4 million people in the UK have asthma, some of whom suffer as children and some of whom develop the disease in later life.–Story Source—The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Imperial College London, via AlphaGalileo. —Journal Reference–Rebecca Elisabeth Ghosh, Paul Cullinan, David Fishwick, Jennifer Hoyle, Chris J Warburton, David P Strachan, Barbara K Butland, Debbie Jarvis. Asthma and occupation in the 1958 birth cohort. Thorax, 2013 DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2012-202151
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    Modulation of endothelial nitric oxide by plant-derived products.
    Nitric Oxide. 2009 Jun 1;–Authors: Schmitt CA, Dirsch VM
    Nitric oxide (NO), produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), is recognised as a central anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic principle in the vasculature. Decreased availability of NO in the vasculature promotes the progression of cardiovascular diseases. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL STUDIES HAVE DEMONSTRATED THAT A GROWING LIST OF NATURAL PRODUCTS, AS COMPONENTS OF THE DAILY DIET OR PHYTOMEDICAL PREPARATIONS, MAY IMPROVE VASCULAR FUNCTION BY ENHANCING NO BIOAVAILABILITY. In this article we first outline common pathways modulating endothelial NO production or bioavailability to provide a basis for subsequent mechanistic discussions. Then we comprehensively review natural products and plant extracts known to positively influence eNOS activity and/or endothelial function in vitro orin vivo. WE WILL DISCUSS RED WINE, HIGHLIGHTING POLYPHENOLS, OLIGOMERIC PROCYANIDINS (OPC) AND RESVERATROL AS MODULATORS OF ENDOTHELIAL NO PRODUCTION. Other dietary products and their active components known to activate eNOS include COCOA (OPC AND ITS MONOMER ()EPICATECHIN), POMEGRANATES (POLYPHENOLS), BLACK AND GREEN TEA (FLAVANOIDS, ESPECIALLY EPIGALLOCATECHIN GALLATE), OLIVE OIL (OLEIC ACID AND POLYPHENOLS), AND QUERCETIN, ONE OF THE MOST ABUNDANT FLAVONOIDS IN PLANTS. In addition, phytomedical preparations made from ginkgo, hawthorn and ginseng, as well as formulations used in traditional Chinese Medicine, have been shown to affect endothelial NO production. Recurring phytochemical patterns among active fractions and purified compounds are discussed. In summary, there is increasing evidence that several single natural products and plant extracts influence endothelial NO production. Identification of such compounds and characterisation of their cellular actions may increase our knowledge of the regulation of endothelial NO production and could provide valuable clues for the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular diseases.–PMID: 19497380 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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    A New Herbal Combination, Etana, For Enhancing Erectile Function: An Efficacy And Safety Study In Animals.
    Int J Impot Res. 2009 Jun 4; Authors: Qinna N, Taha H, Matalka KZ, Badwan AA
    We present herein a new herbal combination called Etana that is composed of five herbal extracts including Panax Quinquelotius (Ginseng), Eurycoma Longifolia (Tongkat Ali), Epimedium Grandiflorum (Horny Goat Weed), Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) and Flower Pollen Extracts. Most of the above-mentioned extracts have a long historical and traditional use for erectile dysfunction (ED). On the basis of the mechanism of action of each of the above, a combination is introduced to overcome several physiological or induced factors of ED. This study was conducted to show an enhancement of erectile function in male rats. The animals were observed for 3 h after each administration for penile erection, genital grooming and copulation mounting, and the penile erection index (PEI) was calculated. The maximum response was observed at the concentration of 7.5 mg kg(-1) of Etana. At a 7.5 mg kg(-1) single dose, the percentage of responding rats was 53+/-7 with a PEI of 337+/-72 compared with 17+/-6 with a PEI of 30+/-10 for control animals. This PEI was significantly (P<0.001) higher than each single component and than the sum of any two herbal components of Etana. When compared with sildenafil citrate, Etana Induced More Pronounced PEI Than 0.36 mg kg(-1), but similar to 0.71 mg kg(-1) of sildenafil. Furthermore, full acute and sub-acute toxicity studies showed no toxic effects of Etana. In conclusion, this study describes a new and safe combination of herbal components that enhance erectile function in male rats. Clinical studies are warranted for evaluating Etana’s significance in ED.International Journal of Impotence Research advance online publication, 4 June 2009; doi:10.1038/ijir.2009.18.—PMID: 19494825 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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    TABLE I – USUAL BOWEL TOLERANCE DOSES of ASCORBIC ACID
    GRAMS ASCORBIC ACID NUMBER OF DOSES
    CONDITION PER 24 HOURS PER 24 HOURS
    normal 4 – 15 4 – 6
    mild cold 30 – 60 6 – 10
    severe cold 60 – 100+ 8 – 15
    influenza 100 – 150 8 – 20
    ECHO, coxsackievirus 100 – 150 8 – 20
    mononucleosis 150 – 200+ 12 – 25
    viral pneumonia 100 – 200+ 12 – 25
    hay fever, asthma 15 – 50 4 – 8
    environmental and
    food allergy 0.5 – 50 4 – 8
    burn, injury, surgery 25 – 150+ 6 – 20
    anxiety, exercise and
    other mild stresses 15 – 25 4 – 6
    cancer 15 – 100 4 – 15
    ankylosing spondylitis 15 – 100 4 – 15
    Reiter’s syndrome 15 – 60 4 – 10
    acute anterior uveitis 30 – 100 4 – 15
    rheumatoid arthritis 15 – 100 4 – 15
    bacterial infections 30 – 200+ 10 – 25
    infectious hepatitis 30 – 100 6 – 15
    candidiasis 15 – 200+ 6 – 25
    FIGURE 1. REPRESENTATIVE DOSES TO TREAT ACUTE SYMPTOMS OF
    DISEASE IN PATIENTS VERY TOLERANT TO ASCORBIC ACID
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    Extracts from Radix Astragali and Radix Rehmanniae promote keratinocyte proliferation by regulating expression of growth factor receptors.
    Phytother Res. 2012 Oct;26(10):1547-54
    Authors: Ren JW, Chan KM, Lai PK, Lau CB, Yu H, Leung PC, Fung KP, Yu WF, Cho CH
    Abstract
    Chinese herbal medicine has long been used as a treatment for wounds. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study it was shown that the proliferation of keratinocytes, which is known to play an important role in wound healing as the major cell type in the epidermis, was promoted by three herbal extracts/natural compounds: NF3 (an extract from the mixture of Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR) in the ratio of 2:1), stachyose (an isolated compound from Radix Rehmanniae) and extract P2-2 (a sub-fraction from the extract of Radix Astragali). The effect of the herbal extracts/natural compounds on the growth of keratinocytes was not influenced by a high glucose level, a condition similar to diabetic patients who usually suffer from diabetic foot ulcers. Real time RT-PCR results showed that the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, but not transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) receptor, was up-regulated by NF3. Moreover, treatments with the EGF receptor kinase inhibitor AG1478 and the MEK inhibitor U0126 resulted in the diminishment of the effect of the three herbal extracts/natural compounds on keratinocyte proliferation, indicating that EGF receptor might have a significant role in this action. This study has further elucidated the molecular mechanism under which herbal extracts/natural compounds exert their effects on the wound healing process.—PMID: 22359405 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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    The Self-Assembling Particles That Come from InSPACE
    NASA astronaut Suni Williams photographing InSPACE-3 vial assembly after particles redistribution operation on the International Space Station. (Credit: NASA)
    Jan. 7, 2013 — Shape-shifting malleable, gelatinous forms are orbiting Earth at this very moment — assembling and disassembling, growing as they are bombarded by magnetic pulses. These forms will take shape as astronauts run experiments involving smart fluids aboard the International Space Station.–While they may change shape, the forms are not things of science fiction. They are the things of fundamental science.—The purpose of the Investigating the Structures of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions-3, or InSPACE-3, study is to gather fundamental data about Magnetorheological, or MR fluids. These fluids are a type of smart fluid that tends to self-assemble into shapes. When they are exposed to a magnetic field, they can quickly transition into a nearly solid-like state. When the magnetic field is removed, they return to a liquid state[U1] .
    “Initially the particles in the fluid form long, thin chains,” said Eric Furst, InSPACE-3 principal investigator, University of Delaware, Newark, Del. “The magnetic dipoles induced in the particles cause these singular chains to grow parallel to the applied field. Over time the chains parallel to each other interact and bond together. These ‘bundles’ of chains become more like columns when the magnetic field is toggled on and off. And these columns grow in diameter with time exposed to a pulsed magnetic field.”–This self-directed “bundling” was never before observed until it was seen in an earlier space station investigation, InSPACE-2, which ended in 2009. The results of InSPACE-2 were highlighted in a September 2012 article titled “Multi-scale Kinetics of a Field-directed Phase Transition” published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.—“Earlier InSPACE investigations looked at MR fluids composed of spherical, or round, particles,” said Bob Green, InSPACE-3 project scientist, NASA’s Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio. “InSPACE-3 is focused on oval or ellipsoid-shaped particles. The expectation is that these shapes will pack differently and form column-like structures differently than in previous experiments. The particles in InSPACE-3 are made of a polystyrene material embedded with tiny nano-sized iron oxide particles[U2] .”—Iron oxide is chemically similar to rust. In fact, when the fluid is mixed, it has a brownish rust-type hue. Astronauts, under the direction of the project team, are currently running a series of experiments on this rust-colored mixture and will continue to do so for the next few months.–“We have six vials of which three are primary and three are backups,” said Nang Pham, InSPACE-3 project manager at Glenn. “We’ll run 12 tests on each of the three vials of different sized ellipsoid-shaped particles for a total of 36 test runs.”–A test run could be changing the frequency of the magnetic pulse, altering the magnetic field strength, or using different particle sizes. The first InSPACE-3 test was Oct. 5. Plans are to complete the test runs in early 2013.—For the investigation, astronauts apply a magnetic field of a certain strength, which is pulsed from a low frequency of around 0.66 hertz up to 20 hertz. The pulse is on for a very short time and then is turned off. Scientists are looking for formation of structures that are at a lower energy state. Typically in an MR fluid application, a constant field is applied and the particles form a gel-like structure. They don’t pack very well, so the particles have no definite form. They are like a cloud or hot glass that can form into almost any shape.—In a pulsed field, the on-off magnetic field forces the particles to assemble, disassemble, assemble, disassemble and so on. This on-and-off action occurs in millisecond pulses over the approximately two hours of the experiment. In this pulsed field, the particles organize into a more tightly packed structure. Scientists can then measure and plot the column growth over time.—“The idea is to understand the fundamental science around this directed self-assembly in the hopes of better defining new methods of manufacturing materials composed of small colloidal or nanoparticle building blocks,” Furst said.–New manufacturing models resulting from InSPACE-2 and -3 studies could be used to improve or develop active mechanical systems such as new brake systems, seat suspensions, stress transducers, robotics, rovers, airplane landing gears and vibration damping systems.—Coupled with the work of InSPACE-2, the InSPACE-3 investigation into fundamental science could advance these systems and improve how we ride, drive and fly. Thanks to these space station investigations, the fluids that come from space may one day further improve your daily commute, whether on the highway or off the road.—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by NASA.
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    Show of the Month February 9 2013
    The Drug Regulatory Agency Warnings on Psychiatric drugs and violence
    Antidepressant Birth Defect Drug Warnings
    Antidepressant Studies
    Supplements with aloe vera may slash cholesterol levels by over 40%, suggests a new study with lab rats
    MORGELLONS FACE & BODY STRIPPER / SCRUBBER SOLUTION & APPLICATION
    Eczema in Infants Linked to Gut Bacteria
    Caloric Restriction Has a Protective Effect On Chromosomes
    Health Canada Approves Bio-K+® as a New and Effective Mean for the Reduction of Clostridium difficile Infections in Hospitals
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    The Drug Regulatory Agency Warnings on Psychiatric drugs and violence:
    United States, November 2005: The FDA’s Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program reported “homicidal ideation“ as an adverse event of Effexor ER (extended release).
    Source: “Detailed View: Safety Labeling Changes Approved By FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) — November 2005,” FDA MedWatch, November 2005.
    United States, March 22, 2004: The FDA Public Health Advisory was issued, on antidepressants stating: “Anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, impulsivity, akathisia [severe restlessness], hypomania [abnormal excitement, mild mania] and mania [psychosis characterized by exalted feelings, delusions of grandeur and overproduction of ideas], have been reported in adult and pediatric patients being treated with antidepressants.”
    Source: “WORSENING DEPRESSION AND SUICIDALITY IN PATIENTS BEING TREATED WITH ANTIDEPRESSANT MEDICATIONS,” FDA Public Health Advisory, 22 Mar. 2004.
    United States, October 1995: The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) said Ritalin use could lead to addiction and that “psychotic episodes, violent behavior and bizarre mannerisms had been reported” with its abuse.
    Source: “Methylphenidate,” U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), October 1995.
    United States, June 28, 2005: The FDA announced its intention to make labeling changes for Concerta and other methylphenidate (Ritalin) products (stimulants) to include, “psychiatric events such as visual hallucinations, suicidal ideation, psychotic behavior, as well as aggression or violent behavior.” The FDA announced its intention to also investigate possible cardiac concerns with these drugs.
    Source: “Statement on Concerta and Methylphenidate for the June 30 PAC”, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), June 2005.
    Canada, February 2006: Health Canada approved a new warning label for Paxil that read, in part: “A small number of patients taking drugs of this type may feel worse instead of better. For example, they may experience unusual feelings of agitation, hostility or anxiety, or have impulsive or disturbing thoughts, such as thoughts of self-harm or harm to others.“ Health Canada required Paxil’s product information to detail a list of “rare” side effects, affecting fewer than one in 1,000 patients. These include delusions, hostility, psychosis, and psychotic depression.
    Source: Kate Jaimet, “’I’ve learned a lesson in the worst way possible’: What drove a loving father to kill his son?,” Ottawa Citizen, 27 Aug. 2006.
    Canada, June 03, 2004: Health Canada issued an advisory to the public that stated that stronger warnings have been placed on antidepressants. These warnings indicate that people taking these drugs at any age are at greater risk of behavioral or emotional changes including self-harm or harm to others. The advisory said, “A small number of patients taking drugs of this type may feel worse instead of better…. For example, they may experience unusual feelings of agitation, hostility or anxiety, or have impulsive or disturbing thoughts that could involve self-harm or harm to others.”
    Source: Jirina Vlk, “Health Canada advises Canadians of stronger warnings for SSRIs and other newer anti-depressants,” Health Canada, 2004-31, June 3, 2004.
    Japan, May 2009: The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare investigated news reports of antidepressant users “who developed increased feelings of hostility or anxiety, and have even committed sudden acts of violence against others.” After its investigation, the Ministry decided to revise the label warnings on newer antidepressants stating, “There are cases where we cannot rule out a causal relationship [of hostility, anxiety, and sudden acts of violence] with the medication.”
    Source: “Japan Revises SSRI Warnings–Hostility, Violence,” Medical News Today, May 28, 2009.
    European Union, August 19, 2005: The Commission of the European Communities, representing 25 European countries, endorsed and issued the strongest warning yet against child antidepressant use as recommended by Europe’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP). Clinical trials had shown that the drugs caused suicidal behavior including suicide attempts and suicidal ideation, aggression, hostility (predominantly aggression, oppositional behavior and anger) and/or related behavior.
    Source: Commission of the European Communities Commission Decision concerning the placement on the market, under Article 21 of the Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Brussels 19-VIII-2005, C (2205) 3256.
    Australia, February 2009: The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration reported that a boxed warning (the strongest warning) was placed onto the ADHD psychostimulant drug methylphenidate (Concerta and Ritalin) for drug dependence. It warns that chronic abuse of methylphenidate can lead to a marked tolerance and psychological dependence with varying degrees of abnormal behavior and frank psychotic episodes can also occur.
    Source: “Boxed Warning, Contraindications and strengthened Precautions for Methylphenidate,” Janssen-Cilag, February 2009.
    Australia, December 2004: The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration published an Adverse Drug Reactions Bulletin recommending that any use of SSRI antidepressants in children and adolescents should be carefully monitored for the emergence of suicidal ideation. In a recent study involving Prozac, it said, there was an increase in adverse psychiatric events of suicide, self-harm, aggression and violence.
    Source: “Use of antidepressants in children and adolescents,” The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) published an Adverse Drug Reactions Bulletin, Vol 23, No. 6, Dec. 2004, p. 22.
    United States, July 01, 2009: The FDA has required the manufacturers of the smoking cessation aids varenicline (Chantix) and bupropion (Zyban, aka the antidepressant Wellbutrin) to add new Boxed Warnings and develop patient Medication Guides highlighting the risk of serious neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients using these products. These symptoms include changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts and behavior, and attempted suicide.
    Source: “Information for Healthcare Professionals: Varenicline (marketed as Chantix) and Bupropion (marketed as Zyban, Wellbutrin, and generics),” FDA, July 1, 2009.
    United Kingdom, March 2009: Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (UK) published in their Drug Safety Update newsletter new information about Atomoxetine (Strattera, a non-stimulant ADHD drug). They warned that Atomoxetine is associated with treatment-emergent psychotic or manic symptoms in children without a history of such disorders.
    Source: Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, Drug Safety Update newsletter, Vol. 2, March 8, 2009.
    Australia, December 2008: The Australian Adverse Drug Reactions Bulletin published an article about the psychostimulant Modafinil. The bulletin advised that this drug has been reported to cause serious adverse skin and psychiatric reactions including anxiety, hallucination, aggression, and mania.
    Source: Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee, Australian Adverse Drug Reactions Bulletin, Vol. 27, No. 6, December 2008.
    European Union, November 20, 2008: Eli Lilly included in their Strattera label in Europe warnings that Strattera causes “hallucinations, delusional thinking, mania or agitation in children and adolescents without a prior history of psychotic illness or mania…” Strattera is an antidepressant prescribed as a “non stimulant” drug to treat ADHD.
    Source: “Official warnings issued: The ADHD drug Strattera CAUSES psychosis, hallucinations, mania and agitation” TransWorldNews, November 20, 2008.
    United States, September 2007: The Vice President of Medical Services at the drug company Cephalon sent out a letter to health care professionals informing them of new warnings for the company’s psychostimulant Provigil. “Updated Safety Information: Warnings regarding serious rash, including Stevens Johnson Syndrome [a life-threatening condition affecting the skin] and hypersensitivity reactions, and psychiatric symptoms (including anxiety, mania, hallucinations, and suicidal ideation). 1. Provigil can cause life-threatening skin and other serious hypersensitivity reactions… 2. Provigil is not approved for use in pediatric patients for any indication. 3. Provigil can cause psychiatric symptoms.”
    Source: Jeffrey M. Dayno, M.D., “Dear Healthcare Professional,” Cephalon, September 2007.
    United States, February 21, 2007: The FDA directed ADHD drug manufacturers to distribute “patient friendly” guides to consumers warning about serious psychiatric and cardiovascular problems, including stroke, heart attack, sudden death and psychotic reactions caused by ADHD drugs. The psychiatric adverse events included hearing voices, becoming suspicious for no reason, or becoming manic, even in patients who did not have previous psychiatric problems.
    Source: “FDA Directs ADHD Drug Manufacturers to Notify Patients about Cardiovascular Adverse Events and Psychiatric Adverse Events,” FDA News, February 21, 2007.
    United States, August 21, 2006: The FDA said that ADHD drug manufacturers have to strengthen their warning labels to warn that the drugs can cause suppression of growth, psychosis, bipolar illness, aggression, and ‘serious’ cardiovascular side effects, including misuse possibly leading to sudden death from heart attacks and strokes. Psychostimulant drug companies GlaxoSmithKline and Shire posted a letter to doctors about the revised prescribing information.
    Source: “UPDATE 2-US FDA calls for new warnings on ADHD drugs”, Reuters, August 21, 2006.
    European Union, April 25, 2005: The European Medicines Agency’s scientific committee, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use, concluded that Prozac-type antidepressants were associated with increased suicide-related behavior and hostility in young people. The London-based watchdog said it recommended the inclusion of strong warnings across the whole of the European Union to doctors and parents about these risks and that the drugs should not be used in children and adolescents in off label situations.
    Source: “EU calls for tougher warnings on antidepressants for kids” News-Medical.net April 25, 2005.
    United Kingdom, September 21, 2004: The British Healthcare Products Regulatory Authority advised that it had issued guidelines that children should not be given most SSRI antidepressants because of clinical trial data showing an increase rate of harmful outcomes, including hostility.
    Source: “Antidepressant aggression concern,” BBC News, 21 Sept. 2004.
    European Union, April 22, 2004: The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products issued a press release to the press and public. In this press release, they reported that, according to clinical trials, Paroxetine (Paxil in the U.S.) containing medicines could cause suicidal behavior and hostility in children. It recommended that Paroxetine not be used in children and recommended that young adults be observed carefully for signs and symptoms of suicidal behavior or hostility. Paroxetine was shown to have little effectiveness in children according to clinical trials. The committee also recommended strengthened warnings on the withdrawal symptoms of paroxetine, which are common.
    Source: “European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products: Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products 20-22 April 2004″ EMEA, The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, Press Release April 2004.
    Canada, August 22, 2003: Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, the makers of the antidepressant Effexor, issued a warning to U.S. and Canadian doctors that use of this drug could cause hostility, suicidal ideation and self-harm in patients under the age of 18.
    Source: Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, “Dear Health Care Professional…” Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, August 22, 2003.
    United States, May 2007: The FDA’s MedWatch system published a warning on the psychostimulant Desoxyn which is used for ADHD stating that the drug could cause: sudden death with pre-existing structural cardiac abnormalities or other serious heart problems, psychiatric adverse avents including aggression and the emergence of new psychotic or manic symptoms, long-term suppression of growth, seizures, visual disturbance, as well as serious cardiovascular adverse event.
    Source: Food and Drug Administration (FDA), “Detailed View: Safety Labeling Changes Approved By FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)”, MedWatch, May 2007
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    Antidepressant Birth Defect Drug Warnings:
    There have been 15 drug regulatory agency warnings from seven countries (United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Germany), showing how antidepressants have been tied to birth defects, listed below:
    United States, December 14, 2011: The FDA notified healthcare professionals and the public about the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, by women during pregnancy and the potential risk of a rare heart and lung condition known as Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN). Source: “Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) Antidepressants: Drug Safety Communication – Use During Pregnancy and Potential Risk of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn” FDA, December 14, 2011, http://www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/ucm283375.htm
    United States, April 01, 2011: The FDA issued label changes to the antidepressant Prozac to warn of the potential risk of cardiovascular defects in infants exposed during first trimester of pregnancy. In addition, the following side effects were added to the “Adverse Reaction” section: balance disorder, bruxism (habitual grinding of teeth), gynecological bleeding, hypotension (low blood pressure), alopecia (hair loss), dysuria (painful urination), micturition (urination) disorder and depersonalization. Source: “Prozac (fluoxetine hydrochloride), Detailed View: Safety Labeling Changes Approved by FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)” FDA, April 2011, http://www.fda.gov/Safty/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/ucm255402.htm
    New Zealand, September 01, 2010: MedSafe (NZ) issued information in their Prescriber Update publication about the use of antidepressants during pregnancy. The Medicines Adverse Reactions Committee (after reviewing studies on two types of antidepressants – SSRIs and SNRIs) concluded that there is a small increased risk of heart birth defects associated with fluoxetine (Prozac), similar to that seen with Paroxetine (Paxil). Also, there is a possibility of this increased risk for all SSRIs or SNRIs antidepressants (not just Paxil and Prozac). In addition to the risk of birth defects, SSRIs and SNRIs antidepressants have been associated with an increase in risk of pre-term birth, persistent pulmonary hypertension (little or no blood flow enters into an infants lungs after birth) and newborn withdrawal symptoms. Source: “The use of antidepressants in pregnancy,” Prescriber Update, MedSafe, Vol. 31, No. 3, Sept. 2010.
    United Kingdom, May 01, 2010: The UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency issued a warning about the use of SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) antidepressants in pregnancy, particularly in the later stages, may increase the risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension, where there is a defect in the newborns arteries causing little or no blood flow to enter the lungs after birth. Source: “SSRIs and SNRIs: risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn,” Drug Safety Updates, Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, Vol. 3, Iss. 10, May 2010, p. 2.
    United Kingdom, March 2010: The UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) published in their Drug Safety Update a warning that there was an increased risk of heart birth defects with the use of the antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac) in the first three months of pregnancy, similar to that seen with paroxetine. Source: “Fluoxetine: possible small risk of congenital cardiac defects,” Drug Safety Updates, Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, Vol. 3, Iss. 8, March 2010.
    Ireland, March 2010: The Irish Medicines Board published in there Drug Safety Newsletter, a report warning about the increased risk of heart birth defects and the use of fluoxetine (Prozac) in the first three months of pregnancy. This was based on the European Medicines Agency analysis of the subject, which included nine studies. They found that the risk of having a baby born with a cardiovascular birth defect following the use of fluoxetine during the first trimester is slightly increased. Source: “Fluoxetine and risk of cardiovascular birth defects,” Drug Safety, Irish Medicines Board, Iss. 36, March 2010.
    United States, July 19, 2006: The FDA warned of the risk of a fatal lung condition in newborns whose mothers took newer antidepressants during pregnancy. The agency added it was seeking more information about persistent pulmonary hypertension (a heart and lung disorder) in newborns from the drugs. It asked drug makers to list the potential risk on their drug labels. Source: Susan Heavey, “U.S. FDA warns of new antidepressant risks,” Reuters, July 19, 2006.
    Germany, May 08, 2006: The German Drug Regulatory Agency (BfArM) issued risk information on the newer antidepressant Paroxetine (Paxil), that it increased the risk of cardiac malformation in newborns when the mother took Paroxetine during her pregnancy. All German drug manufacturers producing Paroxetine drugs were ordered to implement the warning and safety notes on their drug information leaflets. Source: “Questions and answers on Paroxetine,” Risk information of the BfArM, May 8, 2006.
    Canada, March 10, 2006: Health Canada issued an advisory warning for antidepressant use in pregnant women. Research shows newer antidepressants may increase risk of a serious lung disorder in newborns. The warning applies to all newer antidepressants including Wellbutrin, Celexa, Cipralex, Prozac, Luvox, Remeron, Paxil, Zoloft, Effexor, Zyban. Source: “Newer antidepressants linked to serious lung disorder in Newborns” Health Canada, March 10, 2005.
    Canada, February 25, 2006: Health Canada issued an advisory to the press regarding newer antidepressants being linked to serious lung disorders in newborns. Health Canada advises that pregnant women taking newer antidepressants should discuss the situation with their doctor because of the potential risk to the baby. Source: “Advisory – Newer antidepressants linked to serious lung disorder in newborns” CNW Group, February 25, 2006.
    Canada, December 16, 2005: Health Canada issued Important Safety Information on Paxil, publishing GlaxoSmithKline’s letter to healthcare professionals about a Swedish study that had found heart malformations in newborns of mothers taking Paxil during their first trimester. “Due to the potential for discontinuation symptoms, doctors should inform patients that the drug should not be stopped without first discussing it with their doctor,” the letter further states. Source: “New Safety Information Regarding Paroxetine: Second Large Study Shows an Increased Risk of Cardiac Defects, Over Other Antidepressants, Following First Trimester Exposure to Paroxetine” Health Canada, December 16, 2005.
    United States, December 08, 2005: The FDA issued a Public Health Advisory that warned physicians about the potential risk to the fetus if they prescribed Paxil to pregnant women in their first trimester. The drug may cause birth defects, including heart malformations. Source: “FDA Public Health Advisory Paroxetine” Food and Drug Administration (FDA), December 8, 2005.
    Canada, September 29, 2005: GlaxoSmithKline, after discussions with Health Canada, issued a letter to healthcare professionals advising of a change to their prescribing information stating that Paxil is associated with an increase of congenital malformations when used by pregnant women. Source: “Important Prescribing Information,” GlaxoSmithKline, September 2005.
    United States, September 27, 2005: The FDA and GlaxoSmithKline issued a warning that showed a recent study the drug company conducted on 3,581 pregnant women taking Paxil or other antidepressants during their first trimester of pregnancy. They found an increased risk of major congenital [defect at birth] and cardiovascular [heart] malformations at birth for those mothers taking Paxil. The most common defect was malformations between the heart’s two main pumping chambers. Paxil’s website also said, “Babies born to mothers who have taken antidepressants, including newer ones such as Paxil, in the third trimester of pregnancy have reported complications, including difficulties with breathing, turning blue, seizures, changing body temperature, feeding problems, vomiting, low blood sugar, floppiness, stiffness, shakiness, irritability or constant crying…There have also been reports of premature births in pregnant women exposed to SSRIs [newer antidepressants], including Paxil.” Source: Miranda Hitti, “New Study Links Paxil to Twice as Many Birth Defects as Other Antidepressants” WebMD, September 27, 2005.
    Australia, September 07, 2005: The Australian Therapeutics Goods Administration issued an information sheet to health professionals warning that use of newer antidepressants-especially Paxil-in early pregnancy could cause congenital heart abnormalities in newborns. It reported that Danish researchers had determined an association in the first trimester of pregnancy. Source: “General information concerning use of SSRI antidepressants in pregnant women” Australian Government, Department of Health and Aging, September 7, 2005.
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    Antidepressant Studies:
    There have been 18 studies in eight countries (United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Netherlands, Finland, Denmark and Sweden), which found a connection between antidepressants and birth defects listed below:
    Nordic Countries, January 12, 2012: A study published in the British Medical Journal looked at 1.6 million infants born between 1996-2007. The authors found that mothers who used SSRIs late in pregnancy increased the risk of their child being born with a birth defect effecting breathing, known as persistent pulmonary hypertension. This increased risk was more than two folds. Source: Helle Kieler, Miia Artama, Anders Engeland, Orjan Ericsson, Kari Furu, Mika Gissler, Rikke Beck Nielsen, Mette Norgaard, Olof Stephansson, Unnur Valdimarsdottir, Helga Zoega, Bengt Haglund, “Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy and risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn: population based cohort study from the five Nordic countries,” British Medical Journal, Vol. 344, Jan 12, 2012.
    Finland, July 01, 2011: The journal Obstetrics & Gynecology published a Finnish population-based study of 635,583 births, where 6,976 (1.1%) of the fetuses were exposed to SSRIs (newer antidepressants) during their first trimester. The authors found “that exposure to fluoxetine (Prozac) and Paroxetine (Paxil) in early pregnancy is associated with a small but established risk of specific cardiovascular anomalies [heart defects]…” Source: Heli Malm, MD, PhD, Miia Artama, MSc, PhD, Mika Gissler, MSocSc, PhD, and Annukka Ritvanen, MD, “Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Risk for Major Congenital Anomalies,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, Vol. 118, No. 1, July 2011.
    Denmark, June 23, 2010: A study in BioMed Central, Ltd., showed how the prescribing of psychotropic drugs in infants is rapidly increasing. In attempts to curb the use of these drugs, regulatory authorities have issued various warnings about risks associated with use of these products in childhood. This team of researchers analyzed data submitted to a national adverse drug reactions (ADR) database to categorize ADRs reported for psychiatric drugs in the Danish pediatric population. They found that almost 20% of psychotropic ADRs were reported for children from birth up to 2 years of age and one half of ADRs were reported in adolescents. The authors concluded that, “The high number of serious ADRs reported for psychotropic medicines in the pediatric population should be a concern for health care professionals and physicians. Considering the higher number of birth defects being reported greater care has to be given while prescribing these drugs for pregnant women.” Source: Lise Aagaard and Ebba H Hansen, “Adverse drug reactions from psychotropic medicines in the paediatric population: analysis of reports to the Danish Medicines Agency over a decade,” BioMed Central Ltd., vol. 3, no. 176, June 23, 2010.
    Australia, May 01, 2010: A study in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry looked at whether newborn outcomes, including age at birth, growth at birth and then at 1 month, were altered by exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy. They found that antidepressant exposure during pregnancy resulted in an eightfold increase in chance of being born premature, and with a smaller birth weight. This association was not found with depressed mothers. In addition, at 1 month in age, the difference in weight in the exposed group became significantly greater then those not exposed to antidepressants. Source: Andrew J. Lewis, et al, “Neonatal growth outcomes at birth and one month postpartum following in utero exposure to Antidepressant medication,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 44, No. 5, May 2010.
    Canada, April 26, 2010: The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology published a study that researched whether maternal bupropion (an antidepressant) treatment in early pregnancy is associated with birth heart defects in the infant. They found that mother’s of infants with left outflow tract heart defects were more likely to have reported taking bupropion. The authors concluded that there is an association between early pregnancy bupropion use and left outflow tract heart defects. Source: Alwan S, Reefhuis J, Botto LD, et al., “Maternal use of bupropion and risk for congenital heart defects.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 203, Issue 1 , Pages 52.e1-52.e6, July 2010.
    Denmark, March 01, 2010: The journal Pediatrics published a study that investigated the possible association between antidepressant exposure (including Paxil) to the fetus during pregnancy and normal milestone developments at 6 and 19 months. Their concluding research found that exposure to antidepressants affected fetal brain development. Source: Lars Henning Pedersen, MD, et al., “Fetal Exposure to Antidepressants and Normal Milestone Development at 6 and 19 Months of Age,” Pediatrics, Vol. 125, No. 3, March 3, 2010.
    Sweden, January 05, 2010: Authors of a study published in Psychological Medicine investigated possible adverse effects of the use of antidepressant medication during pregnancy. They reviewed 14,821 women from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. The researchers found that there was an association between antidepressant treatment and many pregnancy complications, notably after tricyclic antidepressant use. An association between use of Paroxetine (Paxil) and birth heart defects and urinary tube defects was also found. The authors concluded that women using antidepressants during pregnancy and their newborns have an increase in health issues. Source: M. Reis, and B. Kallen, “Delivery outcome after maternal use of antidepressant drugs in pregnancy: an update using Swedish data,” The Psychological Medicine, 1-11, [Epub ahead of print], Jan. 5, 2010.
    United States, January 01, 2010: A study published in the Current Drug Delivery researched the “under evaluated” impact of antidepressant use during pregnancy on the risk of spontaneous abortion. After reviewing the data collected, they said the information suggests fetal exposure to antidepressants, especially Paroxetine (Paxil) and venlafaxine (Effexor), can lead to spontaneous abortion. Source: Broy, Perrine and Berard, Anick., “Gestational Exposure to Antidepressants and the Risk of Spontaneous Abortion: A Review,” Current Drug Delivery, Vol. 7, No. 1, January 2010.
    United States, December 01, 2009: A study in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology looked at the effects of psychiatric drugs taken during pregnancy on fetal outcomes. It found that Selective serotonin receptor inhibitors (SSRIs – newer antidepressants) were associated with preterm deliveries when women started treatment after the first trimester. The researchers recommend more studies about risks and benefits of psychotropic medication use during pregnancy. Source: Ronit Calderon-Margalit, MD, MPH, et al., “Risk of preterm delivery and other adverse perinatal outcomes in relation to maternal use of psychotropic medications during pregnancy” American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Vol. 201, Iss. 6, Page 579, December 2009.
    United Kingdom, September 23, 2009: A study published in the British Medical Journal reviewed the chances of SSRIs (newer antidepressants) causing birth defects when taken during pregnancy. The authors found a significant increase in risk of septal (the muscle wall that divides the heart chambers) heart defects among children who’s mothers took SSRIs during pregnancy, particularly with sertraline and citalopram. This risk nearly doubled when more then one SSRI was taken. Source: Lars Henning Pedersen, et al, “Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in pregnancy and congenital malformations: population based cohort study,” British Medical Journal, Vol. 339, September 23, 2009.
    Canada, September 01, 2009: The journal Current Drug Safety published a study that found when pregnant women used Paroxetine (Paxil) during the stage in pregnancy when their baby’s organs are being developed, there was a connection to the increased risk of heart malformations. Source: Simoncelli M, Martin BZ, Brard A, “Antidepressant Use during Pregnancy: A Critical Systematic Review of the Literature,” Current Drug Safety, September 1, 2009.
    Netherlands, August 14, 2009: The journal BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology published a study that found children of mothers who used antidepressants during pregnancy showed increased healthcare use during the first year of life, independent of the mother’s healthcare use, and had an increased risk of major cardiac interventions such as cardiovascular surgery or heart catheterization in early childhood. Source: TF Ververs, et al., “Association between Antidepressant drug use during pregnancy and child healthcare utilization,” BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, August 14, 2009.
    United States, October 24, 2007: A study presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry by Sheila Marcus, MD, found that babies born to mothers who take antidepressant drugs during pregnancy have high levels of cortisol (primary stress hormone) in cord-blood at birth, and their mothers are more likely to experience delivery complications. Source: Sheila Marcus, M.D., “Antidepressant Medication and Depression Status: Impact on Neonatal Outcomes,” presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, October 24, 2007.
    United States, June 28, 2007: A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that infants born to women taking commonly prescribed newer antidepressants during the first trimester of their pregnancies have a slightly higher risk of life-threatening birth defects. Source: Carol Louik, Sc.D., et al., “First-Trimester Use of Selective Serotonin-Reuptake Inhibitors and the Risk of Birth Defects,” New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 356, No. 26, June 28, 2007.
    Canada, December 29, 2006: A new study published in Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology on Paxil, found that Paxil and other antidepressant use in pregnant women increased the possibility that their babies would be born with birth defects. Source: Roman Bystrianyk, “Paroxetine (Paxil or Paxil CR) can more than triple major cardiac birth Defects,” Health Sentinel, December 29, 2006 citing: Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology, December 2006.
    Denmark, November 01, 2006: An Epidemiology study found that pregnant women who took newer antidepressants were more likely to have babies with birth defects than mothers who didn’t take these drugs. Source: Wogelius, Pia, Norgaard, Mette, Gislum, Mette, Pedersen, Lars, Munk, Estrid, et al., “Maternal Use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Risk of Congenital Malformations,” Epidemiology, Vol. 17, No. 6, November 2006.
    Finland, July 15, 2003: A Finnish study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry found that infants whose mothers took newer antidepressants during pregnancy could suffer neurological problems during their first week of life. The symptoms included tremors, restlessness and rigidity. Source: “Newer Antidepressants Can Harm Newborns,” Connecticut Post, July 15, 2003.
    United States, May 01, 1993: A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that out of 117 mother who took fluoxetine (Prozac) during the first trimester had a 14.8% risk of miscarriage compared to 7.8% in mothers not exposed to fluoxetine or older antidepressants. There were 19 spontaneous abortions and 13 abnormalities, including heart and small intestine defects in the Prozac group. One baby was born with clubfeet, and a second with a congenital dislocation of the hip. In comparison, there were only 10 spontaneous abortions and 4 anomalies in the non-drug group. Source: Anne Pastuszak, BSc, et al., “Pregnancy Outcome Following First-Trimester Exposure to Fluoxetine (Prozac),” Journal of The American Medical Association, Vol. 269, No. 17, May 5, 1993.
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    Antidepressant Side Effects Reported to the FDA:
    There have been 6,011 birth defects adverse reactions that have been reported to the US FDA’s Adverse Event Reporting System (MedWatch), between 2004 and 2011, these break down to:
    3,386 cases of antidepressants causing heart problems
    2,190 cases of antidepressants causing general birth defects
    218 cases of a antidepressants causing lung and heart defect causing normal blood circulation failure
    217 cases of antidepressants causing clubfoot
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    Supplements with aloe vera may slash cholesterol levels by over 40%, suggests
    a new study with lab rats
    The combination was also associated with similar significant reductions in triacylglycerol levels, and a 12% increase in HDL cholesterol levels, according to findings published in An optimized blend of the probiotic LGG and aloe vera gel could be exploited as a potential biotherapeutic remedy to decrease cholesterol levels and lower the risk of CVD, although the field is open for further studies wrote researchers led by Manoj Kumar, PhD, from India’s National Institute of Nutrition High cholesterol levels, hypercholesterolemia, have a long association with many diseases, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD), the cause of almost 50 per cent of deaths in Europe and the USA recent report from the American Heart Study The Indian researchers divided lab rats into four groups: The first group acted as the control and was fed a normal diet; the other three groups were fed a hypercholesterolemic diet with supplemental LGG, Aloe vera gel, or a combination of both for 45 days Results showed that LGG consumption alone was associated with a 32% reduction in total cholesterol levels, and this increased to 43% when administered in combination with Aloe vera In addition to the improvements in triacylglycerol and HDL levels, the LGG Aloe vera combination was also associated with reductions in very low-density (VLDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) of 45% and 30%, respectively “There has been a surge of interest in using phytometabolites for nutritional and health applications,” wrote the researchers.“The present study showed that probiotic-fermented milk alone or in combination with AV gel had a positive effect on the lipid profile in experimental animals, although the mechanisms involved warrant further investigations.
    Special Note—any combo with aloe or yogurt or kefir —will have a profound effect on the intestinal and stomach health—aloe will effect– Aloe vera (consumed orally or applied topically) may inhibit various types of Detrimental Bacteria and Aloe vera (gel applied topically for long periods) may prevent Detrimental Bacteria from penetrating the Skin. references Bacteria inhibited by Aloe vera include: —Bacillus subtilis -Citrobacter species –Enterobacter cloacae Eschericia coli –Klebsiella pneumoniae –Mycobacterium tuberculosis –Propionibacterium acnes–Pseudomonas aeruginosa –Salmonella species –Serratia marcescens –Staphylococcus aureus—Streptococcus agalactiae –Streptococcus faecalis -Streptococcus pyogenes — Yogurt may stimulate the growth of Immune Cells to combat the Detrimental Bacteria within the Digestive Tract that cause Diarrhea. –May help to prevent Gastric Ulcers (due to the Lactobacillus acidophilus content of Yogurt inhibiting Helicobacter pylori, the Detrimental Bacteria that is implicated in Gastric Ulcers).- May stimulate the production of Antibodies (due to Beneficial Bacteria in Yogurt). May prevent some forms of Cancer–High consumption of Yogurt may help to prevent Breast Cancer. — May help to prevent Colon Cancer (due to Beneficial Bacteria in Yogurt detoxifying the Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines (HAAs) that may initiate Colon Cancer).–May inhibit the proliferation of Candida albicans (by recolonizing the Digestive Tract with Beneficial Bacteria). May inhibit the growth of Detrimental Bacteria in the Intestine (due to the presence of Beneficial Bacteria within the Digestive Tract)-May suppress the proliferation of Eschericia coli.- May inhibit Pseudomonas aeruginosa. May increase the resistance of the Digestive System to Salmonella infection. –Yogurt may suppress the proliferation of Staphylococci aureus Bacteria—=Yogurt may stimulate the Immune System. — Yogurt may lower serum Cholesterol levels by up to 30%-Yogurt may increase HDL Cholesterol levels.—Kefir-will as well provide beneficial bacteria as well as enzymes
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    MORGELLONS FACE & BODY STRIPPER / SCRUBBER SOLUTION & APPLICATION.
    (Please note that this is NOT a cure! It’s purely to assist your system to expel SOME of the fibres, thus reducing the load and resulting in some comfort.)
    MUST WATCH: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RO5lt2O0Fo8 for a complete demonstration.
    INGREDIENTS:
    1. Aloe Vera Gel – 250ml (Aloe Vera penetrates up to 3 layers of skin)
    2. Citric Acid – 1 Heaped Teaspoon
    3. PURE powdered Aspirin (Salicyclic Acid) – 1/4 to half Teaspoon (Strips toxins off the skin & reduces inflammation on the skin)
    4. Powdered Vit C – 15 grams (OR 1 to 3 HEAPED Teaspoons) Tony varies on this, but says it’s NOT as issue!
    5. Only added LATER ~ AFTER blending the above 4 as recommended below: IODINE ~ DO NOT ADD NOW!
    METHOD for mixing:
    1: Blend the above first 4 ingredients together until evenly blended. (1 – 2mins depending on what method you choose to use.)
    2. Remove from blender & pour into a PLASTIC lidded container / jar. (Not a metal lid)
    3. Add 5th ingredient ~ IODINE (clear & not brown IF available) – 20 – 25 drops (Iodine breaks down METAL, so don’t put it in your blender or beat with a metal whisk ~ Iodine also helps to rid the system of any radiation poisoning).
    Tips:
    1. If you have Colloidal Copper or Silver, you can add a little.
    2. You can add about 5 – 8 drops of any Essential Oil (NOT Tea Tree Oil!) to scent your mix. eg. Lemon Grass
    METHOD for application:
    1. Pour a little at a time into the palm of your hand and lightly rub / blend all over your skin ~ but NOT the genitals where it may sting.
    2. After sometime ??? – you will probably or more than likely notice tiny ‘fibres’ surfacing. THESE ARE STILL TOXIC & dangerous, so it would be best to take a special Morgellons BATH afterwards, to wash these toxic fibres off.
    BATH SUGGESTION:
    1. Use Betadine SOAP.
    2. Add 1/4 Cup if each added to your bath water ~ BICARB OF SODA; TSP (Trisodium phosphate); Epsom Salts OR if available, but not necessary, you can possibly add 1 ounce of “Miracle” Salt in place of Epsom Salts.
    3. Add 1 CAP of Betadine solution.
    5. Fill the bath as high as possible and sit in it for at least 20 minutes, then use a nice soft body-scrub brush & start brushing!!!
    6. Once toweled down (put that towel in the wash away from other laundry items) and RE-APPLY the above SOLUTION / MIXTURE to whichever parts of your face and/or body that will be exposed to the outdoor elements.
    OVERALL AVOIDANCE TIPS:
    1. Absolutely AVOID any / ALL GMOs (Genetically Modified products)!!!
    2. When CHEMTRAILS are obvious in your sky, avoid skin exposure whilst outdoors.
    3. If you ever see ‘web-like’ things outdoors, NEVER ever touch them!!!
    4. After applying the Stripper Solution, once it dries on the skin, it leaves a slight sheen BARRIER (protection for further contamination), and when coming into contact with Chemtrail poisons, you MAY sometimes even feel as though you have walked through a spiders web. That’s because the solution is reacting with whatever toxins are in the atmosphere.
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    Eczema in Infants Linked to Gut Bacteria
    Jan. 21, 2013 — Children with eczema have a more diverse set of bacteria in their guts than non affected children, finds a new study in BioMed Central’s open access journal BMC Microbiology. The types of bacteria present were also more typical of adult gut microbes than for toddlers without eczema[U1] .—Eczema is a chronic inflammation of the epidermis. The gut bacteria of children with or without eczema was examined when they were six and 18 months old. At six months all the infants had the same types of bacteria but by 18 months old the children with eczema had more of a type of bacteria normally associated with adults (Clostridium clusters IV and XIVa) while the healthy children had a greater amount of Bacteroidetes.—MSc Lotta Nylund from University of Turku, Finland, who led the project explained, “The composition of bacteria in a child’s gut depends on its environment and the food it eats. You would expect that as a child’s diet changes so will the bacteria present. The number of bifidobacteria naturally falls with age and in total we found 21 groups of bacteria which changed in this time period. However it is the early change towards adult-type bacteria which seems to be a risk factor for eczema.”—Journal Reference-Lotta Nylund, Reetta Satokari, Janne Nikkilä, Mirjana Rajilic-Stojanovic, Marko Kalliomäki, Erika Isolauri, Seppo Salminen and Willem M de Vos (in press). Microarray analysis reveals marked intestinal microbiota aberrancy in infants having eczema compared to healthy children in at-risk for atopic disease. BMC Microbiology, 2013 [link]
    Special Note On Healthy Bacteria–To mimize this while breast feeding consume a good priobiotic enriched yogurt or dairy or a kefir and while gestating the child consume it orally as well—other studies have validated that the increased levels of yogurt during this time will increase the protection for respiratory ad digestive system
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    Caloric Restriction Has a Protective Effect On Chromosomes
    A sustained lowering of food intake over time results in an increase of telomere length — the ends of chromosomes — Jan. 23, 2013 — One of the indicators of a cell’s health is the state of its DNA and containers — the chromosomes — so when these fuse together or suffer anomalies, they can become the source of illnesses like cancer and/or aging processes.–According to a study carried out by a team led by María Blasco, the director of the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) and head of the Telomeres and Telomerase Group, a sustained lowering of food intake over time results in an increase of telomere length — the ends of chromosomes — in adult mice, which has a protective effect on the DNA and genetic material.—These beneficial effects on the youth of the chromosomes translate to a lower incidence of cancer and other age-related illnesses. The journal PLOS ONE is to publish the details of this study in its online edition this week.
    A lower incidence of cancer and better health—To carry out the study, researchers used young mice — just three months old — and reduced their caloric intake by 40[U2] % before observing them until the end of their life cycle.-“We see that mice that undergo caloric restriction show a lower telomere shortening rate than those fed with a normal diet,” says Blasco. “These mice therefore have longer telomeres as adults, as well as lower rates of chromosome anomalies,” she adds.—To study the effects of this phenomenon on the health of the mammals, researchers observed the incidence of age-related illnesses like cancer. The mice that had been fed a lower calorie intake showed a reduction in the incidence of cancer. Furthermore, these mice also showed a lower incidence of other age-related illnesses such as osteoporosis, greater glucose uptake or improvements in motor coordination.—When the researchers carried out these same experiments with a variety of mice that produce more telomerase — a protein that lengthens telomeres and protects chromosomes — they observed that these mice not only enjoyed better health but also lived up to 20% longer.—“We believe that such a significant increase in longevity is due to the protective effect against cancer produced by caloric restriction — incidents fall by 40% if we compare them with the mice that produce more telomerase and have a normal diet — and, added to the presence of longer telomeres, this makes the mice live longer and better,” says Blasco.—Despite the effects of caloric restriction depending on the genetic characteristics of each organism, this study opens the way to studying the effect other factors and lifestyle habits, such as smoking or exercise, might have on aging.—Furthermore, it is calculated that there are currently more than 10,000 people in the world on some form of controlled caloric restriction, so the observation of these individuals will be decisive in discovering the effects of this type of diet on humans.—=Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO), via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. –Journal Reference-Elsa Vera, Bruno Bernardes de Jesus, Miguel Foronda, Juana M. Flores, Maria A. Blasco. Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase Synergizes with Calorie Restriction to Increase Health Span and Extend Mouse Longevity. PLoS ONE, 2013; 8 (1): e53760 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053760
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    Health Canada Approves Bio-K+® as a New and Effective Mean for the Reduction of Clostridium difficile Infections in Hospitals
    Bio-K+®, A UNIQUE FORMULA, TO PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN RISK REDUCTION OF C.DIFFICILE IN MEDICAL SETTINGS
    MONTREAL, Jan. 16, 2013 /CNW Telbec/ – Today, Bio-K Plus International Inc., a leading Canadian biotechnology company, announced that Health Canada has approved its exclusive and patented Bio-K+® probiotic formula to help reduce the risk of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections in hospitalized patients and those in long-term care facilities. Based on solid clinical evidence published in prestigious medical journals, including the American Journal of Gastroenterology, this approval is confirmation that Bio-K+® is a proven safe and effective product. Despite all preventive measures used, C. difficile still remains a high cause of hospital acquired infections (HAIs) responsible for over 1,000 Canadian deaths yearly unrelated to the cause of hospitalization. Health professionals can benefit from this effective product to protect their patients and help fight C. difficile infection at a very low cost compared to C. difficile treatment. —“Although the company continues its R&D program, the clinical results published to date, on this unique product, have demonstrated its potential of reducing the risk of this prevalent disease. Health Canada’s approval is further support for the product’s role in prevention of C. difficile associated diarrhea,” said Dr. Donald Low, Microbiologist-in-Chief at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto.
    Making Our Healthcare System Safer—A Canadian hospital study found that of 136,877 hospital admissions, 1 in 100 patients will contract a C. difficile infection, and of those, 1 in 10 will die regardless of the initial reasons for admission. “Bio-K+® is an innovative product that works to reduce the risk of hospital acquired or antibiotic-associated C. difficile infections. Health Canada’s approval of Bio-K+® represents a milestone in further recognizing the importance of such products in the prevention landscape,” said Dr. Ian Bookman, Gastroenterologist at St. Joseph’s Health Center in Toronto. —In Quebec, there were 3,934 C. difficile infections resulting in 619 deaths (i.e. 16% of infected patients) between 2010 – 2011. Since 2004, the Pierre-Le-Gardeur Hospital in Montreal, reacting to a major outbreak, has used Bio-K+® on its formulary and also provides the product to all patients treated with antibiotics with no exclusion factors, as a risk reduction measure to control C. difficile. -“Our hospital has almost 9 years of pharmaco-vigilance with more than 40,000 patients using Bio-K+® products with no serious adverse events reported and we have maintained one of the lowest rates of C. difficile in the Province of Quebec,” said Dr. Pierre-Jean Maziade, Microbiologist and Head Officer of Infection Preventions at Pierre-Le-Gardeur Hospital, Montreal.
    About Bio-K Plus International Inc.
    Bio-K Plus International Inc. is a Canadian biotechnology company, committed to medical research and to develop breakthrough innovative products capable of improving human health and quality of life. The company has over 100 employees in Canada and the United States. Bio-K+® is a quality probiotic product that is distinguished by its exclusive and patented formula. It is available in fermented drinks or enteric-coated capsules, dispensed in hospitals, pharmacies, health food stores and supermarkets in North America. The company is also GMP certified by NSF International. This certification confirms the commitment of the company to provide high quality products of international standards. http://www.biokplus.com —SOURCE: Bio-K+ International Inc.
    For further information:
    Source:
    Dr. Serge Carrière
    Managing Director, Scientific Affairs
    Bio-K Plus International Inc.
    Isabèle Chevalier
    Co-présidente
    Bio-K Plus International Inc.
    Media Contact:
    Elizabeth Tanguay
    Cohn & Wolfe | Montréal
    Direct line: 514 845-7064 |cellphone: 514-627-6919
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    TOP A
    [U1]This would imply strongly a contaminant that the child has gotten exposed to as the adult—a carcinogen—a food contaminant or even a food genetically disorienting the colon
    [U2]So if you were to explore this take your full caloric intake –example 2000cal a day take 40% that would keave you 1200—so the idea is to keep using that number daily—would see a increase in metabolism—less pollutant build up of foods and chemicals or genetics on the foods—less wear and tear on pancreas and stomach and liver
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    TOP B
    HOME
    Show of the Month February 16 2013
    Serum cholesterol levels and in-hospital mortality in the elderly
    HAARP FASCILITIES
    Uncovered, the ‘toxic’ gene hiding in GM crops: Revelation throws new doubt over safety of food
    Chemotherapy can backfire, make cancer worse by triggering tumor growth
    Splenda’s Many Secrets– Gut Flora Destruction–Side Effects
    Undiagnosed coeliac disease in patients with emphysema-
    Hydrogen Sulfide- The Next Anti-Aging Agent
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    Serum cholesterol levels and in-hospital mortality in the elderly
    Purpose—Although total cholesterol levels among middle-aged persons correlate with long-term mortality from all causes, this association remains controversial in older persons. We explored whether total cholesterol levels were independently associated with in-hospital mortality among elderly patients.
    Methods–We analyzed data from a large collaborative observational study, the Italian Group of Pharmacoepidemiology in the Elderly (GIFA), which collected data on hospitalized patients. A total of 6984 patients aged 65 years or older who had been admitted to 81 participating medical centers during four survey periods (from 1993 to 1998) were enrolled. Patients were divided into four groups based on total cholesterol levels at hospital admission: <160 mg/dL (n = 2115), 160 to 199 mg/dL (n = 2210), 200 to 239 mg/dL (n = 1719), and ≥240 mg/dL (n = 940).
    Results–Patients (mean [± SD] age, 78 ± 7 years) were hospitalized for an average of 15 ± 10 days. The mean total cholesterol level was 186 ± 49 mg/dL. A total of 202 patients died during hospitalization. Mortality was inversely related to cholesterol levels (<160 mg/dL: 5.2% [110/2115]; 160–199 mg/dL: 2.2% [49/2210]; 200–239 mg/dL: 1.6% [27/1719]; and ≥240 mg/dL: 1.7% [16/940]; P for linear trend <0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders (demographic characteristics, smoking, alcohol use, indicators of nutritional status, markers of frailty, and comorbid conditions), low cholesterol levels continued to be associated with in-hospital mortality. Compared with patients who had cholesterol levels <160 mg/dL, the odds ratios for in-hospital mortality were 0.49 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.34 to 0.70) for participants with cholesterol levels of 160 to 199 mg/dL, 0.41 (95% CI: 0.26 to 0.65) for those with cholesterol levels of 200 to 239 mg/dL, and 0.56 (95% CI: 0.32 to 0.98) for those with cholesterol levels ≥240 mg/dL. These estimates were similar after further adjustment for inflammatory markers and after excluding patients with liver disease.
    Conclusion–Among older hospitalized adults, low serum cholesterol levels appear to be an independent predictor of short-term mortality
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    HAARP FASCILITIES
    In addition to HAARP, the United States has operated two other ionosphere research sites in recent years, one in Puerto Rico, near the Arecibo Observatory, and the other (known as HIPAS) in Alaska near Fairbanks. Both of these facilities were built with both active and passive radio instrumentation similar to those at the HAARP facility. Interest in the ionosphere is not limited to the US: a five-country consortium operates the European Incoherent Scatter Radar site (EISCAT), a premier ionosphere research facility located in northern Norway near Tromso. Facilities also are located at Jicamarca, Peru; near Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod (“SURA”) and Apatity, Russia; near Kharkov, Ukraine and in Dushanbe, Tadzhikistan. All of these installations have as their primary purpose the study of the ionosphere, and most employ the capability of stimulating to a varying degree small, localized regions of the ionosphere in order to study methodically, and in a detailed manner what nature produces randomly and regularly on a much larger scale.
    More information on the HAARP Fact Sheet – Click Here LINKhttphttp://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/factSheet.htmltext-align: -webkit-left;LINK
     
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    Uncovered, the ‘toxic’ gene hiding in GM crops: Revelation throws new doubt over safety of foods
    EU watchdog reveals approval for GM foods fails to identify poisonous gene
    54 of the 86 GM plants approved contain the dangerous gene
    Gene found in food for farm animals producing meat, milk and eggs
    Biotech supporters argue there is no evidence that GM foods are harmful
    By Sean Poulter, Consumer Affairs Editor
    A virus gene that could be poisonous to humans has been missed when GM food crops have been assessed for safety[U1] . GM crops such as corn and soya, which are being grown around the world for both human and farm animal consumption, include the gene. –A new study by the EU’s official food watchdog, the European Food Safety Authority(EFSA), has revealed that the international approval process for GM crops failed to identify the gene[U2] . A new study conducted by the EU has shown that standard tests for GM foods may be missing a potentially poisonous gene for humans–As a result, watchdogs have not investigated its impact on human health and the plants themselves when assessing whether they were safe. –The findings are particularly powerful because the work was carried out by independent experts, rather than GM critics.-It was led by Nancy Podevin, who was employed by EFSA, and Patrick du Jardin, of the Plant Biology Unit at the University of Liege in Belgium. They discovered that 54 of the 86 GM plants approved for commercial growing and food in the US, including corn and soya, contain the viral gene, which is known as ‘Gene VI’. –In this country, these crops are typically fed to farm animals producing meat, milk and eggs.–Significantly, the EFSA researchers concluded that the presence of segments of Gene VI ‘might result in unintended phenotypic changes’. –Such changes include the creation of proteins that are toxic to humans. They could also trigger changes in the plants themselves, making them more vulnerable to pests. -Critics say the revelations make clear that the GM approvals process, which has been in place for 20 years, is fatally flawed. –They argue the only correct response is to recall all of the crops and food products involved. Director of the campaigning group, GM Freeze, Pete Riley, said the discovery of the gene, ‘totally undermines claims that GM technology is safe, precise and predictable’. He said: ‘This is a clear warning the GM is not sufficiently understood to be considered safe. ‘Authorisation for these crops must be suspended immediately, and they should be withdrawn from sale, until a full and extended review of their safety has been carried out[U3] .’ Typically, GM crops are modified in the laboratory to give them resistance to being sprayed with powerful weed killers such as Monsanto’s Round-up. -This means that, in theory, fields can be doused with the chemical, so wiping out the weeds and allowing the food plants to thrive. —It was previously assumed that virus genes are not present in plants once they are grown in the field and reach consumers, however it is now clear that this is not the case–The modification process involves inserting genes into the plants using a technique that allows them to piggyback on viruses that are commonly found in the soil and plants. It has been assumed that virus genes are not present in the plant once it is grown in the field and reaches consumers, however it is now clear that this is not the case. –A review of the EFSA research in Independent Science News said the presence of the viral gene appears to have been missed by biotech companies, universities and government regulators.’This situation represents a complete and catastrophic system failure[U4] ,’ it said. ‘There are clear indications that this viral gene might not be safe for human consumption[U5] . It also may disturb the normal functioning of crops, including their natural pest resistance. ‘A reasonable concern is that the protein produced by Gene VI might be a human toxin. This is a question that can only be answered by future experiments[U6] .’ -Biotech supporters argue that there is no evidence from countries such as the USA that eating GM food causes any harm[U7] . However, the reality is that no health monitoring has taken place to establish this. The findings will embarrass the government and the food and farming Secretary, Owen Patterson, who has embarked on a pro-GM propaganda exercise designed to win over sceptical consumers. -Mr Patterson recently rejected public concerns as ‘humbug’ and ‘complete nonsense’. Policy director at the Soil Association, Peter Melchett said: ‘For years, GM companies have made a deliberate and chilling effort to stop independent scientists from looking at their products ‘This is what happens when there is a complete absence of independent scrutiny of their GM crops.’ Biotech firms are represented by the Agricultural Biotechnology Council(ABC). -Its chairman, Dr Julian Little, said the EFSA study was one small part of a strict and complex scrutiny process. -He said: ‘Over the past 25 years, the European Commission has funded more than 130 research projects involving 500 independent research groups which have found no higher risks to the environment or food chain from GM crops than from conventional plants and organisms.–‘Furthermore, nearly three trillion meals containing GM ingredients have been eaten without a single substantiated case of ill-health. The combination of these two facts can give consumers a huge amount of confidence in the safety of GM crops[U8] .’ GM critics and EFSA are at odds over the implications of the research paper, which was written by the deputy chairman of the organisation’s advisory panel on the issue and a former senior member of staff.—EFSA insists that the research highlighting the presence of Gene VI does not represent a new discovery of a viral gene and does not indicate a safety concern about GM crops already approved.[U9] It said the viral gene ‘cannot infect animals or humans and therefore presents no threat to human or animal health’. This is challenged by GM critics who say there is no research evidence to justify this statement.

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    North Korean parents ‘eating their own children’ after being driven mad by hunger in famine-hit pariah state
    Undercover reporters found a ‘shocking’ number of cannibalism incidents
    Up to 10,000 people feared dead after ‘hidden famine’ in farming provinces
    Drought and confiscated food contribute to desperate shortage, reports say
    Reports of men digging up corpses for food and murdering children
    By Becky Evans
    A starving man in North Korea has been executed after murdering his two children for food, reports from inside the secretive state claim. A ‘hidden famine’ in the farming provinces of North and South Hwanghae is believed to have killed up to 10,000 people and there are fears that incidents of cannibalism have risen[U10] .
    The grim story is just one to emerge as residents battle starvation after a drought hit farms and shortages were compounded by party officials confiscating food.–North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has spent vast sums of money on two rocket launches despite reports of desperate food shortages in the country and concerns that 10,000 people have died in a famine[U11] Undercover reporters from Asia Press told the Sunday Times that one man dug up his grandchild’s corpse and ate it. Another, boiled his own child for food. Despite reports of the widespread famine, Kim Jong Un, 30, has spent vast sums of money on two rocket launches in recent months. There are fears he is planning a nuclear test in protest at a UN Security Council punishment for the recent rocket launches and to counter what it sees as US hostility. One informant was quoted as saying: ‘In my village in May a man who killed his own two children and tried to eat them was executed by a firing squad.’Farming communities, such as these pictured outside the capital Pyongyang last year, have been desperately hit by drought which has led to reports of people turning to cannibalism in a bid to ward off starvation One official said the fields are in such a bad state from drought that he had to avert his eyes [U12] The informant said the father killed his eldest daughter while his wife was away on business and then killed his son because he had witnessed the murder. When his wife returned the man told her they had ‘meat’ but she became suspicious and contacted officials who discovered part of the children’s bodies. Jiro Ishimaru, from Asia Press, which compiled a 12 page report, said: ‘Particularly shocking were the numerous testimonies that hit us about cannibalism.’ Undercover reporters said food was confiscated from the two provinces and given to the residents of the capital Pyongyang. A drought then left food supplies desperately short[U13] . -Cannibalism has also been reported in the vast network of prison camps inside North Korea, such as Camp 22, pictured, where 50,000 are believed to be imprisoned
    The Sunday Times also quoted an official of the ruling Korean Worker’s party as saying: ‘In a village in Chongdan county, a man who went mad with hunger boiled his own child, ate his flesh and was arrested. United Nations officials visited the area during a state-sponsored trip but local reporters said it is unlikely they were shown the famine-hit areas.–It has not the first time that reports of cannibalism have come out of the country. —In May last year, the South Korean state-run Korean Institute for National Unification said that one man was executed after eating part of a colleague and then trying to sell the remains as mutton. —One man killed and ate a girl and a third report of cannibalism was recorded from 2011. –Another man was executed in May after murdering 11 people and selling the bodies as pork. There were also reports of cannibalism in the country’s network of prison camps. North Korea was hit by a terrible famine in the 1990s – known as the Arduous March – which killed between 240,000 and 3.5million people.
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    Chemotherapy can backfire, make cancer worse by triggering tumor growth
    Scientists found that healthy cells damaged by chemotherapy secreted more of a protein called WNT16B, which boosts cancer cell survival. ‘The increase in WNT16B was completely unexpected,” —
    Long considered the most effective cancer-fighting treatment, chemotherapy may actually make cancer worse, according to a shocking new study. The extremely aggressive therapy, which kills both cancerous and healthy cells indiscriminately, can cause healthy cells to secrete a protein that sustains tumor growth and resistance to further treatment[U14] . Researchers in the United States made the “completely unexpected” finding while seeking to explain why cancer cells are so resilient inside the human body when they are easy to kill in the lab. They tested the effects of a type of chemotherapy on tissue collected from men with prostate cancer, and found “evidence of DNA damage” in healthy cells after treatment, the scientists wrote in Nature Medicine.–Chemotherapy works by inhibiting reproduction of fast-dividing cells such as those found in tumors. The scientists found that healthy cells damaged by chemotherapy secreted more of a protein called WNT16B which boosts cancer cell survival. “The increase in WNT16B was completely unexpected,” study co-author Peter Nelson of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle told AFP. The protein was taken up by tumor cells neighboring the damaged cells. “WNT16B, when secreted, would interact with nearby tumor cells and cause them to grow, invade, and importantly, resist subsequent therapy,” said Nelson. In cancer treatment, tumors often respond well initially, followed by rapid re-growth and then resistance to further chemotherapy. Rates of tumor cell reproduction have been shown to accelerate between treatments. -“Our results indicate that damage responses in benign cells… may directly contribute to enhanced tumor growth kinetics,” wrote the team. -The researchers said they confirmed their findings with breast and ovarian cancer tumors.
    CANCER TREATMENT OVERVIEW
    The result paves the way for research into new, improved treatment, said Nelson.”For example, an antibody to WNT16B, given with chemotherapy, may improve responses (kill more tumor cells),” he said in an email exchange. “Alternatively, it may be possible to use smaller, less toxic doses of therapy.”
    Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/shock-study-chemotherapy-backfire-cancer-worse-triggering-tumor-growth-article-1.1129897#ixzz2JNCoqn69
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    Splenda’s Many Secrets– Gut Flora Destruction–Side Effects
    It’s becoming increasingly clear that aspartame is bad news. But what about the other artificial sweetener, sucralose (Splenda)? Is Splenda safe?
    Known commercially as Splenda, sucralose is a synthetic product—a chlorinated sugar molecule—of McNeil Nutritionals, LLC, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. Splenda continues to be avidly used by consumers watching their weight and blood sugar. The Calorie Control Council is only too happy to tear apart arguments that Splenda may not be as safe as purported, including studies—even by the prestigious Duke University—and assertions by alternative medicine practitioners like Dr. Mercola, who compared sucralose to DDT.
    Splenda and DDT
    As The Examiner states, “most pesticides are chlorocarbons and…the bonds holding carbon and chlorine atoms together in sucralose are more characteristic of a chlorocarbon than a salt.”—The Calorie Control Council (CCC) claims, rightfully, that DDT is virtually insoluble in water and soluble in fats, such as those found in the body. “The small amount of sucralose that is absorbed is rapidly eliminated in urine.” Splenda’s makers have admitted that, on average, 15 percent of sucralose is absorbed. (Remember that that’s an average, meaning some people may absorb significantly more, others significantly less.)—Because sucralose is not a naturally occurring product, however, it might be safe to say that the body, unable to metabolize it, absorbs it via the digestive system and ultimately stores it in the body. (Perhaps a scientist can peaceably weigh in on this.)
    Sucralose and the Gut–Its absorption by the digestive system may explain why researchers at Duke University in 2008 found that Splenda negatively alters gut microflora in rats and may limit the bioavailability of drugs and nutrients (The study can be found here as published in the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health.) A myriad other studies showing Splenda’s adverse effects—ranging from bowel disturbances, kidney mineralization, and tumor growth—can be reviewed here.–In one human (albeit small) study, nutritionist Tamara Duker Freuman found that “because [Splenda’s] sweet taste is not accompanied by the calories (energy) our brain expects it to be, the complex systems our bodies have to regulate energy balance may be thrown off kilter. The result is that of a diet high in artificial sweeteners may possibly, over time, cause people to seek out more calories from other sources in order to satisfy cravings that sweet—but calorically empty—foods create.”
    Human Bias Affecting Studies
    Although the CCC accuses studies like Duke’s as having flaws (specifically, “lack of proper control groups”), one may say the same of the studies used in defense of Splenda. One cited often was published in the November 2010 issue of Food and Chemical Toxicology, in which sucralose was found to have no genotoxicity.
    It’s worth noting, however, that the makers of Splenda co-authored the study. Keep in mind, too, that Johnson & Johnson (affiliated with Splenda) was recently hit with a $1 billion fine for marketing Risperdal for unapproved uses and regularly puts toxins like formaldehyde, parabens, and phthalates in many of its products. It was only in 2011 that they promised to take known and possible carcinogens out of its infant care products, and it will take them until 2015 (allegedly) to do the same for adult toiletries.
    Here is some information regarding the 110 studies proving Splenda’s safety:
    The 110 “animal and human studies” consisted of 2 studies involving humans, with a total of 36 people involved.
    The longest human study lasted 4 days, and focused on Splenda’s impact on tooth decay.
    Some of the remainder “safety studies” showed Splenda to cause decreased red blood cells, male infertility, brain lesions (at high doses), spontaneous abortions in a rabbit population.
    Consumer-Reported Side Effects
    Consumers of Splenda have themselves come forward with complaints (which can admittedly have mitigating factors), including:
    Gastrointestinal problems
    Migraines
    Seizures
    Dizziness
    Blurred vision
    Allergic response
    Blood sugar increases
    Weight gain
    Splenda is comprised of the high-potency artificial sweetener sucralose (1.1%) and the fillers maltodextrin and glucose. Splenda was administered by oral gavage at 100, 300, 500, or 1000 mg/kg to male Sprague-Dawley rats for 12-wk, during which fecal samples were collected weekly for bacterial analysis and measurement of fecal pH. After 12-wk, half of the animals from each treatment group were sacrificed to determine the intestinal expression of the membrane efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) metabolism system by Western blot. The remaining animals were allowed to recover for an additional 12-wk, and further assessments of fecal microflora, fecal pH, and expression of P-gp and CYP were determined. At the end of the 12-wk treatment period, the numbers of total anaerobes, bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, Bacteroides, clostridia, and total aerobic bacteria were significantly decreased; however, there was no significant treatment effect on enterobacteria. Splenda also increased fecal pH and enhanced the expression of P-gp by 2.43-fold, CYP3A4 by 2.51-fold, and CYP2D1 by 3.49-fold. Following the 12-wk recovery period, only the total anaerobes and bifidobacteria remained significantly depressed, whereas pH values, P-gp, and CYP3A4 and CYP2D1 remained elevated. These changes occurred at Splenda dosages that contained sucralose at 1.1–11 mg/kg (the US FDA Acceptable Daily Intake for sucralose is 5 mg/kg). Evidence indicates that a 12-wk administration of Splenda exerted numerous adverse effects, including (1) reduction in beneficial fecal microflora, (2) increased fecal pH, and (3) enhanced expression levels of P-gp, CYP3A4, and CYP2D1, which are known to limit the bioavailability of orally administered drugs.
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    Undiagnosed coeliac disease in patients with emphysema-
    M. De Menthon*, D.J. Dusser#, L. Guillevin* and P.R. Burgel#
    + Author Affiliations
    *Depts of Internal Medicine,
    #Respiratory Medicine, Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France
    P.R. Burgel, Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 27 rue du Faubourg St Jacques, 75679 Paris, Cedex 14, France. E-mail: [email protected]
    To the Editors:
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by progressive and poorly reversible airflow obstruction due to small airway disease and emphysema. Cigarette smoking is the major cause of COPD, but the disease also occurs in nonsmokers. In nonsmokers, environmental factors (e.g. second-hand smoking and inhalation of toxic gas), genetic factors (e.g. the rare α1-antitrypsin deficiency) and infectious factors (e.g. HIV infection) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease. We report on two cases of COPD with emphysema in nonsmokers with long-standing undiagnosed coeliac disease.
    A 71-yr-old female was referred to our hospital (Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France) for dyspnoea and cough, which had evolved over 5 yrs. She had suffered from alternating diarrhoea and constipation for many years, ascribed to functional bowel disease. She had never been exposed to inhaled toxics and had never smoked. Examination revealed a body mass index (BMI) of 18 kg·m−2 and a chest computed tomography (CT) image revealed pulmonary distension and emphysema (fig. 1). Spirometry revealed severe airflow limitation (table 1). Serum α1-antitrypsin was normal. Treatment with long-acting bronchodilators was initiated. After 7 yrs of follow-up, the patient complained of progressive weight loss (BMI 15 kg·m−2) and increased diarrhoea. Vitamin D deficiency was found, suggesting malabsorption. Anti-endomysium, anti-gliadin and anti-transglutaminase antibodies were detected. Gastroscopy revealed a macroscopic aspect of pavimental mucosa and duodenal biopsies showed subtotal villous atrophy with increased numbers of intraepithelial lymphocytes, confirming coeliac disease. Diarrhoea and weight loss improved markedly on a gluten-free diet, but no significant changes in lung function were observed.
     
    View larger version:
    a) High-resolution computed tomography images obtained in patient 2 reveals focal areas of low attenuation (arrowheads) within a homogeneous background of lung parenchyma, characterising centrilobular emphysema. b) Bullous emphysema in the same patient.
    Table 1– Characteristics of patients
    A 59-yr-old female was referred to our hospital (Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris) after two episodes of acute bronchitis and weight loss of 5 kg. She had never smoked and had never been exposed to inhaled toxics. She also complained of asthenia, chronic pain of the wrists and fingers, and chronic itching for several years. She signalled that she had always had soft saddles. Examination showed mild malnutrition (BMI 18 kg·m−2). Laboratory tests showed chronic microcytic anaemia and severe iron deficiency. A chest CT image showed centrilobular and bullous emphysema, which predominated in lower lobes (fig. 1). Spirometry showed mild airflow limitation and plethysmography revealed pulmonary hyperinflation. Serum α1-antitrypsin was normal. The patient declined bronchoscopy and no bronchoalveolar lavage was performed. Gastroscopy was performed to explore iron deficiency and showed a typical pavimental aspect of duodenal mucosa. Biopsies revealed total villous atrophy with lymphocytic infiltrate of the mucosa. Antibodies against gliadin, endomysium and transglutaminase were all positive. Further exploration showed marked vitamin D deficiency and severe osteoporosis. Coeliac disease was treated with a gluten-free diet, which resulted in a rapid improvement in itching, joint pain and diarrhoea. No significant changes in pulmonary abnormalities occurred.
    Coeliac disease was originally considered a rare malabsorption syndrome of childhood, but is now recognised as a common condition that may be diagnosed at any age. Coeliac disease may affect many organ systems including the neurological system, skin and liver 1. Previous reports have suggested links between coeliac disease and several pulmonary manifestations, including diffuse pulmonary nodules, interstitial fibrosis, lymphocytic bronchoalveolitis and pulmonary haemosiderosis 2. —An association between emphysema and coeliac disease has been previously suggested 3–5. In a study of a case of malabsorption, intestinal mucosal atrophy and ulceration, cirrhosis, and emphysema, the authors suggested that emphysema was unrelated to coeliac disease because the patient was a heavy smoker 3. In another report, coeliac disease was associated with emphysema, which was ascribed to α1-antitrypsin deficiency 5. In a pathological study of lung specimens obtained in 14 patients (10 current or ex-smokers) with coeliac disease complaining of respiratory symptoms (e.g. dyspnoea and/or cough), Edwards et al. 4 described airflow obstruction in seven patients and peribronchiolar fibrosis in 12 patients. However, because lung function was normal in the four nonsmokers and because most bronchiolar abnormalities were found in current or ex-smokers, the authors suggested that these findings were unrelated to coeliac disease 4. —Our cases differ from previous reports in that both patients were lifelong nonsmokers and had no α1-antitrypsin deficiency. Although we cannot rule out that the observed associations between coeliac disease and emphysema occurred by chance, our report is consistent with the findings of Tarlo et al. 6 who reported mild airflow obstruction in 18 subjects with biopsy-proven coeliac disease compared with 18 control subjects matched for age, sex and smoking.
    Coeliac disease is a unique autoimmune disorder because the environmental precipitant (gluten) is known 1. Recently, evidence has emerged that auto-immunity may be involved in the pathogenesis of alveolar destruction characteristic of emphysema 7. Because autoimmune diseases are often associated, it is possible that both diseases coexist and/or that auto-antibodies share antigen specificity. Another possible explanation is related to long-standing malnutrition. Severe malnutrition caused by starvation during World War II or by anorexia nervosa has been associated with the development of emphysema 8. Furthermore, vitamin D deficiency, which was present in our patients, has been linked with abnormal lung function 9. We suggest that long-standing malabsorption occurring in patients with coeliac disease may induce lung inflammation and emphysema. In support of the latter hypothesis, Brightling et al. 2 reported CD4+ lymphocytic bronchoalveolitis in a 68-yr-old female with a 1-yr history of dry cough, which improved markedly after several months on a gluten-free diet. We could not demonstrate such findings in our patients because patient 1 had severe bronchial obstruction and patient 2 declined bronchoscopy.
    In summary, we suggest that coeliac disease diagnosis should be considered in patients with emphysema, especially when classical risk factors for emphysema (e.g. smoking) are absent. Further research is also warranted to examine the prevalence of emphysema in patients with coeliac disease. If confirmed, the association between emphysema and coeliac disease may provide new insights into the pathogenesis of emphysema and coeliac disease.
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    Green PH,
    Cellier C
    . Celiac disease. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 1731–1743.
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    Brightling CE,
    Symon FA,
    Birring SS,
    et al
    . A case of cough, lymphocytic bronchoalveolitis and coeliac disease with improvement following a gluten free diet. Thorax 2002; 57: 91–92.
    Abstract/FREE Full Text

    A case of malabsorption, intestinal mucosal atrophy and ulceration, cirrhosis, and emphysema. BMJ 1970; 3: 207–212.
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    Edwards C,
    Williams A,
    Asquith P
    . Bronchopulmonary disease in coeliac patients. J Clin Pathol 1985; 38: 361–367.
    Abstract/FREE Full Text

    Greenwald AJ,
    Johnson DS,
    Oskvig RM,
    et al
    . α-1-Antitrypsin deficiency, emphysema, cirrhosis, and intestinal mucosal atrophy. JAMA 1975; 231: 273–276.
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    Tarlo SM,
    Broder I,
    Prokipchuk EJ,
    et al
    . Association between celiac disease and lung disease. Chest 1981; 80: 715–718.
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    Lee SH,
    Goswami S,
    Grudo A,
    et al
    . Antielastin autoimmunity in tobacco smoking-induced emphysema. Nat Med 2007; 13: 567–569.
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    Coxson HO,
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    Mayo JR,
    et al
    . Early emphysema in patients with anorexia nervosa. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004; 170: 748–752.
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    Black PN,
    Scragg R
    . Relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and pulmonary function in the third national health and nutrition examination survey. Chest 2005; 128: 3792–3798.
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    Hydrogen Sulfide- The Next Anti-Aging Agent
    Jan. 29, 2013 — Hydrogen sulfide* (H2S) may play a wide-ranging role in staving off aging, according to a paper published online ahead of print in the journal Molecular and Cellular Biology. In this review article, a team from China explores the compound’s plethora of potential anti-aging pathways. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the third endogenous signaling gasotransmitter, following nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. It is physiologically generated by cystathionine-γ-lyase, cystathionine-β-synthase, and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase. H2S has been gaining increasing attention as an important endogenous signaling molecule because of its significant effects on the cardiovascular and nervous systems. substantial evidence shows that H2S is involved in aging by inhibiting free-radical reactions, activating SIRT1, and probably interacting with the age-related gene Klotho. Moreover, H2S has been shown to have therapeutic potential in age-associated diseases. This article provides an overview of the physiological functions and effects of H2S in aging and age-associated diseases, and proposes the potential health and therapeutic benefits of H2S.
    “H2S has been gaining increasing attention as an important endogenous signaling molecule because of its significant effects on the cardiovascular and nervous systems,” the team writes. The evidence is mounting, they note, that hydrogen sulfide slows aging by inhibiting free-radical reactions, by activating SIRT1, an enzyme believed to be a regulator of lifespan, and probably through its interactions with a gene, klotho, which appears to have its own market basket of anti-aging activity.—-Hydrogen sulfide is produced within the human body, and has a variety of important physiological effects. For example, it relaxes the vascular endothelium and smooth muscle cells, which is important to maintaining clean arteries as one ages, says first author Zhi-Sheng Jiang, of the University of South China, Hunan. It functions as an antioxidant. And it inhibits expression of pro-inflammatory factors, all of which “imply an important role in aging and age-associated diseases,” according to the paper. For example, mice lacking CSE, the gene for an enzyme involved in producing H2S, manifest extensive, premature arteriosclerosis, an inevitable consequence of aging, says Jiang.—The gene, klotho, which appears to be upregulated by hydrogen sulfide, is thought to extend lifespan via a number of different pathways, some of which promote production of endogenous antioxidants, according to the report. Produced in the kidneys, it has direct angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibiting activity; that is, it’s an ACE inhibitor, just like certain drugs that mitigate high blood pressure. Not surprisingly, plasma H2S declines with age, and is lower in spontaneously hypertensive rats than in those with normal blood pressure. More generally, a lack of H2S is implicated in cardiovascular disease.—A decline in H2S is also thought to undermine neurological health. Endogenous H2S has been found wanting in an animal model of Parkinson’s disease, and is found to be depressed in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. There are even suggestions, mostly in animal models, but also in human studies, that H2S may be protective against cancer, according to the report.—“Data available so far strongly suggest that H2S may become the next potent agent for preventing and ameliorating the symptoms of aging and age-associated diseases,” concludes Jiang. In the future, he says, people may take H2S via food, or as an anti-aging supplement.—-* Hydrogen sulfide (British English: hydrogen sulphide) is the chemical compound with the formula H2S. It is a colorless, very poisonous, flammable gas that gives off the odor of rotten eggs.–Journal Reference-Y. Zhang, Z.-H. Tang, Z. Ren, S.-L. Qu, M.-H. Liu, L.-S. Liu, Z.-S. Jiang. Hydrogen Sulfide: Next Potent Preventive and Therapeutic Agent in Aging and Age-associated Diseases. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 2013; DOI: 10.1128/MCB.01215-12
    Function in the body
    Hydrogen sulfide is produced in small amounts by some cells of the mammalian body and has a number of biological signaling functions. (Only two other such gases are currently known: nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO).)
    The gas is produced from cysteine by the enzymes cystathionine beta-synthase and cystathionine gamma-lyase. It acts as a relaxant of smooth muscle and as a vasodilator[28] and is also active in the brain, where it increases the response of the NMDA receptor and facilitates long term potentiation,[29] which is involved in the formation of memory.
    SPECIAL NOTE!!!!
    Dairy Products-Most Dairy Products contain Cysteine.–Eggs–Yolks Meats-Most Meats contain Cysteine.—Nuts-Most Nuts contain Cysteine. –Seeds-Most Seeds contain Cysteine.—Vegetables-Garlic & Onions—Broccoli—-Brussels Sprouts
    Alliin (also known as S-allyl-L-Cysteine Sulfoxide or S-allyl-Cysteine) is a Cysteine derivative present in Garlic.
    Cysteine Hydrochloride (Cysteine HCl) is a form of supplemental Cysteine that consists of 77% L-Cysteine bound to 23% Hydrochloric Acid (HCl).
    L-Cysteine is the natural endogenous state of Cysteine (i.e. NOT D-Cysteine).
    N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) is an endogenous derivative of Cysteine that is regarded by some researchers as the optimal form of supplemental Cysteine. NAC is more water-soluble than regular Cysteine.
    S-allylmercaptocysteine is a Cysteine derivative present in Garlic.
    S-methyl Cysteine is a Cysteine derivative present in Garlic.
    Gamma-glutamyl S-allyl cysteine is a Cysteine derivative present in Garlic.
    Eventually the gas is converted to sulfite in the mitochondria by thiosulfate reductase, and the sulfite is further oxidized to thiosulfate and sulfate by sulfite oxidase. The sulfates are excreted in the urine.[30]
    Due to its effects similar to nitric oxide (without its potential to form peroxides by interacting with superoxide), hydrogen sulfide is now recognized as potentially protecting against cardiovascular disease.[28] The cardioprotective role effect of garlic is caused by catabolism of the polysulfide group in allicin to H2S, a reaction that could depend on reduction mediated by glutathione.[31]
    Though both nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide have been shown to relax blood vessels, their mechanisms of action are different: while NO activates the enzyme guanylyl cyclase, H2S activates ATP-sensitive potassium channels in smooth muscle cells. Researchers are not clear how the vessel-relaxing responsibilities are shared between nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide. However there exists some evidence to suggest that nitric oxide does most of the vessel-relaxing work in large vessels and hydrogen sulfide is responsible for similar action in smaller blood vessels.[32]
    Recent findings suggest strong cellular crosstalk of NO and H2S,[33] demonstrating that the vasodilatatory effects of these two gases are mutually dependent. Additionally, H2S reacts with intracellular S-nitrosothiols to form the smallest S-nitrosothiol (HSNO), and a role of hydrogen sulfide in controlling the intracellular S-nitrosothiol pool has been suggested.[34]
    Like nitric oxide, hydrogen sulfide is involved in the relaxation of smooth muscle that causes erection of the penis, presenting possible new therapy opportunities for erectile dysfunction.[35][36]
    In Alzheimer’s disease the brain’s hydrogen sulfide concentration is severely decreased.[37] In trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) the body produces an excess of hydrogen sulfide.[30] Hydrogen sulfide is also involved in the disease process of type 1 diabetes. The beta cells of the pancreas in type 1 diabetes produce an excess of the gas, leading to the death of beta cells and to a reduced production of insulin by those that remain.[32]
    Garlic has long been touted as a health booster, but it’s never been clear why the herb might be good for you. Now new research is beginning to unlock the secrets of the odoriferous bulb.
    In a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers show that eating garlic appears to boost our natural supply of hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is actually poisonous at high concentrations — it’s the same noxious byproduct of oil refining that smells like rotten eggs. But the body makes its own supply of the stuff, which acts as an antioxidant and transmits cellular signals that relax blood vessels and increase blood flow.—In the latest study, performed at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, researchers extracted juice from supermarket garlic and added small amounts to human red blood cells. The cells immediately began emitting hydrogen sulfide, the scientists found. The power to boost hydrogen sulfide production may help explain why a garlic-rich diet appears to protect against various cancers, including breast, prostate and colon cancer, say the study authors. Higher hydrogen sulfide might also protect the heart, according to other experts. Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine earlier this year found that injecting hydrogen sulfide into mice almost completely prevented the damage to heart muscle caused by a heart attack.
    [U1]I love this term “missed” or would it mean over looked because they knew the issues in the day and now are beginning to further there agenda
     
    [U2]Is someone else bell ringing on this??/they have the most sophistcaed equipment on the planet and they “ MISSED THIS!”—who are we kidding here
    [U3]In other words never regrow this again
    [U4]Catastrophic system failure!!! Are we talking famine and pestilence
    [U5]Not Safe for Human consumption???—I have been saying this for over 10 years about the fact we are consuming viruses and now here it is and as a result we maybe consuming direct via vege fruit or
    [U6]Now this is an irony we proclaim the dangers of this virus and now we do not know enough til future experiments—sounds like a money grab to me to further to agenda 21
    [U7]What a lousy example to use –canada is worse—since there is no official labeling or unofficial –there is no bases for this statement—if there was labeling and people ate the food knowing what was in it would determine the cause of the illness or debilitation—since we do not record this then there is really no double blind just a stating of hypothesis
    [U8]Question I ask how many people did they settle out of court or pay off just so this would not be reported—thereby altering the statistics?
    [U9]Doesn’t this sound like a FDA buy out?? Is this not what happened to the USA and any other FDA affiliations globally!! When you read this and it is showing 54/86 GMO crops are contaminated and they are feeding this to the livestock and it can damage both animal and humans—what then is this saying???!!! It is saying here there will be a negotiation with the EFSA to hide research like this as well as other things being hidden so people cannot make accurate decisions and keep on following options that are presented rather then choices
    [U10]Things to look forward to—and they want to disarm people here in North America when this kind of insanity is going on globally—if this were to happen here in North America) CAN/USA) then we will have a problem—a lot of people do not have any skills other then what they have programmed to do—others have lost there capacity to be autonomous—these people will panic and proceed to burglarize and kill to have what the perceive—stay armed and prepared and stocked
    [U11]Guns instead of grains—what stupidty—or is it planned?
    [U12]Could it be a weather modification attack—could it be a HAARP or RF attack?? Could the drought be a way to insure cooperation?? Makes me go hmm
    [U13]Weather Modicfication
    [U14]This is why if you must go through this insanity then take essiac teas—dandelion and turmeric teas to offset the side effect of the chemo —not to mention protecting your liver as a result of the detoxing these poison that you will excrete
    TOP B
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    Show of the Month February 23 2013
    Thyroid Tidbits
    Men Taking Long-Acting Chronic Pain Meds Five Times More Likely to Have Low Testosterone Levels
    Lipase Uses
    Egg For Burns
    Working Alone Won’t Get You Good Grades
    Effectiveness of castor oil extract on Escherichia coli and its endotoxins in root canals
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    Thyroid Tidbits
    Let’s look at the thyroid and see what we can do to assist in sustaining a healthy thyroid—
    Thyroxine is the primary Hormone synthesized and secreted by the Thyroid Gland – Thyroxine comprises 80% of the Thyroid Hormone secretions. Thyroxine is less potent than Triiodothyronine (T3).–Thyroxine is the second most prescribed Pharmaceutical Drug (based on the number of prescriptions dispensed in the USA during 1999[U1] ).—What does the thyroid really need to be optimal—would be things derived from foods unless there has been some kind genetic interference with what would normally regenerate the system—
    T4–Some of the body’s Thyroxine content is converted to Triiodothyronine (T3).- Tyrosine is an essential cofactor (along with Iodine) for the production of Thyroxine within the body – Tyrosine comprises 35% of Thyroxine– Sunlight may stimulate the production of Thyroxine-Iodine is a cofactor for the production of Thyroxine from Tyrosine-Copper is involved in the conversion of Triiodothyronine to Thyroxine- Approximately 20% of the body’s supply of Iodine is used as an essential cofactor (with Tyrosine) in the production of Thyroxine within the body – Iodine comprises 65% of Thyroxine–Selenium is required for the conversion of Thyroxine (T4) into Triiodothyronine (T3)- Selenium is essential for the production of the enzyme that converts Thyroxine (T4) into Triiodothyronine (T3) -Vitamin C may facilitate the production of Thyroxine.
    T3- Triiodothyronine is a type of minor Hormone produced in and secreted by the Thyroid Gland – Triiodothyronine accounts for 20% of Thyroid Hormone production. Triiodothyronine is approximately ten times more potent than Thyroxine (T4).–Although often under-discussed, the majority (80% – 85%) of biologically-active Triiodothyronine is produced in peripheral tissues other than the Thyroid Gland – specifically the Liver and (to a lesser extent) the Kidneys. This occurs via the conversion of Thyroxine (T4) to Triiodothyronine.– Tyrosine is an essential cofactor (in conjunction with Iodine) for the production of Triiodothyronine— Copper may enhance the conversion of Triiodothyronine to Thyroxine.—5% of the body’s Iodine is used in the production of Triiodothyronine (Iodine comprises 59% of the chemical structure of Iodine).— Phosphorus may help to prevent decreases in plasma Triiodothyronine levels.–Selenium is an essential cofactor for the production of Triiodothyronine:
     
    Things that can interfere with T3 or T4
    Soybeans may inhibit the production of Triiodothyronine (due to the Isoflavonoids content of Soybeans). Seeds-Fenugreek Seeds may lower the body’s levels of Triiodothyronine by inhibiting the conversion of Thyroxine to Triiodothyronine- Fluoride may inhibit the production and action of Thyroxine- Isothiocyanates- Excessive consumption of some types of Isothiocyanates[U2] may cause Goiter or Hypothyroidism by blocking the utilization of Iodine and consequently slowing down the function of the Thyroid.-These Iodine blocking Isothiocyanates were formerly known as Goitrogenic Substances– Legumes:Soybeans-Nuts:Peanuts-Vegetables: Cabbages—Cauliflower-Brussels Sprouts-Broccoli-Kale— Brussels Sprouts Chinese Broccoli-Choy Sum-Daikon-Kale-Kohlrabi-Mustard Greens-Radish-Rutabaga-Turnip—the same component that can shut down the thyroid as well can be of use in the body —but with a compromised thyroid these should be consumed sparingly til the thyroid is mended and even then to make sure that adequate iodine is use with selenium and copper
    *****************************************************************************
    Things to use to maintain or rebuild thyroid
    Iodine-1-4 drops a day and increase 1 drop til at desired dose
    Tyrosine -500-1,500mgs a day-fermented dairy
    Selenium-100mcg’s 3-4 times a day-brazil nuts are the highest sources
    Copper- 1-3 mgs a day—green leafy veges –Chlorophyll
    Phosphorus -1000mgs –Nuts and Seeds—Sunflower Lecithin-Eggs
    Vitamin C- 1-5 grams a day—Supplement Ascorbic acid in some form
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    Men Taking Long-Acting Chronic Pain Meds Five Times More Likely to Have Low Testosterone Levels
    Jan. 31, 2013 — Low testosterone levels occur five times more often among men who take long-acting instead of short-acting opioids for chronic pain, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published in The Clinical Journal of Pain.–While it has been known that opioids cause low testosterone in men, this study is the first to show a significant difference in risk between short-acting (immediate release) and long-acting opioids.—The 81 men in the retrospective study were between 26 and 79 years old (median age 51) and were seen in the chronic-pain clinic at Kaiser Permanente’s Santa Rosa Medical Center (Calif.) between January 2009 and June 2010. All of the participants had been on a stable dose of an opioid for at least three months, and none had a previous diagnosis of low testosterone. A larger retrospective study of more than 1,500 male pain patients is currently under way.—-“There’s a large gap in the evidence base with regard to opioids,” said Andrea Rubinstein, MD, of the Departments of Chronic Pain and Anesthesiology, Kaiser Permanente Santa Rosa Medical Center. “More safety and efficacy studies are needed. We need to know how we can prescribe these very useful medications in a way that brings the greatest benefits to our patients, without introducing additional risks.”—Once prescribed primarily to cancer patients, the use of opioid-based medications such as oxycodone (Oxycontin) and hydrocodone (Vicodin) for treating chronic, non-cancer pain has increased dramatically in recent decades. An estimated 4.3 million Americans use opioids on a daily basis for pain.—“For years, doctors have been encouraged to prescribe long-acting opioids rather than short-acting opioids because we believed they were safer, had less abuse potential, and offered more consistent pain control, but no study has ever been able to support this practice,” Dr. Rubinstein said.–The study compared the use of short-acting opioids, which immediately release the pain medication and are taken every four to six hours, and long-acting opioids, which slowly release the pain medication and are taken every eight to 12 hours.A healthy young man should have testosterone levels between 300 and 800 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL); in this study, low testosterone, also known as hypogonadism, was defined as less than 250 ng/dL. Low testosterone levels have been associated with decreases in muscle mass, bone density (osteoporosis or osteopenia), cognition, mood, libido (sex drive) and general quality of life.—Seventy-four percent of the men on long-acting opioids had low testosterone levels, compared with 34 percent of the men using short-acting opioids. After controlling for daily dosage and body mass index, the study found that the odds of having low testosterone were 4.78 times greater for men taking a long-acting opioid than a short-acting opioid. Dose was not associated with an increased risk of low testosterone.—“These medications work well for short-term, acute pain,” said Dr. Rubinstein. “It has long been extrapolated that they can also be used safely long-term to control chronic pain. We are now finding that the long-term use of opioids may have important unintended health consequences.”
    Co-authors of the study were Diane M. Carpenter, MPH, Kaiser Permanente Division of Research; and Jerome R. Minkoff, MD, Kaiser Permanente Department of Endocrinology, Santa Rosa Medical Center.–Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Kaiser Permanente, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. —Journal Reference–Andrea L. Rubinstein, Diane M. Carpenter, Jerome R. Minkoff. Hypogonadism in Men With Chronic Pain Linked to the Use of Long-acting Rather Than Short-acting Opioids. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 2013; DOI: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e31827c7b5d
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    Lipase Uses
    Abstract: The pharmaceutical use of lipases related to the Thermomyces lanuginosus (Humicola lanuginosa) lipase comprising amino acids 1-269 of SEQ ID NO: 2, optionally in combination with a protease and/or an amylase. Examples of medical indications are: Treatment of digestive disorders, pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI), pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, diabetes type I, and/or diabetes type II. The lipases of the invention have, e.g., an improved digestion performance in vitro, an improved activity at a pH in the neutral range, an improved stability at low pH, an are stable against protease-degradation, and/or are stable in the presence of pepsin and bile salts. The invention also relates to methods of determining digestion performance in vitro of lipases, as well as to certain novel variants of the lipase of T. lanuginosus.
    Therapeutic Uses for Compositions Containing Stabilized Crosslinked Lipase Crystals
    Also included in the invention are methods for treating or preventing gastrointestinal disorders in a mammal. According to this method, a therapeutically effective to amount of a crosslinked crystalline lipase, protease, amylase composition is administered to a subject in need of treatment. The subject to can be e.g., a human, dog, cat, mouse, rat, horse, cow, or other mammal. Preferably, the composition is administered orally, e.g., at mealtime. For example, the composition can be administered just before, just after, or while eating.
    The compositions of the invention can be used to treat or prevent, for example, pancreatitis, pancreatic insufficiency, fat malabsorption, low lipase secretion, and gastrointestinal complications associated with cystic fibrosis. The methods of this invention can be also be used to treat any condition characterized by inadequate amounts of or ineffective lipase. Such conditions include steatorrhea, essential fatty acid deficiency, failure to thrive, and fat-soluble vitamin deficiency.
    The effectiveness of the method of treatment can be assessed by measuring and comparing the coefficient of fat absorption (CFA) in healthy individuals with that of the subject being treated according to the methods of this invention. For example, a healthy mammal has a CFA greater than 90%. Subjects suffering from a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by pancreatic deficiency, pancreatitis, fat malabsorption or low lipase secretion, will typically have a CFA of less than 60%. Preferably, the methods of this invention are employed to increase the CFA of a subject in need of treatment to at least 60%. More preferably, the CFA is increased to greater than 80%. Most preferably, the CFA is increased to greater than 85%.
    An alternative means for measuring the efficacy of treatment of a subject according to the methods of this invention is by performing a 72 hour stool test. For example, effective treatment according to the invention decreases stool fat content in an adult human subject to less than 7 grams a day
    **************************************************************************************
    Egg For Burns
    young man sprinkling his lawn and bushes with pesticides wanted to check the contents of the barrel to see how much pesticide remained in it. He raised the cover and lit his lighter; the vapors ignited and engulfed him. He jumped from his truck, screaming.. His neighbor came out of her house with a dozen eggs and a bowl yelling: “bring me some more eggs!” She broke them, separating the whites from the yolks.
    The neighbor woman helped her to apply the whites onto the young man’s face.
    When the ambulance arrived and the EMTs saw the young man, they asked who had done this. Everyone pointed to the lady in charge. They congratulated her and said: “You have saved his face.” By the end of the summer, the young man brought the lady a bouquet of roses to thank her. His face was like a baby’s skin. Keep in mind this treatment of burns is being included in teaching beginner fireman.
    First Aid consists of first spraying cold water on the affected area until the heat is reduced which stops the continued burning of all layers of the skin. Then, spread the egg whites onto the affected area. One woman burned a large part of her hand with boiling water. In spite of the pain, she ran cold faucet water on her hand, separated 2 egg whites from the yolks, beat them slightly and dipped her hand in the solution. The whites then dried and formed a protective layer. She later learned that the egg white is a natural collagen and continued during at least one hour to apply layer upon layer of beaten egg white. By afternoon she no longer felt any pain and the next day there was hardly a trace of the burn. 10 days later, no trace was left at all and her skin had regained its normal color. The burned area was totally regenerated thanks to the collagen in the egg whites, a placenta full of vitamins.
    *********************************************************************************
    Working Alone Won’t Get You Good Grades
     
    A graph showing interactions between 82 students during the last week of a course. High performing students are in dark blue and form a core where the highest density of persistent interactions can be observed. Mid-performing students are in red and low-performing student sin green. Persistent interactions are shown in thick blue edges, while dotted thin grey edges indicate transient interactions.—Jan. 31, 2013 — Students who work together and interact online are more likely to be successful in their college classes, according to a study published Jan. 30 in the journal Nature Scientific Reports and co-authored by Manuel Cebrian, a computer scientist at the Jacobs School of Engineering at the University of California San Diego.—Cebrian and colleagues analyzed 80,000 interactions between 290 students in a collaborative learning environment for college courses. The major finding was that a higher number of online interactions was usually an indicator of a higher score in the class. High achievers also were more likely to form strong connections with other students and to exchange information in more complex ways. High achievers tended to form cliques, shutting out low-performing students from their interactions. Students who found themselves shut out were not only more likely to have lower grades; they were also more likely to drop out of the class entirely.—“Elite groups of highly connected individuals formed in the first days of the course,” said Cebrian, who also is a Senior Researcher at National ICT Australia Ltd, Australia’s Information and Communications Technology Research Centre of Excellence. “For the first time, we showed that there is a very strong correspondence between social interaction and exchange of information — a 72 percent correlation,” he said “but almost equally interesting is the fact that these high-performing students form ‘rich-clubs’, which shield themselves from low-performing students, despite the significant efforts by these lower-ranking students to join them. The weaker students try hard to engage with the elite group intensively, but can’t. This ends up having a marked correlation with their dropout rates.”—-This study co-authored by Luis M. Vaquero, based at Hewlett-Packard UK Labs, shows a way that we might better identify patterns in the classroom that can trigger early dropout alarms, allowing more time for educators to help the student and, ideally, reduce those rates through appropriate social network interventions.—Cebrian’s work is part of UC San Diego’s wider research effort at the intersection of the computer and social sciences, led by Prof. James H. Fowler, to enhance our understanding of the ways in which people share information and how this impacts areas of national significance, such as the spread of health-related or political behavior.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of California – San Diego. –Journal Reference-Luis M. Vaquero, Manuel Cebrian. The rich club phenomenon in the classroom. Scientific Reports, 2013; 3 DOI: 10.1038/srep01174
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    Effectiveness of castor oil extract on Escherichia coli and its endotoxins in root canals.
    Gen Dent. 2012 Jul-Aug;60(4):e204-9
    Authors: Valera MC, Maekawa LE, Chung A, de Oliveira LD, Carvalho CA, Koga-Ito CY, Jorge AO
    Abstract
    This in vitro study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of castor oil extract used as an irrigating solution on Escherichia coli and its endotoxins in root canals. Sixty single-rooted teeth were prepared (using castor oil extract as irrigating solution) and divided into five groups (n = 12): Group 1 samples were treated with calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), Group 2 samples were treated with polymyxin B, Group 3 samples were treated with Ca(OH)2 and 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX), and Group 4 samples were treated with castor oil extract. A control group used physiological saline solution as an irrigant. Canal content samples were collected at four different times: immediately after instrumentation, seven days after instrumentation, after 14 days of intracanal medication, and seven days after removal of intracanal medication. A plating method was used to assess antimicrobial activity and the quantification of endotoxins was evaluated by the chromogenic Limulus lysate assay. Data were submitted to ANOVA and a Dunn test (a = 5%). Irrigation with castor oil extract decreased E. coli counts but had no effect on the level of endotoxins. Samples taken seven days after removal of medication revealed a significant reduction in endotoxin levels in Groups 3 and 4. Compared to the saline solution irrigation, castor oil extract decreased microorganism counts in root canals immediately after canal preparation. None of the medications used completely eliminated endotoxins in the root canal.–PMID: 22782052 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
    TOP C
    [U1]This means that a drug such as this may reduce the effective capacity for the thyroid to work and regulate itself—when giving out a drug to replace what occurs naturally —you shut down the organ or gland and this can further perpetrate other health issues
    [U2]Isothiocyanates [U2]—in small amounts can be of benefit butt with a weak or compromised thyroid —then the consumption should be very little or next o nothing and even then an adequate amount of iodine and copper and selenium should be incorporated
     

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    Keymaster

    Higher Levels of Several Toxic Metals Found in Children With Autism
    Researchers report that children with autism had higher levels of several toxic metals in their blood and urine compared to typical children
    Feb. 25, 2013 — In a recently published study in the journal Biological Trace Element Research, Arizona State University researchers report that children with autism had higher levels of several toxic metals in their blood and urine compared to typical children. The study involved 55 children with autism ages 5-16 years compared to 44 controls of similar age and gender.–The autism group had significantly higher levels of lead in their red blood cells (+41 percent) and significantly higher urinary levels of lead (+74 percent), thallium (+77 percent), tin (+115 percent), and tungsten (+44 percent). Lead, thallium, tin, and tungsten are toxic metals that can impair brain development and function, and also interfere with the normal functioning of other body organs and systems.—A statistical analysis was conducted to determine if the levels of toxic metals were associated with autism severity, using three different scales of autism severity. It was found that 38-47 percent of the variation of autism severity was associated with the level of several toxic metals, with cadmium and mercury being the most strongly associated[U1] .—In the paper about the study, the authors state “We hypothesize that reducing early exposure to toxic metals may help ameliorate symptoms of autism, and treatment to remove toxic metals may reduce symptoms of autism; these hypotheses need further exploration, as there is a growing body of research to support it.” The study was led by James Adams, a President’s Professor in the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, one of ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. He directs the ASU Autism/Asperger’s Research Program.–Adams previously published a study on the use of DMSA, an FDA-approved medication for removing toxic metals. The open-label study found that DMSA was generally safe and effective at removing some toxic metals. It also found that DMSA therapy improved some symptoms of autism. The biggest improvement was for children with the highest levels of toxic metals in their urine. Overall, children with autism have higher average levels of several toxic metals, and levels of several toxic metals are strongly associated with variations in the severity of autism for all three of the autism severity scales investigated.–The study was funded by the Autism Research Institute and the Legacy Foundation.–Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Arizona State University. —-Journal Reference-James B. Adams, Tapan Audhya, Sharon McDonough-Means, Robert A. Rubin, David Quig, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, Melissa Loresto, Jessica Mitchell, Sharon Atwood, Suzanne Barnhouse, Wondra Lee. Toxicological Status of Children with Autism vs. Neurotypical Children and the Association with Autism Severity. Biological Trace Element Research, 2012; 151 (2): 171 DOI: 10.1007/s12011-012-9551-1
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    Extremely High Estrogen Levels May Underlie Complications of Single-Birth IVF Pregnancies
    Feb. 25, 2013 — Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers have identified what may be a major factor behind the increased risk of two adverse outcomes in pregnancies conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Two papers published in the journal Fertility and Sterility support the hypothesis that extremely high estrogen levels at the time of embryo transfer increase the risk that infants will be born small for their gestational age and the risk of preeclampsia, a dangerous condition that can threaten the lives of both mother and child. They also outline a protocol that reduced those risks in a small group of patients.—Both papers addressed IVF pregnancies resulting in a single live birth, not multiple-birth pregnancies which continue to be the most significant risk factor of any assisted reproduction technology. But even single-birth IVF pregnancies are more likely than unassisted single-birth pregnancies to result in premature delivery, low birth weight and other serious complications. In the January 2013 issue of the journal, the investigators at the MGH’s Vincent Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology report that freezing embryos of women who had excessively elevated estrogen at the time of egg retrieval, followed by embryo transfer in a later reproductive cycle when hormonal levels were closer to those of a natural cycle, significantly reduced the percentage of small newborns and eliminated the incidence of preeclampsia in a small group of patients.—-“We’ve known for a long time that singleton pregnancies conceived by IVF were at higher risk of these adverse outcomes, but the reasons were unknown,” says Anthony Imudia, MD, of the MGH Fertility Center, lead author of both articles. “Now we know which facet of IVF might be responsible, which will allow us to identify at-risk patients and implement ways of averting those risks.”–At most fertility centers, IVF involves a sequence of coordinated events that stimulate the ovaries in a way that leads to the growth and maturation of several eggs at the same time. Prior to ovulation the eggs are retrieved for fertilization outside the mother’s body. If fertilization is successful, embryos that appear to be developing normally are transferred into the woman’s uterus within 5 days of egg retrieval in a process called fresh embryo transfer.–Egg cells grow and mature in ovarian sacs called follicles, which release estrogen, so the development of multiple maturing follicles can lead to significantly elevated estrogen levels. Animal studies have suggested that excessively elevated estrogen early in pregnancy can interfere with the development of the placenta, and other research has associated placental abnormalities with increased risk for both preeclampsia and delivery of small newborns—In the June 2012 issue of Fertility and Sterility, the MGH team reported that — among almost 300 IVF pregnancies that resulted in the birth of a single infant from 2005 through 2010 — the women whose estrogen levels right before egg retrieval were highest had significantly greater incidence of preeclampsia and of delivering infants small for their gestational age. Women whose peak estrogen levels were at or above the 90th percentile had a nine-fold greater risk of a small infant and a five-fold greater risk of preeclampsia than women with lower peak estrogen levels.
    To follow up that observation, the MGH team examined how a protocol instituted for mothers at risk of a complication of fertility treatment called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) might affect the apparent risks associated with extremely high estrogen levels. At the MGH Fertility Center, if the estrogen levels for IVF patients exceed 4,500 pg/mL on the day they are scheduled to receive a hormonal trigger of final egg cell maturation — indicating increased risk for OHSS — standard practice is to counsel patients on alternatives. These included postponing the procedure until a future IVF cycle or proceeding with egg retrieval and fertilization but freezing the embryos for implantation in a later cycle to allow time for the ovary to recover.—-The team’s January Fertility and Sterility report compared the outcomes of 20 patients who choose to have their embryos frozen and implanted later because of their risk of OHSS with those of 32 patients with pre-retrieval estrogen levels over 3,450 pg/mL who proceeded with fresh embryo transfer. Only 10 percent of the infants of mothers who choose embryo freezing and transfer in a subsequent cycle were small for their gestational age, compared with 35 percent of the infants of mothers who had fresh embryo transfer. While the incidence of preeclampsia after fresh embryo transfer was almost 22 percent, none of the patients who chose embryo freezing with later implantation developed preeclampsia.–Our center takes a very individualized and conservative approach to ovarian stimulation, so fewer than 10 percent of our patients had extremely high estrogen levels of greater than 3,450 pg/mL,” says Imudia, who is an instructor in Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology at Harvard Medical School. “If other centers validate our findings by following the same approach and achieving similar outcomes, we would recommend that each patient’s hormonal dosage be adjusted to try and keep her estrogen levels below 3,000 pg/mL. If the estrogen level exceeds this threshold, the patient could be counseled regarding freezing all embryos for transfer in subsequent cycles, when her hormone levels are closer to that of a natural cycle.”—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Massachusetts General Hospital, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. –Journal Reference–Anthony N. Imudia, Awoniyi O. Awonuga, Anjali J. Kaimal, Diane L. Wright, Aaron K. Styer, Thomas L. Toth. Elective cryopreservation of all embryos with subsequent cryothaw embryo transfer in patients at risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome reduces the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes: a preliminary study. Fertility and Sterility, 2013; 99 (1): 168 DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.08.060
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    LIST OF TOXIC MATERIALS IN VACCINES
    There is an astonishing collection of poisons, toxic metals, chemical binders, and animal parts and juices in vaccines. You would not want to give this to your dog, yet it is routinely given to precious, little children.—Among these many toxic and contaminated ingredients is the infamous thimerosal, which contains mercury. Casein and gelatin are bovine products, and cattle are increasingly suspected of having CJD (mad cow disease). Keep in mind that we are here dealing with raw meat. It cannot be “cooked,” or the deadly viruses will be damaged. There are “washed sheep red blood cells” in DPT. Sheep in Britain and the U.S. have “mad sheep disease (scrapie). Reading the section on anthrax in the following list, it is little wonder that our troops in the Gulf War got “Gulf War Illness.”—The diseases in vaccines are grown in the laboratory in monkey kidney cells, in human cells which may be cancerous, in chick embryo and in guinea pig cells. The cells are nourished with the blood serum from calves, which may be contaminated with numerous diseases such as bovine leukemia virus, bovine AIDS virus, or other animal diseases. Chemicals such as aluminum, formaldehyde (a human carcinogen) and MSG are used in processing of the vaccines. Thimerosal, a derivate of mercury and a deadly poison, is used as a preservative. These chemicals and potential diseases are all injected into your child’s body or your body as part of the vaccine.
    Acel-Immune DTaP Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids Acellular Pertussis Vaccine adsorbed Lederle Laboratories. Produced using formaldehyde, thimerosal, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, polysorbate 80, gelatin.
    Act HIB Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (HIB) Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Connaught Laboratories. Produced using ammonium sulfate, formalin, sucrose, thimerosal Medium: semi-synthetic.
    Attenuvax Measles Virus Vaccine Live Merck & Co, Inc. Produced using neomycin, sorbitol, hydrolized gelatin Medium: chick embryo.
    DPT Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals. Produced using aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, ammonium sulfate, washed sheep red blood cells, glycerol, sodium chloride, thimerosal. Medium: porcine (pig) pancreatic hydrolysate of casein.
    Hepatitis B SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals. Produced using aluminum hydroxide, thimerosal. Medium: yeast (possibly 5% residual).
    IPOL Inactivated Polio Vaccine Connought Laboratories. Produced using 3 types of polio virus, formaldehyde, phenoxyethanol (antifreeze), neomycin, streptomycin, polymyixin B. Medium: VERO cells, a continuous line of Monkey kidney cells.
    MMR Measles Mumps Rubella Live Viruse Vaccine Merck & Co., Inc. Produced using sorbitol, neomycin, hydrolized gelatin. Mediums: M&M – chick embryo. Rubella – Human diploid cells (originating from human aborted fetal tissue).
    Orimune Poliovirus Vaccine Live Oral Trivalent Lederle Laboratories. Produced using 3 types of attenuated polioviruses, streptomycin, neomycin, calf serum, sorbitol. Meduim: monkey kidney cell culture.
    Varivax Varicella Virus Vaccine Live (chicken pox Vaccine) Merck & Co., Inc. Produced using sucrose, phosphate, glutamate, processed gelatin medium: Human Diploid Cells (originating from human aborted fetal tissue)
    Vaccines grown in aborted fetal cell cultures:
    Chicken pox (Varivax): Merck
    Hepatitis A (Vaqta): Merck
    Polio (oral) Poliovac, Canada: Connaught
    Polio (Imovax): Connaught
    Rabies (Imovax): Pasteur Merieux
    Rubella (Meruvax): Merck
    Vaccines with live virus
    Chicken pox (Varivax): Merck
    Measles (Attenuvax): Merck
    Measles and Mumps (M-M-Vax): Merck
    Measles, Mumps and Rubella (M-M-RII): Merck
    Measles and Rubella (M-R-VaxII): Merck
    Mumps (Mumpsvax): Merck
    Rubella (Meruvax): Merck
    Rubella and Mumps: BIAVAX
    Vaccines which are genetically engineered
    Hepatitis B: Merck
    Hepatitis B: SmithKline Beecham
    Lyme (Lymerix): SmithKline Beecham
    RSV, Synapis: (MedImmune)
    Vaccines with animal and cattle parts
    Chicken pox (Varivax): fetal bovine serum: Merck
    Diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular Pertussis, Acel-immune, beef heart infusion: Lederle
    Diphtheria (Infanrix), bovine extract: SmithKline Beecham
    Flu (Flushfield): chick embryos: Wyeth:
    Flu (Fluzone): chicken embryos: Connaught
    Measles (Attenuvax): hydrolyzed gelatin: Merck
    Measles, Mumps and Rubella (M-M-RII), hydrolyzed gelatin: Merck
    Mumps (MuMpsvax): hydrolyzed gelatin: Merck
    Polio (Ipol): calf serum, monkey kidney cells: Pasteur Merieux
    Polio, oral (Orimune): kidney cells, calf serum: Lederle
    Rubella (Meruvax): hydrolyzed gelatin: Merck
    Rubella and Mumps (Biavax): hydrolyzed gelatin: Merck
    Vaccines using cattle material – (blood, fetal calf serum, meat broth) carry a risk of mad cow disease. In the list below, the asterisk (*) means that the cattle parts which are in the product are (illegally) NOT LISTED on the vaccine package insert.
    Polio: DPT contains: DPT – Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals. Produced using aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, ammonium sulfate, washed sheep red blood cells, glycerol, sodium chloride, thimerosal medium: porcine (PIG) pancreatic hydrolysate of casein.
    Anthrax: *BioPort DPT
    Certiva, Anthrax: *BioPort DPT
    Certiva, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus: North American/Baxter International
    DPT (Infanrix): diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus: GlaxoSmithKline Beecham
    Hep A (*Havrix): hepatitis A: GlaxoSmithKline Beecham
    Hib (*ActHIB): haemophilus influenzae Type B: Aventis Pasteur
    Hib (*OmniHIB): haemophilus influenzae Type B: GlaxoSmithKline Beecham
    Pneumonia (*PNU-IMUNE 23): Lederle/American Home Products
    Polio (IPOL): Aventis Pasteur
    OUTSTANDING ONLINE SOURCES
    Here are several excellent sources for additional information. Flip back and forth through the various pages on each one, and you will discover a lot.
    Concerned Parents for Vaccine Safety Home Page sprynet.com
    Global Vaccine Awareness League gval.com
    Informed Parents Vaccination Home Page unc.ed
    Massachusetts Citizens for Vaccination Choice vaccinechoice.org
    National Vaccine Information Center 909shot.com
    Natural Immunity Information Network members/xoom.com
    New Atlantean Immunization Resources newatlantean.com
    PROVE (Parents Requesting Open Vaccine Education) swbell.net
    Stealth Virus Web Site ccid.org
    The Kidz Are People Too Page geocities.com
    Thinktwice Global Vaccine Institute thinktwice.com
    Vaccine Articles healthy.net
    Vaccination Awareness Network ozemail.com
    Vaccine Information and Awareness access1.net
    Vaccines: The Truth Revealed odomnet.com
    BOOKS ON CHILDHOOD VACCINATION
    If you want to do more research on the vaccine issue, here are 22 books to select from. They will prove invaluable.
    Buttram, Harold E., M.D., Vaccination and Immune Malfunction [He shows the many correlations between vaccinations and immunological disorders; also how to legally avoid immunizations.]
    Chaitow, Leon, Vaccination and Immunisation: Dangers, Delusions, and Alternatives [History of vaccines, long-term effects, and linkage to AIDS]
    Coulter, Harris L. Coulter, and Barbara Loe Fisher, A Shot in the Dark: Why the P in the DPT Vaccination May Be Hazardous to Your Child’s Health [About the DPT vaccine]
    Coulter, Harris L., Vaccination, Social Violence and Criminality [Connection between childhood shots and autism, hyperactivity, and learning disabilities]
    Cournoyer, Cynthia, What About Immunisations? Exposing the Vaccine Philosophy
    DeLatte, Yves, Vaccinations: The Untold Truth
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    Busting the Cholesterol Myth
    For decades, the public has been relentlessly brainwashed about cholesterol and today practically everybody thinks that cholesterol is the main cause of heart disease. -It’s not, as many of you know who regularly visit this website. To me, and to other doctors who contribute opinions here, the cholesterol story is perhaps the biggest medical con in existence–Most physicians, unfortunately, have also bought hook, line, and sinker into the propaganda that if cholesterol reaches some artificially-established cutoff point you need a drug to lower it in order to prevent a heart attack, even if you are totally healthy, and, not to worry, the drug is really very safe to take. I, for one, bought into that lie big time and actually used to lecture about the importance of statins, the cholesterol-lowering drugs. I even got a paycheck from drug companies to talk up their statins. —
     
    What we have learned is this:
    ● The fear of cholesterol is medical propaganda designed to sell cholesterol-lowering drugs. The adoption of the cholesterol ideology by mainstream medicine and the government had a strong political lobbying component to it.
    ● Most forms of cholesterol are not harmful at all.
    ● Cholesterol is not your enemy. It is a natural substance made in your body to produce hormones, vitamin D, neurotransmitters, and healthy cell membranes. Your body makes it and needs it.
    ● The concept of “good” and “bad” cholesterol is utterly outdated, as are the total cholesterol and LDL levels documented on standard lipid tests. They predict heart disease poorly. If, after a standard test, your doctor says your cholesterol is too high and you need to lower it, ask for a follow-up advanced cholesterol particle test that reveals more details. Specifically, it tells you the proportion of large vs. small, dense LDL particles, the latter being much more likely to participate in the inflammatory process. This is important information.
    ● Inflammation, sugar, and stress are the main causes of heart disease – the enemies of heart health. You need to do something about these things and stop worrying about your cholesterol and fat.
    ● The number one dietary contributor to heart disease is sugar. It contributes to inflammation in the artery walls. Reduce or eliminate sugar and processed carbohydrates in your diet and you knock down inflammation and triglycerides. High triglycerides are far more of a danger for heart disease than high cholesterol.
    ● Good fat (as in saturated fat, avocado, and nuts) increases the big, fluffy, benign LDL particles and reduces the small, dense particles that actually do play a role in heart disease. Sugar, in contrast, has the opposite effect.
    ● The benefits of statin drugs have been widely exaggerated, and any benefit of these drugs has nothing to do with their ability to lower cholesterol.
    ● Statin side effects are very often dismissed by doctors and grossly underreported. They include muscle pain, memory problems, cognition difficulties, cataracts, liver problems, polyneuropathy, impotence, and immune decline. As many as 15-25 percent of statin users may develop muscle pain, and often along with weakness, anywhere from within a few weeks to several years after the start of regular usage.
    ● Statins inhibit the body’s production of an antioxidant nutrient called CoQ10. That’s a big negative because CoQ10 serves as a central agent in the generation of cellular energy. Without enough of it, the physiology suffers in many ways.
    ● There are 60 million Americans on statins alone, and many more worldwide. Very few learn from their doctors that the drugs inhibit CoQ10 and to therefore take CoQ10 to prevent side effects. Unfortunately, most doctors are either ignorant of the connection or too infatuated with cholesterol-lowering to seriously consider the side effects. Anyone taking a statin drug MUST take a minimum dose of 200 mg of a CoQ10 supplement daily in divided doses.
    These are some of the inconvenient truths you don’t hear about.
     
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    The Best Items to Use For Barter in a Post-Collapse Word
    There are a lot of different opinions as to what items will be best for barter in a post-collapse world where the underground economy may be the only viable economy for the passing of goods and services. That said, consider this a starting point as you begin to acquire goods for barter.
    In no particular order, consider accumulating some of the following items for barter purposes. And keep in mind that in a post-collapse world, the items do not necessarily have to be new, but simply serviceable.
    Water purification supplies including purification tabs and filters
    Hand tools including hatchets, saws, machetes and general fix-it tools
    Fire making supplies, including lighters, matches, flint fire steel
    Sanitary supplies including toilet paper, feminine products and diapers
    Disposable razors and razor blades
    Fuel, any and all kinds (gas, diesel, propane, kerosene)
    Prescription drugs, painkillers, and antibiotics
    First aid remedies such as cough syrup, cortisone cream, boil-ese, calamine lotion and topical pain relievers
    Spirits such as bourbon, rum, gin, and vodka
    Coffee and tea (instant coffee is okay)
    Solar battery charger and rechargeable batteries
    Standard Batteries
    Reading glasses
    Paracord
    Bags, including large garbage bags as well as smaller zip-close bags
    Plastic sheeting
    Duct tape
    Tie Wraps
    Heavy plastic sheets and tarps
    Toiletries including toothpaste, dental floss soaps, shampoo (tip: save those small sized toiletries that are provided by hotels and motels)
    Condoms
    Latex or Nitrile gloves in a variety of sizes
    Hard candy
    Fishing supplies
    Knives of various types including fixed blades, kitchen knives, and box cutters.
    Condiments and Spices
    Paperback books on a variety of subjects
    Tobacco and cigarette rolling supplies
    Amusements such as playing cards, crossword puzzle books, Sudoku
    Pencils & paper
    Pepper spray
    Garden seeds
    Flashlights
    Vinegar and baking soda to use in DIY cleaning supplies
    Empty spray bottles and squirt bottles
    Hand pumps for both air and liquids
    Mylar blankets and tents
    Hand warmers
    Sewing and mending supplies
    Knitting or crochet needles and Yarn
    One thing you will notice that I have not included firearms or ammo and for good reason. In a post-collapse society, you might not know your barter partners well and may run the risk that they will use these items against you so that they can steal the rest of you stuff. One person’s opinion, anyway.
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    THE DANGER OF SIDE-EFFECTS -Pharamceutical Drugs
    The problem with polypharmacy is that the more drugs you take, the more likely you are to experience side-effects that are then misinterpreted by the healthcare practitioner as a symptom of disease that needs treating with additional medicine, explains Dr Fox.—‘Many older people on beta-blockers for blood pressure, for example, will report depression.’ -This could be because depression is a known side-effect of beta-blockers. But some patients may not need the beta-blockers at all — the problem is the drug then slows down their heart too much and it is this that makes them tired and depressed. -‘This may lead to them being prescribed anti-depressants they don’t need. ‘Others who are on statins might suffer from muscle pain and this may mean they need painkillers, which may then have more side-effects, including gastric problems, which then necessitate more drugs.–‘A lot of these drugs do prevent illness, it’s true, but there is often a price to pay in terms of side-effects.’It’s not just that the drugs can cause side-effects — there’s also the problem of them interacting with each other[U2] . ‘A big part of our workload is sorting out whether these patients’ symptoms are an illness or a result of drug interactions,’ says Dr McNair. This task is not helped by the fact that drugs are not tested on patients who are on multiple pills for different conditions, adds Dr Fox. ‘I was always taught that if you take more than three drugs at a time you can expect interactions — but these days it’s not unusual for the over-65s to be on five or more different drugs for three or more chronic health conditions. No one really knows what the cumulative effects of this are yet. ‘Although GPs use computerised prescribing systems that should flag up drug interactions, they may also write paper prescriptions on home visits and not have access to this, so the system is not infallible,’ says Dr Fox. The elderly are more at risk of drug side-effects because their metabolism is slower, meaning drugs build up in their systems, he adds.–Dr Fox recently published research that suggested commonly prescribed anticholinergic drugs — used for treating movement disorders, incontinence and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease — are associated with cognitive decline in the elderly and an increased risk of death.—An estimated 20 to 50 per cent of all over-65s are being prescribed at least one anti-cholinergic drug, and while the effects of some are small, their cumulative effects may cause significant mental deterioration in older people who already have some cognitive problems, warns Ian Maidment, a senior lecturer at Aston University’s School of Pharmacy and joint author of the study.–‘Doctors can definitely do more harm than good by prescribing too many drugs — GPs are ideally placed to take a holistic view of the patient’s overall health, but they are hard-pressed.–‘And sometimes the patient is under four or five different specialists and it can be hard for GPs to find out why a patient has been prescribed a particular drug, so they tend to leave them on it.’–‘We need more research into poly-pharmacy to see what the effects are. It requires a co-ordinated response from community pharmacists, patients and their carers too.’–There is an added problem with patients self-medicating with over-the-counter drugs and herbal remedies, says Dr Fox.–Tackling polypharmacy can make a significant difference, as Jean Smith discovered.
    Her experience is borne out by an Israeli study in 2010 that found that when the elderly patients in a nursing home were taken off some of their medication (under supervision), 88 per cent reported improvements in their overall health. –=Fifty-six of the 70 participants reported improvements in their cognitive health.
    PRESSURE TO PRESCRIBE—A major impediment to reducing polypharmacy is that the payment system for GPs effectively rewards it, says Dr Margaret McCartney, a GP from Glasgow and author of The Patient Paradox: Why Sexed-Up Medicine Is Bad For Your Health. –Under changes introduced by the Department of Health in 2004, GPs’ pay is linked to managing specified medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, obesity and smoking.—‘The problem is GPs are judged according to the number of patients they put on tablets,’ argues Dr McCartney.
     
    ‘A lot of elderly people feel pressured into going on to tablets, and when you talk to GPs they, too, are fed up with the system and would embrace the chance to practise more holistic medicine where they can use their professional skills more.’
    Tellingly, a review conducted by the University of Sydney which looked at nine studies where elderly people had been taken off medication, concluded that between 20 per cent and 85 per cent of patients taken off blood pressure pills had normal blood pressure and did not need to go back on the pills, and there was no increase in deaths as a result.–Jean Smith is grateful her doctors reviewed her medication, after seeing the effect polypharmacy had on her father, Robert, who died last year at the age of 87. –He was on 12 different drugs, including statins, blood pressure tablets, omeprazole for stomach acid and gabapentin for nerve pain.—‘ ‘It was only after he was admitted to hospital as an emergency for a fall that he was put back on the pills. –‘He died two months later of heart failure and his geriatrician told me quite simply that the doctors had treated him with the best of intentions but had “overmedicated him”. –‘I think Dad had a few years left in him. I find it heartbreaking that he died because of this obsession with putting everybody on pills. I don’t want that to happen to me.’ -Dr Fox says that, to avoid this, he thinks patients on more than five medicines should have them reviewed ‘at least annually’.–‘The days of leaving patients on long-term medication without review should not happen any more.’–For patients or relatives of patients taking lots of prescriptions, he suggests asking their GP or community pharmacists for a prescription review and discuss any drug side-effects with them — however, patients should not stop their medication suddenly without medical advice.–For advice and information on living with a long-term condition, go to expertpatients.co.uk
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    [U1]Mercury would be from vaccines
    [U2]This is called synergy —but in reverse—when one is bad —and the other is bad—when combined that can become lethal
     
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    HOME
    Show Of the Month March 9 2013
    Monsanto Slapped With A $7.7 Billion Lawsuit By 5 Million Farmers
    Copper Can Protect Against Alzheimer’s Disease
    Gut Bacteria Linked to Cholesterol Metabolism
    Unidentified viral-fungal-like pathogen crosses into multiple kingdoms–Plant & Animal-Human
    Neurotoxins in Your Chocolate Milk!!!!
    These Substances may Detoxify Methanol
    Aspartame Toxicity is Misdiagosed
    Recent Independent Aspartame Research Results & News
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    Monsanto Slapped With A $7.7 Billion Lawsuit By 5 Million Farmers
    Launching a lawsuit against the very company that is responsible for a farmer suicide every 30 minutes, 5 million farmers are now suing Monsanto for as much as 6.2 billion euros (around 7.7 billion US dollars). The reason? As with many other cases, such as the ones that led certain farming regions to be known as the ‘suicide belt’, Monsanto has been reportedly taxing the farmers to financial shambles with ridiculous royalty charges. The farmers state that Monsanto has been unfairly gathering exorbitant profits each year on a global scale from “renewal” seed harve9sts, which are crops planted using seed from the previous year’s harvest.—The practice of using renewal seeds dates back to ancient times, but Monsanto seeks to collect massive royalties and put an end to the practice. Why? Because Monsanto owns the very patent to the genetically modified seed, and is charging the farmers not only for the original crops, but the later harvests as well. Eventually, the royalties compound and many farmers begin to struggle with even keeping their farm afloat. It is for this reason that India slammed Monsanto with groundbreaking ‘bio-piracy’ charges in an effort to stop Monsanto from ‘patenting life’.—Jane Berwanger, a lawyer for the farmers who went on record regarding the case, told the Associated Press-“Monsanto gets paid when it sell the seeds. The law gives producers the right to multiply the seeds they buy and nowhere in the world is there a requirement to pay (again). Producers are in effect paying a private tax on production.”–The practice of using renewal seeds dates back to ancient times, but Monsanto seeks to collect massive royalties and put an end to the practice. Why? Because Monsanto owns the very patent to the genetically modified seed, and is charging the farmers not only for the original crops, but the later harvests as well. Eventually, the royalties compound and many farmers begin to struggle with even keeping their farm afloat. It is for this reason that India slammed Monsanto with groundbreaking ‘bio-piracy’ charges in an effort to stop Monsanto from ‘patenting life’.–Jane Berwanger, a lawyer for the farmers who went on record regarding the case, told the Associated Press–“Monsanto gets paid when it sell the seeds. The law gives producers the right to multiply the seeds they buy and nowhere in the world is there a requirement to pay (again). Producers are in effect paying a private tax on production.”—The findings echo what thousands of farmers have experienced in particularly poor nations, where many of the farmers are unable to stand up to Monsanto. Back in 2008, the Daily Mail covered what is known as the ‘GM Genocide’, which is responsible for taking the lives of over 17,683 Indian farmers in 2009 alone. After finding that their harvests were failing and they started to enter economic turmoil, the farmers began ending their own lives — oftentimes drinking the very same insecticide that Monsanto provided them with.—As the information continues to surface on Monsanto’s crimes, further lawsuits will begin to take effect. After it was ousted in January that Monsanto was running illegal ‘slave-like’ working rings, more individuals became aware of just how seriously Monsanto seems to disregard their workers — so why would they care for the health of their consumers? In April, another group of farmers sued Monsanto for ‘knowingly poisoning’ workers and causing ‘devastating birth defects’.
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    Copper Can Protect Against Alzheimer’s Disease
    Feb. 15, 2013 — Researchers in The Birchall Centre at Keele University, Staffordshire, UK, have provided unequivocal evidence that under conditions which are approximately similar to those found in the brain, copper can only protect against beta amyloid forming beta sheets and as such it is highly unlikely that copper is directly involved in the formation of senile plaques in Alzheimer’s disease.–The research, published by Nature’s online journal Scientific Reports, may also imply that lower levels of copper in the brain may promote the mechanisms whereby beta amyloid is deposited as senile plaques in Alzheimer’s disease.–This research addressed the on-going question as to whether copper in the brain contributes to the formation of the senile plaques in Alzheimer’s disease. While previous research at Keele’s Birchall Centre pointed towards copper being potentially protective in preventing the protein beta amyloid from aggregating as beta sheets and forming senile plaques it had remained a controversial issue for some.
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    Gut Bacteria Linked to Cholesterol Metabolism
    Feb. 18, 2013 — Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, show that cholesterol metabolism is regulated by bacteria in the small intestine. These findings may be important for the development of new drugs for cardiovascular disease.–It is well established that cholesterol is the major risk factor for cardiovascular disease.[U1] Cholesterol — which is mainly synthesized in the body but also obtained from dietary sources — is converted to bile acids in the liver, which are then secreted into the intestine and either removed from the body or recycled back to the liver.–The influence of gut bacteria on human health and disease is a rapidly expanding research area. Fredrick Bäckhed’s research group is a leader in this field and is investigating how gut bacteria are linked to lifestyle diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. –In a study published in the journal Cell Metabolism, they show that gut bacteria reduce bile acid synthesis in the liver by signaling through a specific protein, known as the FXR receptor, in the small intestine. -‘Drugs that reduce cholesterol levels have, in recent years, greatly reduced deaths from cardiovascular disease. Our study is a step forward because we have shown how gut bacteria regulate the formation of bile acids from cholesterol’, says Sama Sayin, medical doctor and PhD student at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, and the study’s first author.-The FXR receptor not only affects cholesterol metabolism but is also involved in the body’s sugar and fat metabolism[U2] .-‘If future research can identify the specific bacteria that affect FXR signaling in the gut, this could lead to new ways to treat diabetes and cardiovascular disease’, says Fredrik Bäckhed, professor at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, who led the study.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Gothenburg, via AlphaGalileo.–Journal Reference–Fredrick Bäckhed et al. Gut Microbiota Regulates Bile Acid Metabolism by Reducing the Levels of Tauro-beta-muricholic Acid, a Naturally Occurring FXR Antagonist. Cell Metabolism, Volume 17, Issue 2, 225-235, 5 February 2013
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    Unidentified viral-fungal-like pathogen crosses into multiple kingdoms–Plant & Animal-Human.
     
    Following a 6 year approval battle, the USDA fully deregulated Monsanto’s Roundup Ready alfalfa in January 2011. A week later, they partially deregulated GM sugar beets. This occurred despite Secretary of Agriculture’s Tom Vilsack’s knowledge of a stark warning letter by Dr. Don M. Huber, Emeritus Professor of Plant Pathology, Purdue University two weeks prior, who found a link between the modified organisms and the proliferation of the new pathogen. Huber knew about its presence in Roundup Ready soy and corn and sought to hold off the GE alfalfa calling the situation an “emergency.”—Dr. Huber said “we don’t know what it is” – it’s a new entity first noticed by veterinarians in the late ’90s, new to science. It’s not a virus, although similar, actually smaller in size and like a fungus that spreads like a virus. It’s[U3] contained in Roundup Ready (RR) and Roundup sprayed plants and feed and bizarrely affects all farmland animals often with infertility and spontaneous abortions – an inter-species syndrome that could be the first of its kind. —So it’s not just a side-effect of endocrine-disrupting pesticides or transmission of genetic material[U4] – it’s a new pathogen the USDA ignored. There is increasing evidence it’s already affecting humans with infertility and reproductive problems, but the USDA filed the warning in the garbage.
    An excerpt from Huber’s letter–We are informing the USDA of our findings at this early stage, specifically due to your pending decision regarding approval of alfalfa. Naturally, if either the Roundup Ready gene or Roundup itself is a promoter or co-factor of this pathogen, then such approval could be a calamity[U5] .—For the past 40 years, I have been a scientist in the professional and military agencies that evaluate and prepare for natural and manmade biological threats, including germ warfare and disease outbreaks. Based on this experience, I believe the threat we are facing from this pathogen is unique and of a high risk status. In layman’s terms, it should be treated as an emergency. –Please read more about Huber’s discovery and the fallout from Mike Ludwig of Occupy Monsanto.—So far, it appears the White House and even the Supreme Court continue turning a blind eye to any indication that this new pathogen could be harmful to plants or humans[U6] . Even in the light of studies that have shown the “micro-fungus” is present in a “wide variety” of livestock suffering from infertility and spontaneous abortions at a rate as high as 45% above average. (Occupy Monsanto)—-just icing on the cake, studies have indicated that the use of RR crops leads to an increased use of the pesticide Roundup which is reported to have a deadly impact on DNA. So, with the danger involved we have to wonder: Why the rush, when even farmers have come forward to say that weeds aren’t really that big of a problem in alfalfa? Why should we be exposed to untested pathogens, unneeded alterations to crops and increased use of deadly pesticides? More leading researchers are taking a stand and asking the same questions, and there are conflicts of interest within the USDA touched on below.
    This struggle against GMOs broke new ground by being the first case to make it to the Supreme Court. Filed in 2005, the suit led initially to an injunction prohibiting sales of RR alfalfa. The initial concern was cross-pollination (contamination). A warning letter to that effect was sent to Vilsack around the time of Huber’s letter by Center for Food Safety.—During the hearing, Justice Antonin Scalia made it clear that he views GMO contamination, or cross-pollination, in a much different light.—This isn’t contamination of the New York City water supply – It’s the creation of plants of–of genetically engineered alfalfa which spring up that otherwise wouldn’t exist. It doesn’t even destroy the current plantings of non-genetically engineered alfalfa. This is not the end of the world. It really isn’t.[U7] —No, it only affects human life and the entire eco-system.—Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Chairwoman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, issued a statement of support for deregulation, but said flaws in the current regulatory system need to be addressed.—I applaud the USDA’s decision to deregulate Roundup Ready alfalfa, giving growers the green light to begin planting an abundant, affordable and safe crop – While I’m glad this decision was guided by sound science, I’m concerned that USDA’s process creates too much uncertainty for our growers. Alfalfa was one of nearly two dozen genetically modified crops awaiting USDA evaluation and approval–a bottlenecked process that hinders growth and progress.—Why the blind rush? It might be unsurprising to find out the major conflicts of interest. Tom Vilsack’s are described in the Dr. Huber interview below. Additionally, after knowledge of the GE alfalfa deregulation, committee Chairman Frank Lucas (R-Oklahoma) said:–I am pleased that USDA used sound science and respected the limit of its statutory authority to make this decision.—His idea of USDA “sound science” comes with a price-tag. Mike Ludwig reported in 2011: Monsanto was one of the top contributors to Lucas’s campaign committee in 2010. A political action committee and individuals associated with Monsanto donated $11,000 to his campaign last year, and Lucas has received $1,247,844 from the agribusiness industry during his political career, according to watchdog site http://www.opensecrets.org.
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    Neurotoxins in Your Chocolate Milk!!!!
    This is a time when the the public has an opportunity to materially affect how they, the consumers, may protect their own health and that of their offspring for generations to come. In that respect the timer is running down and anyone who consumes milk might want to see what the milk producers have planned.—The17 other dairy products on the hit list include acidified milk, cultured milk, sweetened condensed milk, nonfat dry milk, nonfat dry milk fortified with vitamins A and D, evaporated milk, dry cream, heavy cream, light cream, light whipping cream, sour cream, acidified sour cream, yogurt, low-fat yogurt, and non-fat yogurt[U8] .—To summarize the corporate petition, the IDFA and NMPF (International Dairy Foods Association and the National Milk Producers Federation) have petitioned the FDA to seek approval to allow optional characterizing flavoring ingredients used in milk (e.g., chocolate flavoring added to milk) to be sweetened with any safe and suitable sweetener–including non-nutritive sweeteners such as aspartame.[1[U9] ] The Federal Register has the petition listed on their website where it can be viewed and comments can be posted–The proposed amendments to the milk standard of identity would be to promote more healthy eating practices, reduce childhood obesity as well as to promote honesty and fair dealing in the marketplace, so they say[U10] . —A more likely scenario is that by using aspartame to flavor the dairy products their costs will be lowered and their profits will increase. Buyers beware.Without doubt, the petitioners are using childhood obesity as the talking point to sell the idea of using the cheap but toxic aspartame as the sweetener or flavoring in dairy products. While the idea of more healthy eating habits and a reduction in childhood obesity are obviously good ideas, using additional aspartame in the food chain is counter-productive and dangerous. The diets of Americans and their children in particular, are already loaded with the substance[U11] .—We should be concerned!! with the study that was done by the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio which showed adverse health effects to people who consumed aspartame flavored diet drinks. [2] The study suggested that instead of fighting obesity and its associated hazards, the use of aspartame might actually contribute to the conditions. Honesty and fair dealing would necessarily preclude adding even more aspartame to our diets. Right off, that alone is reason enough to question their motives, however, there is more.—Professor E. Pretorius, P. Humphries and H. Naudé, reported several disturbing observations concerning aspartame consumption in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.—Methanol, which forms 10% of the broken down product, is converted in the body to formate, which can either be excreted or can give rise to formaldehyde, diketopiperazine (a carcinogen) and a number of other highly toxic derivatives. Previously, it has been reported that consumption of aspartame could cause neurological and behavioural disturbances in sensitive individuals. Headaches, insomnia and seizures are also some of the neurological effects that have been encountered, and these may be accredited to changes in regional brain concentrations of catecholamines, which include norepinephrine, epinephrine and dopamine. The aim of this study was to discuss the direct and indirect cellular effects of aspartame on the brain, and we propose that excessive aspartame ingestion might be involved in the pathogenesis of certain mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR 2000) and also in compromised learning and emotional functioning. [3]—-Perhaps the longest on-going study on the deleterious effects of aspartame consumption has been that of Woodrow Monte, PhD, Professor Emeritus of Food Science and Nutrition at Arizona State University. His 30-year research has established direct links between aspartame and several diseases, particularly the diseases of civilization such as heart disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s. Dr. Monte’s studies center on the methanol-formaldehyde toxicity paradigm with compelling evidence. In his book, While Science Sleeps, Monte explains how he considers methanol a medical Trojan Horse.—Until 200 years ago, methanol was an extremely rare component of the human diet and is still rarely consumed in contemporary hunter and gatherer cultures. With the invention of canning in the 1800s, canned and bottled fruits and vegetables, whose methanol content greatly exceeds that of their fresh counterparts, became far more prevalent. The recent dietary introduction of aspartame, an artificial sweetener 11% methanol by weight, has also greatly increased methanol consumption. Moreover, methanol is a major component of cigarette smoke, known to be a causative agent of many diseases of civilization (DOC). Conversion to formaldehyde in organs other than the liver is the principal means by which methanol may cause disease. The known sites of class I alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH I), the only human enzyme capable of metabolizing methanol to formaldehyde, correspond to the sites of origin for many DOC.—Dr. Monte has also compiled a list of 745 other studies showing that aspartame is indeed a very dangerous substance when consumed by humans. [4]–Numerous other researchers have consistently found damaging evidence linking aspartame and formaldehyde via the methanol component of aspartame. Rich Murray, MA, has also compiled a list of respected studies. [5]—A study included in that list by C. Trocho et al, reports the following-Formaldehyde derived from dietary aspartame binds to tissue components in vivo. It clearly demonstrates cellular persistence and accumulation, or in layman’s terms, that formaldehyde can remain and accumulate in the body. It is absolutely established that formaldehyde converted from the methyl ester in aspartame embalms living tissue and damages DNA. [6]—Virtually all non-industry research shows that aspartame should never be consumed by humans. If this amendment is passed the mission of the FDA would be compromised and public health will be endangered.—A small window of opportunity exists for concerned citizens to exercise a degree of self-defense in dietary matters for themselves and for the health of their children; May 21, 2013, is the last day for public comments on the issue of allowing aspartame to be used in a wide range of diary products.
    [1]Federal Register via the Government Printing Office ([www.gpo.gov] FR Doc No: 2013-03835
    [2] Waistlines in People, Glucose Levels in Mice Hint at Sweeteners’ Effects: Related Studies Point to the Illusion of the Artificial, Science Daily.
    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110627183944.htm
    [3] European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2008) 62, 451–462; doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602866; a review, published online 8 August 2007.
    http://macaulay.cuny.edu/eportfolios/liu10/files/2010/09/Direct-and-Indirect-Cellular-Effects-of-Aspartame-On-The-Brain.pdf
    [4] 745 References, by Woodrow C. Monte, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Food Science and Nutrition, Arizona State University.
    References
    [5] 13 Mainstream Research Studiesin 24 months showing Aspartame Toxicity, also 3 Relevant Studieson Methanol and Formaldehyde Research, by Rich Murray, MA.
    http://www.mpwhi.com/13_aspartame_research_studies.htm
    [6] Formaldehyde Derived from Dietary Aspartame Binds to Tissue Components in vivo., Elsevier, Life Sciences, Vol.63, No.5, pp. 337-349, 199.8
    http://www.mpwhi.com/formaldehyde_from_aspartame.pdf
    – See more at: http://www.globalresearch.ca/neurotoxins-in-your-chocolate-milk/5325038?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=neurotoxins-in-your-chocolate-milk&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter#sthash.pTm2UhX4.dpuf
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    These Substances may Detoxify Methanol
    Amino Acids-
    Cysteine may detoxify Methanol-
    N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) may reduce the toxicity of Methanol in the Brain.
    Enzymes–Alcohol Dehydrogenase facilitates the detoxification of Methanol within the Liver (it catalyzes the conversion of Methanol to Formaldehyde).
    Vitamins
    Folic Acid may reduce the toxicity of Methanol. Degradation of Formic Acid (Methanol’s ultimate metabolic end-product) is dependent on adequate Folic Acid. Persons who are deficient in Folic Acid may experience more severe symptoms of Methanol toxicity due to increased accumulation of Formic Acid in the body. references
    Vitamin C may accelerate the conversion of Methanol to Formaldehyde and may reduce body movement abnormalities caused by Methanol. references
    Vitamin E may inhibit the ability of Methanol to damage the Liver.
    A 10% ethanol solution administered intravenously is a safe and effective antidote for severe methanol poisoning– Ethanol as antidote
    Competitively blocks the formation of toxic metabolites in toxic alcohol ingestions by having a higher affinity for the enzyme Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH). Its chief application is in methanol and ethylene glycol ingestions, although it has been used with other toxic alcohols. Ethanol is now regarded as the second choice antidote in those countries with access to the specific ADH blocker
    **********************************************************************************
    Aspartame Toxicity is Misdiagnosed
     
    Frequently, aspartame toxicity is misdiagnosed as a specific disease. This has yet to be reported in the scientific literature, yet it has been reported countless times to independent organizations and scientists (Mission Possible 1994, Stoddard 1995). In other cases, it has been reported that chronic aspartame ingestion has triggered or worsened certain chronic illnesses. Nearly 100% of the time, the patient and physician assume that these worsening conditions are simply a normal progression of the illness. Sometimes that may be the case, but many times it is chronic aspartame poisoning. According to researchers and physicians studying the adverse effects of aspartame, the following list contains a selection of chronic illnesses which may be caused or worsened by the chronic, long-term ingestion of aspartame. (Mission Possible 1994, Stoddard
    1995)*:
     
    Brain tumors Multiple sclerosis
    Epilepsy Chronic fatigue syndrome
    Parkinson’s Disease Alzheimer’s
    Mental retardation Lymphoma
    Birth defects Fibromyalgia
    Diabetes Arthritis (including Rheumatoid)
    Chemical Sensitivities Attention Deficit Disorder
     
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    What follows is a listing of the adverse health effects which were found
     
    # of
    people (%)
    Eye
    – Decreased vision and/or other eye problems 140 (25%)
    (blurring, “bright flashes,” tunnel vision)
    – Pain (or or both eyes) 51 (9%)
    – Decreased tears, trouble with contact lens, 46 (8%)
    or both
    – Blindness (one or both eyes) 14 (3%)
     
    Ear
    – Tinnitus (“ringing,” “buzzing”) 73 (13%)
    – Severe intolerance for noise 47 (9%)
    – Marked impairment of hearing 25 (5%)
     
    Neurologic
    – Headaches 249 (45%)
    – Dizziness, unsteadiness, or both 217 (39%)
    – Confusion, memory loss, or both 157 (29%)
    – Severe drowsiness and sleepiness 93 (17%)
    – Paresthesias (“pins and needles,” “tingling”) 82 (15%)
    or numbness of the limbs
    – Convulsions (grand mal epileptic attacks) 80 (15%)
    – Petit mal attacks and “absences” 18 (3%)
    – Severe slurring of speech 64 (12%)
    – Severe tremors 51 (9%)
    – Severe “hyperactivity” and “restless legs” 43 (8%)
    – Atypical facial pain 38 (7%)
     
    Psychologic-Psychiatric
    – Severe depression 139 (25%)
    – “Extreme irritability” 125 (23%)
    – “Severe anixiety attacks” 105 (19%)
    – “Marked personality changes” 88 (16%)
    – Recent “severe insomnia” 76 (14%)
    – “Severe aggravation of phobias” 41 (7%)
     
    Chest
    – Palpitations, tachycardia (rapid heart action), 88 (16%)
    of both
    – “Shortness of breath” 54 (10%)
    – Atypical chest pain 44 (8%)
    – Recent hypertension (high blood pressure) 34 (6%)
     
    Gastrointestinal
    – Nausea 79 (14%)
    – Diarrhea 70 (13%)
    Associated gross blood in the stools (12)
    – Abdominal pain 70 (13%)
    – Pain on swallowing 28 (5%)
     
    Skin and Allergies
    – Severe itching without a rash 44 (8%)
    – Severe lip and mouth reactions 29 (5%)
    – Urticaria (hives) 25 (5%)
    – Other eruptions 48 (9%)
    – Aggravation of respiratory allergies 10 (2%)
     
    Endocrine and Metabolic
    – Problems with diabetes: loss of control; 60 (11%)
    precipitation of clinical diabetes;
    aggravation or simulation of diabetic
    complications
    – Menstrual changes 45 (6%)
    Severe reduction or cessation of periods (22)
    – Paradoxic weight gain 34 (5%)
    – Marked weight loss 26 (6%)
    – Marked thinning or loss of the hair 32 (6%)
    – Aggravated hypoglycemia (low blood sugar 25 (5%)
    attacks)
     
    Other
    – Frequency of voiding (day and night), burning 69 (13%)
    on urination (dysuria), or both
    – Excessive thirst 65 (12%)
    – Severe joint pains 58 (11%)
    – “Bloat” 57 (10%)
    – Fluid retention and leg swelling 20 (4%)
    – Increased susceptibility to infection 7 (1%)
     
    ***************************************************************************
    · Airway and lungs
    o Breathing difficulty
    o No breathing
    · Eyes
    o Blindness
    o Blurred vision
    o Dilation of the pupils
    · Heart and blood
    o Convulsions
    o Low blood pressure
    · Nervous system
    o Agitated behavior
    o Coma
    o Dizziness
    o Headache
    o Seizures
    · Skin and nails
    o Bluish-colored lips and fingernails
    · Stomach and intestines
    o Abdominal pain (severe)
    o Diarrhea
    o Liver function problems
    o Nausea
    o Pancreatitis
    o Vomiting
    · Other
    o Fatigue
    o Leg cramps
    o Weakness

    #2658
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    Recent Independent Aspartame Research Results & News
    (1998 – 2007)
    The results of recent independent research continue the trend of research not funded by the manufacturer finding serious problems with aspartame ingestion. Details about other independent research demonstrating the hazards of aspartame ingestion can be found in the Aspartame FAQs and Aspartame Scientific Abuse web pages.
    Table of Contents
    Analysis Shows Nearly 100% of Independent Research Finds Problems With Aspartame
    Aspartame Ingestion Causes Formaldehyde Accumulation in the Body
    Aspartame and MSG Cause Painful Fibromyalgia Symptoms
    Aspartame and Brain Tumors (Swedish Study)
    Aspartame Causes Memory Loss
    Aspartame and Lymphomas / Leukemias / Kidney & Peripheral Nerve Cancer
    Aspartame and Weight Gain
    Aspartame and Combined Toxicity from Formaldehyde & Excitotoxins
    12 Environmental Health Experts Call for Aspartame Review and Possible Ban
    Analysis Shows Nearly 100% of Independent Research Finds Problems With Aspartame
    An analysis of peer reviewed medical literature using MEDLINE and other databases was conducted by Ralph G. Walton, MD, Chairman, The Center for Behavioral Medicine, Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine. Dr. Walton analyzed 164 studies which were felt to have relevance to human safety questions. Of those studies, 74 studies had aspartame industry-related sponsorship and 90 were funded without any industry money.
    Of the 90 non-industry-sponsored studies, 83 (92%) identified one or more problems with aspartame. Of the 7 studies which did not find a problems, 6 of those studies were conducted by the FDA. Given that a number of FDA officials went to work for the aspartame industry immediately following approval (including the former FDA Commissioner), many consider these studies to be equivalent to industry-sponsored research.
    Of the 74 aspartame industry-sponsored studies, all 74 (100%) claimed that no problems were found with aspartame. This is reminiscent of tobacco industry research where it is primarily the tobacco research which never finds problems with the product, but nearly all of the independent studies do find problems.
    The 74 aspartame industry-sponsored studies are those which one inveriably sees cited in PR/news reports and reported by organizations funded by Monsanto/Benevia/NutraSweet (e.g., IFIC, ADA). These studies have severe design deficiencies which help to guarantee the “desired” outcomes. These design deficiencies may not be apparent to the inexperienced scientist. Healthcare practitioners and scientists should print out the all of the documents on the Monsanto/NutraSweet Scientific Abuse web page, the Scientific FAQs web page and the Aspartame Toxicity Reaction Report Samples. Please refer scientific questions to [email protected]
    Aspartame Ingestion Causes Formaldehyde Accumulation in the Body
    Excerpt from:
    Trocho, C., et al., 1998. “Formaldehyde Derived From Dietary Aspartame Vinds to Tissue Components in vivo,” Life Sciences, Vol. 63, No. 5, pp. 337+, 1998
    “These are indeed extremely high levels for adducts of formaldehyde, a substance responsible for chronic deleterious effects that has also been considered carcinogenic.
    ….
    “It is concluded that aspartame consumption may constitute a hazard because of its contribution to the formation of formaldehyde adducts.”
    “It was a very interesting paper, that demonstrates that formaldehyde formation from aspartame ingestion is very common and does indeed accumulate within the cell, reacting with cellular proteins (mostly enzymes) and DNA (both mitochondrial and nuclear). The fact that it accumulates with each dose, indicates grave consequences among those who consume diet drinks and foodstuffs on a daily basis.” (Neuroscientist Russell Blaylock, MD)
    Aspartame and MSG Cause Painful Fibromyalgia Symptoms
    Ann Pharmacother 2001 Jun;35(6):702-6
    Relief of fibromyalgia symptoms following discontinuation of dietary excitotoxins.
    Smith JD, Terpening CM, Schmidt SO, Gums JG. Malcolm Randall Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common rheumatologic disorder that is often difficult to treat effectively. CASE SUMMARY: Four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome for two to 17 years are described. All had undergone multiple treatment modalities with limited success. All had complete, or nearly complete, resolution of their symptoms within months after eliminating monosodium glutamate (MSG) or MSG plus aspartame from their diet. All patients were women with multiple comorbidities prior to elimination of MSG. All have had recurrence of symptoms whenever MSG is ingested. DISCUSSION: Excitotoxins are molecules, such as MSG and aspartate, that act as excitatory neurotransmitters, and can lead to neurotoxicity when used in excess. We propose that these four patients may represent a subset of fibromyalgia syndrome that is induced or exacerbated by excitotoxins or, alternatively, may comprise an excitotoxin syndrome that is similar to fibromyalgia. We suggest that identification of similar patients and research with larger numbers of patients must be performed before definitive conclusions can be made. CONCLUSIONS: The elimination of MSG and other excitotoxins from the diets of patients with fibromyalgia offers a benign treatment option that has the potential for dramatic results in a subset of patients. PMID: 11408989
    Aspartame and Brain Tumors
    A published study in Sweden that looked at various possible causes of brain tumors (e.g., cell phones, aspartame) found a link between use of diet drinks and certain types of large brain tumors in middle-aged and elderly population groups. http://www.medscape.com/MedGenMed/braintumors
    Aspartame Causes Memory Loss
    Title: DANGEROUS DIET DRINKS.
    Subject(s): ASPARTAME — Physiological effect; NONNUTRITIVE sweeteners
    Side effects; MEMORY
    Source: Psychology Today, Mar/Apr 2001, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p20, 2/5p
    Section: [Nutrition] Facts&Findings
    MIND DANGEROUS DIET DRINKS
    CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT YOU HAD FOR LUNCH?
    WHAT YOU ATE OR DRANK MIGHT BE THE REASON.
    New research suggests that the artificial sweetener aspartame may actually go to your head.
    By Peter Rebhahn
    Anecdotal evidence that aspartame disrupts memory has been growing since the sugar substitute was approved in the early 1980s, though attempts to prove the claim have so far been equivocal. Previous studies have tested memory by asking aspartame users to remember lists of words or numbers– tests of short-term memory. But according to Timothy M. Barth, Ph.D., a psychology professor at Texas Christian University, those studies focused on the wrong type of memory.
    In his study of 90 students, Barth found that participants who regularly drank diet sodas containing aspartame performed as well as nonusers on laboratory tests. However, aspartame users were more likely to report long-term memory lapses like forgetting details of personal routines or whether or not a task had been completed.
    “These people aren’t crazy,” says Barth. Instead, “the type of memory problems they report are not the type of memories that have been assessed in the typical laboratory study.”
    After reporting his findings at a recent Society for Neuroscience meeting, Barth cautioned that he thinks it’s premature to condemn aspartame. But he does worry about the largely untested effects of long-term use. Already, he has made some converts. “Several of my graduate students who drank diet soda no longer do.”
    Aspartame and Lymphomas / Leukemias
    A long-term study linking aspartame ingestion to lymphomas and leukemias in animals. The full study can be read at: http://www.ramazzini.it/fondazione/docs/AspartameGEO2005.pdf. Neurosurgeon Russell Blaylock M.D. commented: “The new study released in the European Journal of Oncology by Morando Soffritti and co-workers should terrify mothers and all those consuming aspartame sweetened products. This was a carefully done study which clearly demonstrated a statistically significant increase in several types of lymphomas and leukemias in rats. Both of these malignancies have increased significantly in this country since the widespread use of aspartame.
    “This study confirmed the previous study by Dr. Trocho and co-workers, which also found the formaldehyde breakdown product of aspartame to be damaging to cellular DNA and that this damage was accumulative. The type of damage was a duplicate of that associated with cancers. Along with this most recent study, this means that drinking a single diet cola sweetened with aspartame every day could increase one’s risk of developing a lymphoma or leukemia.
    “They also found an increased incidence of malignant brain tumors, even though it was not statistically significant. This does not mean there is no association to brain tumors, since only the animals exposed to aspartame developed the tumors. With children and pregnant women drinking the largest amount of diet colas, this puts their children at the greatest risk of developing one of these horrible diseases. Their study found that even low doses of aspartame could cause these malignancies; yet, the higher the dose, the more cancers that were seen.”
    A followup study was published in Environmental Health Perspectives showing that there was a significant increase in cancer of the kidney and peripheral nerves. The full published study can be found in PDF format at: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2005/8711/8711.pdf.
    Aspartame and Weight Gain
    A study conducted at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center reported a “41% increase in risk of being overweight for every can or bottle of diet soft drink a person consumes each day.” The findings come from eight years of collecting data by Sharon P. Fowler, MPH and colleagues. The results of the study was reported at the 65th Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association in San Diet on June 10-14, 2005 (Abstract 1058-P). While this study, by itself, does not prove that aspartame causes weight gain, it adds to the evidence seen in independent research. For example, a study conducted by Dr. H.J. Roberts found that 5% of subjects reporting symptoms from aspartame also reported a “paridoxic weight gain.” (Reactions Attributed to Aspartame-Containing Products: 551 Cases,” Journal of Applied Nutrition, Volume 40, page 85-94). Lavin found that females with eating restraint had a higher Calorie intake subsequent to aspartame intake as opposed to sugar or water intake. (Lavin, J.H., S.J. French, N.W. Read, 1997. “The Effect of Sucrose- and Aspartame-Sweetened Drinks on Energy Intake, Hunger and Food Choice of Female, Moderately Restrained Eaters,” International Journal of Obesity, Volume 21, pages 37-42, 1997.)
    Aspartame and Combined Toxicity from Formaldehyde & Excitotoxins
    A study published in Toxicology (2005 Jun 1; 210(2-3): 235-45. “Cytotoxic effect of formaldehyde with free radicals via increment of cellular reactive oxygen species.”) by Saito and colleagues demonstrates that formaldehyde is much more toxic to cells when free radical levels are increased. As has been demonstrated by Trocho, et al. in 1998, aspartame ingestion leads to the significant exposure to and accumulation of formaldehyde adducts in the organs and tissues. In addition, 40% of aspartame breaks down into an excitotoxic amino acid. As Neuroscientist Russell Blaylock points out, “Excitotoxins destroy neurons partly by stimulating the generation of large numbers of free radicals.”
     
    12 Environmental Health Experts Call for Aspartame Review and Possible Ban
    Excerpt:
    SCIENCE VOL 317 6 JULY 2007 page 31
    Souring on Fake Sugar
    Fearful it causes cancer, 12 U.S. environmental health experts last week asked the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to review the potential health risks of the artificial sweetener aspartame, which appears in everything from medicines to diet sodas.
    A study published last month in Environmental Health Perspectives found somewhat more leukaemias and lymphomas in male rats receiving less aspartame than the recommended maximum for humans; at higher doses, the rats had a marked increase in cancers throughout the body.
    The letter from the 12 U.S. environmental health experts can be found at:
    http://cspinet.org/new/pdf/aspartame_letter_to_fda.pdf.
     
    TOP A
    [U1]Again this report is outdated and should be re evaluated—cholesterol does not affect heart issues unless it is excessively damaged and if one is consuming a huge amount of grain or grain byproduct or sugar
    [U2]Key issue here—the whole crux of the body’s sugar and cholesterol management is tied to a healthy colon
    [U3]Morgellons?? A fungus spreading like a virus—food sabotage??—possible bio warfare??? Something to consider
    [U4]Birth Control through Genetics?? Now consider this –if life begats life and you have something being utilized to curtail the life force or life creating—then what happens to the host or to the people who have a reproductive system?? If the reproductive system becomes compromised then you start to age and die —this would appear to speed up the process
    [U5]Gov’t’s have investments tied up into the bio tech sector—imagine the fiscal loss
    [U6]Just a thought here —could we be somehow being taking over by an invader of some kind—does this not wreak of an invasion—a means to cause biological death—something I would induce to an enemy or even something I wanted removed from an environment—as if it were a cockroach or other bug?? Just a thought
    [U7]A Judge making this assertion would like to know where this judge studied genetics??
    [U8]This is a direct affront on foods people eat and what they can afford—these dairy products are going to be contaminated with this “ Ant Neurol Toxin” into the food supply and should be aware this will increase health issue across the USA and Canada—so either stock pile—have a cow or goat you can milk
    [U9]Look at the wording here—it is thrown together in such a way that one may think aspartame is acceptable when it is
    [U10]Another misguided attempt to sway people with the nonsense of health and promotion of health—look at the appearance again—nothing here about health or benefit by adding Ant Poison to food
    [U11]This is called Double speech where you say one thing and mean the opposite—-the idea of being concerned over the health of the offspring as the excuse and then turning them around to be poisoned with ant poison is a bit contradictory—and observing this behavior is something that has become all to prevalent —the double speech here is about attacking the youth to further their demise mentally
     
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    TOP B
    HOME
     
    Show of the Month March 16 2013
    Food crisis needed for Europe to accept GM
     
    Walking Away from Back Pain
    Human cancer cell antiproliferative and antioxidant activities of Juglans regia L
    Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score -DIAAS — New protein quality method provides important information on sustainable diet
    Health and Fitness Series–The Weaponization of Sugar, Salt, and Fat
     
    Recipe for High Levels of Several Toxic Metals Found in Children With Autism
     
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    Food crisis needed for Europe to accept GM
     
    US government adviser—It will take a food security crisis to make European consumers recognise the need for genetically modified (GM) food, warns a senior US government adviser[U1] –Bobo, senior biotechnology adviser to the US State Department, told a Chartered Institute of Marketing seminar in London yesterday (February -It will take a crisis to make everyone [in Europe]see the point of GM-There will be a move from not liking GM [food technology] to requiring it[U2] . That was the worst possible outcome but, unfortunately, it was also the most likely outcome In his lecture[U3] – Can agriculture save the world before it destroys it? – Bobo argued that GM food technology was vital to safeguard food security, economic security and national security[U4] . GM techniques could deliver improved yields and nutrition while reducing the use of pesticides, greenhouse gas emissions, water use and soil erosion, he said-Peak child’ [U5] As the global population was predicted to reach more than 9bn by 2050, the benefits of GM could no longer be ignored in an increasingly hungry world. Since the world had now reached ‘peak child’ [the highest number of children there will ever be]the decisions made between now and 2050 would be the most important [food] decisions that will ever be taken. Either we cut down more forest, or do it [agriculture in a more sustainable way than at present-Feeding up to 9bn people will require the world to produce as much food as in the previous 10,000 years[U6] , he said. To do that will require the best of different technologies, including organic techniques such as minimum cultivations to save water, plus conventional farming and GM, he said But such an eclectic approach to food production would require more effective dialogue between people with opposing views, he added.“We need to move from protest to conversation-[U7] No single technology supplied all the answers to meeting the challenge of increased food production. For example, biotechnology “isn’t going to solve climate change or food security by itself No exportable surplus food’ But adopting solely organic farming would severely limit yield[U8] , he said. -If the US were all organic, we would have no exportable surplus food. We would have enough food for the US, but there would be repercussions For[U9] example, Europe depended on food imports – particularly from Brazil. While Europe had the right to decide its own food policy – such as to reject GM production – it should be aware of “the consequences of those choices” both at home and for trade partners, he said.“The extra land mass outside the continent-needed to feed Europe is about the size of Germany. This is the consequence of technology choices- Bobo also highlighted the need to understand that agricultural exports involved not just food but the water used to produce it-;“When we ship steak to Europe, we also ship the embedded water used to make it -he said. “70% of all the world’s fresh water goes to agriculture- Meanwhile, Nestlé boss Paul Bulcke, speaking earlier this week at the City Food Lecture,&nbsp;urged industry, government and other stakeholders to act decisively to mitigate the massive food shortages.-“It is anticipated that there will be up to 30% shortfalls in global cereal production by 2030 due to “http://www.foodmanufacture.co.uk/World-News/Nestle-boss-praises-higher-food-prices-and-speculation&#8221; water scarcity said Bulcke.“This is a loss equivalent to the entire grain crops of India and the-“http://i.trkjmp.com/click?v=Q0E6MzI1MjQ6MTc0OnVuaXRlZDpiMjkwNDJlYTNiMjM4YjU2OTM3NDBhZWY0MjM1MWU2Mzp6LTEzMzUtMTQ3Mzc2Ond3dy5mb29kbWFudWZhY3R1cmUuY28udWs6MzEyNjU6MDRiYjRjNjM3N2QyZTY2ZTU2MDIzYWZiYjVjZWJlOGY&#8221; Demographics:“The number of children in the world today will never be greater than it is now. We have reached ‘peak child’.”–Organic “In general, organic agriculture produces about one-third less than conventional agriculture. But it can produce more of some products [such as fruit]”Trade: “European [food] choices affect agriculture in Brazil, because it’s the biggest exporter to Europe. Europe has the right to make its own food choices but it must be aware of the consequences of those choices.”Science:“Science and technology are considered to be bad but they have helped us reach where we are today.”–US food production: “The goal is not for the US to feed the world but for the world to feed itself. Not for us to give food to Africa forever but to help farmers before food crises happen.”
     
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    Walking Away from Back Pain
     
    Lower back pain is a common complaint, and treatment often requires many hours of physical therapy over multiple weekly clinic visits — a costly commitment. —Mar. 5, 2013 — Lower back pain is a common complaint, and treatment often requires many hours of physical therapy over multiple weekly clinic visits — a costly commitment. Now Dr. Michal Katz-Leurer of Tel Aviv University’s Stanley Steyer School of Health Professions at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine says that a simple aerobic walking program is as effective in alleviating lower back pain as muscle strengthening programs that require specialized equipment in rehabilitation clinics. The program includes walking two to three times a week for a period of 20 to 40 minutes.–Dr. Katz-Leurer and her colleague Ilana Shnayderman, a graduate student at the Department of Physical Therapy and a practicing physiotherapist at Maccabi Health Care, say that their treatment option fits easily into a daily routine and allows those with back pain to be more responsible for their own health.–Their study was published in the journal Clinical Rehabilitation.
    A simple solution—According to Dr. Katz-Leurer, research has shown that when people walk actively, abdominal and back muscles work in much the same way as when they complete exercises that target these areas. And unlike muscle strengthening programs, which often call for specific equipment and can involve exercises that require expert supervision, walking is a simple activity that can be done alone.–For the study, the researchers recruited 52 patients with lower back pain to participate in a randomized control trial. Through questionnaires, they were initially assessed for pain levels, feelings of disability, and avoidance of daily activities, as well as muscle and walking endurance.—-Then, half of the participants completed a typical clinic-based muscle strengthening program, with two to three exercise sessions a week for six weeks. The other half completed a six-week aerobic walking program, walking two to three times weekly. Participants started with 20 minutes of walking, then progressed to 40 minutes as their endurance improved.—-Results showed that both groups improved significantly in all areas of assessment, demonstrating that the walking program was “as effective as treatment that could have been received in the clinic,” says Dr. Katz-Leurer.
    The path to a healthier lifestyle—Dr. Katz-Leurer says that the walking program has the additional advantage of encouraging patients to follow a healthier lifestyle overall. In terms of physical fitness, those in the walking group were able to walk an average of 0.05 miles farther during a six-minute walking test at the end of the program compared to the pre-program assessments.—She also notes that that regularly active people are less likely to suffer typical aches and pains over their lifetime. Walking, a low-impact activity, also lowers blood pressure, boosts brain and immune system functioning, and reduces stress, she says. Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Friends of Tel Aviv University. —Journal Reference—I. Shnayderman, M. Katz-Leurer. An aerobic walking programme versus muscle strengthening programme for chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 2012; 27 (3): 207 DOI: 10.1177/0269215512453353
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    Human cancer cell antiproliferative and antioxidant activities of Juglans regia L.-Walnuts-leaf seed-and skin
    Carvalho M, Ferreira PJ, Mendes VS, Silva R, Pereira JA, Jerónimo C, Silva BM.
    Source–CEBIMED, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal. [email protected]
    Several studies suggest that regular consumption of nuts, mostly walnuts, may have beneficial effects against oxidative stress mediated diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Walnuts contain several phenolic compounds which are thought to contribute to their biological properties. The present study reports the total phenolic contents and antioxidant properties of methanolic and petroleum ether extracts obtained from walnut (Juglans regia L.) seed, green husk and leaf. The total phenolic contents were determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method and the antioxidant activities assessed by the ability to quench the stable free radical 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and to inhibit the 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidative hemolysis of human erythrocytes. Methanolic seed extract presented the highest total phenolic content (116 mg GAE/g of extract) and DPPH scavenging activity (EC(50) of 0.143 mg/mL), followed by leaf and green husk. In petroleum ether extracts, antioxidant action was much lower or absent. Under the oxidative action of AAPH, all methanolic extracts significantly protected the erythrocyte membrane from hemolysis in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, although leaf extract inhibitory efficiency was much stronger (IC(50) of 0.060 mg/mL) than that observed for green husks and seeds (IC(50) of 0.127 and 0.121 mg/mL, respectively). Walnut methanolic extracts were also assayed for their antiproliferative effectiveness using human renal cancer cell lines A-498 and 769-P and the colon cancer cell line Caco-2. All extracts showed concentration-dependent growth inhibition toward human kidney and colon cancer cells. Concerning A-498 renal cancer cells, all extracts exhibited similar growth inhibition activity (IC(50) values between 0.226 and 0.291 mg/mL), while for both 769-P renal and Caco-2 colon cancer cells, walnut leaf extract showed a higher antiproliferative efficiency (IC(50) values of 0.352 and 0.229 mg/mL, respectively) than green husk or seed extracts. The results obtained herein strongly indicate that walnut tree constitute an excellent source of effective natural antioxidants and chemopreventive agents.
    Reciepe—take the leaf of the Walnut tree and make a extract out of using a blender or allow to sit in a alcohol solution for several weeks—then use the extract as needed in small increments due to the potency—-
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    Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score -DIAAS –New protein quality method provides important information on sustainable diet
    New method confirms the high bioavailability of dairy proteins and their ability to complement other proteins by being a rich source of dietary essential amino acids
    Rosemont, IL (February 27, 2013) – A groundbreaking report by an Expert Consultation of the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO) has recommended a new, advanced method for assessing the quality of dietary proteins.—The report, “Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition”, recommends that the Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score (DIAAS) replace the Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS) as the preferred method of measuring protein quality. The report recommends that more data be developed to support full implementation, but in the interim, protein quality should be calculated using DIAAS values derived from fecal crude protein digestibility data. Under the current PDCAAS method, values are “truncated” to a maximum score of 1.00, even if scores derived are higher.—Protein is vital to support the health and well-being of human populations. However, not all proteins are alike as they vary according to their origin (animal, vegetable), their individual amino acid composition and their level of amino acid bioactivity. “High quality proteins” are those that are readily digestible and contain the dietary essential amino acids in quantities that correspond to human requirements.—“Over the next 40 years, 3 billion people will be added to today’s global population of 6.6 billion. Creating a sustainable diet to meet their nutritive needs is an extraordinary challenge that we won’t be able to meet unless [I10] we have accurate information to evaluate a food’s profile and its ability to deliver nutrition,” said Professor Paul Moughan, co-director of the Riddet Institute, who chaired the FAO Expert Consultation. “The recommendation of the DIAAS method is a dramatic change that will finally provide an accurate measure of the amounts of amino acids absorbed by the body and an individual protein source’s contribution to a human’s amino acid and nitrogen requirements. This will be an important piece of information for decision makers assessing which foods should be part of a sustainable diet for our growing global population.”–Using the DIAAS method, researchers are now able to differentiate protein sources by their ability to supply amino acids for use by the body. For example, the DIAAS method was able to demonstrate the higher bioavailability of dairy proteins when compared to plant-based protein sources. Data in the FAO report showed whole milk powder to have a DIAAS score of 1.22, far superior to the DIAAS score of 0.64 for peas and 0.40 for wheat. When compared to the highest refined soy isolate, dairy protein DIAAS scores were 10% to 30% higher . —DIAAS determines amino acid digestibility, at the end of the small intestine, providing a more accurate measure of the amounts of amino acids absorbed by the body and the protein’s contribution to human amino acid and nitrogen requirements. PDCAAS is based on an estimate of crude protein digestibility determined over the total digestive tract, and values stated using this method generally overestimate the amount of amino acids absorbed[I11] . Some food products may claim high protein content, but since the small intestine does not absorb all amino acids the same, they are not providing the same contribution to a human’s nutritional requirements. —Since its adoption by FAO/WHO in 1991, the PDCAAS method had been widely accepted but also criticized for a number of reasons. In addition to the issues of truncation and overestimation, PDCAAS did not adequately adjust for foods susceptible to damage from processing and anti-nutritionals, which can make some amino acids unavailable for absorption[I12] . —“We support the recommendations of the FAO Expert Consultation, including the immediate use of DIAAS values calculated from fecal crude protein digestibility data,” said Donald Moore, Executive Director, Global Dairy Platform. “Immediately removing ‘truncation’ will provide health professionals, regulators and policy makers a more accurate representation of which foods provide the highest quality of nutrition. We urge industry to support the additional research required to enable implementation of the more accurate DIAAS method. “–About Global Dairy Platform —Established in 2006, GLOBAL DAIRY PLATFORM’s mission is to align and support the dairy industry to promote sustainable dairy nutrition. Visit http://www.globaldairyplatform.com for more information.
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    Health and Fitness Series–The Weaponization of Sugar, Salt, and Fat
    What are you putting into your mouth? Where does it come from? How is it made? Do you enjoy paying for the staggering healthcare costs of millions of obese Americans who are making poor nutrition choices?—Democracy Now has an interview with Michael Moss whose new book Salt, Sugar, Fat: How The Food Giants Hooked Us was recently the subject of a major cover story on the processed food industry in the NY Times Sunday Magazine-“On the evening of April 8, 1999, a long line of Town Cars and taxis pulled up to the Minneapolis headquarters of Pillsbury and discharged 11 men who controlled America’s largest food companies. Nestlé was in attendance, as were Kraft and Nabisco, General Mills and Procter & Gamble, Coca-Cola and Mars. Rivals any other day, the C.E.O.’s and company presidents had come together for a rare, private meeting. On the agenda was one item: the emerging obesity epidemic and how to deal with it. …As he spoke, Mudd clicked through a deck of slides — 114 in all — projected on a large screen behind him. The figures were staggering. More than half of American adults were now considered overweight, with nearly one-quarter of the adult population — 40 million people — clinically defined as obese. Among children, the rates had more than doubled since 1980, and the number of kids considered obese had shot past 12 million. (This was still only 1999; the nation’s obesity rates would climb much higher.) Food manufacturers were now being blamed for the problem from all sides — academia, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Heart Association and the American Cancer Society. The secretary of agriculture, over whom the industry had long held sway, had recently called obesity a “national epidemic.” … The meeting was remarkable, first, for the insider admissions of guilt. But I was also struck by how prescient the organizers of the sit-down had been. Today, one in three adults is considered clinically obese, along with one in five kids, and 24 million Americans are afflicted by type 2 diabetes, often caused by poor diet, with another 79 million people having pre-diabetes. Even gout, a painful form of arthritis once known as “the rich man’s disease” for its associations with gluttony, now afflicts eight million Americans.–The public and the food companies have known for decades now — or at the very least since this meeting — that sugary, salty, fatty foods are not good for us in the quantities that we consume them. So why are the diabetes and obesity and hypertension numbers still spiraling out of control? …There is even a Jewish angle to this story other than the kosher tax-“Stung by the rejection, Cadbury Schweppes in 2004 turned to a food-industry legend named Howard Moskowitz. Moskowitz, who studied mathematics and holds a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from Harvard, runs a consulting firm in White Plains, where for more than three decades he has “optimized” a variety of products for Campbell Soup, General Foods, Kraft and PepsiCo. “I’ve optimized soups,” Moskowitz told me. “I’ve optimized pizzas. I’ve optimized salad dressings and pickles. In this field, I’m a game changer.” … Huge corporations like Kraft, General Mills, and Coca-Cola are using the latest science to make nutritionally inferior junk foods loaded with salt, sugar, and fat – like the 400 calories that are in 1 cup of Kraft Macaroni and Cheese – more tasty and addictive. The result of all this corporate manipulation of the American diet (like stripping fiber and minerals out of food to make you stay hungry all the time) has been a national downward spiral into obesity and soaring healthcare costs.-NPR has another interview with Moss that explores how Coca-Cola, which forced Atlanta’s business class to capitulate to integration in the 1960s, has successfully marketed its high calorie diabetes water to the point where it has become the recognized brandname in the entire world.-Source: http://www.occidentaldissent.com/2013/03/04/the-weaponization-of-sugar-salt-and-fat/
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    Recipe for High Levels of Several Toxic Metals Found in Children With Autism
    Researchers report that children with autism had higher levels of several toxic metals in their blood and urine compared to typical children
    Feb. 25, 2013 — In a recently published study in the journal Biological Trace Element Research, Arizona State University researchers report that children with autism had higher levels of several toxic metals in their blood and urine compared to typical children. The study involved 55 children with autism ages 5-16 years compared to 44 controls of similar age and gender.–The autism group had significantly higher levels of lead in their red blood cells (+41 percent) and significantly higher urinary levels of lead (+74 percent), thallium (+77 percent), tin (+115 percent), and tungsten (+44 percent). Lead, thallium, tin, and tungsten are toxic metals that can impair brain development and function, and also interfere with the normal functioning of other body organs and systems.—A statistical analysis was conducted to determine if the levels of toxic metals were associated with autism severity, using three different scales of autism severity. It was found that 38-47 percent of the variation of autism severity was associated with the level of several toxic metals, with cadmium and mercury being the most strongly associated[U13] .—In the paper about the study, the authors state “We hypothesize that reducing early exposure to toxic metals may help ameliorate symptoms of autism, and treatment to remove toxic metals may reduce symptoms of autism; these hypotheses need further exploration, as there is a growing body of research to support it.” The study was led by James Adams, a President’s Professor in the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, one of ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. He directs the ASU Autism/Asperger’s Research Program.–Adams previously published a study on the use of DMSA, an FDA-approved medication for removing toxic metals. The open-label study found that DMSA was generally safe and effective at removing some toxic metals. It also found that DMSA therapy improved some symptoms of autism. The biggest improvement was for children with the highest levels of toxic metals in their urine. Overall, children with autism have higher average levels of several toxic metals, and levels of several toxic metals are strongly associated with variations in the severity of autism for all three of the autism severity scales investigated.–The study was funded by the Autism Research Institute and the Legacy Foundation.–Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Arizona State University. —-Journal Reference-James B. Adams, Tapan Audhya, Sharon McDonough-Means, Robert A. Rubin, David Quig, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, Melissa Loresto, Jessica Mitchell, Sharon Atwood, Suzanne Barnhouse, Wondra Lee. Toxicological Status of Children with Autism vs. Neurotypical Children and the Association with Autism Severity. Biological Trace Element Research, 2012; 151 (2): 171 DOI: 10.1007/s12011-012-9551-1
    Recipe—Utilizing Garlic extracts—Onion juice extracts—Taurine-Methionine-MSM-NAC-Alpha Lipoic acid –Pectin( apple and pear sauces—the whites bioflavonoind on citruses) and Vitamin C and Seaweed can extract this out of the body
    Simple recipe would be to take either 2 apples ( or pears) 1 onion- and the dried or fresh bioflavonoid from the citrus—Blend together till completely saturated and into a mush—stop blender –pour into a GLASS container and consume s-3 oz a day several times a day—
    Or you can take 1000mgs of Vitamin C and add 500mgs of NAC and take this 4-5 times a day
    Or You can use EDTA
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    TOP B
    [U1]We are talking war here—to get Europe to concede on it’s stand against GMO’s or GE would require A MORE CENTRALIZED EUROPE one which answers only to a counsel to which all laws are enforced vigorously like the UN and the UN peace keeping militia which enforces nations to comply
    [U2]Again a War would be the solution—sicne the inception of a EURO Union—what few benefits it does bring is the fact that all the member countries can access each other and buy there goods across the border so there would be diversity which is extremely difficult to control—but at the same time if you collapse one of the member countries the rest fall like dominos–
    [U3]So this tells you that plans are in motion to do this very thing to undermine the European Autonomy on what they grow and cannot
    [U4]Security???? And how does this work in this situation—if you have blighted crops—then what you have isa universal collapse due to lack of biodiversity
    [U5]This has never worked nor has GMO’s ever lived up to this hype —ever—they use more resources and are labour intense then conventional growing without the heavy use of Genetics—the interesting thing here is whether your using a chemical protectant or a genetic one you still alter plant genetics
    [U6]It will be easier to get the planet in a war
    [U7]In other words compromise—you cannot have organic and non organic growing side by side—the genetic code will over write the other—so it is impossible to have coexistence
    [U8]There yields are usually 30% more then GE’s
    [U9]Repercussions?? For who the BIOTECH companies that could not exploit farmers and strip them of there lands?? mayne
    [I10]This goes to show how much more your excreting out in other words how little you are actually digesting Soy has always been a poor protein and the system had to changr to compensate for the por use of the protein so they referred to the amino acid profile—which really said nothing—now we are having DIASS type of measurement which is clear stating what was said 35 + years ago about soy and whey that whey was superior—
    [I11]Again as stated this was done to over compensate the inferior proteins you would get from rice or soy or nuts and seeds—the soy was the main reason so that it could be sold—prior to the change sales for soy were poor and people did not consume them til there was a huge marketing blitz to promote this toxic food
    [I12]These proteins usually contained antinutrients or trypsn inhibitors making them ineffective and toxic and cancer causing
    [U13]Mercury would be from vaccines
     
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    TOP C
    HOME
    Show Of The Month March 23 2013
    Synapse on Nutrition
    Biodiversity from Polyculture Outperforms Industrial Farming Chemicals
    Bitter Melon Juice Prevents Pancreatic Cancer in Mouse Models
    Massive Mosquitoes 20x Normal Size Coming to US
    Remedies from Store
    Voices From the Gulf– Do Not Eat Our Food
    Sustainable Fertilizer: Urine And Wood Ash Produce Large Harvest
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    Synapse on Nutrition
    Carbohydrates (200g): Any molecule consisting only of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. Flour, corn, bread, rice, pasta, your cells don’t care. What you need is D-Glucose. The Citric Acid Cycle metabolizes glucose and generates ATP, the cellular ‘currency’ for energy. Carbs can chain together and come in the form of monosaccharides (like lactose), disaccharides (table sugar), oligosaccharides, or polysaccharides, which are very long chains. Short chains get metabolized very quickly, leading to a ‘sugar rush’, and long chains can be difficult to digest. I use only oligosaccharides, like Maltodextrin, for Carbohydrates. This mechanism can also metabolize protein and fat, but the brain can only use Glucose for energy. In fact, the brain uses 25% of the body’s glucose, though it accounts for only 2% of its weight.
    Protein (50g): Protein is a very general term. What your body needs is 9 ‘essential’ (meaning the body cannot produce it itself), amino acids: Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalaline, Threonine, Tryptophan, and Valine. Eukaryotes use 21 different amino acids for protein synthesis. The human genome contains approximately 20,000 protein coding genes. It’s a complex system. Without these essentials there are some proteins you will not be able to produce.
    Fat (65g): Fat has gotten a bad rap. Without it you wouldn’t be able to absorb some essential vitamins, like A, D, E, and K. Fats are triglycerides, and can be saturated or unsaturated, depending on the bonds within the carbon chain. Fat maintains healthy skin and hair, and cushions the body’s organs. Some fats, though, like trans-saturated fats, are difficult for the body to metabolize, and have been linked to heart disease and obesity. I get all the fat I need, in nearly perfect proportion of saturated and unsaturated, and no trans fats, from olive oil.
    Cholesterol(X): Cholesterol is used in cell membranes and intracellular transport. However, the body is able to synthesize it on its own and regulates the rate of production. So, even though the FDA recommends it I feel it’s more of a maximum than a recommendation. Soylent has no cholesterol whatsoever.
    Sodium(2.4g): You’ll notice a lot of the elements the body needs are ions. Cells communicate with action potentials, electrical voltage differences which accumulate due to the presence of positive or negative ions. Sodium ions are used to regulate blood volume, blood pressure, pH, and osmotic equilibrium. Sodium and Chloride are conveniently found in table salt.
    Potassium(3.5g): Potassium is important in neurological functioning, which is one reason it bothers me practically no one gets a full 3.5g / day. Raw Potassium is extremely reactive, so I use potassium gluconate, C6H11KO7.
    Chloride(3.4g): Chloride is a negative ion, formed when Chlorine gets an extra electron. It’s used in metabolism and overall pH balance.
    Fiber(5g): Fiber is not digested by the body. It helps maintain a healthy digestive system. My digestive system is quite healthy as the only thing that it has to get rid of is the fiber itself.
    Calcium(1g): Strong bones and teeth! Also used in muscle operation and the electrical system of the heart. Very important. I consume Calcium Carbonate, CaCO3
    Iron(18mg): Iron is used by Hemoglobin in the blood to efficiently transport oxygen. Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies. If you are a vegetarian I recommend taking a supplement. I dissolve iron chellate in fat separately before adding it to the mixture.
    Phosphorous(1g): Part of the structural framework for DNA and RNA. I use monosodium phosphate.
    Iodine(150ug): Constituent of Thyroid Hormones, which regulate basic metabolic rate through gene transcription.
    Magnesium(400mg): Another ion, used by many enzymes to catalyze reactions. Be careful, magnesium overdose is very unpleasant.
    Zinc(15mg): Used by enzymes in transcription factors, which control the expression of select genes.
    Selenium(70ug): Used in some amino acids and the Thyroid gland. Careful, can be toxic in large doses.
    Copper(2mg): Used in electron and oxygen transport.
    Manganese(2mg): Similar to selenium, used as a cofactor in many enzymes.
    Chromium(120ug): Occurs in trace amounts in many foods. Though no certain biological role has been found, there have been reports of chromium deficiency. Just being safe here, may be fine without it, though.
    Molybdenum(75ug): Used in the active site of many enzymes. Interesting fact: a shortage of molybdenum held back eukaryote evolution for 2 billion years. Make sure you get your molybdenum, and continue evolving.
    Vitamin A(5000IU): Used by the retina of the eye to produce a metabolite necessary for both low-light and color sensitivity.
    Vitamin B6(2mg): Or, pyrodoxil phosphate, is a coenzyme for many reactions and macronutrient metabolism.
    Vitamin B12(6ug): Key to the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system. Like iron, difficult to obtain from plants so a supplement is suggested for vegetarians.
    Vitamin C(60mg): Or, ascorbate, is a reducing agent in many enzymatic and some non-enzymatic reactions. Don’t want to get scurvy.
    Vitamin D(400IU): Needed for the internal absorption of calcium and phosphate. Can be synthesized by the body from cholesterol given enough sunlight, but is essential in most people.
    Vitamin E(30IU): Several functions including antioxidation, gene expression, and neurological function.
    Vitamin K(80ug): Post-translational modification. Once a protein is transcribed, it folds (which is a very important problem we don’t understand well) and modified by factors such as Vitamin K which affect its final utility.
    Thiamin(1.5mg): Used in thyamine pyrophosphate, a coenyzme in the catabolism of sugars.
    Riboflavin(1.7mg): Required by a class of proteins called ‘flavoproteins’. It’s used in the cofactors (non-protein substances that bind to proteins) FAD and FMN.
    Niacin(20mg): Niacin binds to and stimulates a certain membrane receptor, GPR109A, which inhibits fat breakdown in adipose (stored fat) tissue. This decreases the amount of free fatty acids in your blood.
    Folate(400ug): Folate itself is not used by the body, but its derivative tetrahydrofolate, and a few others, are used in DNA synthesis and repair.
    Biotin(300ug): Another coenzyme, used in the synthesis of a few macronutrients.
    Panthothenic Acid(10mg): Used to synthesize coenyzme-A (which itself is used in the synthesis and oxidization of fatty acids), as well as metabolism.
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    Biodiversity from Polyculture Outperforms Industrial Farming Chemicals
    With the increasing population recently breaching the 7 billion mark, and no sign of slowing, you may have heard some UN-supported scientists claim that certain foods will need to double production to keep up with rising demand.–This – along with massive support from Big Agri for GMOs and factory farming – seem to indicate that further industrialization of the food industry is all that can save the world from starvation. Not exactly.—While major food production and research companies are pouring millions into advancing their biotech methods, resistance in the forms of support for biodiversity, permaculture and other sustainable methods is growing.—-
    Do we really need industrial agriculture to feed the world?—A study by the University of California, Berkeley, presented exhaustive alternatives to current practices. One section of the paper cited research pointing to the positive effects of biodiversity on the numbers of herbivore pests, finding that polycultural planting led to reduction of pest populations by up to 64%. Later, combined results of hundreds of comparisons also favored biologically diverse farms with a 54% increase in pest mortality and damage to crops dropping by almost 25%. The introduction of more diverse insects also promoted increased pollination and healthier crops.(source ecology and society)—- A 9-year study conducted by researchers from the USDA, University of Minnesota and Iowa State University proved that in more complex systems, yield and were both enhanced. When paired against the conventional corn/soy rotation, less fertilizer was used. This difference actually increased over the course of the study, indicating the quality of the soil was improving over time, instead of experiencing the depletion of common practices. Union of Concerned Scientists sourced data.— So the USDA knows this eye-opening evidence, yet it continues to give tens of billions in subsidies to keep current industry- Soil management is a key long-term investment for farmers, many of whom are not presented with viable alternatives to the current practice by the tightly controlled agriculture landscape. Biodiverse practices have been shown repeatedly to not only balance soil nutrition, but lead to a healthier array of forage choices for livestock, more nutrition and a more long-term, sustainable balance with local ecosystems.- A diversified farming system has been defined as “A system of agricultural production that, through a range of practice, incorporates agrobiodiversity across multiple spatial and/or temporal scales.” Basically, that breaks down to growing different things, in different areas, at different times.- Does that practice seem familiar? Maybe it’s how nature was meant to be managed but not manipulated or modified. And only by returning to the concepts provided to us by nature, will we to recreate the same sustainable environs that we were responsible for destroying in the first place. Marsden researchers said in their groundbreaking paper, that “there has been an interest in reintegrating crop and livestock systems as a strategy for reducing reliance on fossil fuels, minimizing the use of increasingly expensive fertilizers, and limiting water pollution by nutrients, pathogens, and antibiotics. Karen Perry Stillerman of the Union of Concerned Scientists put it perfectly It’s important to remember who has that interest….and who doesn’t —
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    Bitter Melon Juice Prevents Pancreatic Cancer in Mouse Models
    Mar. 12, 2013 — A University of Colorado Cancer study published this week in the journal Carcinogenesis shows that bitter melon juice restricts the ability of pancreatic cancer cells to metabolize glucose, thus cutting the cells’ energy source and eventually killing them.—“Three years ago researchers showed the effect of bitter melon extract on breast cancer cells only in a Petri dish. This study goes much, much farther. We used the juice — people especially in Asian countries are already consuming it in quantity. We show that it affects the glucose metabolism pathway to restrict energy and kill pancreatic cancer cells,” says Rajesh Agarwal, PhD, co-program leader of Cancer Prevention and Control at the CU Cancer Center and professor at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.—Agarwal’s interest came from connecting the dots of existing research in a novel way. Diabetes tends to presage pancreatic cancer and bitter melon has been shown to effect type-II diabetes, and has been used for centuries against diabetes in the folk medicines of China and India. Following this line of thinking, Agarwal and colleagues wondered what would happen if they closed out the middle man of diabetes and directly explored the link between bitter melon and pancreatic cancer.—The result, Agarwal says, is, “Alteration in metabolic events in pancreatic cancer cells and an activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase, an enzyme that indicates low energy levels in the cells.”—Perhaps not coincidentally, bitter melon also regulates insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells. After studies in cell cultures, the group showed that mouse models of pancreatic cancer that were fed bitter melon juice were 60 percent less likely to develop the disease than controls.—-“It’s a very exciting finding,” Agarwal says. “Many researchers are engineering new drugs to target cancer cells’ ability to supply themselves with energy, and here we have a naturally-occurring compound that may do just that.”—The Agarwal Lab is now applying for grants that will allow them to move the study of bitter melon into further chemoprevention trials in mouse models of pancreatic cancer.—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Colorado Denver. The original article was written by Garth Sundem. –Journal Reference-M. Kaur, G. Deep, A. K. Jain, K. Raina, C. Agarwal, M. Wempe, R. Agarwal. Bitter melon juice activates cellular energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinase causing apoptotic death of human pancreatic carcinoma cells. Carcinogenesis, 2013; DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgt081
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    Massive Mosquitoes 20x Normal Size Coming to US
    Super-sized aggressive mosquitoes with a ‘stabbing’ bite are set to be unleashed across Florida this summer, bringing misery for thousands of residents.—In what could have come from a B-list Hollywood film script, the floodwater mosquito is nearly 20 times its normal-sized cousins, can strike either day or night, its eggs can lie dormant for years[U1] – and the mosquito might even be tolerant to repellants. And it’s all thanks to recent storms flooding coastal areas of the sunshine state, which paved the way for the mega-sized biters to call Florida their home. Just when you thought genetically modified mosquitoes were the worst we had to face.–The real threat of a surge in the large insects known as gallinippers came off the back of last summer’s Tropical Storm Debbie, a storm responsible for flooding in many parts of Florida and unleashing the gallinippers. The gallinipper lays eggs in soil close to ponds, streams and other water bodies that overflow when heavy rains come. The eggs can remain dry and dormant for years, until high waters cause them to hatch.-And it’s that scenario which has led to entomologists issuing alerts to local residents on the best ways to avoid getting painful bites this summer amid concerns that bumper squadrons of the gallinippers could strike again.–On their presence this summer, Phil Kaufman, University of Florida entomologist, said: “I wouldn’t be surprised, given the numbers we saw last year. When we hit the rainy cycle we may see that again.”–The species known as Psorophora ciliata is native to the eastern half of North America, has a body about half an inch long, with a black-and-white color pattern. And its females, the blood suckers, are very aggressive and carry that frightening bite.–“The bite really hurts, I can attest to that,” Kaufman, an associate professor with UF’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS).—To help quell the threat, residents Kaufman and entomology graduate student Ephraim Ragasa have created a document on gallinippers for the department’s “Featured Creatures” website. Kaufman says gallinippers can be warded off with DEET-backed repellents but due to their large size they may be more tolerant of the compound than smaller mosquitoes. DEET is also known to present quite a few dangers to environmental and biological health overall. Scientists have even called it a ‘toxic stew’.—Chemical-free precautions include wearing long pants and long-sleeved shirts when venturing into wooded areas, especially places where standing water collects after rain storms.—As the gallinipper has an enormous appetite at the larvae stage by chomping on other mosquito larvae, there were thoughts that they could be used to reduce populations of other pest mosquitoes. But Ragasa added that there was a fatal flaw in that thinking, it just results in more gallinippers: “That kind of defeats the purpose of using them for biocontrol[U2] .”
    Source: http://naturalsociety.com/mosquitoes-20-times-normal-size-coming-to-us/
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    Remedies from Store
    Condensed Milk-Dry Milk –Gelaton-Dried Egg Powder-Dried Potato ( make sure soy and canola oil free)–these are sources of protein that are inexpensive and can be utilized-easily for meals—with these you can make a potato and egg meal just by heating them up and adding oil in a pan—can make a simple egg and potato pancake—taking the powdered egg you can as well add water and heat til it solidifies and make scrambled egg—and by adding nutmeg to this or rosemary or sage –you have made a brain supporting food as well as neurol connections not t mention muscle and sinew support—By taking the condensed milk and adding water to it 3:1 you can make a Quart( Litre) of this and adding cinnamon –or oregano—peroxide-or silver can keep the milk from spoiling—if you add gelatin and MCT oil or coconut oil you convert the protein molecule in the milk to something cloers to a human protein molecule and by adding hazel nut oil to the milk you increase the DHA levels aswell—to make mil in another format—get yogurt plain and with fat and add equal amount of water to the volume of yogurt and you will again made a high end probiotic milk —just add fat to further enhance the effect of the yogurt milk
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    Voices From the Gulf– Do Not Eat Our Food
     
    Activist Post
    Nobody, can validate the safety of the seafood in the Gulf. As a result, not only are the 40 million people in the Gulf at risk, the safety of our seafood is at risk as well. And when one adds the Fukushima disaster on top of the Gulf oil spill, I cannot think of one reason why any reasonable person would eat seafood in today’s toxic global environment.—or any other—for different reasons but the food supply has been sabotaged
    The Government Will Not Protect You—–The measures that the government is taking to ensure Gulf food safety would be doubtful at best, if it were not for the growing number of victims resulting from the BP event coupled with the impotent governmental response.—The current method for detecting oil and Corexit contamination in Gulf seafood is a simple sniff test, in which FDA inspectors hold a bag of fish up to their nose and if the inspector does not detect any “strange odors, the fish passes the food safety inspection test and is eligible to be processed and subsequently sold to the public. The FDA says smell tests are the only way to detect chemical dispersants, as scientists have yet to develop an effective tissue test[U3] . The sniff test doesn’t satisfy food industry workers and the obvious lack of scientific rigor is a de facto admission that the government cannot protect you.–Similar warnings regarding the region’s food safety are appearing up and down the local Gulf Coast media on such stations as WLOX TV in Gulfport, MS. Yet, Fox, CNN, CBS, ABC, NBC, etc., have not run one credible story on the dangers of food toxicity in the Gulf’s food chain. Anyone would be correct in assuming that a tightly interwoven, interlocking and overlapping corporate leadership as well as a multitude of common business interests exists between the national media, the oil companies and their Wall Street investors. And in this paradigm, the safety of the food consuming public does not matter.
    Voices of Science—-Harriet Perry, a research biologist with the University of Southern Mississippi’s Gulf Coast Research Laboratory and Bob Thomas, a biologist at Loyola University in New Orleans have independently discovered that the crab larvae has been infected with both oil and the toxic dispersant, Corexit. These independent discoveries are an ominous sign that the Gulf’s vast food web has been seriously impacted thus imperiling food safety “for years to come.” Thomas further stated that oil and dispersant toxicity has reached the level of where it is “moving up the food chain as opposed to just hanging out in the water.” Thomas further concluded that “something likely will eat those oiled larvae … and then that animal will be eaten by something bigger and so on.”—-Scientists at The University of Southern Mississippi and Tulane University have echoed Thomas and Perry’s findings which found oil in the post-larvae of blue crabs entering coastal marshes along the Gulf Coast signaling that oil is entering estuarine food chains. Dr. Perry observed that “I have never seen anything like this.”
    Scientists at the Dauphin Island Sea Lab shows oil from the Deepwater Horizon disaster has made its way into the Gulf food chain as well. These particular scientists have found signs of an oil-and-dispersant mix under the shells of tiny blue crab larvae in the Gulf of Mexico which is a clear indication that the unprecedented use of dispersants in the BP oil spill has broken up the oil into toxic droplets so tiny that they have easily entered the food chain.—In the first peer-reviewed challenge to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) safe levels for cancer-causing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a new study says they were overestimated in Gulf seafood following the BP oil spill by up to 10,000 times.—Published in the journal Environmental Health Perspective, the study by authors Miriam Rotkin-Ellman and Gina Solomon — both from the National Resources Defense Council — offers evidence that FDA is tolerating too much contamination and is failing to identify risks for pregnant women and children.—“Instead of saying it was safe for everyone to eat, pregnant women and children should have been warned and advised to reduce their Gulf shellfish consumption,” Ellman says.—And now it is likely that 100% of the shrimp in the Gulf are tainted.
    Corexit Is the Main Culprit——It is mind boggling that Corexit 9500 and Corexit 9527 would be used in cleaning up the largest environmental danger in the history of the United States. According to the EPA, both forms of Corexit are the most ineffective available agents in treating oil spills and, simultaneously, both Corexit agents also pose the most toxic risk to various aquatic life forms[U4] . My fellow Republic Broadcasting Network colleague, Darren Weeks, found evidence from the EPA files that Corexit has the highest toxicity to Menindia fish of all 18 EPA tested dispersants. Just a very small amount of Corexit 9500 is required to kill 50% of fish within four days[U5] . –When compared to another EPA approved dispersant, Nokomis 3-F4, Corexit 9500 is 38 times more poisonous to Menindia fish and 17 times more deadly to shrimp. Why not just use Nokomis 3-F4? The answer is simple, Goldman Sachs does not have any financial interests in Nokomis 3-F4. NALCO, the manufacturer of Corexit, was a subsidiary of Goldman Sachs. Also, Goldman Sachs’ and Halliburton’s complicity in the oil spill figures prominently in this investigation and will be detailed in later parts of this series.—-The most pronounced manifestation of these scientific accounts comes in the form of dolphins beaching themselves in several locations in the Gulf. In the Gulf, the dolphins are at the top of the food chain and what happens to these mammals will and is most assuredly happening to human beings. It is clear that the toxins have completed their trek up the food chain and the threat is just becoming realized.
    The Gulf Crisis Will Never End— August 17, 2011. What was not reported were the additional 13 oil sheens spotted off the coast of Louisiana. This development has profound implications leaving scientists to wonder if the crisis will ever end. And, of course, BP quickly denied responsibility. And as of December 13, 2012, the Gulf is still leaking oil, which has profound implications for the long-term safety of the water, food and air.—The holocaust in the Gulf has grown to such proportions that the European Union Times reports that an extremely grave report was prepared for President Medvedev by Russia’s Ministry of Natural Resources in which the report warns that the BP spill will become the worst environmental catastrophe in all of human history and will bring total destruction to the Eastern half of the North American continent.—The Russian report proved prophetic. Oil and Corexit, even when combined, are a liquid base and as a result are subject to the normal hydrological cycle of evaporation and becoming a part of the rain cycle. As early as the 1970s, scientists referred to this process, when it involved pollutants, as toxic rain. And as the Russian report predicted, there are multiple reports of toxic rain, related to the Gulf disaster as far as away Memphis, TN. WREG TV in Memphis reported that local farmers are alarmed at the toxic substances (i.e., Corexit) raining down upon and destroying the local crop base. And while we are speaking about Corexit and oil based toxic rain, wouldn’t this toxic rain be present in the farms and be negatively impacting the grass that cows and other farm animals consume? Don’t cows eat grass which is being laced with this poisonous toxicity? Common Sense would seem to dictate that the beef and dairy grown in the region is tainted and these dangers are being visited upon the rest of the country?–Who Is Watching the Watchers?
    It Will Never Be Over—–These events make one wonder who is watching out for the welfare of the American consumer? A better question would be who, if anybody is watching the watchers? What did Barack Obama and then-EPA chief, Lisa Jackson do? Or, more importantly, what did they not do to safeguard the public from obvious contamination of our food supplies resulting in large part from the reckless disbursement of Corexit? With the entire region’s food supply at risk, along with the collective health of 40 million Americans, the straightforward answer is that they did nothing[U6] .
    Conclusion—Everyone has to make their own choices regarding what they eat and what they consider safe. For myself, the data is strongly suggestive of the fact that one should not be eating any seafood from the Gulf. -A careful review of the evidence makes it very likely that this event in the Gulf was premeditated. Who is responsible along with their goals is the subject of Part Five of what has become known as the Great Gulf Coast Holocaust.
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    Sustainable Fertilizer: Urine And Wood Ash Produce Large Harvest
    Human urine and wood ash appear to make a potent, inexpensive fertilizer combination for boosting the productivity of food crops, scientists say.
    Sep. 17, 2009 — Results of the first study evaluating the use of human urine mixed with wood ash as a fertilizer for food crops has found that the combination can be substituted for costly synthetic fertilizers to produce bumper crops of tomatoes without introducing any risk of disease for consumers. —In the study, Surendra Pradhan and colleagues point out that urine, a good source of nitrogen, has been successfully used to fertilize cucumber, corn, cabbage, and other crops. Only a few studies, however, have investigated the use of wood ash, which is rich in minerals and also reduces the acidity of certain soils. Scientists have not reported on the combinaton of urine and wood ash, they say.—The new study found that plants fertilized with urine produced four times more tomatoes than nonfertilized plants and as much as plants given synthetic fertilizer. Urine plus wood ash produced almost as great a yield, with the added benefit of reducing the acidity of acid soils. “The results suggest that urine with or without wood ash can be used as a substitute for mineral fertilizer to increase the yields of tomato without posing any microbial or chemical risks,” the report says.—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Chemical Society, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. –Journal Reference-Pradhan et al. Stored Human Urine Supplemented with Wood Ash as Fertilizer in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Cultivation and Its Impacts on Fruit Yield and Quality. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2009; 57 (16): 7612 DOI: 10.1021/jf9018917
    TOP C
    [U1]Sounds like a Genetically engineered lif form has made it’s way into the food chain
    [U2]Hybrization and the use of interspecies with out an antagonist would be an issue
    [U3]Really incredible here eh!! sceintific!!! A measure of accuracy none have ever seen—amazing—now we all can feel better on the efficasy of this test
    [U4]Doesn’t this make you wonder and go hmm who’s brain child is this—I mean the information is there on the lethality of these chemicals and what they pose for creation and yet the ones who delegate further the destruction and demise of culture both above land and below in te oceans—those who are in charge—should be made to restore the damage to what they have destroyed
    [U5]Now what happens when people eat this –say in the islands—or in central America —or mexico—or even southwestern usa—and what about exports of these contaminated sea life???
    [U6]Well this is not accurate—40 million Americans—and how many central and south Americans—seems like this was specifically targeting a area —a poor area—or an area where there maybe something to gain more financially then what is being exposed—either way the oil or resource there has been bought with blood
     

    #2659
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    Walmart’s Death Grip On Groceries Is Making Life Worse For Millions Of People (Hard Times USA)
    Alternet
    This article was published in partnership with the Institute for Local Self-Reliance.
    Walmart’s growing control of our food system has been to intensify the rural and urban poverty that drives unhealthy food choices—In Springfield -This Midwestern city provides a chilling look at where Walmart wants to take our food system.—-Springfield is one of nearly 40 metro areas where Walmart now captures about half or more of consumer spending on groceries, according to Metro Market Studies. Springfield area residents spend just over $1 billion on groceries each year, and one of every two of those dollars flows into a Walmart cash register. The chain has 20 stores in the area and shows no signs of slowing its growth. Its latest proposal, a store just south of the city’s downtown, has provoked widespread protest. Opponents say Walmart already has an overbearing presence in the region and argue that this new store would undermine nearby grocery stores, including a 63-year-old family-owned business which still provides delivery for its elderly customers. A few days before the First Lady’s visit, the City Council voted 5-4 to approve what will be Walmart’s 21st store in the community[F1].—As Springfield goes, so goes the rest of the country, if Walmart has its way. Nationally, the retailer’s share of the grocery market now stands at 25 percent. That’s up from 4 percent just 16 years ago. Walmart’s tightening grip on the food system is unprecedented in U.S. history. Even A&P — often referred to as the Walmart of its day — accounted for only about 12 percent of grocery sales at its height in the 1940s. Its market share was kept in check in part by the federal government, which won an antitrust case against A&P in 1946. The contrast to today’s casual acceptance of Walmart’s market power could not be more stark.[F2]—Having gained more say over our food supply than Monsanto, Kraft, or Tyson, Walmart has been working overtime to present itself as a benevolent king. It has upped its donations to food pantries, reduced sodium and sugars in some of its store-brand products, and recast its relentless expansion as a solution to “food deserts.” In 2011, it pledged to build 275-300 stores “in or near” low-income communities lacking grocery stores.[F3] The Springfield store Obama visited is one of 86 such stores Walmart has since opened. Situated half a mile from the southwestern corner of a census tract identified as underserved by the USDA, the store qualifies as “near” a food desert. Other grocery stores are likewise perched on the edge of this tract. Although Walmart has made food deserts the vanguard of its PR strategy in urban areas, most of the stores the chain has built or proposed in cities like Chicago and Washington D.C. are in fact just blocks from established supermarkets, many unionized or locally owned. As it pushes into cities, Walmart’s primary aim is not to fill gaps but to grab market share.—-***
    The real effect of Walmart’s takeover of our food system has been to intensify the rural and urban poverty that drives unhealthy food choices. Poverty has a strong negative effect on diet, regardless of whether there is a grocery store in the neighborhood or not, a major 15-year study published in 2011 in the Archives of Internal Medicine found. Access to fresh food cannot change the bottom-line reality that cheap, calorie-dense processed foods and fast food are financially logical choices for far too many American households. And their numbers are growing right alongside Walmart. Like Midas in reverse, Walmart extracts wealth and pushes down incomes in every community it touches, from the rural areas that produce food for its shelves to the neighborhoods that host its stores.—-Walmart signed a deal with Monsanto last year to sell their unlabeled GMO corn that they want you to eat. Numerous studies show GMO corn is extremely hazardous to our health.It’s all about money ,they don’t care if you go sterile or worse.—- Walmart has made it harder for farmers and food workers to earn a living. Its rapid rise as a grocer triggered a wave of mergers among food companies, which, by combining forces, hoped to become big enough to supply Walmart without getting crushed in the process. Today, food processing is more concentrated than ever. Four meatpackers slaughter 85 percent of the nation’s beef. One dairy company handles 40 percent of our milk, including 70 percent of the milk produced in New England. With fewer buyers, farmers are struggling to get a fair price. Between 1995 and 2009, farmers saw their share of each consumer dollar spent on beef fall from 59 to 42 cents [7]. Their cut of the consumer milk dollar likewise fell from 44 to 36 cents. For pork, it fell from 45 to 25 cents and, for apples, from 29 to 19 cents. —-Onto this grim reality, Walmart has grafted a much-publicized initiative to sell more locally grown fruits and vegetables. Clambering aboard the “buy local” trend undoubtedly helps Walmart’s marketing, but, as Missouri-based National Public Radio journalist Abbie Fentress Swanson reported [8] in February, “there’s little evidence of small farmers benefiting, at least in the Midwest.” Walmart, which defines “local” as grown in the same state, has increased its sales of local produce mainly by relying on large industrial growers. Small farmers, meanwhile, have fewer opportunities to reach consumers, as independent grocers and smaller chains shrink and disappear. — Food production workers are being squeezed too. The average slaughterhouse wage has fallen 9 percent since 1999. Forced unpaid labor at food processing plants is on the rise. Last year, a Louisiana seafood plant that supplies Walmart was convicted of forcing employees to work in unsafe conditions for less than minimum wage. Some workers reported peeling and boiling crawfish in shifts that spanned 24 hours. —The tragic irony is that many food-producing regions, with their local economies dismantled and poverty on the rise, are now themselves lacking grocery stores. The USDA has designated large swaths of the farm belt [9], including many agricultural areas near Springfield, as food deserts. –One might imagine that squeezing farmers and food workers would yield lower prices for consumers. But that hasn’t been the case. Grocery prices have been rising. There are multiple reasons for this, but corporate concentration is at least partly to blame. For most foods, the spread between what consumers pay and how much farmers receive has been widening. Food processors and big retailers are pocketing the difference. Even as Walmart touts lower prices than its competitors, the company’s reorganization of our food system has had the effect of raising grocery prices overall. –As Walmart stores multiply, fewer families can afford to eat well.[F4] The company claims it stores bring economic development and employment, but the empirical evidence indicates otherwise. A study [10] published in 2008 in the Journal of Urban Economics examined about 3,000 Walmart store openings nationally and found that each store caused a net decline of about 150 jobs (as competing retailers downsized and closed) and lowered total wages paid to retail workers. Other research [11] by the economic consulting firm Civic Economics has found that, when locally owned businesses are replaced by big-box stores, dollars that once circulated in the community, supporting other businesses and jobs, instead leak out. These shifts may explain the findings of another study [12], published in Social Science Quarterly in 2006, which cut straight to the bottom line: neighborhoods where Walmart opens end up with higher poverty rates and more food-stamp usage than places where the retailer does not expand. [F5]–This year, Walmart plans to open between 220 and 240 stores in the U.S., as it marches steadily on in its quest to further control the grocery market. Policymakers at every level, from city councilors to federal antitrust regulators, should be standing in its way. Very few are. Growing numbers of people, though, are drawing the line, from the Walmart employees who have led a string of remarkable strikes against the company, to the coalition of small business, labor, and community groups that recently forced Walmart to step back [13] from its plans to unroll stores across New York City. –Back in Springfield, as Michelle Obama was delivering her remarks, framed by a seductive backdrop of oranges and lemons, a citizens group called Stand Up to Walmart [14] was also at work, launching a referendum drive to overturn the City Council’s vote and block Walmart from gaining any more ground in the city.
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    More Parents Say They Won’t Vaccinate Daughters Against HPV
    Mar. 18, 2013 — A rising percentage of parents say they won’t have their teen daughters vaccinated to protect against the human papilloma virus, even though physicians are increasingly recommending adolescent vaccinations, a study by Mayo Clinic and others shows. More than 2 in 5 parents surveyed believe the HPV vaccine is unnecessary, and a growing number worry about potential side effects, researchers found. The findings are published in the new issue of the journal Pediatrics.—In all, researchers looked at three vaccines routinely recommended for U.S. teens: a vaccine to protect against the sexually transmitted HPV; Tdap, for tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis; and the meningococcal conjugate vaccine, or MCV4 vaccine. While the up-to-date immunization rates rose for all three vaccines, the proportion of girls fully immunized against HPV (three doses over six months) was substantially lower than the proportion for the other two vaccines.–Five years ago, 40 percent of parents surveyed said they wouldn’t vaccinate their girls against HPV. In 2009, that rose to 41 percent, and in 2010, to 44 percent.–“That’s the opposite direction that rate should be going,” says senior researcher Robert Jacobson, M.D., a pediatrician with the Mayo Clinic Children’s Center.–Parents concerned about HPV vaccine safety rose from 5 percent in 2008 to 16 percent in 2010, while less than 1 percent worried about the safety of the Tdap and MCV4 vaccines, the study found.—During the same years, more and more studies showed how safe and effective the HPV vaccine is in this age group, says Dr. Jacobson, who has taken part in the safety review committees for two such studies. The vaccine prevents cervical cancer and other genital cancers by preventing the HPV infections that lead to those cancers, he says.[F6]–Researchers analyzed vaccination data for teens ages 13 to 17 in the 2008-10 National Immunization Survey of Teens. They found that as of 2010, 8 of 10 teens had the Tdap vaccine and roughly 63 percent had the MCV4 vaccine. Only about one-third of girls were immunized against HPV.–The HPV vaccination rate did rise; it was only 16 percent in 2008. But at the same time, more parents reported that they did not intend to have their daughters vaccinated for HPV. Among the reasons they gave: the vaccine was not recommended; lack of knowledge; it is unnecessary; the vaccine is inappropriate for the child’s age; worry about safety/side effects; and the child isn’t sexually active.–According to parents surveyed, more clinicians are recommending the HPV vaccine, but still, they are advising it only about half the time. The facts show the vaccine is necessary, Dr. Jacobson says.—–“HPV causes essentially 100 percent of cervical cancer and 50 percent of all Americans get infected at least once with HPV. It’s a silent infection. You cannot tell when you’ve been exposed or when you have it,” he says. “While most HPV infections clear, a percentage linger and start the process of cancerous changes. The HPV vaccine is an anti-cancer vaccine.”[F7]Dr. Jacobson says the vaccine is more effective in younger adolescents than older teens. Mayo Clinic routinely starts the series at age 9.—“The vaccine works better the younger the child is, and it doesn’t work after the child is grown up and is exposed to the virus, so our message should be: ‘Give this vaccine now to your child while your child is young and responsive to it,'[F8]” says Dr. Jacobson, medical director of the Employee and Community Health Immunization Program at Mayo Clinic.
    Study co-authors include Paul Darden, M.D., David Thompson, Ph.D., Jessica Hale, and Monique Naifeh, M.D., M.P.H., University of Oklahoma; and James Roberts, M.D., M.P.H., and Charlene Pope, Medical University of South Carolina.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Mayo Clinic. –Journal Reference-Paul M. Darden, David M. Thompson, James R. Roberts, Jessica J. Hale, Charlene Pope, Monique Naifeh, and Robert M. Jacobson. Reasons for Not Vaccinating Adolescents: National Immunization Survey of Teens, 2008–2010. Pediatrics, March 18, 2013 DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-2384
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    Organic Labels Bias Consumers Perceptions Through the ‘Health Halo Effect
    Apr. 1, 2013 — The word “organic” can mean many things to consumers. Even so, the power of an organic label can be very strong: studies have shown that this simple label can lead us to think that a food is healthier,[F9] through what is known as the ‘health halo effect’. But can this bias go further?–A study by Cornell University’s Food and Brand Lab researchers Wan-chen Jenny Lee, Mitsuru Shimizu, Kevin M. Kniffin and Brian Wansink set out to answer this question. Their study shows that an organic label can influence much more than health views: perceptions of taste, calories and value can be significantly altered when a food is labeled “organic.” Certain people also appear to be more susceptible to this ‘health halo’ effect than others…115 people were recruited from a local shopping mall in Ithaca, New York to participate in this study. Participants were asked to evaluate 3 pairs of products — 2 yogurts, 2 cookies and 2 potato chip portions[F10]. One item from each food pair was labeled “organic,” while the other was labeled “regular.” The trick to this study was: all of the product pairs were organic and identical! Participants were asked to rate the taste and caloric content of each item, and how much they would be willing to pay for the items. A questionnaire also inquired about their environmental and shopping habits.[F11]–Even though these foods were all the same, the “organic” label greatly influenced people’s perceptions. The cookies and yogurt were estimated to have significantly fewer calories when labeled “organic” and people were willing to pay up to 23.4% more for them. The nutritional aspects of these foods were also greatly biased by the health halo effect. The “organic” cookies and yogurt were said to taste ‘lower in fat’ than the “regular” variety, and the “organic” cookies and chips were thought to be more nutritious![F12] The label even tricked people’s taste buds: when perceived as “organic,” chips seemed more appetizing and yogurt was judged to be more flavorful. “Regular” cookies were reported to taste better–possibly because people often believe healthy foods are not tasty. All of these foods were exactly the same, but a simple organic label made all the difference!—Who is less susceptible? This study found that people who regularly read nutrition labels, those who regularly buy organic food, and those who exhibit pro-environmental behaviors (such as recycling or hiking) are less susceptible to the organic ‘health halo’ effect. So, if you do not consider yourself in one these groups, take a closer look when shopping for organic foods — they are, after all, still cookies and chips!–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Cornell Food & Brand Lab. The original article was written by Rachel Eklund and Wan-chen Jenny Lee. –Journal Reference-Wan-chen Jenny Lee, Mitsuru Shimizu, Kevin M. Kniffin, Brian Wansink. You taste what you see: Do organic labels bias taste perceptions? Food Quality and Preference, 2013; 29 (1): 33 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2013.01.010
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    Water Collecting and Extracting
    Tree Transpiration Technique:
    In the morning, dew and humidity is abundant, tie a bag around a leafy green tree, bush or shrub branch, use a twist tie or rubber band to wrap around the open end of the bag like so- In a few hours you should see water collecting at the bottom of the bag, just untie from the branch and drink! It’s important to use a leafy green tree or branch that is non-poisonous, the water will taste like whatever plant you choose. It isn’t much but is better than nothing.
    Dew Container + Grass Technique:
    The EASIEST way to collect water from air is just place a plastic bowl over grass in the sun, moisture will collect on the inside, when ready, lift the plastic bowl and swish the water condensation around and there you have it, free water
    Below-ground Still Technique:
    Another water collection technique is the below-ground Still Technique, to do this you would need a thin plastic bag, a digging tool, a water container, a drinking tube (optional) and a rock.—Find a moist area that gets a fair amount of sunlight, it’s best to use these water collection techniques in the morning when dew and humidity is abundant (if you live in a dry humid area is a plus).
    1) Dig a hole in the soil about three feet across and two feet deep, make sure the top soil is green with grass and somewhat moist and soft soil, the bottom of the hole should be flat for your container.
    2) Place the container in the hole.
    3) Now place the plastic over the hole.
    4) Cover the sides of the plastic with large rocks to keep it secure so when you place the weight on top of the plastic that it won’t collapse.
    5) Now place the rock or weight in the middle just over the container, let it hang about 15-18 inches directly over the container.
    The moisture from the ground reacts from the heat of the sun to produce condensation on the inside of the plastic, you can also add green leafy vegetation inside the hole for more moisture content (basically any organic material that has moisture). To collect the water, just remove the rock and grab the container. This technique can produce up to one quart of water per day.
    (There are other ways to use this same technique)
    If you use this belowground tehnique you should filter out any sediment that may end up in the container
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    Blocking EMF’s—
    What you can do is take a cool mist or hot mist humidifier—add colloidial Silver-Essential oils-Iodine-Aspirin –or anything you wish to nebulize or vapour in the air this will form a moisture or mist in the air that can assist in blocking out the frequencies you maybe getting hit with while sleeping –and may find a more restful sleep and feel less pain when awakened –due to the reducing effect this will have
     
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    Sustainable Freedom- Surging Opposition to Agenda 21, “Sustainable Development”
     
    Alabama banned it. The Republican National Committee (RNC) officially opposes it. Even a group of Democrats has now joined the fight. And the movement to stop it is growing stronger every single day. Twenty years after the United Nations birthed the global “sustainable development” scheme known as Agenda 21, its tentacles have stretched across America into every level of government. But the battle to stop it is in full swing.—While the planetary plot was never ratified by the U.S. Senate, the executive branch has played a crucial role in its success thus far, using grants and mandates to foist it on the American people. Bush, Clinton, and Obama all worked on implementing it. But now, activists from across the political spectrum — Tea Party groups, Occupy Wall Street types, Republicans, liberals, and moderates — are turning up the heat. Scientists are defecting in record numbers, too.—-Of course, opposition has existed all along, though it was largely ignored by the establishment press and the political class. In the United States in recent years, however, outrage over the controversial global plan has become overwhelming — impossible to conceal any longer. So in response to the growing nationwide outcry, cities, counties, political parties, and states have all started to take action to defend citizens and their rights. It is paying off; more victories are being announced almost weekly.
    “Think globally, act locally”—-“Think globally, act locally” has been the marching slogan of the environmental Left for many years, as its partisans have worked to fasten, incrementally, more and more of Agenda 21’s global mandates on local communities. In the past few years, opponents of Agenda 21 have gone to the same playbook.—–Local governments, for example, are withdrawing en masse from the UN’s chief mechanism for foisting the plan on communities: ICLEI-Local Governments for Local Environmental Initiatives — formerly known as the International Council of Local Environmental Initiatives. Dozens of cities and counties have already withdrawn from ICLEI in recent years. In fact, membership in the international organization has declined from over 600 local governments in America in 2009 to well under 550 today. And a new wave of withdrawals is expected in 2012 as public outrage over the schemes and the dangers they represent to freedom continues to build.—“This organization is a threat to our individual rights and our local government’s sovereignty in decision-making,” noted College Station, Texas, City Councilman Jess Fields when announcing that the local government was withdrawing from ICLEI, citing UN documents to highlight the danger. “It is an insidious, extreme institution that does not represent our citizens, and for our taxpayers to continue to fund it would be ridiculous.”—
    “We do not need international organizations leading the way for us in how we develop our planning and development tools and regulations,” Fields added. “It is better for policies to reflect the actual needs of our community than some amorphous concept of greenness or sustainability, promoted by an overarching international body.”—Shortly after College Station’s withdrawal, Irving, Texas, also dropped its membership. “Agenda 21 is becoming a hot issue in Texas because of its connection to the United Nations,” noted activist Frank Koch, founder of the grass-roots group Stop Agenda 21 in Texas working to expose and fight the UN scheme in the Lone Star State. “I applaud Irving, Texas, for having the wisdom to join the growing number of cities rejecting this insidious program.”———-Ocean County, New Jersey, rejected the scheme recently as well. “According to Agenda 21 policy, social justice is described as the right and opportunity of all people to benefit equally from the resources afforded us by society and the environment which would be accomplished by socialist/communist redistribution of wealth,” county lawmakers said in a resolution slamming ICLEI and the UN.
    Statement by States
    State officials all across the country, meanwhile, are fighting back as well. Alabama recently became the first state to formally ban Agenda 21 within its territory, when Governor Robert Bentley signed into law strongly worded legislation prohibiting any involvement in the scheme by state agencies or local governments. The legislation was passed unanimously in both the Alabama House and Senate.–“The State of Alabama and all political subdivisions may not adopt or implement policy recommendations that deliberately or inadvertently infringe or restrict private property rights without due process, as may be required by policy recommendations originating in, or traceable to ‘Agenda 21,’” the law states.—The people of Alabama, acting through their elected representatives — not UN bureaucrats — have the authority to develop the state’s environmental and development policies, the official synopsis of the law explains. Therefore, infringements on the property rights of citizens linked to “any other international law or ancillary plan of action that contravenes the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of the State of Alabama” are also prohibited under the new measure.—–As the law points out, the UN has enlisted a broad array of non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations in its effort to foist Agenda 21 on the world, most notably the Germany-based ICLEI. But the new measure takes direct aim at that problem, too: “The State of Alabama and all political subdivisions may not enter into any agreement, expend any sum of money, or receive funds contracting services, or giving financial aid to or from” any such entities, as defined in Agenda 21 documents.—Responding to an article about the new law, popular U.K. Telegraph columnist James Delingpole said Alabama had just “helped save the world” with its victory against Agenda 21. Citing Delingpole’s piece, Investor’s Business Daily said in an editorial: “Alabama has just told the U.N. and the EPA what they need to be told — don’t tread on us.” The alternative media, of course, praised the landmark achievement as well.
    Before Alabama adopted its tough law, lawmakers in Arizona almost succeeded in adopting a similar measure. The popular bill would have prohibited all state agencies and political subdivisions from implementing or supporting any portion of the UN’s so-called “sustainable development” scheme. After being approved by the state Senate, it cleared several initial hurdles in Arizona’s House of Representatives. The legislative session, however, ended before the measure obtained final approval.
    Tennessee recently adopted a strongly worded resolution slamming the UN scheme as “insidious” and “socialist.” “This United Nations Agenda 21 plan of radical so-called ‘sustainable development’ views the American way of life of private property ownership, single-family homes, private car ownership and individual travel choices, and privately owned farms all as destructive to the environment,” the resolution explains. “We hereby endorse rejection of its radical policies and rejection of any grant monies attached to it.”
    Kansas, New Hampshire, Arkansas, Louisiana, and numerous other state legislatures are also working on similar anti-Agenda 21 measures.
    Going Forward———The RNC adopted a strongly worded resolution slamming Agenda 21. “The United Nations Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of extreme environmentalism, social engineering, and global political control,” it states, noting that the scheme would — by its own admission in official documents — use “socialist” and “communist” redistribution of wealth to advance the UN’s vision of so-called “social justice.”—-“The Republican National Committee recognizes the destructive and insidious nature of United Nations Agenda 21 and hereby exposes to the public and public policy makers the dangerous intent of the plan,” it added.—-Numerous state parties followed suit. The Texas GOP, for example, passed a resolution denouncing Agenda 21 as a serious threat to the U.S. Constitution, the individual rights of Americans, and the institution of private property.
    On June 2, North Carolina’s GOP also adopted a resolution.—A broad array of activists and organizations ranging from Democrats Against UN Agenda 21 to The John Birch Society, Americans for Prosperity, Tom DeWeese’s American Policy Center, and numerous other conservative and libertarian groups has put the UN scheme on the map. And candidates for office all across the land, from city and county government to state legislatures, to governor (North Carolina) to the U.S. Senate (Texas), have made opposition to Agenda 21 a focal point of their campaigns.——-Former Charlotte, North Carolina, Mayor Pat McCrory, who is now the Republican candidate for governor of the Tar Heel State, says he is “proud to support” the NCGOP’s resolution against Agenda 21.—-
    “Under the guise of world sustainability the plan establishes a regime of rules that attempt to bypass Congress and the American people, handing … power over vast areas of the US economy to unelected UN bureaucrats,” said insurgent Tea Party Republican Ted Cruz, a leading contender in Texas’ U.S. Senate race. “Agenda 21 is wrong, and it must be stopped.”
    When asked by The New American at Rio+20 about the growing U.S. opposition and Alabama’s latest prohibition in particular, ICLEI President David Cadman seemed perplexed. “I haven’t seen that about Alabama, and I’m quite surprised about that,” he said, adding that he did not think states could pass such laws. —-
    On the growing backlash against “sustainability” more generally, Cadman also sounded somewhat confused. “I’ve got to confess I don’t really understand the Tea Party…. We find that [opposition] nowhere else but in America,” he said. “I think, quite frankly, a lot of that is because America is not well served by its media…. There are times when I’ll turn on Fox News, and I’ll say, ‘This wouldn’t be allowed in Canada,’” Cadman added, pointing to Canadian laws that force media outlets to give “both sides of the story.”[F13] My Comment here—this fellow is smoking a drug of illusion—- reality, the establishment press and an assortment of attack dogs including UN-funded propaganda organs and the discredited Southern Poverty Law Center are fighting back hard against the opposition. But each time Agenda 21 critics are attacked, a tsunami of activists exposing the UN scheme flood the article’s comment section with links to the global body’s documents. And, perhaps more importantly, awareness of the global plan spreads even further — with the growing resistance that entails.
     
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    You Don’t ‘Own’ Your Own Genes- Researchers Raise Alarm About Loss of Individual ‘Genomic Liberty’ Due to Gene Patents
    Mar. 25, 2013 — Humans don’t “own” their own genes, the cellular chemicals that define who they are and what diseases they might be at risk for. Through more than 40,000 patents on DNA molecules, companies have essentially claimed the entire human genome for profit, report two researchers who analyzed the patents on human DNA.—Their study, published March 25 in the journal Genome Medicine, raises an alarm about the loss of individual “genomic liberty.”—-In their new analysis, the research team examined two types of patented DNA sequences: long and short fragments. They discovered that 41 percent of the human genome is covered by longer DNA patents that often cover whole genes. They also found that, because many genes share similar sequences within their genetic structure, if all of the “short sequence” patents were allowed in aggregate, they could account for 100 percent of the genome.—Furthermore, the study’s lead author, Dr. Christopher E. Mason of Weill Cornell Medical College, and the study’s co-author, Dr. Jeffrey Rosenfeld, an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey and a member of the High Performance and Research Computing Group, found that short sequences from patents also cover virtually the entire genome — even outside of genes.—“If these patents are enforced, our genomic liberty is lost,” says Dr. Mason, an assistant professor of physiology and biophysics and computational genomics in computational biomedicine at the Institute for Computational Biomedicine at Weill Cornell. “Just as we enter the era of personalized medicine, we are ironically living in the most restrictive age of genomics. You have to ask, how is it possible that my doctor cannot look at my DNA without being concerned about patent infringement?”—The U.S. Supreme Court will review genomic patent rights in an upcoming hearing on April 15. At issue is the right of a molecular diagnostic company to claim patents not only on two key breast and ovarian cancer genes — BRCA1 and BRCA2 — but also on any small sequence of code within BRCA1, including a striking patent for only 15 nucleotides.—In its study, the research team matched small sequences within BRCA1 to other genes and found that just this one molecular diagnostic company’s patents also covered at least 689 other human genes — most of which have nothing to do with breast or ovarian cancer; rather, its patents cover 19 other cancers as well as genes involved in brain development and heart functioning.—“This means if the Supreme Court upholds the current scope of the patents, no physician or researcher can study the DNA of these genes from their patients, and no diagnostic test or drug can be developed based on any of these genes without infringing a patent,” says Dr. Mason.
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    One Patented Sequence Matched More Than 91 Percent of Human Genes
    Dr. Mason undertook the study because he realized that his research into brain and cancer disorders inevitably involved studying genes that were protected by patents.—Under U.S. patent law, genes can be patented by those researchers, either at companies or institutions, who are first to find a gene that promises a useful application, such as for a diagnostic test. For example, the patents received by a company in the 1990s on BRCA1 and BRCA2 enables it to offer a diagnostic test to women who may have, or may be at risk for, breast or ovarian cancer due to mutations in one or both of these genes. Women and their doctors have no choice but to use the services of the patents’ owner, which costs $3,000 per test, “whereas any of the hundreds of clinical laboratories around the country could perform such a test for possibly much less,” says Dr. Mason.—The impact on these patents is equally onerous on research,[F14] Dr. Mason adds.—“Almost every day, I come across a gene that is patented — a situation that is common for every geneticist in every lab,” says Dr. Mason.—-Dr. Mason and his research partner sought to determine how many other genes may be impacted by gene patents, as well as the overall landscape of intellectual property on the human genome.—To conduct the study, Dr. Mason and Dr. Rosenfeld examined the structure of the human genome in the context of two types of patented sequences: short and long fragments of DNA. They used matches to known genes that were confirmed to be present in patent claims, ranging from as few as 15 nucleotides (the building blocks of DNA) to the full length of all patented DNA fragments.—Before examining the patented sequences, the researchers first calculated how many genes had common segments of 15 nucleotide (15mer), and found that every gene in the human genome matched at least one other gene in this respect, ranging from as few as five matches 15mer to as many as 7,688 gene matches. They also discovered that 99.999 percent of 15mers in the human genome are repeated at least twice.—“This demonstrates that short patent sequences are extremely non-specific and that a 15mer claim from one gene will always cross-match and patent a portion of another gene as well,” says Dr. Mason. “This means it is actually impossible to have a 15mer patent for just one gene.”—Next, researchers examined the total sequence space in human genes covered by 15mers in current patent claims. They found 58 patents whose claims covered at least 10 percent of all bases of all human genes. The broadest patent claimed sequences that matched 91.5 percent of human genes. Then, when they took existing gene patents and matched patented 15mers to known genes, they discovered that 100 percent of known genes are patented.—“There is a real controversy regarding gene ownership due to the overlap of many competing patent claims. It is unclear who really owns the rights to any gene,” says Dr. Rosenfeld. “While the Supreme Court is hearing one case concerning just the BRCA1 patent, there are also many other patents whose claims would cover those same genes. Do we need to go through every gene to look at who made the first claim to that gene, even if only one small part? If we resort to this rule, then the first patents to be granted for any DNA will have a vast claim over portions of the human genome.”–A further issue of concern is that patents on DNA can readily cross species boundaries. A company can have a patent that they received for cow breeding and have that patent cover a large percentage of human genes. Indeed, the researchers found that one company owns the rights to 84 percent of all human genes for a patent they received for cow breeding. “It seems silly that a patent designed to study cow genetics also claims the majority of human genes,” says Dr. Rosenfeld.—Finally, they also examined the impact of longer claimed DNA sequences from existing gene patents, which ranged from a few dozen bases up to thousands of bases of DNA, and found that these long, claimed sequences matched 41 percent (9,361) of human genes. Their analysis concluded that almost all clinically relevant genes have already been patented, especially for short sequence patents, showing all human genes are patented many times over.—“This is, so to speak, patently ridiculous,” adds Dr. Mason. “If patent claims that use these small DNA sequences are upheld, it could potentially create a situation where a piece of every gene in the human genome is patented by a phalanx of competing patents.”—In their discussion, the researchers argue that the U.S. Supreme Court now has a chance to shape the balance between the medical good versus inventor protection, adding that, in their opinion, the court should limit the patenting of existing nucleotide sequences, due to their broad scope and non-specificity in the human genome.-“I am extremely pro-patent, but I simply believe that people should not be able to patent a product of nature,” Dr. Mason says. “Moreover, I believe that individuals have an innate right to their own genome, or to allow their doctor to look at that genome, just like the lungs or kidneys. Failure to resolve these ambiguities perpetuates a direct threat to genomic liberty, or the right to one’s own DNA.”—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Weill Cornell Medical College. — Journal Reference-Jeffrey Rosenfeld, and Christopher E Mason. Pervasive sequence patents cover the entire human genome. Genome Medicine, 2013 (in press) DOI: 10.1186/gm431
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    TOP
    [F1]More like bought the votes for this approval
    [F2]Reason why today this is not the case –is due to the fact the gov’t has shares in the food industry such as Monsanto who sells a ton of Crap they call food to Walmart
    [F3]The perfect weapon if you can’t starve people then the next best thing is to poison them
    [F4]AN Oxy Moron if anyone would see this—the more you support this black hole the bigger and blacker it gets
    [F5]It would appear Walmart causes Poverty
    [F6]There is No evidence to this—in fact if a womans immune system is healthy with the adequate immune minerals and fats then this is totally unnecessary
    [F7]THIS IS A FABRICATION AND A IMAGINED CURE HERE
    [F8]Do I smell STERILIZATION
    [F9]The concept is an illusion —lead us to think is exactly this—with cross contamination and adulterations from genetics and other pollutants—unless the food is grown in isolation then at best you have a convulated food
    [F10]Cookies and Potato Chips are not an organic food in the sense that the foods are grown and come fresh—these are heated and filled with sugars or acrylamide that is also a Natural byproduct but not healthy or potentially unhealthy
    [F11]This is Truly a Deception the elements we should really be looking for –is what was it mixed with –soy, canola, aspartame, HFCS, molasses- agave—colouring agents-metal contaminants-nano particles-aborted baby flavouring agents—these are things that is in the so called organic foods today irrespective of governing bodies regulations
    [F12]Junk Food —glorified junk food —this shows 2 things—people are really ignorant of what is really food –and 2nd corporations realize that people are ignorant enough and conditioned enough to realize that if you label things a certain way people will buy them irrespective of nutrional conten or lack thereof–
    [F13]Not sure what this fellow is smoking —canada has not give both sides of the news for over 20 years—this is what is called an illusion not even remotely close to the truth—the only way anyone gets both sides is if you watch both sides of the world and not just watch your indigenious media
     
    [F14]In other words the facts are going to based on the companies providing the services
     
     
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    HOME
     
    Show of The Month April 13 2013
     
    Morgellon Remedies
     
    How to Make A Filter
     
    Filtration and Distillation
     
    Quick reference chart for RADAR neurological reprogramming experiments and kill ratio statistics
    Recharging Alkalines
    Treating Skin Blemishes
     
    TURPENTINE. DATA
     
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    Morgellon Remedies
    Spray topical—mix a salt solution —while simmering or heating water add table salt to this until saturated ( mix in the salt little at a time—allow it to dissolve and repeat this til the water can no longer dissolve the salt) then add TSP 20 grams—and vinegar 2 oz and distilled water 2 cups stir this til it dissolves—when it has stop the stove pour into a container ( preferably glass) do not pour in if the solution is to hot—allow to cool before pouring
    Add the content to a spray bottle—then spray afflicted areas—-use on pets as well—to alleviate the blotching and the out break
     
    THINGS TO DO IN CONJUNCTION WITH THIS—if applying to animals do not feed them any grain based foods or mixes –these grains and soy will further exasperate the out break –the same is applicable to people—NO RICE-CORN-PASTA-CEREAL-BREAD-PASTRIES-BOXED OR BAGGED GRAIN TYPE FOODS—DO NOT FEED ANIMALS THESE EITHER—NO MILK BONE OR COOKIE SNACKS FOR THE DOGS OR CATS OR ANY OTHER CARNIVORE LIKE ANIMALS
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    Creams and Lotions
    Make a cream or lotion by adding either sunflower lecithin or egg yolk lecithin to assist the cells in the skin to restore there connections –to make add your bees wax—salt and oils such as coconut—palm or shea butter or any other base you desire ( avoid soy )—add an essential oil of choice—if you wish a disinfectant then apply the woodier oils such as rosemary thyme sage pine fir etc —citrus lime lemon orange etc once you melt your fats the in the blender add your salt more essential oils —you can add as a preservative either rosemary essential oil or sage or ( BHT) water ( distilled) and alcohol ( vodka-gin-or any clear base alcohol) about 1 oz water you will gradually increase to desired levels of thickness for the cream or lotion—use xanthium gum to bind the materials so they do not separate( fat and water will separate unless you have a binding agent)blend this altogether adding water as needed and xanthium—til you get the desired texcture—put in glass jar and apply after cleaning areas—will help in the restoration of the fat cells
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    Baths—
    Make a saline solution of these ingredients where you add salt ( table will be good) 1 cup-epsom salt 1 cup-baking soda ½ cup-borax ½ cup and a iodine soap 1 oz and fill the tub with hot water as hot as you can handle—sit in it for at the least 20 – 30 minutes lightly scrubbing with either a wash cloth or a brush and releasing the cells from the polymers and breaking the biofilm— This will remove radiation as well as particulates caught in the skin
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    Internal Extraction—utilize pectin internally— and add to it wine—or a extract of grape raison—in this mix this will draw out from the colon and draw it out of a person—-take raisons and add to wine in a pot and heat-simmer it down to about half and then when done turn of stove and then add to a blender and blend together and strain— mix this with pectin…
     
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    How to Make A Filter
    1) Find a plastic bag (preferably with handles)
    2) place charcoal at the bottom, next sand, next pebbles, another layer of sand and more rocks.
    3) tie the handles of the plastic bag to a tree branch or a hook to elevate the bag (like shown in picture).
    4) pour the water in the bag.
    5) poke a small hole at the bottom of the bag.
    6) place a water container or jar at the bottom to catch the clean water.
    This only removes large sediment and the charcoal improves the taste, note: this DOES NOT FULLY PURIFY WATER.
    Also, you can purchase a “almond milk bag” or a “mesh screen bag” on Amazon to make this process even easier, or just use a shirt or cloth to remove the large particles.
    If you use this below ground tehnique you should boil the water for 10 minutes at a steady boil before drinking, or use iodine tablets to be safe.–Also you can purchase a “LifeStraw” its basically a filter that is a shape of a straw so you can drink unpureified water straight from the device. It gets rid of 100 percent waterborne bacteria and 98.7 percent of viruses and particles. Five million people per year die from waterborne illness, mostly children and people that have compromised immune systems.
    It’s not safe to drink unpurified water from the below-ground technique, you can catch Cryptosporidium or other viruses even parasites if you don’t purify the water. You should
    1) get a reliable water filter like the lifeStraw.
    or
    2) Boil the water for 10 minutes at a steady boil.
    or
    3) Use iodine tablets.
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    Filtration and Distillation
    All of these condensation techniques produce clean, distilled water ready to drink water. Distillation removes 99% of all contaminants, however you may get a few stray plant or soil particles doing this. In that case you might want to filter it out, re-distill or boil the water just to make sure it’s safe to drink.
    Filter out large particles-You can use a t-shirt or a mesh screen bag to filter out big particles, you can find “almond milk bags” online that work quite well, but if you’re in a pinch you can always make one——Take a bag, fill it with pebbles/rocks, next layer would be charcoal, next would be more pebbles/rocks, next would be sand, more pebbles/rock. Then hand the plastic bag on a tree branch or hook and pour in the dirty water, now cut a tiny hole at the bottom and let the water slowly drip down into a container, this will take care of removing any sediment and charcoal improves the taste. (note: This doe not fully purify water)—– Purifying Water:
    There are two ways of doing this, boiling the water for 10 minutes at a steady boil, or distillation. Distillation is basically what we did above, using heat to steam water, the water transpiring or condensing and turning into pure drinking water.
    If you have dirty water, rain water, ocean water, or otherwise questionable drinking water, purify it by using distillation.
    Solar Distillation—If you have no access to fire, use this method. This is the same concept as the solar still technique, you are using heat of the sun to distill water. You would need a large metal bowl, plastic wrap, a rock, and a small container to catch the clean water. Fill the metal bowl with the dirty or questionable water, place the small container in the middle, cover the large metal bowl with plastic (make sure that its completely sealed), then place a rock in the middle on-top of the plastic wrap or sheeting. Now, place this contraption in the sun. In no time you will have pure drinking water!
    Fire Distiller–Same concept as the solar distiller but you’re using fire to heat up a large pot of dirty water so the steam catches on a sheet of plastic and drips down into a cup(s). — Prepare a campfire, get a metal pot. Then construct a makeshift arch above the campfire about 3-4 ft tall over the campfire using sticks (it should resemble a door frame). Then cover the top of the arch with long plastic sheeting so that it’s over the pot and the campfire (the plastic sheet should be 1-2 feet over the boiling pot). Tie the corners of the plastic with sticks and anchor to the ground, make the plastic somewhat loose and not too tight. Now on each side, place a rock on the plastic, and under the rock place a water container (like the solar still technique), do this on each side. Now get a campfire going, place the pot on the campfire and pour in the dirty water, get the water to a roaring boil. The steam from the boiling water should rise up towards the plastic sheeting, and gravity should eventually move the condensation where the rock weights have been placed, and the condensation should drip into the water containers that have been placed on the ends of the plastic sheeting. You can constantly fill up the pot with dirty water, in this video it shows survivalists pouring sea water into the boiling pot while doing other survival tasks.
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    Quick reference chart for RADAR neurological reprogramming experiments and kill ratio statistics
     
    Weapon capability
     
    Effectiveness/Risk Mechanisms
    Defenses
     
    Blood Clots Not very effective except under long duration exposure and other preconditions. Increases platelets and red blood cell count. Unidentified waveforms of bio-signaling mechanisms to human cells. An aspirin a day will dilute the blood.
    Stroke Low. Only effective on the elderly or congenital conditions. Vasoconstriction, adrenal runaway process, uses CIA spooking and scaring scripts. Also can increase probability by using an abnormal atrium fibrillation signal that increases probability of clots. Don’t panic. Valium. Meditation.
    Heart Attack, Arrhythmias, weakened beating Near term – Low probability of success. Longer term stress takes its toll. Risk is determined by Congenital conditions. Vasoconstriction, adrenal runaway process, uses CIA spooking and scaring scripts. Alterations in heart beat using ion cyclotron heating techniques. Beta-wave enhancers and brain entrainments. Don’t panic. Valium. Meditation. Thick leather over chest. Other shielding and jamming techniques for directed energy. Beta blockers stop brain signals from being able to increase heart rate. US Air Force is most interested in improving these kill figures.
    Leukemia and autoimmune diseases Long term risk. These effects are by products of experiments done to enhance the immune system. Microwave frequencies. Increased white blood cell count and over stimulation of the immune system. Alteration of sugar metabolism in cells is well documented in the world health organization. Good diet. No defenses known other than superconductor shielding.
    Addiction and self medicating Many. Used to both discredit target and speed along menticide for deletion and reduce risk of retaliation. Amplification of addictive brain entrainments. Stress, and negative sublimal and hypnotic suggestion using silent sound programming. Pain signals. Post traumatic stress syndrome from tortures. Shielding and Jamming. Alpha wave dominant bio-feedback practice. Knowledge of CIA scripts and tactics. Positive hypnosis.
    Cancer 5% according to classified documents over entire Earth population Electromagnetic energy/pollution Unimportant risk compared with others.
    Global Warming high All the ionospheric heaters and phased arrays pump billions of watts into the atmosphere over the Earth. Unimportant risk compared to what else has been done to the human race and time line. Fluorocarbons and pollution might be a bigger contributor.
    V2K – A denial of service attack to the mind. 70% . Discrediting method and productivity reduction. Negativity of the language causes depression and despair. audio cortex mapping. Language bots – computer generated conversations also called mind viruses. Positive hypnosis. Remember real people are not usually behind the verbal beatings and can’t be reasoned with.
    Pain and severe discomfort 95% Pre-recorded pains can be played through the brain like mp3 files. EEG cloning allows hive mind participants to share all senses and thoughts. One pain is everyone’s pain. Automated mind virus torture programs. Follows Dr. Camerons periodic torture depatterning approach. All real pains are amplified. Take ibuprofen. Bio-feedback training. When the brain hits alpha dominant cycles, the torture stops. Hypnosis also blocks the remote entrainment cycles.
    Psychological and Sociological Effects of CIA scripts and Directed Energy Assaults
    Isolation High Psychology of public is programmed to distance themselves from whomever talks about this in public. Obsession over being tortured and amazement over technology. CIA setting up track record for mental illness so can use as a programmed assassin or terrorist and be discredited in public eye. Support groups. Don’t talk about your situation to family or all your friends. Force yourself to interact normally in coffee shops and the like. Speak out under pseudonyms. More visible you are at condemning these human rights abuses, less likely they will program you to do their killing for them.
    Depression High Uses 3.3 and 6.6 hertz harmonics known to cause depression. Other more complex depression signals also used in brain entrainment inductions. 10 hertz binaural beats. SSRI reuptake inhibitors have mixed effects and may actually increase the effectiveness of the “not immediately lethal” weapons system. Don’t isolate. Find support groups.
    Suicide High All techniques are used to get rid of the human experiment with plausible denial after the majority of tests are done and it is used to improve kill ratio statistics before battlefield use. Support groups.
    ADD High Obvious scrambling of brain signal inductions lead to inability of targets to prioritize correctly and focus. Ritalin and pseudo-ephedrine have helped some targets counter effects.
    Obsessive/Compulsive High Part of the whole sequence simulating every known mental illness in targets to discredit and disable them. Take time off of this topic. More you train your mind to think about it, the more engrained those pathways become. Yes, it is exciting to learn the greatest secrets of neural linking technology but the knowledge can’t be shared or used by civilians so it isn’t really all that useful. The excitement is the sirens’ song.
    Bi-polar, panic and hysteria High risk. Total emotional control and amplification. Used to increase probability of isolation and dysfunction in groups. Army has written about creating white hot anger in radio frequency targets. Brain entrainments of common fundamental human algorithms. Valium, mood stabilizers. Practice not reacting to inner emotions. Disassociation.
    Stalking/break-ins/gas lighting 80% They are agents in training or other. Due to the increased paranoia from a few gas lighting incidences, everyone soon looks like a gas lighter. Know the head games. Take pictures of suspects and add to TI database. Simply ignore. Don’t fall for the gas lighting. Once it stops bothering you and you accept total invasion, they usually stop.
    Implants < 1% RFID tracking chips. Way to instill false hope in targets if they can just remove it…. #2 Discrediting tactic after alien abduction to explain experiences. The most common head games played with targets. Delusional guidelines lists implant claims to diagnose you as crazy. Even if you had one, removal will not stop it. The human body and brain prints are enough of unique identifiers. Chips are necessary.
    Other ways to disrupt and jam the RADAR sensor systems or change your brain print and bio-amplification factors
    Mylar Shielding on ceilings and walls Effectiveness can be improved by grounding. Effectiveness can be improved more by adding ions using inverters to charge sheets to 10,000 volts. Staple loosely so that air convection currents can wiggle them.
    Body/head resonance scramblers This is a communication war. Adding noise to the RADAR grids readings decreases the return signal effectiveness. Scrambling/jamming helps destroy the informal coherence of the bio signal that the brain can learn.
    Mu Metal arc over head while sleeping Low frequency, low intensity magnetic fields are used. See Dr. Persingers work. Decreasing the decibel of at least one component of the induction signal can disconnect the feedback loop.
    Super conductor shields Very expensive but block 100% of magnetic fields. They aren’t portable and require liquid nitrogen to keep functional.
    Language reprogramming EEG software The brain learns the communication signals. Re-association using a linguistic Pavlov effect can scramble the low probability of deciphering communication strategy for silent sound assaults.
    Education More you understand about the how, who, and why the less of a mystery it is. And more grounded you become. Don’t waste your time or money making the same mistakes as others before you. Become a soldier in this silent holocaust and make yourself useful by furthering the research and public education. Try the low risk solution others have succeeded with in combination. Think of yourself like a cell phone. Each method you use in combination reduces the effectiveness until suddenly the signal drops out. Then you have developed coping mechanisms.
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    Recharging Alkalines
    While waiting for my battery tester and alkaline charger to arrive, I sorted through the box, weeding out any leakers as well as odd ball batteries such as cell phone and hearing aid batteries. According to Wikipedia, the reason a battery leaks is this:
    As batteries discharge — either through usage or gradual self-discharge — the chemistry of the cells changes and some hydrogen gas is generated. This out-gassing increases pressure in the battery. Eventually, the excess pressure either ruptures the insulating seals at the end of the battery, or the outer metal canister, or both. In addition, as the battery ages, its steel outer canister may gradually corrode or rust, which can further contribute to containment failure.
    Surprisingly, most of the batteries in my box were clean. Something to keep in mind as you go through the sorting process is that if there is even a single leaker in the box, the residue can spread on to other batteries so it helps to have a rag handy to wipe each battery off to see if it is okay. If you even suspect that a battery has leaked, or if shows any rust or corrosion, don’t take a chance. Throw the baddies back in to the recycle box.
    WHO SAYS THAT DEAD BATTERY IS REALLY DEAD?
    I purchased an inexpensive battery tester from Amazon. There was nothing special about it and it was easy to use. Plus, it had the ability to test 9V batteries as well as button batteries and the traditional AA, AAA, C and D sized batteries.
    I then set to work, testing each and every battery in my box. Much to my surprise, there were a number of batteries that tested “fully charged”. It is interesting to note that many were 9 Volt batteries that came out of one of my carbon monoxide detectors. This leads me to believe that the detector is bad and not the batteries.
    Furthermore, I now believe that what commonly happens is that, for example, a remote control or flashlight is dead. You dump the batteries into the recycle box and install new ones. Easy peasy. But in truth, perhaps only a single battery of the 2 or 3 are bad so in effect, you are dumping out 1 discharged battery and 2 or 3 perfectly usable batteries. I even proved this myself. Since I now keep one of these $8 testers in my desk drawer, when my wireless mouse died a couple of days ago, I found that only one of the two AAA batteries that I had removed was dead. The other was showing almost a full charge. Go figure.
    The other thing, and something that makes me feel careless and stupid, there were some perfectly good rechargeable batteries in the box. Now how the heck did that happen?
    LET THE RECHARGING BEGIN
    After reading reviews on various rechargers, I settled on the Maximal Power FC999 Universal Battery Charger. It wasn’t the most expensive available but according to a couple of the reviewers, this unit was exactly the same as a higher priced model. The difference was that this one is black and the other one was gray.—Now here is the deal with this charger. It has four separate charging chambers that operate independently of each other. This means that you can mix and match battery sizes (AA, AAA, C, D) without a problem. It also has a center 9V battery chamber but I have not been able to figure out whether that piggy backs upon one of the adjacent chambers or whether it operates separately.
    Note: this charger can also be used to charge Ni-cd and Ni-MH batteries but I only tested it on Alkaline batteries. There is a slider switch that allows you to select the type of batteries you are charging – they can not and should not be mixed and matched by type (although, as I mentioned, various sizes of the same type work just fine.)
    There is no question that I experienced a bit of trepidation when I inserted the batteries into the charger for the first time. But there was no smoke and no explosion so I continued on.
    A few seconds after you insert the batteries, the tester will recognize the status and the LED window will either say “CHA” (for charging) or “BAD” (for sorry, this is a bad battery and it cannot be charged). In addition, the following lights will glow:
    Red – Charging
    Green – Fully Charged
    Red Flashing – BAD
    As I mentioned above, each of the four chamber operates independently so you could have a combination of these three options all going at once.
    There is a chart in the manual that indicates that a AAA battery will take 2.5 hours to charge, a AA 5 hours, a C size 6 hours, and a D sized 10 hours. In my experience, however, they charge to the fully-charged, green light stage a lot sooner that than. Now here is the thing. Once fully charged, the charger switches to a trickle charge to keep the battery “at its optimum capacity” whatever that means.
    My experience is that if you leave the recharged batteries in the charger overnight – or say for about 10 or 12 hours – you will get a much stronger charge. I say this because I first tested some batteries right after the green light came on. On my tester, they would register at about the half way mark in the fully-charged area. If I put them back in the charger, the green fully-charged light would come on right away but when I took them out the next morning, the tester showed them about 90% charged.–After doing this a few times, I realized that next on my bucket list was a tester that would give me the actual voltage of the re-charged battery. My brother and nephew – both electronics wizards – have one and tell me that is the only way to truly test the remaining juice left in a used battery.

    #2660
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    OTHER TESTING NOTES
    The little manual that came with the charger stated that alkaline batteries can be charged to 75 – 90% of their original capacity. It further said that the batteries should be fully drained before recharging but I found that as a practical matter, the fully drained batteries came up “BAD” and could not be recharged at all.
    There is one more rather important note that I want to make. I checked on my recharged batteries about two weeks after storing them in a box in my utility cupboard. Much to my surprise there were some new leakers. Now whether these were overlooked initially (had I wiped away the residue not realizing they were compromised) or a byproduct of the charging process – I do not know. Even more curious, they were all the Costco Kirkland brand batteries.
    The manual also indicates that alkaline batteries should not be recharged more than 30 times. 30 times – holy moly – that seems like a lot of charging to me. For now, I will charge them once until I go through the pile and then start anew. But 30 times? I am going to play it safe and protect my devices by recharging no more than a dozen times if that.
    SO REALLY, HOW DID THEY WORK?
    Using the recharged batteries on low power devices such as mini LED flashlights and of course, my computer mouse, worked great. As a matter of fact, I can not tell the difference between the recharged Alkalines and standard rechargeables. On the other hand, the Survival Husband uses wireless headphones to watch TV and the recharged alkalines only last abut 8 hours as opposed to the typical 15 to 20 hours with standard Ni-mh rechargeables.
    STORING THE BATTERIES
    I purchased these inexpensive storage cases for my recharged batteries. They are really quite handy and I like that the six individual cases interlock and connect together to make a larger case. The rest of my spares are in the plastic pencil case you see pictured above.
    THE FINAL WORD
    For a total investment of about $34 I now have what for all intents and purposes, a lifetime of free batteries. The reason I say “lifetime” is that my friends have indicated an willingness to give me all of their dead batteries and you can bet that many will still be either good as is or eligible for recharging.
    Would I trust these recycled batteries in a survival situation – sure, if that is all I had, But of course, that is not the case. I still have a large supply of brand new alkaline batteries in all sizes plus a good supply of standard rechargeables (you know how I love those eneloop rechargeables).
    But as spare batteries to use day to day, heck, these are great. As my tests have proven, a recharged alkaline battery can keep a small LED flashlight going to over a week and a computer mouse for much longer than that. As a matter of fact, you might say I have become obsessed with using these recharged alkaline batteries. But that, of course, is a story for another time
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    Treating Skin Blemishes
    Hot steaming towels then are applied to the afflicted area at least three times and, afterward, the afflicted area is patted dry.
     
    One tablespoon of common table salt is dissolved in one measuring cup of very hot water having a temperature of not more than 120° F. The salt is completely dissolved in the water and a facecloth is immersed and soaked in the salt water. Sea salt with naturally occurring substances may have antibacterial characteristics that are superior to ordinary table salt and thus, sea salt water may be preferable for use in this step of the treatment process. The salt kills, it is believed, through osmosis.
     
    A towel is folded lengthwise and then across. One side of the towel is thoroughly saturated with ordinary tap water and then folded into thirds in order to keep the wetted side of the towel on the inside of the folds. The towel is heated, preferably in a toaster oven or dryer, for several minute in order to heat the water in the wetted interior until it steams.
    With the subject’s head slightly inclined to prevent inhalation of water from the towel (when treating facial acne), the hot salt water soaked facecloth is placed over the affected area, the saline water soaked facecloth then being covered by the unfolded steaming towel. Preferably, a second steaming towel can be placed over the first towel to maintain the facecloth’s heat for a longer period of time. Care must be taken, however, to make sure that these hot applications are sufficiently cool to avoid burning the skin that is undergoing treatment. With respect to this step in the treatment, it is thought that the hot applications help to further open the pores and gravity promotes flow of the saline water from the facecloth into the pores.
     
    The heat, it seems, also promotes an increase in capillary blood flow that not only increases the supply of white and red blood cells to advance the healing process, but also removes waste products from the afflicted area. The effect of the heat applied to the subject’s skin also might destroy at least some of the bacteria that are related to the acne condition. As a general matter, heat may aid in the process in several ways. It may denature proteins, cause membrane damage and also may cause enzymatic cleavage of DNA. Moist heat, moreover, sterilizes at a lower temperature than dry heat because water serves to disrupt noncovalent bonds (hydrogen bonds) which hold protein chains together in their secondary and tertiary structures.
     
    The steaming towel is replaced at least one more time, this replacement being repeated when the subject feels that the applied towel is no longer hot or has a noticeably elevated temperature. In this instance, the towel may actually be very warm, but the subject has at this point in the treatment become so conditioned to heat that the sensation of heat fails to register with the patient as being significant. The process temperatures need to be continually increased to and maintained at the desired levels to cause morbidity of proionibacterium acnes, dilation of the body’s own vascular structures to bring in the body’s own defensive mechanisms, remove waste through the dilated structures, and allow the salt to enter deep into the affected pilosebaceous unit. The salt will, but is not limited to, deprive the bacterium of water needed to survive, and the sodium that enters the bacterium’s membrane can not be excreted (it is a one-way trap for sodium, much like a diode is in electricity), but more water has to be brought into the bacteria to dilute the absorbed sodium until the bacteria actually ruptures.
    After the last steaming towel is felt to be cool by the subject, the steaming towels and the underlying saline water soaked facecloth are removed.
    The afflicted area then is further treated by being washed with a castile soap. For the purpose of the invention, the soap marketed as “Dr. Bronner’s Magic Soaps 18-in-1 Hemp Peppermint Pure-Castile Soap” has been found to be particularly efficacious. The Dr. Bronner’s soap that is used in the invention is a compound of water, saponified coconut-hemp-olive oils (with retained glycerin), olive fatty acids, peppermint oil (boosted with menthol), vitamin E, and citric acid.
    The treated area is rinsed and dried, having on visual inspection a rosy appearance that will disappear in about twelve hours.
    Within three days after treatment, the red pustules will be gone from the afflicted area, leaving only a few circular, dark brown freckle-like areas in those portions of the skin that were most seriously afflicted. To post treat these residual marks, a cotton applicator, soaked in either turpentine or in honey, is touched to the dark areas.—
     
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    TURPENTINE. DATA
    Research suggests that the term “turpentine” is used imprecisely to describe either the oleoresin obtained from the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) or the slash pine (P. elliottii Engelm.) along with other Pinus species that yield exclusively terpene oils, or the essential oil obtained from the above oleoresin. More than a half-dozen additional Pinus species have been used in the production of turpentine. The oleoresin is sometimes referred to as “gum turpentine” while turpentine or its oil (also known as spirits of turpentine) are terms for the essential oil. Following steam distillation, gum turpentine yields turpentine oil and a resin called colophony (also known as rosin). Alternately, rosin is collected by scarring the tree trunk, and various grades of material are then refined. Turpentine and rosin also are obtained by the steam distillation of wood chips of that are by-products of the lumber and paper industries, and these sources account for the bulk of the production of these compounds. In terms of volume, turpentine is the largest volume essential oil product in the world, with the bulk of production occurring in the United States. The labor-intensive production of rosin, however, occurs to a greater extent in Spain, Greece, India, and Morocco.—-Turpentine is composed primarily of monoterpene hydrocarbons, the most prevalent of which are the pinenes, camphene, and 3-carene. Rosin contains mostly diterpene resin acids such as abietic acid, dehydroabietic acid, palustric acid and isopimaric acid. Numerous other compounds are present in small quantities in all turpentine products.—Canada turpentine or Canada balsam is an oleoresin obtained from the stems of the balsam fir, Abies balsamae (Family Pinaceae).
    Summary
    Terebinthina.—It is an exudation from different species of Pines. It is a valuable remedy, either externally or internally. Sprinkled on flannel dipped in hot water, wrung out, and then locally applied, it is a powerful counter-irritant, acting like mustard, and even blistering. It is useful for local pains, for lumbago, sciatica, and for inflammatory diseases in the abdomen. As an external application to burns, turpentine has been much used. ———Internally turpentine is anthelmintic[I1] , diaphoretic, diuretic, purgative and stimulant, It is also given as an astringent. As a destroyer of worms, it should be given in combination with Castor Oil, lest failing to purge it should over-stimulate the urinary organs. As a diuretic, it is prescribed in dropsy, and suppression of urine. As a purgative, it is useful in cases of tympanitic distension of the abdomen, and in acute stages of puerperal fever. As a stimulant to the nervous system, in neuralgia and epilepsy.
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    Uses of Turpentine
    Turpentine has been used experimentally in a bath for the treatment of disseminated sclerosis and sexual dysfunction. It also has been studied for its antibacterial activity and inhibition of osteoclast activity. Turpentine is utilized in experimental models of inflammation to induce a systemic inflammatory immune response in animals.
     
    Clinical data[I2]
    One study from Russia documents the use of turpentine white emulsion baths in patients with sexual dysfunctions, but the safety of this treatment has not been established***** Karpukhin IV, Li AA, Gusev ME. Turpentine white emulsion baths in the rehabilation in patients with sexual dysfunctions [in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult . 2000;32-33.******** –Application of yellow turpentine baths in patients with chronic prostatitis complicated by sexual dysfunctions].
    [Article in Russian]-[No authors listed]
    Abstract—Patients with chronic prostatitis complicated by sexual dysfunction took turpentine baths with yellow solution in concentration rising from 5 to 55 ml solution per 200 l water, temperature 35-40 degrees C, duration 5-16 min, daily, 12-15 procedures. Yellow turpentine baths raise efficacy of treatment of patients with copulative dysfunction to 64% due to intensive arterial blood inflow to the sexual organs including the cavernous bodies of the penis.
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    Turpentine white emulsion baths in the rehabilation in patients with sexual dysfunctions].
    [Article in Russian]
    Karpukhin IV, Li AA, Gusev ME.
    Abstract
    100 patients with sexual dysfunction (SD) and 20 SD patients took turpentine white emulsion baths and sodium chloride baths, respectively. The turpentine baths were given with step-by-step rise in turpentine concentration from 20 to 50 ml per 200 l of water, temperature 36-37 degrees C, duration of the procedure 10-15 min. The course consisted of 10-12 procedures which were conducted daily or each other day. The turpentine baths were more effective than sodium chloride baths (85 vs 50%, respectively).-PMID: 11247146 -[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
    Use of white turpentine bath emulsion and yellow turpentine solution for the treatment of chronic prostatitis complicated by excretory pathospermia].
    [Article in Russian]
    Karpukhin IV, Li AA, Gusev MA.
    Abstract
    The paper reports a review of up-to-date methods for the use of white turpentine bath emulsion and yellow turpentine solution in the treatment of chronic prostatitis complicated by excretory pathospermia. The results of bath therapy are presented. It is shown that the efficiency of white turpentine bath emulsion amounted to 69.7% compared with 88.3% in patients treated with the use of yellow turpentine solution.—Preliminary reports from Russia suggest that turpentine baths may assist in the treatment of disseminated sclerosis, but the safety of this treatment has not been established.******** . Ludianskii EA. The extension of the use of physical methods of treatment to patients with disseminated sclerosis [in Russian]. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult . 1992;34-37.*******
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    Turpentine possesses antibacterial activity in vitro and has been applied topically to debride severe wounds infested with fly larvae***** Leung AY. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics . New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1980*******Benign skin tumors have been observed in animal models following chronic topical application of turpentine
     
     
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    [I1]Internal USES— anthelmintic [I1], diaphoretic, diuretic, purgative and stimulant, It is also given as an astringent. As a destroyer of worms- As a diuretic, it is prescribed in dropsy, and suppression of urine. As a purgative, it is useful in cases of tympanitic distension of the abdomen, and in acute stages of puerperal fever. As a stimulant to the nervous system, in neuralgia and epilepsy.
     
     
    [I2]Turpentine for ED
     
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    HOME
     
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    Speech on Hidden Truth
    None are so hopelessly enslaved, as those who falsely believe they are free. The truth has been kept from the depth of their minds by masters who rule them with lies. They feed them on falsehoods till wrong looks like right in their eyes.”
     
     
     
    Show of The Month April 20 2013
     
     
    Myths & Truths About Soy
    Doctors Not Informed of Harmful Effects of Medicines During Sales Visits
    THE BENFITS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL
    Summary of latest data on antibiotic resistance in the European Union
     
    Recipe for Insulin Regulating
     
    Eggs Prevent Heart Disease and Cancer
     
    Eggs’ Antioxidant Properties May Help Prevent Heart Disease and Cancer,
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    Myths & Truths About Soy
     
    Myth: Use of soy as a food dates back many thousands of years.
    Truth: Soy was first used as a food during the late Chou dynasty (1134-246 BC), only after the Chinese learned to ferment soy beans to make foods like tempeh, natto and tamari.
    Myth: Asians consume large amounts of soy foods.
    Truth: Average consumption of soy foods in Japan and China is 10 grams (about 2 teaspoons) per day. Asians consume soy foods in small amounts as a condiment, and not as a replacement for animal foods.
    Myth: Modern soy foods confer the same health benefits as traditionally fermented soy foods.
    Truth: Most modern soy foods are not fermented to neutralize toxins in soybeans, and are processed in a way that denatures proteins and increases levels of carcinogens.
    Myth: Soy foods provide complete protein.
    Truth: Like all legumes, soy beans are deficient in sulfur-containing amino acids methionine and cystine. In addition, modern processing denatures fragile lysine.
    Myth: Fermented soy foods can provide vitamin B12 in vegetarian diets.
    Truth: The compound that resembles vitamin B12 in soy cannot be used by the human body; in fact, soy foods cause the body to require more B12
    Myth: Soy formula is safe for infants.
    Truth: Soy foods contain trypsin inhibitors that inhibit protein digestion and affect pancreatic function. In test animals, diets high in trypsin inhibitors led to stunted growth and pancreatic disorders. Soy foods increase the body’s requirement for vitamin D, needed for strong bones and normal growth. Phytic acid in soy foods results in reduced bioavailabilty of iron and zinc which are required for the health and development of the brain and nervous system[F1]. Soy also lacks cholesterol, likewise essential for the development of the brain and nervous system. Megadoses of phytoestrogens in soy formula have been implicated in the current trend toward increasingly premature sexual development in girls and delayed or retarded sexual development in boys.
    Myth: Soy foods can prevent osteoporosis.
    Truth: Soy foods can cause deficiencies in calcium and vitamin D, both needed for healthy bones. Calcium from bone broths and vitamin D from seafood, lard and organ meats prevent osteoporosis in Asian countries—not soy foods.
    Myth: Modern soy foods protect against many types of cancer.
    Truth: A British government report concluded that there is little evidence that soy foods protect against breast cancer or any other forms of cancer. In fact, soy foods may result in an increased risk of cancer.
    Myth: Soy foods protect against heart disease.
    Truth: In some people, consumption of soy foods will lower cholesterol, but there is no evidence that lowering cholesterol with soy protein improves one’s risk of having heart disease.
    Myth: Soy estrogens (isoflavones) are good for you.
    Truth: Soy isoflavones are phyto-endocrine disrupters. At dietary levels, they can prevent ovulation and stimulate the growth of cancer cells. Eating as little as 30 grams (about 4 tablespoons) of soy per day can result in hypothyroidism with symptoms of lethargy, constipation, weight gain and fatigue.
    Myth: Soy foods are safe and beneficial for women to use in their postmenopausal years.
    Truth: Soy foods can stimulate the growth of estrogen-dependent tumors and cause thyroid problems. Low thyroid function is associated with difficulties in menopause.
    Myth: Phytoestrogens in soy foods can enhance mental ability.
    Truth: A recent study found that women with the highest levels of estrogen in their blood had the lowest levels of cognitive function; In Japanese Americans tofu consumption in mid-life is associated with the occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease in later life.
    Myth: Soy isoflavones and soy protein isolate have GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) status.
    Truth: Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) recently withdrew its application to the FDA for GRAS status for soy isoflavones following an outpouring of protest from the scientific community. The FDA never approved GRAS status for soy protein isolate because of concern regarding the presence of toxins and carcinogens in processed soy.
    Myth: Soy foods are good for your sex life.
    Truth: Numerous animal studies show that soy foods cause infertility in animals. Soy consumption enhances hair growth in middle-aged men, indicating lowered testosterone levels. Japanese housewives feed tofu to their husbands frequently when they want to reduce his virility.
    Myth: Soy beans are good for the environment.
    Truth: Most soy beans grown in the US are genetically engineered to allow farmers to use large amounts of herbicides.
    Myth: Soy beans are good for developing nations.
    Truth: In third world countries, soybeans replace traditional crops and transfer the value-added of processing from the local population to multinational corporations.
     
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    Doctors Not Informed of Harmful Effects of Medicines During Sales Visits
    Apr. 10, 2013 — The majority of family doctors receive little or no information about harmful effects of medicines when visited by drug company representatives, according to an international study involving Canadian, U.S. and French physicians. —Yet the same doctors indicated that they were likely to start prescribing these drugs, consistent with previous research that shows prescribing behaviour is influenced by pharmaceutical promotion.–The study, which had doctors fill out questionnaires about each promoted medicine following sales visits, was published online today in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. It shows that sales representatives failed to provide any information about common or serious side effects and the type of patients who should not use the medicine in 59 per cent of the promotions. In Vancouver and Montreal, no potential harms were mentioned for 66 per cent of promoted medicines.—“Laws in all three countries require sales representatives to provide information on harm as well as benefits,” says lead author Barbara Mintzes of the University of British Columbia. “But no one is monitoring these visits and there are next to no sanctions for misleading or inaccurate promotion.”—Serious risks were mentioned in only six percent of the promotions, even though 57 per cent of the medications involved in these visits came with US Food and Drug Administration “black box” or Health Canada boxed warnings — the strongest drug warning that can be issued by both countries.—“We are very concerned that doctors and patients are left in the dark and patient safety may be compromised,” says Mintzes, an expert on drug advertising in UBC’s School of Population and Public Health.–Doctors in Toulouse were more likely to be told of a harmful effect in a promotional visit, compared to doctors in Canada and the U.S., according to the study. Researchers suggested that this may reflect stricter regulatory standards for promotion of medicines in France.
    About the study
    The UBC-led study is the most comprehensive to date of the quality of pharmaceutical sales representative promotions to family physicians.–Researchers recruited physicians to participate using random samples from lists of primary care physicians at four sites — Vancouver, Montreal, Sacramento and Toulouse. Among 704 eligible physicians contacted, 255 (36 per cent) chose to participate. Information was collected on 1,692 drug promotions at sales visits between May 2009 to June 2010.
    Doctors were asked to fill out a questionnaire about the information provided for each promoted medicine following each visit they received from pharmaceutical sales representatives. Sales representatives regularly visit doctors’ offices to promote medicines by providing information, free samples and in some cases food and invitations to events. The study focused on how often information was provided about drug safety.–The team includes researchers from UBC, York University, University of Montreal, University of California, Davis and the University of Toulouse.
    Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of British Columbia, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. -Journal Reference—Barbara Mintzes, Joel Lexchin, Jason M. Sutherland, Marie-Dominique Beaulieu, Michael S. Wilkes, Geneviève Durrieu, Ellen Reynolds. Pharmaceutical Sales Representatives and Patient Safety: A Comparative Prospective Study of Information Quality in Canada, France and the United States. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2013; DOI: 10.1007/s11606-013-2411-7
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    THE BENFITS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL
    People with high cholesterol live the longest. This statement seems so incredible that it takes a long time to clear one´s brainwashed mind to fully understand its importance. Yet the fact that people with high cholesterol live the longest emerges clearly from many scientific papers. Consider the finding of Dr. Harlan Krumholz of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine at Yale University, who reported in 1994 that old people with low cholesterol died twice as often from a heart attack as did old people with a high cholesterol.1 Supporters of the cholesterol campaign consistently ignore his observation, or consider it as a rare exception, produced by chance among a huge number of studies finding the opposite. But it is not an exception; there are now a large number of findings that contradict the lipid hypothesis. To be more specific, most studies of old people have shown that high cholesterol is not a risk factor for coronary heart disease. This was the result of my search in the Medline database for studies addressing that question.2Eleven studies of old people came up with that result, and a further seven studies found that high cholesterol did not predict all-cause mortality either. Now consider that more than 90 % of all cardiovascular disease is seen in people above age 60 also and that almost all studies have found that high cholesterol is not a risk factor for women.2 This means that high cholesterol is only a risk factor for less than 5 % of those who die from a heart attack. But there is more comfort for those who have high cholesterol; six of the studies found that total mortality was inversely associated with either total or LDL-cholesterol, or both. This means that it is actually much better to have high than to have low cholesterol if you want to live to be very old.
    High Cholesterol Protects Against Infection
    Many studies have found that low cholesterol is in certain respects worse than high cholesterol. For instance, in 19 large studies of more than 68,000 deaths, reviewed by Professor David R. Jacobs and his co-workers from the Division of Epidemiology at the University of Minnesota, low cholesterol predicted an increased risk of dying from gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases.3 Most gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases have an infectious origin. Therefore, a relevant question is whether it is the infection that lowers cholesterol or the low cholesterol that predisposes to infection? To answer this question Professor Jacobs and his group, together with Dr. Carlos Iribarren, followed more than 100,000 healthy individuals in the San Francisco area for fifteen years. At the end of the study those who had low cholesterol at the start of the study had more often been admitted to the hospital because of an infectious disease.4,5 This finding cannot be explained away with the argument that the infection had caused cholesterol to go down, because how could low cholesterol, recorded when these people were without any evidence of infection, be caused by a disease they had not yet encountered? Isn´t it more likely that low cholesterol in some way made them more vulnerable to infection, or that high cholesterol protected those who did not become infected? Much evidence exists to support that interpretation.
    Low Cholesterol and HIV/AIDS
    Young, unmarried men with a previous sexually transmitted disease or liver disease run a much greater risk of becoming infected with HIV virus than other people. The Minnesota researchers, now led by Dr. Ami Claxton, followed such individuals for 7-8 years. After having excluded those who became HIV-positive during the first four years, they ended up with a group of 2446 men. At the end of the study, 140 of these people tested positive for HIV; those who had low cholesterol at the beginning of the study were twice as likely to test postitive for HIV compared with those with the highest cholesterol.6 Similar results come from a study of the MRFIT screenees, including more than 300,000 young and middle-aged men, which found that 16 years after the first cholesterol analysis the number of men whose cholesterol was lower than 160 and who had died from AIDS was four times higher than the number of men who had died from AIDS with a cholesterol above 240.7
    Cholesterol and Chronic Heart Failure
    Heart disease may lead to a weakening of the heart muscle. A weak heart means that less blood and therefore less oxygen is delivered to the arteries. To compensate for the decreased power, the heart beat goes up, but in severe heart failure this is not sufficient. Patients with severe heart failure become short of breath because too little oxygen is delivered to the tissues, the pressure in their veins increases because the heart cannot deliver the blood away from the heart with sufficient power, and they become edematous, meaning that fluid accumulates in the legs and in serious cases also in the lungs and other parts of the body. This condition is called congestive or chronic heart failure. There are many indications that bacteria or other microorganisms play an important role in chronic heart failure. For instance, patients with severe chronic heart failure have high levels of endotoxin and various types of cytokines in their blood. Endotoxin, also named lipopolysaccharide, is the most toxic substance produced by Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Serratia and Pseudomonas. Cytokines are hormones secreted by white blood cells in their battle with microorganisms; high levels of cytokines in the blood indicate that inflammatory processes are going on somewhere in the body. The role of infections in chronic heart failure has been studied by Dr. Mathias Rauchhaus and his team at the Medical Department, Martin-Luther-University in Halle, Germany (Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin III, Martin-Luther-Universität, Halle). They found that the strongest predictor of death for patients with chronic heart failure was the concentration of cytokines in the blood, in particular in patients with heart failure due to coronary heart disease.8 To explain their finding they suggested that bacteria from the gut may more easily penetrate into the tissues when the pressure in the abdominal veins is increased because of heart failure. In accordance with this theory, they found more endotoxin in the blood of patients with congestive heart failure and edema than in patients with non-congestive heart failure without edema, and endotoxin concentrations decreased significantly when the heart’s function was improved by medical treatment.9A simple way to test the functional state of the immune system is to inject antigens from microorganisms that most people have been exposed to, under the skin. If the immune system is normal, an induration (hard spot) will appear about 48 hours later at the place of the injection. If the induration is very small, with a diameter of less than a few millimeters, this indicates the presence of “anergy,” a reduction in or failure of response to recognize antigens. In accordance, anergy has been found associated with an increased risk of infection and mortality in healthy elderly individuals, in surgical patients and in heart transplant patients.10 Dr. Donna Vredevoe and her group from the School of Nursery and the School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles tested more than 200 patients with severe heart failure with five different antigens and followed them for twelve months. The cause of heart failure was coronary heart disease in half of them and other types of heart disease (such as congenital or infectious valvular heart disease, various cardiomyopathies and endocarditis) in the rest. Almost half of all the patients were anergic, and those who were anergic and had coronary heart disease had a much higher mortality than the rest.10 Now to the salient point: to their surprise the researchers found that mortality was higher, not only in the patients with anergy, but also in the patients with the lowest lipid values, including total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol as well as triglycerides. The latter finding was confirmed by Dr. Rauchhaus, this time in co-operation with researchers at several German and British university hospitals. They found that the risk of dying for patients with chronic heart failure was strongly and inversely associated with total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and also triglycerides; those with high lipid values lived much longer than those with low values.11,12 Other researchers have made similar observations. The largest study has been performed by Professor Gregg C. Fonorow and his team at the UCLA Department of Medicine and Cardiomyopathy Center in Los Angeles.13 The study, led by Dr. Tamara Horwich, included more than a thousand patients with severe heart failure. After five years 62 percent of the patients with cholesterol below 129 mg/l had died, but only half as many of the patients with cholesterol above 223 mg/l. When proponents of the cholesterol hypothesis are confronted with findings showing a bad outcome associated with low cholesterol—and there are many such observations—they usually argue that severely ill patients are often malnourished, and malnourishment is therefore said to cause low cholesterol. However, the mortality of the patients in this study was independent of their degree of nourishment; low cholesterol predicted early mortality whether the patients were malnourished or not.
    Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome
    As discussed in The Cholesterol Myths (see sidebar), much evidence supports the theory that people born with very high cholesterol, so-called familial hypercholesterolemia, are protected against infection. But if inborn high cholesterol protects against infections, inborn low cholesterol should have the opposite effect. Indeed, this seems to be true. Children with the Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome produce very little cholesterol because the enzyme that is necessary for the last step in the body’s synthesis of cholesterol does not function properly. Most children with this syndrome are either stillborn or they die early because of serious malformations of the central nervous system. Those who survive are imbecile, they have extremely low cholesterol and suffer from frequent and severe infections. However, if their diet is supplemented with pure cholesterol or extra eggs, their cholesterol goes up and their bouts of infection become less serious and less frequent.14
    Laboratory Evidence
    Laboratory studies are crucial for learning more about the mechanisms by which the lipids exert their protective function. One of the first to study this phenomenon was Dr Sucharit Bhakdi from the Institute of Medical Microbiology, University of Giessen (Institut für Medizinsche Mikrobiologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen), Germany along with his team of researchers from various institutions in Germany and Denmark.15 Staphylococcus aureus a-toxin is the most toxic substance produced by strains of the disease-promoting bacteria called staphylococci. It is able to destroy a wide variety of human cells, including red blood cells. For instance, if minute amounts of the toxin are added to a test tube with red blood cells dissolved in 0.9 percent saline, the blood is hemolyzed, that is the membranes of the red blood cells burst and hemoglobin from the interior of the red blood cells leaks out into the solvent. Dr. Bhakdi and his team mixed purified a-toxin with human serum (the fluid in which the blood cells reside) and saw that 90 percent of its hemolyzing effect disappeared. By various complicated methods they identified the protective substance as LDL, the carrier of the so-called bad cholesterol. In accordance, no hemolysis occurred when they mixed a-toxin with purified human LDL, whereas HDL or other plasma constituents were ineffective in this respect. Dr. Willy Flegel and his co-workers at the Department of Transfusion Medicine, University of Ulm, and the Institute of Immunology and Genetics at the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, Germany (DRK-Blutspendezentrale und Abteilung für Transfusionsmedizin, Universität Ulm, und Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg) studied endotoxin in another way.16 As mentioned, one of the effects of endotoxin is that white blood cells are stimulated to produce cytokines. The German researchers found that the cytokine-stimulating effect of endotoxin on the white blood cells disappeared almost completely if the endotoxin was mixed with human serum for 24 hours before they added the white blood cells to the test tubes. In a subsequent study17 they found that purified LDL from patients with familial hypercholesterolemia had the same inhibitory effect as the serum. LDL may not only bind and inactivate dangerous bacterial toxins; it seems to have a direct beneficial influence on the immune system also, possibly explaining the observed relationship between low cholesterol and various chronic diseases. This was the starting point for a study by Professor Matthew Muldoon and his team at the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They studied healthy young and middle-aged men and found that the total number of white blood cells and the number of various types of white blood cells were significantly lower in the men with LDL-cholesterol below 160 mg/dl (mean 88.3 mg/l),than in men with LDL-cholesterol above 160 mg/l (mean 185.5 mg/l).18 The researchers cautiously concluded that there were immune system differences between men with low and high cholesterol, but that it was too early to state whether these differences had any importance for human health. Now, seven years later with many of the results discussed here, we are allowed to state that the immune-supporting properties of LDL-cholesterol do indeed play an important role in human health.
    Animal Experiments
    The immune systems in various mammals including human beings have many similarities. Therefore, it is interesting to see what experiments with rats and mice can tell us. Professor Kenneth Feingold at the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, and his group have published several interesting results from such research. In one of them they lowered LDL-cholesterol in rats by giving them either a drug that prevents the liver from secreting lipoproteins, or a drug that increases their disappearance. In both models, injection of endotoxin was followed by a much higher mortality in the low-cholesterol rats compared with normal rats. The high mortality was not due to the drugs because, if the drug-treated animals were injected with lipoproteins just before the injection of endotoxin, their mortality was reduced to normal.19
    Dr. Mihai Netea and his team from the Departments of Internal and Nuclear Medicine at the University Hospital in Nijmegen, The Netherlands, injected purified endotoxin into normal mice, and into mice with familial hypercholesterolemia that had LDL-cholesterol four times higher than normal. Whereas all normal mice died, they had to inject eight times as much endotoxin to kill the mice with familial hypercholesterolemia. In another experiment they injected live bacteria and found that twice as many mice with familial hypercholesterolemia survived compared with normal mice.20
    Other Protecting Lipids
    As seen from the above, many of the roles played by LDL-cholesterol are shared by HDL. This should not be too surprising considering that high HDL-cholesterol is associated with cardiovascular health and longevity. But there is more. triglycerides, molecules consisting of three fatty acids linked to glycerol, are insoluble in water and are therefore carried through the blood inside lipoproteins, just as cholesterol. All lipoproteins carry triglycerides, but most of them are carried by a lipoprotein named VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) and by chylomicrons, a mixture of emulsified triglycerides appearing in large amounts after a fat-rich meal, particularly in the blood that flows from the gut to the liver. For many years it has been known that sepsis, a life-threatening condition caused by bacterial growth in the blood, is associated with a high level of triglycerides. The serious symptoms of sepsis are due to endotoxin, most often produced by gut bacteria. In a number of studies, Professor Hobart W. Harris at the Surgical Research Laboratory at San Francisco General Hospital and his team found that solutions rich in triglycerides but with practically no cholesterol were able to protect experimental animals from the toxic effects of endotoxin and they concluded that the high level of triglycerides seen in sepsis is a normal immune response to infection.21 Usually the bacteria responsible for sepsis come from the gut. It is therefore fortunate that the blood draining the gut is especially rich in triglycerides.
    Exceptions
    So far, animal experiments have confirmed the hypothesis that high cholesterol protects against infection, at least against infections caused by bacteria. In a similar experiment using injections of Candida albicans, a common fungus, Dr. Netea and his team found that mice with familial hypercholesterolemia died more easily than normal mice.22 Serious infections caused by Candida albicans are rare in normal human beings; however, they are mainly seen in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs, but the finding shows that we need more knowledge in this area. However, the many findings mentioned above indicate that the protective effects of the blood lipids against infections in human beings seem to be greater than any possible adverse effects.
    Cholesterol as a Risk Factor
    Most studies of young and middle-aged men have found high cholesterol to be a risk factor for coronary heart disease, seemingly a contradiction to the idea that high cholesterol is protective. Why is high cholesterol a risk factor in young and middle-aged men? A likely explanation is that men of that age are often in the midst of their professional career. High cholesterol may therefore reflect mental stress, a well-known cause of high cholesterol and also a risk factor for heart disease. Again, high cholesterol is not necessarily the direct cause but may only be a marker. High cholesterol in young and middle-aged men could, for instance, reflect the body’s need for more cholesterol because cholesterol is the building material of many stress hormones. Any possible protective effect of high cholesterol may therefore be counteracted by the negative influence of a stressful life on the vascular system.
    Response to Injury
    In 1976 one of the most promising theories about the cause of atherosclerosis was the Response-to-Injury Hypothesis, presented by Russell Ross, a professor of pathology, and John Glomset, a professor of biochemistry and medicine at the Medical School, University of Washington in Seattle.23,24 They suggested that atherosclerosis is the consequence of an inflammatory process, where the first step is a localized injury to the thin layer of cells lining the inside of the arteries, the intima. The injury causes inflammation and the raised plaques that form are simply healing lesions. Their idea is not new. In 1911, two American pathologists from the Pathological Laboratories, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Oskar Klotz and M.F. Manning, published a summary of their studies of the human arteries and concluded that “there is every indication that the production of tissue in the intima is the result of a direct irritation of that tissue by the presence of infection or toxins or the stimulation by the products of a primary degeneration in that layer.”25 Other researchers have presented similar theories.26 Researchers have proposed many potential causes of vascular injury, including mechanical stress, exposure to tobacco fumes, high LDL-cholesterol, oxidized cholesterol, homocysteine, the metabolic consequences of diabetes, iron overload, copper deficiency, deficiencies of vitamins A and D, consumption of trans fatty acids, microorganisms and many more. With one exception, there is evidence to support roles for all of these factors, but the degree to which each of them participates remains uncertain. The exception is of course LDL-cholesterol. Much research allows us to exclude high LDL-cholesterol from the list. Whether we look directly with the naked eye at the inside of the arteries at autopsy, or we do it indirectly in living people using x-rays, ultrasound or electron beams, no association worth mentioning has ever been found between the amount of lipid in the blood and the degree of atherosclerosis in the arteries. Also, whether cholesterol goes up or down, by itself or due to medical intervention, the changes of cholesterol have never been followed by parallel changes in the atherosclerotic plaques; there is no dose-response. Proponents of the cholesterol campaign often claim that the trials indeed have found dose-response, but here they refer to calculations between the mean changes of the different trials with the outcome of the whole treatment group. However, true dose-response demands that the individual changes of the putative causal factor are followed by parallel, individual changes of the disease outcome, and this has never occurred in the trials where researchers have calculated true dose-response. A detailed discussion of the many factors accused of harming the arterial endothelium is beyond the scope of this article. However, the protective role of the blood lipids against infections obviously demands a closer look at the alleged role of one of the alleged causes, the microorganisms.
    Is Atherosclerosis an Infectious Disease?
    For many years scientists have suspected that viruses and bacteria, in particular cytomegalovirus and Chlamydia pneumonia (also named TWAR bacteria) participate in the development of atherosclerosis. Research within this area has exploded during the last decade and by January 2004, at least 200 reviews of the issue have been published in medical journals. Due to the widespread preoccupation with cholesterol and other lipids, there has been little general interest in the subject, however, and few doctors know much about it. Here I shall mention some of the most interesting findings.26 Electron microscopy, immunofluorescence microscopy and other advanced techniques have allowed us to detect microorganisms and their DNA in the atherosclerotic lesions in a large proportion of patients. Bacterial toxins and cytokines, hormones secreted by the white blood cells during infections, are seen more often in the blood from patients with recent heart disease and stroke, in particular during and after an acute cardiovascular event, and some of them are strong predictors of cardiovascular disease. The same is valid for bacterial and viral antibodies, and a protein secreted by the liver during infections, named C-reactive protein (CRP), is a much stronger risk factor for coronary heart disease than cholesterol Clinical evidence also supports this theory. During the weeks preceding an acute cardiovascular attack many patients have had a bacterial or viral infection. For instance, Dr. Armin J. Grau from the Department of Neurology at the University of Heidelberg and his team asked 166 patients with acute stroke, 166 patients hospitalized for other neurological diseases and 166 healthy individuals matched individually for age and sex about recent infectious disease. Within the first week before the stroke, 37 of the stroke patients, but only 14 of the control individuals had had an infectious disease. In half of the patients the infection was of bacterial origin, in the other half of viral origin.27 Similar observations have been made by many others, for patients with acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). For instance, Dr. Kimmo J. Mattila at the Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, found that 11 of 40 male patients with an acute heart attack before age 50 had an influenza-like infection with fever within 36 hours prior to admittance to hospital, but only 4 out of 41 patients with chronic coronary disease (such as recurrent angina or pervious myocardial infarction) and 4 out of 40 control individuals without chronic disease randomly selected from the general population.28 Attempts have been made to prevent cardiovascular disease by treatment with antibiotics. In five trials treatment of patients with coronary heart disease using azithromyzin or roxithromyzin, antibiotics that are effective against Chlamydia pneumonia,yielded successful results; a total of 104 cardiovascular events occurred among the 412 non-treated patients, but only 61 events among the 410 patients in the treatment groups.28a-e In one further trial a significant decreased progression of atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries occurred with antibiotic treatment.28f However, in four other trials,30a-d one of which included more than 7000 patients,28d antibiotic treatment had no significant effect. The reason for these inconsistent results may be that the treatment was too short (in one of the trials treatment lasted only five days). Also, Chlamydia pneumonia, the TWAR bacteria, can only propagate inside human cells and when located in white blood cells they are resistant to antibiotics.31 Treatment may also have been ineffective because the antibiotics used have no effect on viruses. In this connection it is interesting to mention a controlled trial performed by Dr. Enrique Gurfinkel and his team from Fundación Favaloro in Buenos Aires, Argentina.32 They vaccinated half of 301 patients with coronary heart disease against influenza, a viral disease. After six months 8 percent of the control patients had died, but only 2 percent of the vaccinated patients. It is worth mentioning that this effect was much better than that achieved by any statin trial, and in a much shorter time.
    Does High Cholesterol Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease?
    Apparently, microorganisms play a role in cardiovascular disease. They may be one of the factors that start the process by injuring the arterial endothelium. A secondary role may be inferred from the association between acute cardiovascular disease and infection. The infectious agent may preferably become located in parts of the arterial walls that have been previously damaged by other agents, initiating local coagulation and the creation of a thrombus (clot) and in this way cause obstruction of the blood flow. But if so, high cholesterol may protect against cardiovascular disease instead of being the cause! In any case, the diet-heart idea, with its demonizing of high cholesterol, is obviously in conflict with the idea that high cholesterol protects against infections. Both ideas cannot be true. Let me summarize the many facts that conflict with the idea that high cholesterol is bad. If high cholesterol were the most important cause of atherosclerosis, people with high cholesterol should be more atherosclerotic than people with low cholesterol. But as you know by now this is very far from the truth. If high cholesterol were the most important cause of atherosclerosis, lowering of cholesterol should influence the atherosclerotic process in proportion to the degree of its lowering. But as you know by now, this does not happen.If high cholesterol were the most important cause of cardiovascular disease, it should be a risk factor in all populations, in both sexes, at all ages, in all disease categories, and for both heart disease and stroke. But as you know by now, this is not the case I have only two arguments for the idea that high cholesterol is good for the blood vessels, but in contrast to the arguments claiming the opposite they are very strong. The first one stems from the statin trials. If high cholesterol were the most important cause of cardiovascular disease, the greatest effect of statin treatment should have been seen in patients with the highest cholesterol, and in patients whose cholesterol was lowered the most. Lack of dose-response cannot be attributed to the knowledge that the statins have other effects on plaque stabilization, as this would not have masked the effect of cholesterol-lowering considering the pronounced lowering that was achieved. On the contrary, if a drug that effectively lowers the concentration of a molecule assumed to be harmful to the cardiovascular system and at the same time exerts several beneficial effects on the same system, a pronounced dose-response should be seen. On the other hand, if high cholesterol has a protective function, as suggested, its lowering would counterbalance the beneficial effects of the statins and thus work against a dose-response, which would be more in accord with the results from the various trials. I have already mentioned my second argument, but it can’t be said too often: High cholesterol is associated with longevity in old people. It is difficult to explain away the fact that during the period of life in which most cardiovascular disease occurs and from which most people die (and most of us die from cardiovascular disease), high cholesterol occurs most often in people with the lowest mortality. How is it possible that high cholesterol is harmful to the artery walls and causes fatal coronary heart disease, the commonest cause of death, if those whose cholesterol is the highest, live longer than those whose cholesterol is low?
    To the public and the scientific community I say, “Wake up!”

    #2661
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    REFERENCES
    1. Krumholz HM and others. Lack of association between cholesterol and coronary heart disease mortality and morbidity and all-cause mortality in persons older than 70 years. Journal of the American Medical Association 272, 1335-1340, 1990.
    2. Ravnskov U. High cholesterol may protect against infections and atherosclerosis. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 96, 927-934, 2003.
    3. Jacobs D and others. Report of the conference on low blood cholesterol: Mortality associations. Circulation 86, 1046–1060, 1992.
    4. Iribarren C and others. Serum total cholesterol and risk of hospitalization, and death from respiratory disease. International Journal of Epidemiology 26, 1191–1202, 1997.
    5. Iribarren C and others. Cohort study of serum total cholesterol and in-hospital incidence of infectious diseases. Epidemiology and Infection 121, 335–347, 1998.
    6. Claxton AJ and others. Association between serum total cholesterol and HIV infection in a high-risk cohort of young men. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology 17, 51–57, 1998.
    7. Neaton JD, Wentworth DN. Low serum cholesterol and risk of death from AIDS. AIDS 11, 929–930, 1997.
    8. Rauchhaus M and others. Plasma cytokine parameters and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. Circulation 102, 3060-3067, 2000.
    9. Niebauer J and others. Endotoxin and immune activation in chronic heart failure. Lancet 353, 1838-1842, 1999.
    10. Vredevoe DL and others. Skin test anergy in advanced heart failure secondary to either ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. American Journal of Cardiology 82, 323-328, 1998.
    11. Rauchhaus M, Coats AJ, Anker SD. The endotoxin-lipoprotein hypothesis. Lancet 356, 930–933, 2000.
    12. Rauchhaus M and others. The relationship between cholesterol and survival in patients with chronic heart failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 42, 1933-1940, 2003.
    13. Horwich TB and others. Low serum total cholesterol is associated with marked increase in mortality in advanced heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure 8, 216-224, 2002.
    14. Elias ER and others. Clinical effects of cholesterol supplementation in six patients with the Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS). American Journal of Medical Genetics 68, 305–310, 1997.
    15. Bhakdi S and others. Binding and partial inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus a-toxin by human plasma low density lipoprotein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 258, 5899-5904, 1983.
    16. Flegel WA and others. Inhibition of endotoxin-induced activation of human monocytes by human lipoproteins. Infection and Immunity 57, 2237-2245, 1989.
    17. Weinstock CW and others. Low density lipoproteins inhibit endotoxin activation of monocytes. Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis 12, 341-347, 1992.
    18. Muldoon MF and others. Immune system differences in men with hypo- or hypercholesterolemia. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 84, 145-149, 1997.
    19. Feingold KR and others. Role for circulating lipoproteins in protection from endotoxin toxicity. Infection and Immunity 63, 2041-2046, 1995.
    20. Netea MG and others. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice are protected against lethal endotoxemia and severe gram-negative infections. Journal of Clinical Investigation 97, 1366-1372, 1996.
    21. Harris HW, Gosnell JE, Kumwenda ZL. The lipemia of sepsis: triglyceride-rich lipoproteins as agents of innate immunity. Journal of Endotoxin Research 6, 421-430, 2001.
    22. Netea MG and others. Hyperlipoproteinemia enhances susceptibility to acute disseminated Candida albicans infection in low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-deficient mice. Infection and Immunity 65, 2663-2667, 1997.
    23. Ross R, Glomset JA. The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. New England Journal of Medicine 295, 369-377, 1976.
    24. Ross R. The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and update. New England Journal of Medicine 314, 488-500, 1986.
    25. Klotz O, Manning MF. Fatty streaks in the intima of arteries. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology. 16, 211-220, 1911.
    26. At least 200 reviews about the role of infections in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease have been published; here are a few of them: a) Grayston JT, Kuo CC, Campbell LA, Benditt EP. Chlamydia pneumoniae strain TWAR and atherosclerosis. European Heart Journal Suppl K, 66-71, 1993. b) Melnick JL, Adam E, Debakey ME. Cytomegalovirus and atherosclerosis. European Heart Journal Suppl K, 30-38, 1993. c) Nicholson AC, Hajjar DP. Herpesviruses in atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Etiologic agents or ubiquitous bystanders? Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 18, 339-348, 1998. d) Ismail A, Khosravi H, Olson H. The role of infection in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. A new therapeutic target. Heart Disease 1, 233-240, 1999. e) Kuvin JT, Kimmelstiel MD. Infectious causes of atherosclerosis. f.) Kalayoglu MV, Libby P, Byrne GI. Chlamydia pneumonia as an emerging risk factor in cardiovascular disease. Journal of the American Medical Association 288, 2724-2731, 2002.
    27. Grau AJ and others. Recent bacterial and viral infection is a risk factor for cerebrovascular ischemia. Neurology 50, 196-203, 1998.
    28. Mattila KJ. Viral and bacterial infections in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Internal Medicine 225, 293-296, 1989.
    29. The successful trials: a) Gurfinkel E. Lancet 350, 404-407, 1997. b) Gupta S and others. Circulation 96, 404-407, 1997. c) Muhlestein JB and others. Circulation 102, 1755-1760, 2000. d) Stone AFM and others. Circulation 106, 1219-1223, 2002. e) Wiesli P and others. Circulation 105, 2646-2652, 2002. f) Sander D and others. Circulation 106, 2428-2433, 2002.
    30. The unsuccessful trials: a) Anderson JL and others. Circulation 99, 1540-1547, 1999. b) Leowattana W and others. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 84 (Suppl 3), S669-S675, 2001. c) Cercek B and others. Lancet 361, 809-813, 2003. d) O’Connor CM and others. Journal of the American Medical Association. 290, 1459-1466, 2003.
    31. Gieffers J and others. Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in circulating human monocytes is refractory to antibiotic treatment. Circulation 104, 351-356, 2001
    32. Gurfinkel EP and others. Circulation 105, 2143-2147, 2002.
    About the author
    Dr. Ravnskov is the author of The Cholesterol Myths and chairman of The International Network of Cholesterol Skeptics (thincs.org).
    Risk Factor
    There is one risk factor that is known to be certain to cause death. It is such a strong risk factor that it has a 100 percent mortality rate. Thus I can guarantee that if we stop this risk factor, which would take no great research and cost nothing in monetary terms, within a century human deaths would be completely eliminated. This risk factor is called “Life.”
    Barry Groves, second-opinions.com
    Familial Hypercholesterolemia – Not as Risky as You May Think
    Many doctors believe that most patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) die from CHD at a young age. Obviously, they do not know the surprising finding of the Scientific Steering Committee at the Department of Public Health and Primary Care at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England. For several years, these researchers followed more than 500 FH patients between the ages of 20 and 74 and compared patient mortality during this period with that of the general population.
    During a three- to four-year period, six of 214 FH patients below age 40 died from CHD. This may not seem particularly frightening but as it is rare to die from CHD before the age of 40, the risk for these FH patients was almost 100 times that of the general population.
    During a four- to five-year period, eight of 237 FH patients between ages 40 and 59 died, which was five times more than the general population. But during a similar period of time, only one of 75 FH patients between the ages of 60 and 74 died from CHD, when the expected number was two.
    If these results are typical for FH, you could say that between ages 20 and 59, about 3 percent of the patients die from CHD, and between ages 60 and 74, less than 2 percent die, in both cases during a period of 3-4 years. The authors stressed that the patients had been referred because of a personal or family history of premature vascular disease and therefore were at a particularly high risk for CHD. Most patients with FH in the general population are unrecognized and untreated. Had the patients studied been representative for all FH patients, their prognosis would probably have been even better.
    This view was recently confirmed by Dr. Eric Sijbrands and his coworkers from various medical departments in Amsterdam and Leiden, Netherlands. Out of a large group they found three individuals with very high cholesterol. A genetic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of FH and by tracing their family members backward in time, they came up with a total of 412 individuals. The coronary and total mortality of these members were compared with the mortality of the general Dutch population.
    The striking finding was that those who lived during the 19th and early 20th century had normal mortality and lived a normal life span. In fact, those living in the 19th century had a lower mortality than the general population. After 1915 the mortality rose to a maximum between 1935 and 1964, but even at the peak, mortality was less than twice as high as in the general population.
    Again, very high cholesterol levels alone do not lead to a heart attack. In fact, high cholesterol may even be protective against other diseases. This was the conclusion of Dr. Sijbrands and his colleagues. As support they cited the fact that genetically modified mice with high cholesterol are protected against severe bacterial infections.
    “Doctor, don’t be afraid because of my high cholesterol.” These were the words of a 36-year-old lawyer who visited me for the first time for a health examination. And indeed, his cholesterol was high, over 400 mg/dl.
    “My father’s cholesterol was even higher,” he added. “But he lived happily until he died at age 79 from cancer. And his brother, who also had FH, died at age 83. None of them ever complained of any heart problems.” My “patient” is now 53, his brother is 56 and his cousin 61. All of them have extremely high cholesterol values, but none of them has any heart troubles, and none of them has ever taken cholesterol-lowering drugs.
    So, if you happen to have FH, don’t be too anxious. Your chances of surviving are pretty good, even surviving to old age.
    Scientific Steering Committee on behalf of the Simon Broome Register Group. Risk of fatal coronary heart disease in familial hypercholesterolaemia. British Medical Journal 303, 893-896, 1991; Sijbrands EJG and others. Mortality over two centuries in large pedigree with familial hypercholesterolaemia: family tree mortality study. British Medical Journal 322, 1019-1023, 2001.
    From The Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnvskov, MD, PhD, NewTrends Publishing, pp 64-65.
    See also: Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD New cholesterol guidelines for converting healthy people into patients
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    Summary of latest data on antibiotic resistance in the European Union
     
    Highlights on antibiotic resistance Antibiotic resistance is a major global public health problem and is, for a large part, driven by use of antibiotics. As a result, patients are suffering from infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, sometime to multiple antibiotics. Resistance in bacteria commonly responsible for infections such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli has been increasing Europe wide for all Antibiotic classes under surveillance. Single and combined resistance to several antibiotics (multidrug resistance) are increasing in these bacteria. The percentage of carbapenem -Resistant lebsiella pneumonia is increasing in the European Union and these resistant bacteria are now spreading to several European countries . Transfer of patients across borders poses a clear risk for the transmission of carbapenem resistant bacteria, especially when patients are transferred from areas with high rates of such bacteria to healthcare facilities in another country or have received medical care abroad in areas with high rates of carbapenem resistant bacteria.Carbapenems are the major last line class of antibiotics to treat infections with multidrug resistant Gram negative bacteria such as K. pneumoniae and E. coli Resistance to carbapenems limits available options for treatment of infected patients to only few antibiotics which often are old antibiotics that were developed several decades ago and often have limitations and side effects . The occurrence of meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) shows a decrease in some European countries. However, one fourth of countries are still reporting that of all Staphylococcus aureus invasive infections, more than 25% are MRSA. Antibiotic resistance In the European Union The data presented in this section were collected by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS Net) which is coordinated by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). The maps presented in this summary show the occurrence of antibiotic resistance in selected bacteria causing invasive infections and are based on laboratory results reported by countries participating in EARS Net. 2 Klebsiella pneumoniae ( K. pneumoniae ) K. pneumoniae is one of the common causes of Gram negative urinary and respiratory tract infections. This micro organism can rapidly spread from the gastrointestinal tract of patients and via the hands of the hospital personnel to other patients, leading to nosocomial outbreaks. Importantly, patients with impaired immune defences are at higher risk to acquire these infections. The percentage of carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae has increased dramatically in the European Union since 2009–In 2009, carbapenem resistance in K. pneumoniae was only established in Greece, although carbapenem resistance in invasive isolates of K. pneumoniae was also found in Italy and Cyprus [F2]. In 2010, an increasing trend of carbapenem –
    resistant K. pneumonia e was observed for Austria, Cyprus, Hungary and Italy (Fig. 1). This increasing trend is a particularly worrying phenomenon since carbapenems are last line antibiotics for treatment of infections with multidrug Resistant Gram negative bacteria including those which produce an extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL). Treatment options for patients infected with carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae or other carbapenem resistant bacteria are severely limited [F3]3 Figure 1 Klebsiella pneumoniae : percentage of invasive isolates resistant to carbapenems in 2009 (A) and in 2010 (B) (Data source: EARS Net) Percentage of carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae in 2009 B:Percentage of carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae in 2010
    4 In addition to resistance to carbapenems, a high frequency of Multidrug resistant K. pneumoniae (resistance to third generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides ) is evident in Southern, Central and Eastern Europe (Fig.2). Figure 2: Kleb siella pneumoniae percentage of multidrug resistant K. pneumoniae (third generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides) in 2010 (Data source: EARS Net)
    5
    Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) E. coli is the most frequent cause of bacteraemia caused by Gram negative bacteria, as well as community and hospital – acquired urinary tract infections. It is also one of the most common foodborne pathogens worldwide. The occurrence of antibiotic resistance in E. coli continues to increase Europe wide for both multidrug resistance and for single antibiotics under surveillance. For some antibiotics ,the increase is evident even among countries already presenting relatively high levels of resistance. For fluoroquinolones, which are important antibiotics for treatment of E. coli infections, the resistance situation in Europe in 2010 is displayed in
    Fig. 3
    6 Figure 3 Escherichia coli Percentage of invasive isolates with resistance to fluoroquinolones in 2009 and 2010 ( Data source EARS Net)
    A:Percentage of E. coli resistant to fluoroquinolones in 2009 B
    Percentage of E. coli resistant to fluoroquinolones in 2010 7 Meticillin –
    resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA ) MRSA is the most important cause of antibiotic – resistant healthcare -associated infections worldwide. Infections with MRSA may result in prolonged hospital stay and increased mortality rates[F4]. In 2010, seven countries ( Austria, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Greece, Ireland and the UK ) reported decreasing trends for MRSA. This brings hope that national efforts on infection control and containment of resistance may in some cases slow down the development of resistance. Nevertheless , MRSA remains a public health priority, since significantly increasing trend of MRSA was observed in four countries (Italy, Hungary, Germany and Slovenia ) and the proportion of MRSA remains above 25% in more than one fourth of countries (Fig. 4). 8
    Figure 4 Staphylococcus aureus Percentage of invasive isolates resistant to meticillin (MRSA) in 2009 A) and in 2010 (B) (Data source EARS Net)
    A: Percentage of MRSA in 2009
    B: Percentage of MRSA in 2010
     
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    Recipe for Insulin Regulating—take Fenugreek and Ginger Powder—equal portions and either make a tea with this or fuse with Honey ( Unpasteurized) –when fused Utilize ¼ tsp of this twice a day or as needed—you will find this will reduce hunger as a direct result of insulin regulating and may find as well the benefits of the components of these herbs—Or brew a tea with this and drink throughout the day – may as well see GH response from this as well Hormonal Levels for regenerating the Body and muscle integrity –potential Testosterone Regulating as well—Estrogen Blocking—Immune Support
     
    Fenugreek Elements
    Flavonoids Flavone (apigenin, luteolin) glycosides including
    orientin and vitexin, quercetin (flavonol).
    Saponins 0.6–1.7%. Glycosides yielding steroidal sapogenins
    diosgenin and yamogenin (major), with tigogenin, neotigogenin,
    gitogenin, neogitogenin, smilagenin, sarsasapogenin, yuccagenin;(
     
    1) fenugreekine, a sapogenin-peptide ester involving diosgenin
    and yamogenin;(2) trigofoenosides A–G (furostanol
    glycosides).(3–6)
    Other constituents Coumarin,(7) lipids (5–8%),(8) mucilaginous
    fibre (50%),(8) vitamins (including nicotinic acid) and minerals
     
    Proteins and amino acids Protein (23–25%) containing high
    quantities of lysine and tryptophan. Free amino acids include 4-
    hydroxyisoleucine (0.09%), histidine, lysine and arginine
     
    Ginger Elements-
    Oleo-resin Gingerol homologues (major, about 33%) including
    derivatives with a methyl side-chain,(4) shogaol homologues
    (dehydration products of gingerols), zingerone (degradation
    product of gingerols), 1-dehydrogingerdione,(5) 6-gingesulfonic
    acid(3) and volatile oils.
    Volatile oils 1–3%. Complex, predominately hydrocarbons. b-
    Bisabolene and zingiberene (major); other sesquiterpenes include
    zingiberol, zingiberenol, ar-curcumene, b-sesquiphellandrene, bsesquiphellandrol
    (cis and trans); numerous monoterpene hydrocarbons,
    alcohols and aldehydes (e.g. phellandrene, camphene,
    geraniol, neral, linalool, d-nerol).
     
    Proteins and amino acids
    Amino acids (e.g. arginine, aspartic acid,
    cysteine, glycine, isoleucine, leucine, serine, threonine and valine),
    protein (about 9%), resins, diterpenes (galanolactone),(6) vitamins
    (especially nicotinic acid (niacin) and vitamin A), minerals.(2)
    The material contains not less than 4.5% of alcohol (90%)-
    soluble extractive and not less than 10% of water-soluble
    extractive.(G15)
     
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    Eggs Prevent Heart Disease and Cancer
     
    New Evidence That Egg White Protein May Help High Blood Pressure
    Apr. 9, 2013 — NEW ORLEANS, April 9, 2013 — Scientists reported new evidence today that a component of egg whites –– already popular as a substitute for whole eggs among health-conscious consumers concerned about cholesterol in the yolk –– may have another beneficial effect in reducing blood pressure. Their study was part of the 245th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world’s largest scientific society, which continues here through Thursday.—“Our research suggests that there may be another reason to call it ‘the incredible, edible egg,’” said study leader Zhipeng Yu, Ph.D., of Jilin University. “We have evidence from the laboratory that a substance in egg white –– it’s a peptide, one of the building blocks of proteins –– reduces blood pressure about as much as a low dose of Captopril, a high-blood-pressure drug.”—Yu and colleagues, who are with Clemson University, used a peptide called RVPSL. Scientists previously discovered that the substance, like the family of medications that includes Captopril, Vasotec and Monopril, was an angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It has a powerful ability to inhibit or block the action of ACE, a substance produced in the body that raises blood pressure.—They set out to further document RVPSL’s effects, using laboratory rats that develop high blood pressure and are stand-ins for humans in such early research on hypertension. The results of feeding the substance were positive, showing that RVPSL did not have apparent toxic effects and lowered blood pressure by amounts comparable to low doses of Captopril.—“Our results support and enhance previous findings on this topic,” Yu said. “They were promising enough to move ahead with further research on the effects of the egg white peptide on human health.”—Yu noted that the research was done with a version of the peptide that was heated to almost 200 degrees Fahrenheit during preparation — less than the temperatures typically used to cook eggs. He cited evidence from other research, however, that egg whites may retain their beneficial effects on blood pressure after cooking.–One, for instance, published in the ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, showed that fried egg protein, cooked at high temperatures, actually showed greater ability to reduce blood pressure than eggs boiled at 212 degrees F.–Yu believes that egg white peptides, either in eggs or as a supplement, could become useful as an adjunct to high-blood-pressure medication. For now, he said people with high blood pressure should consult their health care provider before making any changes. –And he noted that findings about egg white and high blood pressure add to the emerging nutritional image of eggs. Once regarded as a food to avoid in a healthy diet, studies in recent years have concluded that many people can eat eggs without raising their blood cholesterol levels, benefiting from an inexpensive food low in calories and rich in protein, vitamins and other nutrients.—The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress. With more than 163,000 members, ACS is the world’s largest scientific society and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-reviewed journals and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.
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    Eggs’ Antioxidant Properties May Help Prevent Heart Disease and Cancer, Study
    July 6, 2011 — One of nature’s most perfect foods may be even better for us than previously thought.—While eggs are well known to be an excellent source of proteins, lipids, vitamins and minerals, researchers at the University of Alberta recently discovered they also contain antioxidant properties, which helps in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. –Jianping Wu, Andreas Schieber and graduate students Chamila Nimalaratne and Daise Lopes-Lutz of the U of A Department of Agricultural Food and Nutritional Science examined egg yolks produced by hens fed typical diets of either primarily wheat or corn. They found the yolks contained two amino acids, tryptophan and tyrosine, which have high antioxidant properties. –After analyzing the properties, the researchers determined that two egg yolks in their raw state have almost twice as many antioxidant properties as an apple and about the same as half a serving (25 grams) of cranberries.—However, when the eggs were fried or boiled, antioxidant properties were reduced by about half, and a little more than half if the eggs were cooked in a microwave.[F5] -“It’s a big reduction but it still leaves eggs equal to apples in their antioxidant value,” said Wu.–The findings were published in the peer-reviewed journal Food Chemistry. –The discovery of these two amino acids, while important, may only signify the beginning of finding antioxidant properties in egg yolks, said Wu, an associate professor of agricultural, food and nutritional science.–“Ultimately, we’re trying to map antioxidants in egg yolks so we have to look at all of the properties in the yolks that could contain antioxidants, as well as how the eggs are ingested,” said Wu, adding that he and his team will examine the other type of antioxidant already known to be in eggs, carotenoids, the yellow pigment in egg yolk, as well as peptides. ( see list below )—In previous research, Wu found that egg proteins were converted by enzymes in the stomach and small intestines and produced peptides that act the same way as ACE inhibitors, prescriptions drugs that are used to lower high blood pressure.–That finding defied common wisdom and contradicted the public perception that eggs increased high blood pressure because of their high cholesterol content. Additional research by Wu suggests the peptides can be formulated to help prevent and treat hypertension.—Wu is convinced the peptides also have some antioxidant properties, which leads him to suggest that when he completes the next step in his research, the result will likely be that eggs have more antioxidant properties than we currently know.
    Other Antioxidants as well as Fats crucial for regenerating
     
    Eggs Contain these Substances note
     
    (mg of Substance per 100 grams)
     
    Alkaloids: Betaine 0.53
    Amino Acids: Methionine Neurine *
    Carotenoids: Xanthophylls: * Lutein Zeaxanthin
    Enzymes: Lysozyme
    Lipids: 11,200 Arachidonic Acid Phosphatidylcholine 1,875
    Cholesterol 371 -548 Docosahexaenoic Acid ( DHA)
    Phosphatidylethanolamine* Phosphatidylinositol*
    Linoleic Acid Alpha-Linolenic Acid ( Omega 3)
    Stearic Acid Sphingomyelin 10.74
    Minerals: Calcium 52 Chromium* 16 mcg
    Zinc* 1.5 Sodium 140
    Potassium 140 Iron 2
    Phosphorus Sulfur
    Proteins: ** Avidin # Ovalbumin *
    Ovomucoid * Ovoglobulin *
    Conalbumin * Vitellin*
    Vitellenin * Ovomucin #
    Levitin Albumin #
    Vitamins: Biotin* 25 mcg Choline * 251
    Vitamin A 140 mcg Vitamin B5
    Vitamin B1 0.09 Vitamin B2 0.47
    Vitamin D 50 IU Vitamin E 1.6
    Folic Acid (Yolks only) 25 mcg Vitamin B12 1.7 mcg
    Vitamin K * Vitamin B3 3.7
    * Egg Yolks only
    # Egg Whites only
    ** The biological value of the Proteins in Egg Whites is 88
    – The biological value of the Proteins in whole Eggs is 100.
     
     
     
    TOP B
    [F1]And then you wonder why kids are spun and grown ups cannot think ir remember anything
    [F2]The Mediterranean Region—so this would be what is recorded —the concern would be what is not recorded
    [F3]In cases like this then you will utilize iodine –turpentine—essential oils –and minerals such as zinc –copper—salt –and a combinations of salt with other elements to insure penetration and removal—what is going on is that these pathogens are forming a biofilm polymer that will layer inside a body developing a protective shield –to eliminate a immune response while it feeds on the host utilizing the bodies own resources to further cascade the system and take over—a rewriting of the genetic code—which may be tied to direct infiltration through vaccines and Genetically modified foods which are loaded with viral –fungal and bacterial elements not normally seen in the balanced biology of botany—even the soil in which they are grown are being shown to have issues and cause a furthering of genetic distortion in the plants—further exasberating there damage internally—further causing the infections to breakdown the host
    [F4]It is completely curable with either essential oils –iodine or turpentine—even botanicals in combination with minerals will remove this
    [F5]Never use a Microwave–EVER
     
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    TOP C
    HOME
     
    Show of the Month April 27 2013
     
    Antibiotic Overload In feed
    Scot’s pine
     
    Balsam Fir
     
    Eucalyptus
     
    Caffeine and Exercise May Be Protective Against Skin Cancer Caused by Sun Exposure
    Caffeine Shown As Effective At Reducing Exercise-Induced Asthma Symptoms As An Albuterol Inhaler
    Immune-modifying and antimicrobial effects of Eucalyptus oil and simple inhalation devices.
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    Antibiotic Overload In feed
    Did you know that each year more antibiotics are fed to food-animals in North Carolina than are given to all Americans? Thanks to this kind of misuse, antibiotic-resistant diseases now kill more Americans than HIV/AIDS.—On March 9, 2011, Rep. Slaughter re-introduced H.R. 965, The Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act (PAMTA), which is designed to end the routine use of antibiotics on healthy animals and curb the growing threat of superbugs.—PAMTA would preserve the effectiveness of medically important antibiotics by phasing out the use of these drugs in healthy food-producing animals, while allowing their use for treatment of sick animals. The legislation also requires the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to apply the same tough standards to new applications for approval of animal antibiotics.
    PAMTA-_80_percent_slide
    On February 23, 2011, Slaughter confirmed with the FDA an alarming statistic: 80 percent of all antibiotics used in the United States are used not on humans but on food-animals, most of which are perfectly healthy.—This kind of habitual use of antibiotics has been conclusively linked to the growing risk of antimicrobial-resistant infections in humans. A National Academy of Sciences report stated that, “a decrease in antimicrobial use in human medicine alone will have little effect on the current situation. Substantial efforts must be made to decrease inappropriate overuse in animals and agriculture as well.”—When our limited supply of antibiotics is used indiscriminately and without care, there are public health consequences. It is time to put a stop to big agribusinesses doling out pharmaceuticals to healthy animals just because it is better for their bottom line. Antibiotic use in food-animals must be limited to prevent the inadvertent creation of superbugs that are too powerful for our own medicine. In addition to introducing legislation, Slaughter has called upon the FDA and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to take action to improve regulatory oversight[F1], surveillance, and monitoring of food-animal production and antibiotic resistance. Last year, the Governmental Accounting Agency (GAO) released a report that Rep. Slaughter requested in 2009, which found that federal agencies have made limited progress in combating the growing threat of antibiotic resistance.—On March 11, 2011, Slaughter led a letter to Secretary Sebelius at the Department of Health and Human Services to urge the formation of a national plan to combat antibiotic resistance. Since that letter was written, a national plan to combat antibiotic resistance has been issued.
    IMG_3961
    Slaughter’s work continues to raise awareness of this important issue. On December 13, 2011, she hosted a briefing in which farmers and successful businesses extolled the benefits of tapping into the growing domestic and international demand for antibiotic-free meat.—Slaughter was joined by an impressive panel, including Steve Ells, CEO of Chipotle Mexican Grill, one of the nation’s fastest growing restaurant companies, Stephen McDonnell, CEO of award-winning Applegate Farms, and Paul Willis, President of Niman Ranch, a network of over 650 independent sustainable farms. To learn more about the briefing, click here.—–As businesses such as Applegate Farms, Niman Ranch, the Ozark Mountain Pork Cooperative, and Chipotle Mexican Grill, continue to pioneer affordable, antibiotic-free meat, Slaughter continues to push the federal government to address this looming public health threat.—-Earlier this year, Slaughter sent letters to over 60 fast food companies, producers, processors, and grocery store chains asking them to disclose their policies on antibiotic use in meat and poultry production. Very simply, consumers have a right to know what is in their food. The U.S. is facing a growing public health crisis in the form of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and information about how companies may or may not be contributing to the problem should be available to consumers. To view Slaughter’s letter, click here.
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    Scot’s pine
     
    Edible Parts: Inner bark.
    Edible Uses: Condiment.
    Inner bark – dried and ground into a powder and used in making bread[2, 66, 105, 177]. It is often mixed with oatmeal[115]. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[115]. A vanillin flavouring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood[200].
    Medicinal Uses
    Antirheumatic; Antiseptic; Aromatherapy; Bach; Balsamic; Diuretic; Expectorant.
     
    Joint Healing
    Wound Cleaning
    Utilizing Scent-or Vapour
    Energy Frequency
    Usage
    The resinous materials
    Urine Expulsions
    Respiratory
    Release
    Scot’s pine has quite a wide range of medicinal uses, being valued especially for its antiseptic action and beneficial effect upon the respiratory system. It should not be used by people who are prone to allergic skin reactions whilst the essential oil should not be used internally unless under professional supervision[254]. The turpentine obtained from the resin is antirheumatic, antiseptic, balsamic, diuretic, expectorant, rubefacient and vermifuge[4, 13, 46]. It is a valuable remedy in the treatment of kidney, bladder and rheumatic affections, and also in diseases of the mucous membranes and the treatment of respiratory complaints[4]. Externally it is used in the form of liniment plasters and inhalers[4]. The leaves and young shoots are antiseptic, diuretic and expectorant[9]. They are harvested in the spring and dried for later use[9]. They are used internally for their mildly antiseptic effect within the chest and are also used to treat rheumatism and arthritis[254]. They can be added to the bath water for treating fatigue, nervous exhaustion, sleeplessness, skin irritations[9]. They can also be used as an inhalant in the treatment of various chest complaints[9]. The essential oil from the leaves is used in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory infections, and also for digestive disorders such as wind[254]. An essential oil obtained from the seed has diuretic and respiratory-stimulant properties[254]. The seeds are used in the treatment of bronchitis, tuberculosis and bladder infections[254]. A decoction of the seeds can be applied externally to help suppress excessive vaginal discharge[254]. The plant is used in Bach flower remedies – the keywords for prescribing it are ‘Self-reproach’, ‘Guilt feelings’ and ‘Despondency'[209]. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is ‘Invigorating'[210].
     
    Other Uses
    Dye; Essential; Fibre; Fuel; Herbicide; Lighting; Packing; Resin; Shelterbelt; Wood.
    A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles[168]. The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat[201]. A reddish yellow dye is obtained from the cones[6]. This tree yields resin and turpentine[64, 66, 100, 171]. Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile[64]. The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood[4, 64]. In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields[64]. Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin[64] and is separated by distillation[4, 64]. Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc[4]. Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc[4]. Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. An essential oil obtained from the leaves is used in perfumery and medicinally[46, 61]. A fibre from the inner bark is used to make ropes[115]. The roots are very resinous and burn well. They can be used as a candle substitute[115]. The leaves are used as a packing material[46]. The fibrous material is stripped out of the leaves and is used to fill pillows, cushions and as a packing material[7]. Trees are very wind resistant and quite fast growing. They can be planted as a shelterbelt, succeeding in maritime exposure[75, 200]. Wood – light, soft, not strong, elastic, durable, rich in resin. Used in construction, furniture, paper manufacture etc.[13, 46, 100]. A good fuel but it is somewhat smokey[6, 66, 115].
     
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    Balsam Fir
     
    Edible Parts: Inner bark.
    Edible Uses: Condiment; Gum; Tea.
    Inner bark – cooked. It is usually dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickening in soups etc or mixed with cereals when making bread[105, 177]. Fir bark is a delight to chew in winter or early spring, slightly mucilaginous and sweetish, better raw than cooked[269]. Another report says that it is an emergency food and is only used when all else fails[183]. An aromatic resinous pitch is found in blisters in the bark[64]. When eaten raw it is delicious and chewy[101, 183]. Another report says that the balsam or pitch, in extreme emergency, forms a highly concentrated, though disagreeable, food[269]. An oleoresin from the pitch is used as a flavouring in sweets, baked goods, ice cream and drinks[183]. Tips of young shoots are used as a tea substitute[177, 183].
    Medicinal Uses
    Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
    Analgesic; Antiscorbutic; Antiseptic; Diuretic; Poultice; Stimulant; Tonic; VD.
     
    Pain
    Relief
    Anti Curvy
    Cleaner of Wounds
    Water flow
    Kidney
    Support
    Patch to draw out infections
    Or
    Blockages
    Energizing or increases Alertness or flow
    Strength
    And Vitality Support
    Fights STD’s
    The resin obtained from the balsam fir (see ‘Uses notes’ below) has been used throughout the world and is a very effective antiseptic and healing agent. It is used as a healing and analgesic protective covering for burns, bruises, wounds and sores[213, 222, 226]. It is also used to treat sore nipples[213] and is said to be one of the best curatives for a sore throat[245]. The buds, resin, and/or sap are used in folk remedies for treating cancers, corns, and warts[269]. The resin is also antiscorbutic, diaphoretic, diuretic, stimulant and tonic[4, 171, 222]. It is used internally in propriety mixtures to treat coughs and diarrhoea, though taken in excess it is purgative[238]. A warm liquid of the gummy sap was drunk as a treatment for gonorrhoea[212]. A tea made from the leaves is antiscorbutic[4, 171]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, colds and fevers[222]. The leaves and young shoots are best harvested in the spring and dried for later use[238]. This plant was widely used medicinally by various North American Indian tribes[257]. The resin was used as an antiseptic healing agent applied externally to wounds, sores, bites etc., it was used as an inhalant to treat headaches and was also taken internally to treat colds, sore throats and various other complaints[257].
     
    Other Uses
    Adhesive; Fibre; Gum; Kindling; Microscope; Repellent; Resin; Stuffing; Waterproofing; Wood.
    The balsamic resin ‘Balm of Gilead'[11, 46] or ‘Canada Balsam’ according to other reports[64, 226, 238] is obtained during July and August from blisters in the bark or by cutting pockets in the wood[222]. Another report says that it is a turpentine[171]. The term Canada Balsam is a misnomer because balsams are supposed to contain benzoic and cinnamic acids, both absent from the Canada oleoresin[269]. Turpentine is also a misnomer, implying that the oleoresin is entirely steam volatile. Actually it contains 70 – 80% resin, only 16 – 20% volatile oil[269]. Canada Balsam yields 15 – 25% volatile oil, the resin being used for caulking and incense[269]. It is used medicinally and in dentistry, also in the manufacture of glues, candles and as a cement for microscopes and slides – it has a high refractive index resembling that of glass[11, 46, 64, 82, 222, 226, 238]. The pitch has also been used as a waterproofing material for the seams of canoes[257]. The average yield is about 8 – 10 oz per tree[171]. The resin is also a fixative in soaps and perfumery[171, 238]. “Turpentine” is usually collected during July-August by breaking the turpentine blisters into small metal cans with sharp-pointed lids. Trees are then allowed to recuperate for 1 – 2 years before being harvested again[269]. The leaves and young branches are used as a stuffing material for pillows etc – they impart a pleasant scent[46, 61, 257] and also repel moths[169]. The leaves contain an average of 0.65% essential oil, though it can go up to 1.4% or even higher[269]. One analysis of the essential oils reports 14.6% bornyl acetate, 36.1% b-pinene, 11.1% 3-carene, 11.1% limonene, 6.8% camphene, and 8.4% a-pinene[269]. To harvest the oil, it would appear that the branches should be snipped off younger trees in early spring[269]. Fifteen year old trees yield 70% more leaf oil than 110-year-old trees; oil yields are highest in January – March and September, they are lowest from April to August[269]. A thread can be made from the roots[257]. Wood – light, soft, coarse grained, not strong, not very durable. Weighs 24lb per cubic foot[235]. Used mainly for pulp, it is not used much for lumber except in the manufacture of crates etc[46, 82, 226, 229]. The wood is commercially valuable for timber even though it is relatively soft, weak, and perishable[269]. Balsam fir is used in the US for timber and plywood, and is the mainstay of the pulp wood industry in the Northeast. The wood, which is rich in pitch, burns well and can be used as a kindling[257]
     
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    Eucalyptus
     
    Edible Parts:
    Edible Uses: Condiment.
    An essential oil from the fresh or dried leaves is used as a flavouring in sweets, baked goods, ice cream etc[177, 183].
     
    Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
    Antibacterial; Antiperiodic; Antirheumatic; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Appetizer; Aromatherapy; Aromatic; Deodorant; Expectorant; Febrifuge;
    Hypoglycaemic; Stimulant.
     
    Antibacterial—kills bactieria
    Stops the flow of menses
    Joint Stiffness
    relief
    Cleaner of Wounds
    Stops spasms of muscles and nerves
    Increases
    Desire for food
    Remedial use in aromatherapies
    Scents Utilize for therapies
    Sanitizes
    The Body
    Free’s lungs from mucous build up
    Fever Reducer
    Sugar regulator for low sugar
    Energizer
     
    Eucalyptus leaves are a traditional Aboriginal herbal remedy. The essential oil found in the leaves is a powerful antiseptic and is used all over the world for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections[254]. The essential oil is a common ingredient in many over-the-counter cold remedies[254]. The adult leaves, without their petioles, are antiperiodic, antiseptic, aromatic, deodorant, expectorant, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic and stimulant[4, 7, 21, 46]. The leaves, and the essential oil they contain, are antiseptic, antispasmodic, expectorant, febrifuge and stimulant[218]. Extracts of the leaves have antibacterial activity[218]. The essential oil obtained from various species of eucalyptus is a very powerful antiseptic, especially when it is old, because ozone is formed in it on exposure to air. It has a decided disinfectant action, destroying the lower forms of life[4]. The oil can be used externally, applied to cuts, skin infections etc, it can also be inhaled for treating blocked nasal passages, it can be gargled for sore throat and can also be taken internally for a wide range of complaints[4]. Some caution is advised, however, because like all essential oils, it can have a deleterious effect on the body in larger doses[4]. The oil from this species has a somewhat disagreeable odour and so it is no longer used so frequently for medicinal purposes, other members of the genus being used instead[4]. An oleo- resin is exuded from the tree[238]. It can also be obtained from the tree by making incisions in the trunk[4, 152]. This resin contains tannin and is powerfully astringent, it is used internally in the treatment of diarrhoea and bladder inflammation[4, 152, 238], externally it is applied to cuts etc[4, 152]. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is ‘Respiratory system'[210].
     
    Cleanser; Deodorant; Dye; Essential; Fuel; Repellent; Wood.
    The leaves and the essential oil in them are used as an insect repellent[14, 152, 174, 240]. The trees can also be planted in wet areas where mosquitoes abound. The ground will be dried out by the trees, making it unsuitable for the mosquitoes to breed[238]. A decoction of the leaves is used for repelling insects and vermin[269]. Africans use finely powdered bark as an insect dust[269]. An essential oil is obtained from the leaves[46, 61, 156]. It is used in perfumery and in medicines[100]. The yield is about 0.9% by steam distillation[154]. The essential oil is also in spot removers for cleaning off oil and grease[238]. Yields of 40 to 45 kilos of oil per hectare have been reported[269]. A yellow/brown dye is obtained from the young leaves. It does not require a mordant[168]. Grey and green dyes are obtained from the young shoots[168]. A dark green dye is obtained from the young bark[168]. Wood – heavy[46, 61], (or light according to another report[167]), durable, fire resistant[155]. An important timber species, it is used for various purposes such as carpentry, construction, fences, piles, platforms, plywood, poles, sheds, tool handles and veneer[238, 269]. The oil-rich wood is resistant to termites[269]. This is one of the best eucalypts for pulp production for making paper[152, 269].
     
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    Caffeine and Exercise May Be Protective Against Skin Cancer Caused by Sun Exposure– Study Suggests
    Apr. 3, 2012 — The combined effects of exercise plus caffeine consumption may be able to ward off skin cancer and also prevent inflammation related to other obesity-linked cancers.—“We found that this combination treatment can decrease sunlight-caused skin cancer formation in a mouse model,” said Yao-Ping Lu, Ph.D., associate research professor of chemical biology and director of skin cancer prevention at the Rutgers Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy in Piscataway, N.J. He presented these findings at the AACR Annual Meeting 2012, held in Chicago March 31 — April 4.–“I believe we may extrapolate these findings to humans and anticipate that we would benefit from these combination treatments as well,” Lu added.—The researchers evaluated the effects of caffeine and exercise on mice at high risk for developing skin cancer. Results showed that mice that took a dose of caffeine and exercised with a running wheel experienced 62 percent fewer skin tumors. The volume of tumors also decreased by 85 percent compared with the mice that did not consume caffeine or exercise.—-Positive effects were found with either caffeine or exercise alone, but to a lesser extent. Researchers observed a 27 percent reduction in tumors in caffeine-only mice and a 61 percent reduction in tumor size. In the exercise-only mice, researchers found that tumor activity decreased by 35 percent and tumor volume decreased by 70 percent.—The researchers also found that exercise and caffeine reduced weight and inflammation. They fed mice a high-fat diet of omega-6 fatty acid-rich foods and measured the volume of the parametrial fat pad (the largest fat pad in a mouse) after two weeks of exercise and/or caffeine treatment.—-Mice that had caffeine and exercised had a fat pad weight decrease of 63 percent. Caffeine-only mice had a 30 percent decrease, and exercise-only mice had a 56 percent decrease. Development and size of cancer decreased as well. The link, Lu believes, is inflammation, which dropped as much as 92 percent in mice that exercised and consumed caffeine.—This research was funded by the National Institutes of Health.- Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Association for Cancer Research (AACR).
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    Caffeine Shown As Effective At Reducing Exercise-Induced Asthma Symptoms As An Albuterol Inhaler
    June 1, 2009 — An Indiana University study found that the ingestion of caffeine within an hour of exercise can reduce the symptoms of exercise induced asthma (EIA).
    A large dose — 9 milligrams of caffeine per kilogram of body weight [F2]– was as effective as the use of an albuterol inhaler, which is commonly used to treat or prevent exercise-induced asthma. Smaller amounts of caffeine — for example, 3 and 6 milligrams of caffeine per kilogram of body weight — also reduced the wheezing, coughing and other symptoms of EIA.—Timothy Mickleborough, an associate professor in the Department of Kinesiology and co-investigator of the study, said no additional benefit was found when caffeine was combined with an albuterol inhaler.—Mickleborough and his research colleagues have been investigating the efficacy of a number of nutritional factors, and his research to date has shown that a diet high in fish oil and antioxidants and low in salt has the potential to reduce the severity of EIA and perhaps reduce the reliance on pharmacotherapy. This is especially important since prolonged use of daily medications can result in reduced effectiveness, and there is growing concern about the potential side effects of inhaled corticosteroid use.–*Background: The caffeine study involved 10 asthmatic subjects who also had EIA, in a randomized, double-blind double-dummy crossover study. They ingested 3, 6, or 9 milligrams of caffeine per kilogram of body weight or a placebo an hour before running on a treadmill. Pulmonary function tests were conducted 15 minutes before the a eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea challenge (a surrogate for an exercise challenge) and then again 1, 5, 10, 15 and 30 minutes afterward.–For someone weighing 150 pounds, 3 to 9 milligrams of caffeine per kilogram of body weight equals around 205 to 610 milligrams of caffeine. Earlier research has found that caffeine can reduce the symptoms of EIA. This study extends this earlier work and is the first to examine any synergistic effect of caffeine use along with an albuterol inhaler.—The study, “Comparative and Synergistic Effects of Caffeine and Albuterol on The Severity of Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction,” was presented at the American College of Sports Medicine conference during the Respiratory Session on May 29. Co-authors include lead author Timothy A. VanHaitsma, now at the University of Utah; Martin R. Lindley, Loughborough University, United Kingdom; and David Koceja and Joel Stager, IU’s Department of Kinesiology
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    Immune-modifying and antimicrobial effects of Eucalyptus oil and simple inhalation devices.
    Sadlon AE, Lamson DW.
    Source
    [email protected]
    Abstract
    Eucalyptus oil (EO) and its major component, 1,8-cineole, have antimicrobial effects against many bacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), viruses, and fungi (including Candida). Surprisingly for an antimicrobial substance, there are also immune-stimulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, and spasmolytic effects. Of the white blood cells, monocytes and macrophages are most affected, especially with increased phagocytic activity. Application by either vapor inhalation or oral route provides benefit for both purulent and non-purulent respiratory problems, such as bronchitis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is a long history of folk usage with a good safety record. More recently, the biochemical details behind these effects have been clarified. Although other plant oils may be more microbiologically active, the safety of moderate doses of EO and its broad-spectrum antimicrobial action make it an attractive alternative to pharmaceuticals. EO has also been shown to offset the myelotoxicity of one chemotherapy agent. Whether this is a general attribute that does not decrease the benefit of chemotherapy remains to be determined. This article also provides instruction on how to assemble inexpensive devices for vapor inhalation.
    Self-Constructed Pocket Inhaler
    A suitable-sized piece of stockinet or loosely woven fabric can be rolled on a small wooden skewer and twisted into a two-dram glass vial (Patient Handout 2). The fabric easily accepts 70 drops of EO without saturation. Carrying the vial inhaler in a pocket close to the body furnishes heat for satisfactory vaporization. Hold the vial close to or touching the lips or nostrils during inhalation. The amount of vapor intake is regulated by the distance from the vial and the speed of breathing – the closer and slower, the more vapor. Best results seem to be obtained by alternating mouth and nasal inhalation during sessions of 3-5 minutes several times daily
     
     
    TOP C
    [F1]This is a Joke—asking the wolf to watch the henhouse —there will be no protection at all here on this issue and nothing will be resolved—The FDA has constantly refused to obey congress or any other gov’t in the act of prevention ofr removal of there influence and usually has become more defiant in there quest to control the very fabric of life —and the USDA does absolutely nothing these days to enforce safety in fods and food imports nor do they do anything in regard to Chemtrails or Flouridation of water
    [F2]9MG’S/1KG (2.2 LB)
    TAKE YOUR weight and divide by 2.2 to get a Kg weight—example 170/2.2= 77kgs approx—then multiply by 9= 693 mgs or 3 mgs /KG— so take as a example 170/2.2===77 X 3 =231mgs
     

    #2662
    AvatarEK
    Keymaster

    Poland Becomes The 8th EU Nation To Ban Monsanto Maize
    Poland has become the eighth EU member state to ban the cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops. Seven other EU member states have already imposed bans on the cultivation of GM crops approved by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as safe: Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Greece and Bulgaria.
    The Polish Agriculture Ministry expressed concerns that GM crops may cross-pollinate with non-GM crops and Monsanto’s MON810 maize pollen may find its way into honey. The ministry also pointed to that there exists no scientific assessments confirming that GM crops are safe for the environment and people.
    In a statement, Greenpeace Poland’s ‘Stop GMO’ campaign coordinator Joanna Mis said, “The government has delivered on its promise,” and, “We are happy that Poland has joined the club of countries that ban the cultivation of GM crops. However, this is not the end of our campaign. We have to make sure that the European Commission does not manage to lift the ban […]. We also have to make sure that crops will be effectively controlled and the ban on cultivation observed.”
    A panel of experts appointed by a Supreme Court has recently recommended a 10-year moratorium on field trials of all genetically modified (GM) food and termination of all ongoing trials of transgenic crops in India. See: http://www.examiner.com/article/a-10-year-cap-on-genetically-modified-foods-recommended-by-supreme-court-panel
    The United States, Canada, China, UK, Australia, Mexico, and most of South America, Asia and Africa have no formal GMO-free platforms and their use is typically unrestricted and widespread.
    ****************************************************************************
    Most Nations in the World Have No GMO-Free Platform To Protect Their Citizens
    Unless you live in the dozen or so nations in the world who have declared GMO (genetically modified organism) bans, then you’re likely eating GMO. Eating organic is your best chance of avoiding GM foods, but it’s almost impossible to avoid them entirely, especially if you’re living in a country that doesn’t restrict their cultivation, import or export. The United States, Canada, China, UK, Australia, Mexico, and most of South America, Asia and Africa have no formal GMO-free platforms and their use is typically unrestricted and widespread.
    Nations with no formal GMO-Free platform (in red). Nations with laws restricting GMO in most areas (in yellow), and nations who are either GMO-free or have declared national bans (green).
    Click for larger imagehttp://preventdisease.com/images/gmo_world_map_large.jpg
    The image above is a shocking reminder of how we have allowed biotech industries to take over our planet. It is my dream to one day see this image turn from the majority red to green. Countries represented in red have no enforced national laws banning GMOs, their import, export or cultivation. Most of these nations have a very large percentage of their citizens eating GM foods.
    If you’re new to the dangers of GM foods, here are the 7 biggest reasons to avoid them.
    NORTH AMERICA
    The United States is the leader in GM cultivation and now grows mostly GM varieties of corn, canola and soy. Hawaii now grows GM papayas. Approvals have also been given for GM alfalfa, zucchinis, beet sugar and tomato varieties, though not all are currently being grown. In 2010, the US planted 66.8 million hectares of soybean, maize, cotton, canola, squash, papaya, alfalfa and sugarbeet. The largest share of the GMO crops planted globally are owned by Monsanto.
    More than 30 of Monsanto’s directors, CEOs, VPs, board members, managers, scientists, attorneys and consultants also hold Federal Positions within the US government.
    Canada has widespread GM crop usage. All Canadian canola is GM, as is a large portion of the country’s soy and corn. Prince Edward Island tried to pass a ban on GMO cultivation but failed, and GM crops in the region are currently increasing.
    Despite the fact that 233 consumer and farmer groups in 26 countries have joined the “Definitive Global Rejection of GM Wheat”, Canadian MPs voted to reject stronger export rules for crops of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
    SOUTH AMERICA
    Even though GMO continue to face strong resistance in South America, it is widespread. One third of the 134 million hectares of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) planted globally in 2009, were in South America. Brazil and Argentina are the main producers, with 21.4 and 21.3 million hectares respectively. Of all the countries in the world that are planting genetically modified crops, seven are in South America. They include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Paraguay and Uruguay. There are also no national restrictions in Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana to the north of the continent. Between 2008 and 2009, world production of GM crops increased eight percent, while in Brazil it rose 35 percent.
    Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela have all declared national bans on GM foods. Peru officially passed a law banning genetically modified ingredients anywhere within the country for a full decade before coming up for another review. In 2008 Ecuador declared the country GMO free and will limit its biotechnology. In 2006, Venezuela banned genetically engineered crops thanks to President Hugo Chavez Frias.
    MEXICO
    In January 2010, Slow Food Tehuacan Mixteca Popoloca convivium launched a campaign to protect traditional varieties of maize after the Mexican government gave the go ahead for the first legal plantings of GM corn following a decade-long battle. The convivium is concerned that modified genes could spread and contaminate genetically valuable native varieties and is working to educate family and farmer organizations about the richness of their country’s biodiversity, encouraging the Mexican community to be proud of their cultural heritage and to work for its revitalization. Mexico does not have any GMO-free zones.
    EUROPE
    Europe is quickly becoming the most progressive continent in the world to oppose GM foods. France, Italy, Switzerland, Hungary, Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia, Latvia and Albania have all declared many regions to be GMO-free. France made an important step in the no-GMO movement by specifically defining exactly what “GMO-free” means when it comes to food labeling. Spain and Portugal are slowing advancing but they have a long way to go before declaring most of their regions GMO-free. Britain officially supports GM crops and has trials of GMOs like potatoes planted. Austria, Greece and Poland are now completely GMO-free zones thanks to public and government support.
    AFRICA
    Egypt and Madagascar are the only two countries in Africa to ban GMO. Any agricultural imports to Egypt must have a certificate from the country of origin that the product is not genetically modified and the rule will also apply to Egyptian exports. Madagascar banned growing or importing GMO foods due to concerns over the effect on human health and environment. In Algeria both the planting and distribution of GMO foods is illegal although import laws are lax. Other countries such as Kenya, Lesotho, Ethiopia, Angola, Malawai, Mozambique and Zimbabwe have some limited restrictions in place to ban GMO imports but with many exceptions and critics claim most of the laws are not enforced.
    RUSSIA
    Russia remains GMO-free. According to the official information there is no growing of GMOs in Russia for commercial purposes. So far the Federal Environmental Assessment Commission has not adopted any commercialized GM varieties for agricultural use.
    ASIA
    India has widespread GM cotton use. The widespread planting of Monsanto’s GM cotton has led to tragedy throughout India. The Indian government even banned conventional seeds from many government seed banks in an attempt to please Monsanto (in return, the country was given International Monetary Fund loans to help its economy) and slow the nation’s poverty rates.[F1] An estimated 1,000 farmers commit suicide each month in the country as a result of the crop failure and debt caused by planting the GM seeds. Farmers were convinced to spend what was often 1,000 times the cost of conventional seed on the “magic seeds” after listening to Monsanto’s promises of increased yields and resistance to pests. Despite the promises, the crops were often destroyed by bollworms. In addition, the farmers weren’t warned that the crops would require twice as much water as conventional cotton, leading to many crops drying up and dying. The “terminator” seeds also must be purchased again every year. For farmers used to saving seed from year to year, this was often a final financial blow that led to insurmountable debt.
    With the exception of Thailand and Sri Lanka who both have GMO-free zones, all of Asia remains resistant to adopting laws to restrict imports, exports and cultivation of GMO.
    NORDIC COUNTRIES
    During the meeting of Nordic countries at Terra Madre 2010, delegates from Sapmi, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland discussed a statement that would describe their united position on GMOs. The result was a declaration against GMOs that the convivium leaders, members and food communities could use to lobby against the introduction of these crops, presenting it to their governments and others. Iceland has declared two GMO-free regions in the country.
    AUSTRALIA and NEW ZEALAND
    All genetically modified foods intended for sale in Australia and New Zealand must undergo a safety evaluation by Food Standards Australia New Zealand, however there are no national GMO bans in either country. However there are regional bans. Tasmania’s ban on the release of GM organisms to the environment will continue until 2014. South Australia has reaffirmed their commitment to ban all commercial GM crops until 2014.
    The status of GM crops is constantly changing, both in the United States and around the world. Public outcry is rising against these largely untested foods and crops. The industry claims of “super yields” and an end to poverty and famine have proven to be dangerously inaccurate. Now, more than ever, is the time when our voices (and purchases) can make a real difference. It’s time to support labeling initiatives which may kickstart global campaigns to slowly change our red planet to green and ban GM foods once and for all.
    Natasha Longo has a master’s degree in nutrition and is a certified fitness and nutritional counselor. She has consulted on public health policy and procurement in Canada, Australia, Spain, Ireland, England and Germany.
    Sources:
    examiner.com
    factoverfiction.com
    mercola.com
    treehugger.com
    agendasuramerica.org
    gmo-free-regions.org
    slowfood.com
    gmo-compass.org
    foodstandards.gov.au
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    Henry Kissinger- “If You Can’t Hear the Drums of War You Must Be Deaf”
     
    NEW YORK – USA – In a remarkable admission by former Nixon era Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, reveals what is happening at the moment in the world and particularly the Middle East. Speaking from his luxurious Manhattan apartment, the elder statesman, who will be 89 in May, is all too forward with his analysis of the current situation in the world forum of Geo-politics and economics.“The United States is bating China and Russia, and the final nail in the coffin will be Iran, which is, of course, the main target of Israel. We have allowed China to increase their military strength and Russia to recover from Sovietization, to give them a false sense of bravado, this will create an all together faster demise for them[F2]. We’re like the sharp shooter daring the noob to pick up the gun, and when they try, it’s bang bang. The coming war will will be so severe that only one superpower can win[F3], and that’s us folks. This is why the EU is in such a hurry to form a complete superstate because they know what is coming, and to survive, Europe will have to be one whole cohesive state. Their urgency tells me that they know full well that the big showdown is upon us. O how I have dreamed of this delightful moment.” “Control oil and you control nations; control food and you control the people.” Mr Kissinger then added: “If you are an ordinary person, then you can prepare yourself for war by moving to the countryside and building a farm, but you must take guns with you, as the hordes of starving will be roaming. Also, even though the elite will have their safe havens and specialist shelters, they must be just as careful during the war as the ordinary civilians, because their shelters can still be compromised.” After pausing for a few minutes to collect his thoughts, Mr Kissinger, carried on: “We told the military that we would have to take over seven Middle Eastern countries for their resources and they have nearly completed their job. We all know what I think of the military, but I have to say they have obeyed orders superfluously this time. It is just that last stepping stone, i.e. Iran which will really tip the balance. How long can China and Russia stand by and watch America clean up? The great Russian bear and Chinese sickle will be roused from their slumber and this is when Israel will have to fight with all its might and weapons to kill as many Arabs as it can. Hopefully if all goes well, half the Middle East will be Israeli. Our young have been trained well for the last decade or so on combat console games, it was interesting to see the new Call of Duty Modern Warfare 3 game, which mirrors exactly what is to come in the near future with its predictive programming. Our young, in the US and West, are prepared because they have been programmed to be good soldiers, cannon fodder, and when they will be ordered to go out into the streets and fight those crazy Chins and Russkies, they will obey their orders. Out of the ashes we shall build a new society, there will only be one superpower left, and that one will be the global government that wins. Don’t forget, the United States, has the best weapons, we have stuff that no other nation has, and we will introduce those weapons to the world when the time is right.” End of interview. Our reporter is ushered out of the room by Kissinger’s minder.
     
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    Why Do Governments Recommend This Toxic Food Today When They Didn’t A Decade Ago?
    If we analyze the food guide and government advice on nutrition over a decade ago and compare those advisements to what is recommended today, there is one big difference–one specific food crept up onto the radar of public health officials as if it had some kind of miraculous nutritional benefit for the public. The problem is, 80 percent of this food is genetically modified, contains toxic phytochemicals and is linked to digestive distress, immune system breakdown, allergies, ADD and ADHD, higher risk of heart disease and cancer, malnutrition, and loss of libido. Yet, governments seem to think that’s not a problem. You’ve probably already figured out that the food is soy. I’ll get to how deadly soy is shortly, but first let’s backtrack to the year 2000 and analyze the food guides of two countries, namely Canada and The United States. The waybackmachine is a beautiful tool that can show us exactly what a website looked like in the past. So if we plug in both the USDA and Health Canada websites in the year 2000 at about the same period, we can see exactly how each publicly funded message translated to each respective food guide or pyramid.
    In the Year 2000
    On the Health Canada website, there was absolutely no mention of soy at all. Under milk products, the main message was to choose lower-fat milk products more often. Most people had no idea back then how toxic pasteurized milk was, so it was heavily consumed, much more than it is today. There are currently huge debates throughout the internet as to why humans are drinking milk at all.———-On the USDA website on either the Milk, Yogurt & Cheese page or the main page illustrating the Food Guide Pyramid, there is again no mention of soy. The recommendation was also low dairy.
    In the Year 2013
    Today, Health Canada promotes fortified soy beverages on their website for those who don’t drink milk. So we go out of the frying pan and into the fire. We go from the recommendation of a dead liquid, namely pasteurized milk to a beverage that may be even more harmful to public health.—“Have milk or fortified soy beverages by the glass or use them in recipes.” “Use milk or fortified soy beverages when preparing scrambled eggs, hot cereal, casseroles and soups.”–“Create smoothies by blending lower fat milk or fortified soy beverage with a combination of fresh or frozen fruits.”–“Try a latte made with low fat milk or fortified soy beverage.” “Use milk or fortified soy beverages to replace some or all of the water when reconstituting canned tomato or cream soups.”
    The USDA’s Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP), kicked their message into high gear in 2002 when they started heavily promoting soy across the United States. Their key message is still to switch to fat-free or low-fat milk, however consume calcium-fortified soy milk is a main heading. –“For those who are lactose intolerant… include lactose-reduced or lactose-free milk, yogurt, and cheese, and calcium-fortified soymilk (soy beverage).” Under Tips For Vegetarians –“Sources of protein for vegetarians and vegans include beans, nuts, nut butters, peas, and soy products (tofu, tempeh, veggie burgers).” “Sources of calcium for vegetarians and vegans include calcium-fortified soymilk”—“Calcium-fortified soymilk provides calcium in amounts similar to milk. It is usually low in fat and does not contain cholesterol.” “For breakfast, try soy-based sausage patties or links.”
    “try veggie burgers, soy hot dogs, marinated tofu or tempeh, and veggie kabobs.” The site is littered with soy recommendations not only for vegetarians, but also in the promotion of protein foods.——How did this happen? When soy industry lobbyists get together and decide to change the framework of nutrition for the masses, it happens. It’s really that simple.–It’s not only soy. If you care to investigate further, you’ll also notice how three of the most toxic genetically modified oils in the world, canola, corn and soyabean—oil are heavily promoted today on both the Health Canada website and the CNPP website (on behalf of the USDA), and neither agency had those recommendations in 2000.
    The USDA had absolutely no mention of any of these oils in 2000.
    Health Canada also has no mention of these oils in 2000.
    How Deadly is Soy
    With Monsanto’s patented genes being inserted into roughly 95 percent of all soybeans and 80 percent of all corn grown in the U.S., the company used its wide reach to control the ability of new biotech firms to get wide distribution for their products, according to a review of several Monsanto licensing agreements and dozens of interviews with seed industry participants, agriculture and legal experts.—-Soy protein is not an effective alternative to any other protein. It is high in allergens (some 28 different proteins present in soy have been found to bind to IgE antibodies). It’s also worth noting that the more soy protein you eat, the more likely you are to develop allergies to it — and the more severe those allergies are likely to become.—As Dr. Spreen has pointed out, phytates in unfermented soy products actually obstruct absorption of protein and four key minerals: calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc. Even so, the public’s perception of soy as health food got a boost from the FDA with a rule that permits soy beverages, soy-based cheese substitutes, and soy-based butter substitutes to be fortified with vitamin D.[F4] —In their natural form, soybeans contain phytochemicals with toxic effects on the human body. The three major anti-nutrients are phytates, enzyme inhibitors and goitrogens. —These anti-nutrients are the way nature protects the soybean plant so that it can live long enough to effectively reproduce. They function as the immune system of the plant, offering protection from the radiation of the sun, and from invasion by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. They make the soybean plant unappetizing to foraging animals. All plants have some anti-nutrient properties, but the soybean plant is especially rich in these chemicals. If they are not removed by extensive preparation such as fermentation or soaking, soybeans are one of the worst foods a person can eat.—The most common soy (99%) sold at major grocery retailers in soy milks and processed foods is unfermented soy. It is[F5] deadly. Unfermented soy has been linked to digestive distress, immune system breakdown, PMS, endometriosis, reproductive problems for men and women, allergies, ADD and ADHD, higher risk of heart disease and cancer, malnutrition, and loss of libido. The dangers of soy for men are a result of the high levels of the female hormone estrogen that soy and soy-based products contain. Primarily, soy affects the quality and concentration of a male’s sperm, especially if taken in large quantities or if the subject was exposed to high levels in the womb. A study at Harvard University showed that there was a definite correlation between men with low sperm counts and a high intake of soy foods. The study revealed that the average sperm concentration of 80 to 120 million per millimeter of an adult male was more than halved when soy formed part of the diet. The case is more compelling in the study of obese males whose sperm levels are even lower owing to the estrogen making properties of fat tissue.—-When food is eaten, digestive enzymes such as amylase lipase and protease are secreted into the digestive tract to help break it down and free nutrients for assimilation into the body. The high content of enzyme inhibitors in unfermented soybeans interferes with this process and makes carbohydrates and proteins from soybeans impossible to completely digest.[F6] When foods are not completely digested because of enzyme inhibitors, bacteria in the large intestine try to do the job, and this can cause discomfort, bloating, and embarrassment. Anyone with naturally low levels of digestive enzymes such as elderly people would suffer the most from the enzyme inhibiting action of soy.—-Groups most at risk of experiencing negative effects from the anti-nutrient properties of soy are infants taking soy baby formula, vegetarians eating a high soy diet, and mid-life women going heavy on the soy foods thinking they will help with symptoms of menopause.—Soybeans have a high content of goitrogens, substances that can block the production of thyroid hormone as well as cause goiter formation. Low thyroid activity plagues women in America, particularly middle-aged women. Thyroid hormone stokes the cellular furnaces, known as mitochondria. When thyroid production is low, energy levels as well as body heat are also low. Low thyroid level is what makes old people move so slowly and seem like every action is a huge chore. Low thyroid means the action of the heart is reduced, resulting in lack of oxygen to the cells, a prime condition for cancer.—Genistein, an isoflavone found in soybeans, can also block thyroid production. Phytate can accentuate these effects because it binds up zinc and copper, leaving little of these important minerals available to make thyroid hormone.—People filling up their shopping carts with raw or cooked soybeans, soy milk, and other non-fermented soybean products do not realize that the isoflavones they contain will not be available to their bodies. Most of the isoflavones in soy products are bound to carbohydrate molecules called glucosides. In this form genistein is actually called genistin. It is fermentation that transforms genistin into genistein. Many products in the U.S. do not distinguish between genistin and genistein on their labels. Even with fermented soy foods, a little goes a long way. The nutrients found in miso, tempeh, and natto can be beneficial in the moderate amounts found in the typical Asian diet, but have the potential to do harm in higher amounts. In China and Japan, about an ounce of fermented soy food is eaten on a daily basis.[F7]—-
    A study in an issue of Indian Journal of Medical Research suggests that eating soybean oil may boost cancer risk compared to eating a type of butter called cow ghee, a type of butter used in South Asian cuisine.[F8]—-
    Soy Lecithin has been lingering around our food supply for over a century. It is an ingredient in literally hundreds of processed foods, and also sold as an over the counter health food supplement. Scientists claim it benefits our cardiovascular health, metabolism, memory, cognitive function, liver function, and even physical and athletic performance. However, most people don’t realize what soy lecithin actually is, and why the dangers of ingesting this additive far exceed its benefits.—Soybean lecithin comes from sludge left after crude soy oil goes through a “degumming” process. It is a waste product containing solvents and pesticides and has a consistency ranging from a gummy fluid to a plastic solid. Before being bleached to a more appealing light yellow, the color of lecithin ranges from a dirty tan to reddish brown. The hexane extraction process commonly used in soybean oil manufacture today yields less lecithin than the older ethanol-benzol process, but produces a more marketable lecithin with better color, reduced odor and less bitter flavor.—In theory, lecithin manufacture eliminates all soy proteins, making it hypoallergenic. In reality, minute amounts of soy protein always remain in lecithin as well as in soy oil. Three components of soy protein have been identified in soy lecithin, including the Kunitz trypsin inhibitor, which has a track record of triggering severe allergic reactions even in the most minuscule quantities. The presence of lecithin in so many food and cosmetic products poses a special danger for people with soy allergies.—If you eat soy in any form, you are risking your immediate and long-term health. Check your labels, check your ingredients and most of all stay away from anything that is heavily advertised with soy as being a health food. —If you haven’t already figured it out, your government in not your ally when it comes to your health, so do as much research as possible, and cross reference every detail that comes out of public health education.
     
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    A Primer on Propane for Prepping and Survival
    INTEGRATING PROPANE INTO YOUR PREPPING STRATEGY – PART ONE
    This article covers the basics of propane as an important prepping energy resource. The subjects include safe propane handling, storage, assembling a stockpile of bulk tanks for long term storage at the lowest possible cost and refilling the smaller one pound canisters that are commonly used with portable camping gear, for about 1/5 the cost of new. We’ll also examine a variety of entry-level propane appliances and their suitability in a survival scenario.
    Why Propane?
    For convenience, value, air quality and long term storage stability, nothing beats propane.—Firewood is cheaper, if you have access to it and you don’t count the value of your time. But, when you’re burning all day and every day, it isn’t all that convenient if you have to go out and cut/gather it yourself.–If you’re short on survival labor, which is a fair probability, having the option to cook with propane for an extended time, at least until things settle out, will let you channel that considerable fuel-wood time and energy into other important tasks, such as hunting and growing food, or warding off predators. Also, the ease of using propane allows the delegation of cooking etc. to a lesser-able member of your party, allowing all to contribute to the general welfare.
    A Hedge Against Inflation
    From an investment standpoint, the prices of both propane and the hardware/appliances that use it are directly tied to monetary price inflation – the “hidden tax” that steadily gnaws away at the purchasing power of your hard-won savings. Inflation is currently being deliberately manipulated to keep it low for now, but some price categories, like food, are still skyrocketing, with wages not keeping up. And, the economic stage is strongly set for hyper-inflation in the not-too-distant future.—So, one of the best investments in pre-inflationary and inflationary times (aka hedges against inflation) is hard goods and consumables, like food, that you’ll be using anyway and that will surely cost even more in the future. In other words, to combat inflation, the best place to store your surplus wealth is in tangible stuff, not pieces of paper, or electrons. For sure, no matter how the future shakes out, the retail prices for propane and propane hardware won’t be getting any cheaper, and they probably will go up by a lot.—Properly stored, both fuel and hardware will last indefinitely without degrading, ready to use on a moment’s notice. For all intents and purposes, unlike food, there’s no limit to its shelf life. –So, you’ll save money in the long run, anyway, by stockpiling consumables. But, if the grid goes down, there won’t be any more propane available to buy at all and the value of your investment will go way up. So, the larger your stockpile and the smaller the appliances that use it, which use less fuel, the longer it will last you–If you play your cards right, you can stockpile at least a year’s worth of cooking and minimal lighting fuel for an average family (10 full five gallon bulk tanks that are equal to 200 small green canisters) for about $200, and do so $20 at a time.
    Safety First!
    If not handled with respect, Propane is DANGEROUS! As in dynamite dangerous and AK-47 dangerous. As in blowing up your whole house into kindling dangerous. This isn’t vegetable oil. So, treat it with prudent caution and always, always, always read, understand and follow the safety directions that come with every propane product.—Never store tanks of propane indoors or in any other sealed environment. Especially, if you see, smell or hear a gas leak, shut off the source immediately and then fix the problem before you continue. If you can’t shut it off, move away, warn others and cross your fingers. Otherwise, you’ll very likely go up in a cloud of smoke and all your hard-won prepping will have been for naught. On the plus side, propane has been used as a consumer product for nearly 100 years and stringent government regulations require hardware designs that are fairly, if not perfectly, fool-proof. So, it’s not like you’re handling nitroglycerin. But, unless you really know what you’re doing, don’t try to modify or override the hardware safety features. Unlike gasoline vapors, pure propane is nontoxic, though it’s certainly not healthy to breathe it and you should avoid it as you would with wood smoke. However, as with all combustion, there’s a real risk of oxygen depletion in a sealed room and proper ventilation should be an ongoing consideration. If you find yourself starting to gasp for air, triggered by a buildup of carbon dioxide, that’s an early warning sign that the oxygen is running low and it’s time for some fresh air, no matter how cold it might be. Unlike natural gas, propane is heavier than air (1.5 times as dense). In its unburned state, propane vapor sinks and pools at the floor level. So, simply opening a couple of high windows to vent a leak may not be enough: You need to open a door or something else at ground level to let the heavy unburned vapors “drain” outside to disperse. Liquid propane, say from a broken hose or leaking tank valve, will flash to a vapor at atmospheric pressure and the vapor appears white due to moisture condensing from the air. A big cloud of propane in the open air will blow up with the slightest spark, even static. So, you want to avoid coming even close to these.Those basic risks described, however, if you treat propane with respect and understanding, there is no better fuel to stockpile for long term storage and multiple uses in survival situations, at least where you are not on the run, and while it lasts. Especially, when you use propane for just vital things like cooking and night lighting, the use rate is surprisingly low and a little propane will go a long ways.
    What is Propane?
    Propane is a gaseous byproduct in the refining of both oil and natural gas. It can be compressed into a liquid at relatively low pressures and will readily convert back into a burnable vapor under any conditions which humans can tolerate. First synthesized in 1910, it has been in commercial production since the 1920′s and the technology of using it at the consumer level is very well refined. 90% of all propane used in the US is from US sources, with 70% of the remaining amount coming from Canada. –Propane combustion is much cleaner than gasoline and other liquid hydrocarbons, though not quite as clean as natural gas combustion. Environmentally, it’s usually greener to cook with propane than with electricity. With a perfect burn, attainable only in theory, the only by-products are heat, carbon dioxide and water vapor. So, it can be used for indoor heating applications, but use a stove that provides a very high combustion efficiency and, especially, a low-oxygen sensor that will shut it down if the O2 gets low.
    Convenience and Labor Savings
    Another way to look at propane is as a serious labor saving device. In a self-subsistence scenario, your greatest critical shortages are going to be labor and the energy to power it. With propane in your resource inventory, the large amount of work that would normally have to be expended gathering and processing fuel for a cooking fire can then redirected into other critical tasks, such as growing food etc. When cooking is less labor-intensive, it can also be assigned to the lessor-able in the party, such as older folks with more enthusiasm than physical stamina, while they simultaneously babysit and teach the young ones how to cook, freeing up the parents to work elsewhere. The easiest way to implement propane into your prepping strategy and to start climbing the learning curve is to start looking for ways to incorporate it into your day-to-day life. It doesn’t much matter where you start, but probably the best place is cooking. So, if you don’t already have one, start shopping for a camping cook stove. Amazon has a good assortment and you can often find propane stuff at very attractive prices at yard sales etc. Generally speaking, you want appliances that use those green 1 pound propane canisters that cost so much new, but that can also be easily refilled at a huge savings.
    URL: http://beforeitsnews.com/self-sufficiency/2013/04/a-primer-on-propane-for-prepping-and-survival-2456296.html?utm_content=beforeit39snews-verticalresponse&utm_medium=verticalresponse&utm_term=http%3A%2F%2Fb4in.info%2Fi2N5&utm_campaign=&utm_source=http%3A%2F
     
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    Combine use of pterostilbene and quercetin for the production of cancer treatment medicaments
    Various phenolic compounds, including resveratrol (RESV), display powerful antioxidant effects and may have therapeutic applications in diseases related to oxidative stress such as cancer (1-3). The anticancer activity of RESV was reported for the first time by Jang et al. in 1997 (4). The mechanisms by which RESV exerts its antitumor effects are being actively investigated (3) and may include for example: a) inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase (5), DNA polymerase (6), protein kinase C (7), or cyclooxygenase-2 (8) activities; b) inhibition of carcinogenesis mediated by reactive species of oxygen (4) or of cellular proliferation (9); and c) activation of cell death by apoptosis (10-13). However, the RESV-mediated potential inhibition of cancer growth is severely limited owing to its low bioavailability (14). Consequently, it appears that structural changes are necessary in the RESV molecule in order to increase its bioavailability while preserving its biological activity. The OH of 4′ and the stereoisomerism in its trans conformation are absolutely necessary for inhibition of cellular proliferation (15). Pterostilbene (PTER), a naturally occurring analog, of RESV but approximately 60-100 times more powerful as an antifungal agent, exhibits similar anticancer properties (16). Furthermore, the flavonoids are some of the most powerful antioxidants because they have one or more of the following structural elements: an o-diphenolic group, a double bond at 2-3 conjugated with the 4-oxo function, OH groups in positions 3 and 5. Quercetin (QUER) combines these three properties, and previous studies have confirmed that it also has antitumor properties, probably due to immune stimulation, elimination of free radicals, alteration of the mitotic cycle of the tumor cells, modification of gene expression, antiangiogenic activity, or induction of apoptosis, or a combination of these effects (2, 17). Concretely, QUER has been described (US 2003/0054357) in the treatment of prostate cancer. There are patents (WO02/34262) which highlight the antioxidant effect of certain flavonoids, concretely of a combination of quercetin plus catechin[F9] for use in the treatment and prevention of circulatory or cardiac disorders, by preventing platelet aggregation. — However, since it has not been demonstrated that the potential anticancer effects are effective in systemic administration, we investigated the anticancer properties of combined systemic administration of PTER and QUER at bioavailable concentrations. We found that their combination strongly inhibits the growth of the metastatic malignant melanoma B16-F10 (B16M-F10).
    Simple Recipe
    Take Blueberries and wine and fuse in blender for about 10 minutes—1 cup of blue berries 2 cups of wine —after 10 minutes strain this in a owl through a handkerchief And get out as much of the extract as possible —then take the volume put into a pot and Then allow this to simmer down to the bottom of the pot about ½-1/4 inch—allow to cool
     
    Then take garlic or onion and extract in white wine—2 cups of wine 1-2 onions and again run through fro 10 minutes in a blender—then strain—take equal portions 1:1 and mix together in a glass jar and use tsp increments several times a day—this is a simple remedy for boosting anti tumour—antioxidant-anti cancer effect—and permeability in blood vessels
     
    For those with morgellons you may see more of an expediting of polymer biofilm particualtes in feces and urine
     
     
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    [F1]Sounds like prostitution—some body go screwed here
    [F2]In Other Words they were sabotage before they even had a chance
    [F3]This is an arrogance as well—there will be NO SUPER POWER b the time this is all said and done —just a planet with there defences down due to there constant infighting making Planet earth ripe for take over
    [F4]Because Soy Depleted Vitamin D so they had to add it
    [F5]This article is way to Generious—None of the soy fermented or otherwise is fit to be consumed AT ALL—it is truly a for of biowarfare—food that taste good but has deadly consequences—and will shorten ones life span
    [F6]When they speak of fermentation—the Chinese did this In Lime—not Aluminum and it was done for 2 years not 2 weeks
    [F7]In the usa and Canada it exceeds 50 gram—or more considering all the soy being consumed in snacks and even mixed with animal proteins
    [F8]FDA study show feeding cows vegetable oil ( soybean oil) caused both stomachs to hemmorhage
    [F9]Green tea + Garlic
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    Show of The Month May 11 2013
     
    Methanolic extract of Nigella sativa seed inhibits SiHa human cervical cancer cell proliferation through apoptosis
     
    Suppression of estrogen biosynthesis by procyanidin dimers in red wine and grape seeds
     
    Grape seed extract is an aromatase inhibitor and a suppressor of aromatase expression
     
    Minced beef is more rapidly digested and absorbed compared with beef steak
    Splenda (Sucralose) Found To Have Diabetes-Promoting Effects
    Nanoparticles- The Tiniest Toxin
     
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    Methanolic extract of Nigella sativa seed inhibits SiHa human cervical cancer cell proliferation through apoptosis.
    Nat Prod Commun. 2013 Feb;8(2):213-6
    Authors: Hasan TN, Shafi G, Syed NA, Alfawaz MA, Alsaif MA, Munshi A, Lei KY, Alshatwi AA
    Abstract
    Nigella sativa (NS), also known as black cumin, has long been used in traditional medicine for treating various cancer conditions. In this study, we sought to investigate the potential anti-cancer effects of NS extract using SiHa human cervical cancer cells. NS showed an 88.3% inhibition of proliferation of SiHa human cervical cancer cells at a concentration of 125 microL/mL methanolic extract at 24 h, and an IC50 value 93.2 microL/mL. NS exposure increased the expression of caspase-3, -8 and -9 several-fold. The analysis of apoptosis by Dead End terminal transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin end labeling (TUNEL) assay was used to further confirm that NS induced apoptosis. Thus, NS was concluded to induce apoptosis in SiHa cell through both p53 and caspases activation. NS could potentially be an alternative source of medicine for cervical cancer therapy.—PMID: 23513732 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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    Suppression of estrogen biosynthesis by procyanidin dimers in red wine and grape seeds.
    Eng ET, Ye J, Williams D, Phung S, Moore RE, Young MK, Gruntmanis U, Braunstein G, Chen S.
    Source-City of Hope Graduate School of Biological Science,Department of Surgical Research, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, California 91010, USA.
    Abstract
    In breast cancer, in situ estrogen production has been demonstrated to play a major role in promoting tumor growth. Aromatase is the enzyme responsible for the conversion of androgen substrates into estrogens. This enzyme is highly expressed in breast cancer tissue compared with normal breast tissue. A wine extract fraction was recently isolated from red wine that exhibited a potent inhibitory action on aromatase activity. Using UV absorbance analysis, high-performance liquid chromatography profiling, accurate mass-mass spectrometry, and nanospray tandem mass spectrometry, most of the compounds in our red wine fraction were identified as procyanidin B dimers that were shown to be aromatase inhibitors. These chemicals have been found in high levels in grape seeds. Inhibition kinetic analysis on the most potent procyanidin B dimer has revealed that it competes with the binding of the androgen substrate with a K(i) value of 6 micro M. Because mutations at Asp-309, Ser-378, and His-480 of aromatase significantly affected the binding of the procyanidin B dimer, these active site residues are thought to be important residues that interact with this phytochemical. The in vivo efficacy of procyanidin B dimers was evaluated in an aromatase-transfected MCF-7 breast cancer xenograft model. The procyanidin B dimers were able to reduce androgen-dependent tumor growth, indicating that these chemicals suppress in situ estrogen formation. These in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that procyanidin B dimers in red wine and grape seeds could be used as chemopreventive agents against breast cancer by suppressing in situ estrogen biosynthesis.
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    Grape seed extract is an aromatase inhibitor and a suppressor of aromatase expression.
    Kijima I, Phung S, Hur G, Kwok SL, Chen S.
    Source
    Department of Surgical Research, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, California, USA.
    Abstract
    Aromatase is the enzyme that converts androgen to estrogen. It is expressed at higher levels in breast cancer tissues than normal breast tissues. Grape seed extract (GSE) contains high levels of procyanidin dimers that have been shown in our laboratory to be potent inhibitors of aromatase. In this study, GSE was found to inhibit aromatase activity in a dose-dependent manner and reduce androgen-dependent tumor growth in an aromatase-transfected MCF-7 (MCF-7aro) breast cancer xenograft model, agreeing with our previous findings. We have also examined the effect of GSE on aromatase expression. Reverse transcription-PCR experiments showed that treatment with 60 mug/mL of GSE suppressed the levels of exon I.3-, exon PII-, and exon I.6-containing aromatase mRNAs in MCF-7 and SK-BR-3 cells. The levels of exon I.1-containing mRNA, however, did not change with GSE treatment. Transient transfection experiments with luciferase-aromatase promoter I.3/II or I.4 reporter vectors showed the suppression of the promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. The GSE treatment also led to the down-regulation of two transcription factors, cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein-1 (CREB-1) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR). CREB-1 and GR are known to up-regulate aromatase gene expression through promoters I.3/II and I.4, respectively. We believe that these results are exciting in that they show GSE to be potentially useful in the prevention/treatment of hormone-dependent breast cancer through the inhibition of aromatase activity as well as its expression.— PMID-16740737–[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE
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    Minced beef is more rapidly digested and absorbed compared with beef steak, resulting in greater postprandial protein retention in older men1,2,3
    Bart Pennings,
    Bart BL Groen,
    Jan-Willem van Dijk,
    Anneke de Lange,
    Alexandra Kiskini,
    Marjan Kuklinski,
    Joan MG Senden, and
    Luc JC van Loon
    + Author Affiliations
    1. 1From Top Institute Food & Nutrition, Wageningen, Netherlands (BP, BBLG, JMGS, and LJCvL), and the Department of Human Movement Sciences, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, Netherlands (BP, BBLG, J-WvD, AdL, AK, MK, JMGS, and LJCvL).
    + Author Notes
    · ↵2 This study was not funded by external sources.
    · ↵3 Address correspondence to LJC van Loon, Department of Human Movement Sciences, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, Netherlands. E-mail: [email protected].
    Abstract
    Background: Older individuals generally experience a reduced food-chewing efficiency. As a consequence, food texture may represent an important factor that modulates dietary protein digestion and absorption kinetics and the subsequent postprandial protein balance.
    Objective: We assessed the effect of meat texture on the dietary protein digestion rate, amino acid availability, and subsequent postprandial protein balance in vivo in older men.
    Design: Ten older men (mean ± SEM age: 74 ± 2 y) were randomly assigned to a crossover experiment that involved 2 treatments in which they consumed 135 g of specifically produced intrinsically l-[1-13C]phenylalanine–labeled beef, which was provided as beef steak or minced beef. Meat consumption was combined with continuous intravenous l-[ring-2H5]phenylalanine and l-[ring-2H2]tyrosine infusion to assess beef protein digestion and absorption kinetics as well as whole-body protein balance and skeletal muscle protein synthesis rates.
    Results: Meat protein–derived phenylalanine appeared more rapidly in the circulation after minced beef than after beef steak consumption (P < 0.05). Also, its availability in the circulation during the 6-h postprandial period was greater after minced beef than after beef steak consumption (61 ± 3% compared with 49 ± 3%, respectively; P < 0.01). The whole-body protein balance was more positive after minced beef than after beef steak consumption (29 ± 2 compared with 19 ± 3 μ mol phenylalanine/kg, respectively; P < 0.01). Skeletal muscle protein synthesis rates did not differ between treatments when assessed over a 6-h postprandial period.
    Conclusions: Minced beef is more rapidly digested and absorbed than beef steak, which results in increased amino acid availability and greater postprandial protein retention. However, this does not result in greater postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01145131.

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